Sheremetyevo International Airport
|Sheremetyevo International Airport
Международный аэропорт Шереметьево
|IATA: SVO – ICAO: UUEE|
|Operator||International Airport Sheremetyevo|
|Location||Moscow Oblast, Russia|
|Elevation AMSL||622 ft / 190 m|
|Number of Passengers||26,188,000|
|Press release |
Sheremetyevo International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Шереметьево; IPA: [ʂɨrʲɪˈmʲetʲjɪvə]) (IATA: SVO, ICAO: UUEE), is an international airport located in the Moscow Oblast, Russia, 29 km (18 mi) north-west of central Moscow. It is a hub for the passenger operations of the Russian international airline Aeroflot, and one of the three major airports serving Moscow along with Domodedovo International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport (the IATA area code for Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo is MOW). It is now the 2nd largest airport in Russia after Domodedovo. In 2012, the airport handled 26,188,000 passengers and 228,868 aircraft movements.
Sheremetyevo was opened on 11 August 1959; the first international flight was on 1 June 1960 to Berlin (Schönefeld Airport). Sheremetyevo-1 (used by domestic flights) was opened on 3 September 1964. On 12 September 1967, the first scheduled passenger flight of Tupolev Tu-134 departed from Sheremetyevo (to Stockholm), followed by the first scheduled flight of Ilyushin Il-62 (to Montreal) on 15 September.
Sheremetyevo-2, the larger of the two terminal complexes, opened on 1 January 1980 for the 1980 Summer Olympics. It was built according to the principles of design of Hannover-Langenhagen Airport and was the arrival and departure point for international flights. Flights to cities in Russia and charter flights arrived and departed from Sheremetyevo-1. There is no physical connection between the two terminal complexes; they are essentially separate airports using the same set of runways. Such a layout is uncommon. Pulkovo Airport in Saint Petersburg has the same layout; Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport in Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota, Sydney Airport in New South Wales, Australia, Perth Airport in Western Australia, Ferihegy in Budapest and Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, Philippines are other examples.
In the 2000s (decade), Sheremetyevo saw growing competition from a newer and more comfortable Domodedovo International Airport. With major airlines leaving Sheremetyevo (most notably, Lufthansa, British Airways, Iberia Airlines, Japan Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Austrian Airlines Group and Swiss International Air Lines), the need for reconstruction had become ever more evident.
Since 3 July 2010 a walkway opened between Terminals D, E, F and the Aeroexpress railway terminal on the public access side and since 2 November 2010 a walkway opened between terminals D, E, and F on the security side simplifying transfer between transit flights. After the reconstruction, the southern complex of the airport, the three terminals (D, E and F), will be able to receive up to 25 million passengers annually. Ultimately, after the northern part of the airport is reconstructed, the airport will have a capacity to receive 40 million passengers annually. Since December 25, 2009 all terminals have been identified by letters as opposed to numbers.
On December 2011 a new Area control center (ACC) was opened. It consolidates the gathering, monitoring and control of the airport's different control centres across all of the organizations that have an impact on its efficient operation. The Situational Center also forms part of the airport control center. SC is intended for joint work of top-managers, heads of state bodies and partners of Sheremetyevo. It is activated only in case of emergency.
Future development 
A 20-year master plan (until 2030) which includes the incorporation of Terminal 3, a third runway and the phased expansion of the airport, was developed in September 2008. The master plan aims to create a strategy for long-term land development. The Ministry of Transport has granted approximately $2bn from the Federal budget and $1bn from non-budgetary funds for the upgrade project. The contract to prepare the airport master plan was awarded to Scott Wilson Group. Additionally, the airport's two runways are set for major reconstruction, including widening and resurfacing. The Moscow Oblast government has reserved a piece of land by the airport for a future third runway.
Terminals and infrastructure 
Sheremetyevo International Airport currently has four operating passenger terminals and one special terminal reserved for the use of private and business aviation. The airport's terminals are divided into two groups based on geographical location, these are the north and south terminal areas. The two terminal areas are linked by regular internal and external bus services.
North terminals 
Terminal A 
Opened in 2012 to the east of Terminal B, Terminal A is used for the servicing of business and private aviation. Twenty-two remote stands, which previously made up the 'Western Sector' of Terminal B, now belong to Terminal A.
Terminal B 
Terminal B (previously Sheremetyevo-1) catered mainly to internal low-cost flights and flights to Minsk (Belarus). Currently the terminal has 64 remote aircraft stands, including 8 stands used for the maintenance Aeroflot aircraft, and five in the 'Eastern Sector', which are used to service cargo flights .
Located in the northern part of the airport, the terminal was put into operation in 1964. Is divided into two buildings: the arrival hall zone and departures area. Terminal B is remarkable for its architecturally unique and unusual spaceship-like gate area, which is connected to the main building by a passenger footbridge. The terminal's design was masterminded by a project team working under the guidance of architects and G Elkin Yu Kryukov.
Terminal B is currently not in operation.
Terminal C 
Terminal C cost an estimated US$87.7 million to construct. It has 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft) of floor space and has a capacity of 5 million passengers per year. The terminal now tends to handle flights of CIS carriers and charter airlines.
On March 12, 2007 Sheremetyevo opened its first entirely new-build terminal for the servicing of international flights. Located in the northern part of the airport, adjacent to Terminal B, it has 30 check-in counters, 36 passport control booths, a three-level automatic baggage sorting system and six air bridges. Terminal C is connected by way of an elevated pedestrian gallery with a multi story parking facility for 1000 vehicles.
In autumn 2008, an orthodox chapel (of Archangel Michael and the other Bodiless) was opened on the terminal's third (departures) floor.
South terminals 
Terminal D 
Terminal D, opened in November 2009 is adjacent to Terminal F. The 170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq ft) building is a hub for Aeroflot and its SkyTeam partners, with capacity for 12 million passengers a year.
Aeroflot had been trying to implement the project of a new terminal (Sheremetyevo-3) since January 2001. However, construction only began in 2005, with commissioning of the complex finally taking place on 15 November 2009. The acquisition of its own terminal was a condition of Aeroflot's entry into airline SkyTeam Alliance, thus necessitating the construction. The main contractor for the build was a Turkish company - Enka. Terminal D has 22 jetways and 11 remote stands. On November 15, 2009 at 9:15 am the first flight from Terminal D (the new official name of Sheremetyevo-3) departed for the southern resort city of Sochi. Despite this Aeroflot took a number of months (due to unexpected administrative delays) to transfer all its international flights from Terminal F to D (a full transfer was originally planned for February 2010).
Whilst previously Terminal D had remained a separate legal entity from the rest of Sheremetyevo Airport, in spring 2012, it became an integrated unit of "Sheremetyevo International Airport" JSC, As part of the deal Aeroflot, VEB Bank and VTB Bank, all of which had invested in the construction of Terminal D, became part shareholders in the airport as a whole. The basis for the architectural and artistic image of Terminal D is that of a giant swan with outstretched wings.
Terminal E 
Terminal E opened in 2010 as a capacity expansion project, connecting terminals D and F. The terminal's construction has allowed for the development of terminals D, F, and the railway station into a single south terminal complex. The terminals of this complex are connected by a number of pedestrian walkways with travelators, thus allowing passengers to move freely between its constituent facilities. In December 2010, a new chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas opened on the second floor of Terminal E. The terminal is used for international flights, primarily by Aeroflot and its Skyteam partners. Terminal E has 8 jetway equipped gates.
Terminal F 
Opened on May 6, 1980 for the Moscow Summer Olympics of that year. Terminal F (previously Sheremetyevo-2) has 15 jetways and a further 21 remote aircraft stands. The terminal was designed to service 6 million passengers a year, and was until the completion of Terminal C, Sheremetyevo's only terminal capable of adequately servicing international flights.
A major reconstruction of the terminal and its interior space was completed by late 2009. For the convenience of passengers the departures lounge and Duty Free zone were thoroughly modernised, whilst a number of partition walls were removed to create extra retail and lounge space.
Airlines and destinations 
Transport and accessibility 
In November 2004, an express train connection was established from the Savyolovsky station to the Lobnya station, which is 7 km (4.3 mi) from the airport, with the remainder of the journey taken by bus or taxi. On 10 June 2008, a 60,000 square meter rail terminal opened in front of Terminal F with direct service from Savyolovsky station. A shuttle bus service ferries passengers to Terminal B and Terminal C. From 28 August 2009 the line was extended to Belorussky station, and by 2015, it is intended that a new central rail terminal will service all three of Moscow's main airports. As of 2010, the train operates to Belorussky station non-stop, with the service at Savyolovsky eliminated. The rail link is operated by Aeroexpress, a subsidiary of Russian Railways.
The main road leading to the airport — Leningradskoe Highway — has experienced large traffic jams. Slow buses and faster minivans (fixed price shared taxis, known as marshrutkas) connect Sheremetyevo with Moscow's extensive metro network. Official airport taxis are available from taxi counters in arrivals. Prices to the city are fixed based on zones. A shuttle bus connects the northern cluster (Terminals B and C) with the south cluster (Terminals D, E and F).
Accidents and incidents 
- On 26 September 1960, Austrian Airlines Flight 901 crashed 11 km (6.8 mi) short of the runway at Sheremetyevo Airport. Of the 37 people on board 31 were killed.
- On 27 November 1972 Japan Airlines Flight 446, a DC-8-62, crashed while in an initial climb on a route from Sheremetyevo International Airport to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda). There were 14 crew members and 62 passengers on the aircraft. A total of 9 crew and 52 passengers died, with a total of 61 of 76 occupants dead.
- 6 July 1982 - Aeroflot Flight 411, an Ilyushin Il-62 crashed on take-off; all 90 on board were killed.
- 28 July 2002 - Pulkovo airlines, an Ilyushin Il-86 with 16 crew members and no passengers on board, crashed shortly after take-off. Two stewardesses survived.
In popular culture 
- In the 1997 film, Air Force One, the President of the United States, takes off from Sheremetyevo, but the plane is hijacked by terrorists shortly after take-off.
- Sheremetyevo Airport was the setting of the opening of the 13th Nu, pogodi! episode Olympic Games.
- The airport is featured in The Bourne Supremacy starring Matt Damon. Terminal 2 is shown followed by a scene shot at the arrival/pick-up area outside of Terminal 2.
- The airport (under a different name; "Zakhaev International Airport") is featured in Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, in a controversial mission "No Russian", in which the player (who can opt out of participation) goes on a shooting rampage with other terrorists to try to infiltrate their ring. The airport is featured as a multiplayer map in this game, as well as Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3.
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Sheremetyevo International Airport|
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- Sheremetyevo International Airport: Operating Results 2009
- Sheremetyevo to Apply Literal Identification of Terminals
- "Sheremetyevo's AMC: an investment in efficiency", airport-technology.com, February 2012
- "The new control center of Sheremetyevo airport"
- "Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO/UUEE), Russian Federation"
- The Moodie Report - Moscow Sheremetyevo T3 opening slated for November
- Transfer of international flights to the Sheremetyevo Terminal D delayed once more
- Official website - Airport Map
- ""Аэрофлот" будет летать из Москвы в Магнитогорск". TRAVEL.RU. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Аэрофлот открыл продажу билетов на регулярные рейсы Москва – Новокузнецк - Москва". Новости. Аэрофлот. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- Плохотниченко, Юрий (11 December 2012). ""Аэрофлот" будет летать из Москвы в Якутск". Travel.ru. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Аэрофлот начинает полеты на Тенерифе". Новости. Aeroflot. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Аэрофлот начинает выполнять полеты в Салоники (Греция)". Новости. Aeroflot. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "АЭРОФЛОТ И ОРЕНБУРГСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ НАЧИНАЮТ СОВМЕСТНУЮ ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИЮ ЛИНИЙ МОСКВА - ИРКУТСК И МОСКВА - КРАСНОДАР". АвиаПорт.Ru. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Эйр Астана. Новый рейс Атырау-Москва-Атырау". International Travel plus. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Air France хочет летать в Москву из обоих аэропортов Парижа". Travel.ru. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
- "Flights Schedule". Air Malta. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Air One starts 3 new seasonal rotes from St Petersburg
- "Season timetable". destination: Kiev. Sheremetyevo International Airport. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- "Aeroexpress services and the tariffs".
- Train Takes Stress Out of Sheremetyevo
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "28 NOV 1972 McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62 Japan Air Lines - JAL." Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 March 2009.
- Sheremetyevo International Airport official website (English) (Russian)
- OJSC "Terminal", Aeroflot subsidiary overseeing Terminal 3 development (English) (Russian)
- Aeroexpress service (English) (Russian)
- Airport information for UUEE at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for UUEE at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for UUEE at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for SVO at Aviation Safety Network
- Moscow Airport Sheremetyevo at Moscow Russia Insider's Guide