Ayn Karim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
'Ayn Karim
EinKarim.jpg
Postcard from 'Ayn Karim, pre-1948
'Ayn Karim is located in Mandatory Palestine
'Ayn Karim
'Ayn Karim
Arabic عين كارم
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°45′55″N 35°8′58″E / 31.76528°N 35.14944°E / 31.76528; 35.14944Coordinates: 31°45′55″N 35°8′58″E / 31.76528°N 35.14944°E / 31.76528; 35.14944
Population 3,689 (1948[1])
Area 15,029[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 10 and 21 April 1948, 16 July 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Secondary cause Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ein Karem[4]

'Ayn Karim (Arabic: عين كارم‎) was a Palestinian Arab town in the Mandatory Palestine's Jerusalem Subdistrict.

History[edit]

The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine placed 'Ayn Karim in the Jerusalem enclave intended for international control.[5] In April 1948, most of the women and children in the village were evacuated. It was attacked by Israeli forces during the ten-day truce of July 1948. The remaining civilian inhabitants fled on 10-11 July. The Arab irregular forces who had camped in the village left on 14-16 July after Jewish forces captured two dominating hilltops, Khirbet Beit Mazmil and Khirbet al Hamama, and shelled the village. During its last days, 'Ayn Karim suffered from severe food shortages.[6] Israel incorporated the village into the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem as Ein Karem.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics Depopulated Jerusalem Localities of the year 1948 by Selected Variables
  2. ^ Welcome To 'Ayn Karim, Palestine Remembered
  3. ^ Morris, 2006, p. xviii, village #360. Also gives the cause for depopulation
  4. ^ Morris, 2006, p. xx, settlement #107. 1949
  5. ^ UN map of Jerusalem Corpus Separatum
  6. ^ a b B. Morris, (2004) p 436, quoting: Entries for 10 and 11 July 1948, General Staff∖Operations Logbook, IDFA∖922∖75∖∖1176; and Mordechai Abir, ´The local Arab Factor in the War of Independence (Jerusalem Area) `18-19, IDFA 1046∖70∖185∖∖; and Yeruham, `Arab Information (from 14.7.48) ´, 15 July 1948 HA 105∖127aleph.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]