Mumbai Metropolitan Region

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Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR)
मुंबई महानगरीय क्षेत्र
Metropolitan Area
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Districts Mumbai City
Mumbai Suburban
Thane
Raigad
Area
 • Metro 4,355 km2 (1,681 sq mi)
Population (2011 Census)
 • Urban 12,478,447
 • Urban density 20,694/km2 (53,600/sq mi)
 • Metro 20,998,395
 • Metro density 4,764/km2 (12,340/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)

The Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is a metropolitan area consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns in Maharashtra. Developing over a period of about 20 years, it consists of seven municipal corporations and fifteen smaller municipal councils. The entire area is overseen by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA), a Maharashtra State Government organisation in charge of town planning, development, transportation and housing in the region. The MMRDA was formed to address the challenges in planning and development of integrated infrastructure for the metropolitan region. The areas outside of Brihan Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) and Navi Mumbai have lacked organised development. Navi Mumbai, developed as one of the largest planned cities in the world, was promoted by a Maharashtra Government-owned company, City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). The region has had problems related to haphazard and illegal development as a result of rapid urbanisation. Villages along the NH3 in Bhiwandi Taluka are examples of haphazard developments in the MMR, with some of the largest warehousing areas in India. Government agencies such as the Town Planner and Collector of Thane have had challenges in addressing unorganised development.

The region has an area of 4,355 km² and with a population of 20,998,395, it is among the top ten most populated urban agglomerations in the world.[1] It is linked with Mumbai through the Mumbai Suburban Railway system and a large network of roads.

Municipal Corporations Population (2001 census) Population (2011 census) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Greater Mumbai
11,978,450
12,478,447
603.40
20,694
Navi Mumbai
704,002
1,119,477
163.00
4,319
Thane
1,818,872
1,262,551
147.00
8,589
Kalyan-Dombivali
1,193,512
1,546,381
137.15
8,702
Vasai-Virar
N/A
1,221,233
105.00
11,614
Mira-Bhayandar
520,388
814,655
88.75
5,863
Bhiwandi-Nizampur
598,741
811,329
28.31
21,149
Ulhasnagar
473,731
506,937
27.54
17,201
Totals
19,635,521
20,748,395
1,176.38
16,692
Mumbai Metropolitan Area, LandSat-5 satellite image, 2011-01-30

Municipal Councils[edit]

  1. Alibag
  2. Ambernath
  3. Karjat
  4. Khopoli
  5. Kulgaon Badlapur
  6. Matheran
  7. Panvel
  8. Pen
  9. Uran

The area takes up four districts of Maharashtra state.[1]

  1. Mumbai City (complete)
  2. Mumbai Suburban (complete)
  3. Thane (partial)
  4. Raigad (partial)

Mumbai Conurbation[edit]

The Mumbai Conurbation is a conurbation that comprises the metropolitan city of Mumbai(City, Suburban and Navi Mumbai), and seven urban areas - Thane, Mira-Bhayandar, Kalyan-Dombivali, Ulhasnagar, Vasai-Virar and Bhiwandi-Nizampur as well as several other towns and villages. Several public authorities are responsible for development and maintenance of the Mumbai Conurbation. While each urban area or township has its own local self government the MMRDA undertakes projects that cross over the local governments. Mumbai city - especially the Greater Mumbai area - is plagued with troubles due to concentration of businesses and lack of supporting infrastructure. Some of the projects MMRDA undertook were to move some of these business to other areas in the Mumbai Conurbation. For example, some of the wholesale markets were moved out of Greater Mumbai to other areas in the Conurbation. The entire island is called the Mumbai Metropolitan Area.

Towns :- Ambernath Kulgaon-Badlapur Matheran Karjat Khopoli Rasayani Uran Shahapur

Ports

Industrial Area

Rivers

Codes[edit]

  • Postal Codes : 400 xxx to 401 xxx, 410 xxx, 421 xxx
  • Telephone Code : +91 (022),+91 (250),+91 (0251),+91 (02522)
  • Vehicle : MH-01, MH-02, MH-03, MH-04, MH-05, MH-06, MH-43, MH-46, MH-47, MH-48

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mumbai metropolitan area" (in Italian). Projectsecoa.eu. Retrieved 2013-03-14.