EF English Proficiency Index

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The EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI) attempts to rank countries by the average level of English language skills amongst those adults who took the EF test.[1] It is the product of EF Education First, an international education company, and draws its conclusions from data collected via English tests available for free over the internet.[2][3] The index is an online survey first published in 2011[4] based on test data from 1.7 million test takers.[5] The most recent, eighth edition was released in October, 2018.[6]

Methodology[edit]

The EF EPI eighth edition was calculated using test data from 1.3 million test takers in 2017. The test takers were self-selected and no demographic information was collected on them. The tests are used by the company for marketing and placement purposes. 85 countries and 3 territories appear in the eighth edition of the index. In order to be included, a country was required to have at least 400 test takers.[7]

Report[edit]

The report is composed of a country ranking table, several pages of analysis with graphs correlating other economic and social factors with English proficiency, and analysis of each region or continent. The 2018 report and accompanying country fact sheets include English proficiency levels by gender, age group, and region, within countries, and some English proficiency scores by city. The website displays portions of the report and has analysis of English skills in many countries and territories.[7]

Primary conclusions[edit]

  1. Exports per capita, Gross National Income per capita and innovation all correlate positively with English proficiency.[8]
  2. English proficiency levels are evolving at different rates in different countries around the world, including a few countries with declining English skills.[9]
  3. Europe as a whole speaks the best English, the Middle East the worst.[10]
  4. Women speak English better than men.[11]

2018 rankings[edit]

Below are the latest country scores, proficiency bands, and rankings as published in 2018 (data from 2017).[7]

Score calculation[edit]

On the web page of the company EF, the score calculation is explained: "In order to calculate a country’s EF EPI score, each test score was normalized to obtain the percentage of correct answers for that test. All the scores for a country were then averaged across the three tests, giving equal weight to each test." [12] There is thus no differentiation of the three tests for the calculation of the score.

Ranking of countries[edit]

2018 Rank Country 2018 Score 2018 Band
1  Sweden 70.72 Very High Proficiency
2  Netherlands 70.31 Very High Proficiency
3  Singapore 68.63 Very High Proficiency
4  Norway 68.38 Very High Proficiency
5  Denmark 67.34 Very High Proficiency
6  South Africa 66.52 Very High Proficiency
7  Luxembourg 66.33 Very High Proficiency
8  Finland 65.86 Very High Proficiency
9  Slovenia 64.84 Very High Proficiency
10  Germany 63.74 Very High Proficiency
11  Belgium 63.52 Very High Proficiency
12  Austria 63.13 Very High Proficiency
13  Poland 62.45 High Proficiency
14  Philippines 61.84 High Proficiency
15   Switzerland 61.77 High Proficiency
16  Romania 60.31 High Proficiency
17  Croatia 60.16 High Proficiency
18  Serbia 60.04 High Proficiency
19  Portugal 60.02 High Proficiency
20  Czech Republic 59.99 High Proficiency
21  Hungary 59.51 High Proficiency
22  Malaysia 59.32 High Proficiency
23  Greece 58.49 High Proficiency
24  Slovakia 58.11 High Proficiency
25  Bulgaria 57.95 High Proficiency
26  Lithuania 57.81 High Proficiency
27  Argentina 57.58 High Proficiency
28  India 57.13 Moderate Proficiency
29  Nigeria 56.72 Moderate Proficiency
30  Hong Kong 56.38 Moderate Proficiency
31  South Korea 56.27 Moderate Proficiency
32  Spain 55.85 Moderate Proficiency
33  Lebanon 55.79 Moderate Proficiency
34  Italy 55.77 Moderate Proficiency
35  France 55.49 Moderate Proficiency
36  Costa Rica 55.01 Moderate Proficiency
37  Dominican Republic 54.97 Moderate Proficiency
38  Belarus 53.53 Moderate Proficiency
39  Senegal 53.50 Moderate Proficiency
40  Uruguay 53.41 Moderate Proficiency
41  Vietnam 53.12 Moderate Proficiency
42  Russia 52.96 Moderate Proficiency
43  Ukraine 52.86 Moderate Proficiency
44  Macau 52.57 Moderate Proficiency
45  Georgia 52.28 Low Proficiency
46  Chile 52.01 Low Proficiency
47  China 51.94 Low Proficiency
48  Taiwan 51.88 Low Proficiency
49  Japan 51.80 Low Proficiency
50  Pakistan 51.66 Low Proficiency
51  Indonesia 51.58 Low Proficiency
52  Albania 51.49 Low Proficiency
53  Brazil 50.93 Low Proficiency
54  Ethiopia 50.79 Low Proficiency
55  Guatemala 50.63 Low Proficiency
56  Panama 49.98 Low Proficiency
57  Mexico 49.76 Low Proficiency
58  Sri Lanka 49.39 Low Proficiency
59  Peru 49.32 Low Proficiency
60  Colombia 48.90 Low Proficiency
61  Bolivia 48.87 Low Proficiency
62  Egypt 48.76 Low Proficiency
63  Bangladesh 48.72 Low Proficiency
64  Thailand 48.54 Low Proficiency
65  Ecuador 48.52 Low Proficiency
66  Iran 48.29 Very Low Proficiency
67  Morocco 48.10 Very Low Proficiency
68  Tunisia 47.85 Very Low Proficiency
69  Honduras 47.80 Very Low Proficiency
70  El Salvador 47.42 Very Low Proficiency
71  United Arab Emirates 47.27 Very Low Proficiency
72  Nicaragua 47.26 Very Low Proficiency
73  Turkey 47.17 Very Low Proficiency
74  Jordan 47.10 Very Low Proficiency
75  Venezuela 46.61 Very Low Proficiency
76  Syria 46.37 Very Low Proficiency
77  Azerbaijan 45.85 Very Low Proficiency
78  Kuwait 45.64 Very Low Proficiency
79  Oman 45.56 Very Low Proficiency
80  Kazakhstan 45.19 Very Low Proficiency
81  Algeria 44.50 Very Low Proficiency
82  Myanmar 44.23 Very Low Proficiency
83  Saudi Arabia 43.65 Very Low Proficiency
84  Afghanistan 43.64 Very Low Proficiency
85  Cambodia 42.86 Very Low Proficiency
86  Uzbekistan 42.53 Very Low Proficiency
87  Iraq 40.82 Very Low Proficiency
88  Libya 39.64 Very Low Proficiency

Similar reports[edit]

The European Commission performed a language survey, SurveyLang, which tested a representative sample of 15-year-old European students on their foreign language skills. The report and data sets were released for 13 European countries in June 2012.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English: Who speaks English?. The Economist. Retrieved on 2011-05-29.
  2. ^ Study Offers Snapshot of Global English-Language-Learner Trends. Education Week. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  3. ^ The EF SET powers the EF EPI. EF SET. Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  4. ^ The EF EPI. ef.com. Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  5. ^ Low English Levels Can Hurt Countries' Progress. New York Times. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  6. ^ Women and managers are better at speaking English, study on proficiency finds. Business Insider. Retrieved on 2018-11-09
  7. ^ a b c EF English Proficiency Index – Comparing English skills between countries – EF EPI. Ef.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-09.
  8. ^ Minh Tran: Countries with High English Proficiency Are More Innovative. Harvard Business Review. "Minh Tran is Director of Research and Partnerships for EF Education First and a member of the team that launched the EF Standard English Test." Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
  9. ^ How Well Does Your Country Speak English?. Voice of America. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  10. ^ Which countries are best at English as a second language?. World Economic Forum. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  11. ^ Women are better than men at learning English. That’s not necessarily a good sign.. Washington Post. Retrieved on 2017-1-17.
  12. ^ About EF EPI, and see "Score calculation"
  13. ^ SurveyLang project. European Commission. Retrieved on 2012-09-20.

External links[edit]