Southern Railway zone
|Locale||Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Puducherry|
|Dates of operation||1951–|
|Predecessor||South Indian Railway Company
Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway
Mysore State Railway
|Track gauge||Broad gauge and Metre gauge|
|Length||6,844 kilometres (4,253 mi)|
|Website||SR official website|
The Southern Railway, headquartered at Chennai Central, is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways. It is the earliest of the 17 zones of the Indian Railways created in independent India. It was created on 14 April 1951 by merging three state railways, namely, the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company, and the Mysore State Railway. The South Indian Railway was originally created in the British colonial times as Great Southern India Railway Co founded in Britain in 1853 and registered in 1859. Its original headquarters was in Tiruchirappalli (Trichy) and was registered as a company in London only in 1890.
In 1944, all Railway companies were taken over by the Government. And three years later, when India woke up to independence in 1947, the stage was set for the integration of different Railways into smaller zones. In 1948, immediately after independence, there were as many as 42 different railway systems - a multiplicity of railway administrations, varying in size and standards.
The regrouping proposals put forward by the various committees were studied in great detail to ensure that a unification could be achieved with the least disturbance and dislocation. Important associations of railway-users, Chambers of Commerce and Industry, the State Governments and acknowledged experts both in India and abroad were fully consulted.
Shri N Gopalaswamy Ayyangar - the then Minister for Railways, was the principal architect of the regrouping of Indian Railways. In December 1950, the Central Advisory Committee for Railways approved the plan for Indian Railways into six Zonal systems, namely, the Northern, the North-Eastern, the Southern, the Central, the Eastern and the Western.
The Southern Railway zone 9,654 kilometres (5,999 mi) was the first zone to be formed. Created on 14 April 1951 by the merger of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway and the Mysore State Railway, the economic and geographical factors of this zone facilitated an early integrated network. This amalgamation was a major step towards streamlining and organizing the working pattern of the Railway system.
Shri K R Ramanujam was appointed the first General Manager of the newly formed Southern Railways.
The Southern Railway is headed by the General Manager (HAG+) Officer, assisted by an Additional General Manager (HAG). Each department is headed by a PHOD\CHOD of the rank of HAG\SAG.
Southern Railway has its headquarters in Chennai Central and has the following six divisions:
It covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry and small portions of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. More than 50 crore passengers travel on the network every year. This zone of the Indian Railways differs from the other zones of India in that its revenue is derived from passengers and not from freight.
Southern Railway has many factories & sheds:
- Mechanical Workshops
- Carriage, Wagon and Loco Works, Perambur, Chennai
- Central Workshop, Ponmalai, Tiruchirapalli
- Electrical & Communication
- Southern Railway Signal & Telecom Workshop, Podanur, Coimbatore
- Locomotive Sheds
- MEMU Car Shed
- EMU Car Shed
- EMU Car Shed, Avadi
- EMU Car Shed, Tambaram
- EMU Car Shed,Velachery
- BG Coaching Maintenance Depots
- Wagon Maintenance Depots
- Tondiarpet, Chennai
- Egmore, Chennai
- Kochi Harbour
- Royapuram, Chennai
- Pattibiram Military Siding
- Mangaluru junction
- Printing Presses
- General Printing Press, Royapuram, Chennai
- Ticket Printing Factory, Thiruvananthapuram,
- Ticket Printing Factory, Tiruchirappalli
|Route||State||Length in km|
|Nanjangud-Nilambur via Sultan Bathery||Karnataka, Kerala,||238|
|Angadippuram-Kozhikode via Malappuram||Kerala||78|
|Bulb rail line at Shoranur||Kerala||5|
|Idappalli - Tirur||Kerala||77|
|Kayankulam-Trivandrum via Adoor and Kottarakkara||Kerala||103|
|Nilambur Road - Feroke via Manjeri and Mavur||Kerala||69|
|Thakazhi-Tiruvalla - Pathanamthitta||Kerala||50|
|Nanjangud - Vatakara via Vyitri,Poozhi,Hithod||Kerala, Karnataka||230|
|Madurai-Kottayam||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||234|
|Sabarimala to Dindigul||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||201|
|Arakkonam to Tindivanam via Walajapet, Ranipet and Arcot||Tamil Nadu||96|
|Chennai-Sriperumbudur via Poonamallee||Tamil Nadu||38|
|Chidambaram-Attur via Ariyalur, Perambalur||Tamil Nadu||167|
|Dindigul-Kumuli (lower camp)||Tamil Nadu||134|
|Erode to Satyamanglam||Tamil Nadu||63|
|Jolarpettai-Hossur via Krishnagiri||Tamil Nadu||101|
|Katpadi-Chennai via Guindy-Poonamallee||Tamil Nadu||212|
|Kumbakonam - Namakkal||Tamil Nadu||178|
|Madurai-Karaikkudi va Melur,Tiruppattur||Tamil Nadu||91|
|Madurai-Tuticorin via Aruppukkottai||Tamil Nadu||144|
|Manamadurai - Tuticorin||Tamil Nadu||126|
|Morappur-Dharmapuri via Mukkanur||Tamil Nadu||36|
|Needmangalam-Pattukottai via Mannargudi, Madukkur||Tamil Nadu||54|
|Satyamangalam- Mettur||Tamil Nadu||90|
|Thanjavur-Chennai Egmore via Ariyalur||Tamil Nadu||315|
|Tindivanam to Cuddalore via Pondichery||Tamil Nadu||77|
|Mettur - Chamarajnagar||Tamil Nadu, Karnataka||182|
|Name of the Project(s)||State||Length in km||Status|
|Sabari railway line||Kerala||120 kilometres (75 mi)||Under progress|
|Attipattu-Puttur||Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh||88.3|
|Salem-Kallakurichi via Chinnasalem||Tamil Nadu||16|
|Tindivanam-Nagari||Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh||179.2|
|Name of the Project (s)||State||Length in km||Status|
|Punalur-Edamon-Sengottai||TN & KL||49||Under progress|
|Madurai-Bodinayakkanur||Tamil Nadu||90.41||Under progress|
|Tiruturaipundi-Agastiyampalli||Tamil Nadu||224||Under progress|
|Name of the Project(s)||State||Length in km||Status|
|Chennai Beach-Attipattu 4th line||Tamil Nadu||22.1|
|Chennai Beach-Korukkupettai||Tamil Nadu||4.1|
|mangalore junction-Panambur Patch Doubling||Karnataka||19|
|Tiruvallur-Arakkonam 4th line||Tamil Nadu||26.83|
- "Southern Railway vital statistics" (PDF). Southern Railway. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Origins of Southern Railway". www.hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 17 Jul 2008.
- "Origins and history of Southern Railway" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "Southern Railways revenue generation mode". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 17 Jul 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Southern Railway Zone, India.|