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List of legendary creatures by type

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This is a list of legendary creatures from mythology, folklore and fairy tales, sorted by their classification or affiliation. Creatures from modern fantasy fiction and role-playing games are not included.

Contents

Animals, creatures associated with

Antelopes and deer

Aquatic and marine mammals

Arthropods

Bats

  • Balayang (Australian)-
  • Chupacabra (Latin American)- Alleged creature reputed to attack and drink the blood of livestock, occasionally described with bat-like features.
  • Camazotz (Mayan bat-god)
  • Leutogi (Polynesian)
  • Minyades (Greek)- Three sisters who refused to take part in the worship of Dionysus, and turned into bats by Hermes.
  • Nyctimene (Roman)- Transformed into a bat by Minerva.
  • Tjinimin (Australian)
  • Vetala (Hindu)- Vampiric entity that takes over cadavers.

Bears

Birds

Bovines

Camelids

Canines

Caprids

Chicken

  • Sarimanok a legendary chicken of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao (Philippines)

Equines

Felines

Fish

Hyenas

  • Werehyena
  • Kishi – cannibalistic two-faced demon, half-human half-hyena(Africa)

Marsupials

Molluscs

Musteloids, mongoose and civets

Pachyderms

Pigs and boars

Primates

Rabbits and hares

Reptiles, limbed

Rodents

Serpents and worms

Monotremes

Xenarthrans

Procyonids

  • Azeban is a lower-level trickster spirit in Abenaki mythology. The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called northern New England and southern Quebec. Azeban (also spelled Azban, Asban or Azaban) is a raccoon, the Abenaki trickster figure. Pronounced ah-zuh-bahn. Azeban does many foolish and/or mischievous things in Abenaki folktales, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, is not dangerous or malevolent.

Insectivores

  • Lavellan A Lavellan, làbh-allan, la-mhalan or la-bhallan etc. is a mythological creature from northern Scotland. It was generally considered to be a kind of rodent, and indeed the name "làbh-allan" is also used for a water shrew or water vole in Scottish Gaelic. It was however, reportedly larger than a rat, very noxious, and lived in deep pools in rivers. Its poisonous abilities were legendary, and it was said to be able to injure cattle over a hundred feet away.

Ungulates

Cryptid animals

Artificial creatures

This listing includes creatures that are man-made, mechanical or of alchemical origins.

Body parts, creatures associated with

Blood

Bone

Eye

Face

Hair

Head

Limbs

Mouth

Skin

Tail

Neck

Torso

Concepts, creatures associated with

Evil eye

Immortality and death

Fertility and human sexuality

Birth and rebirth

Luck and wealth

Sound

Love and Romance

Dream and mind

Talk

Note: see Talking animal

Wisdom

Time and technology

Light

Demons

Elements, creatures associated with

Aether

Air and wind

Darkness

Earth and subterranean

Fire

Light and rainbow

Metal and gold

Thunder and lightning

Water

Habitats, creatures associated with

Cave and underground

Celestial and heaven

Desert

Temperate forest and woodland

Tropical forest and jungle

Temperate grassland and garden

Savanna

Lake and river

Mountain and hill

Sea

Swamp and marsh

Volcano and lava

Polar, ice, and winter

Urban and house

Underworld and hell

Humanoids

see Mythic humanoids

Hybrids

see List of hybrid creatures

Astronomical objects, creatures associated with

Sun

Moon

Constellation

World

Plants, creatures associated with

Shapeshifters

see List of shapeshifters

Times, creatures associated with

Day and diurnal

Night and nocturnal

Undead

Corporeal

Miscellaneous

References

  1. ^ Wikipedia, Piasa Bird https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piasa
  2. ^ Huffington Post, 5 Illinois Monster Stories That Will Make You Want to Check Under the Bed, 2014. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/reboot-illinois/5-illinois-monster-storie_b_6068212.html
  3. ^ "Geryon". Theoi. Retrieved 10 February 2017. a three-bodied, four-winged giant