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|Founded||April 6, 2003|
|Preceded by||Radical Unity|
06301 Nice Cedex 04
|Youth wing||Generation Identity|
|European Parliament group||No MEPs|
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The Bloc Identitaire is a nativist movement originated from France and present in several states on the European continent. It has been described as right wing and far right. It was founded in 2003 by some former members of Unité Radicale and several other nationalist sympathisers, including Fabrice Robert, former Unité Radicale member, former elected representative of the National Front (FN) and also former member of the National Republican Movement (MNR), and Guillaume Luyt, former member of the monarchist Action française, former Unité Radicale member, former director of the youth organisation of the FN, National Front Youth (FNJ). Luyt claims inspiration by Guillaume Faye's works in the Nouvelle Droite movement.
The youth wing of Bloc Identitaire, called in France Génération Identitaire (Generation Identity), expanded to other European states soon after its creation in 2012, the most important being Generazione Identitaria in Italy and Identitäre Bewegung in Germany and Austria. Other youth wings are also present in the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Slovenia.
The Bloc Identitaire aims to be a "rally for young French and Europeans who are proud of their roots and of their heritage."[this quote needs a citation] It opposes "imperialism, whether it be American or Islamic."[this quote needs a citation]
The Bloc Identitaire is a composite of a number of strains of political thought including Catholic social teaching, direct democracy, regionalist decentralisation, non-Marxist European socialisms and Yann Fouere's concept of a Europe of 100 flags.
Initially the youth wing of the Bloc Identitaire, Génération Identitaire has taken on its own identity and is largely classified as a separate entity altogether with the intent of spreading across Europe.
The Bloc identitaire has been accused of intentionally distributing several popular soups containing pork in order to exclude religious Jews or Muslims; in Strasbourg, Nice, Paris, and in Antwerp with the association Antwerpse Solidariteit close to the Vlaams Belang. These so-called "identity soups" ("soupes identitaires") have been forbidden by the prefecture of the Haut-Rhin in Strasbourg on 21 January 2006, and called "discriminatory and xenophobic" by MEP Catherine Trautmann (PS) in a 19 January 2006 letter to the High authority for the struggle against discrimination and for equality (HALDE).
This ethno-regionalist movement has also organised a campaign against the rap group Sniper in 2003, which was taken up by the conservative Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), leading to the cancellation of several concerts of the band. UMP deputy Nadine Morano interpolated Interior Minister (UMP) Nicolas Sarkozy on this theme, while 200 UMP deputies, led by François Grosdidier, tried without success to censor several hip-hop bands. Sarkozy criticized the hip-hop group as "ruffians who dishonour France."
In 2004, the Bloc identitaire also organized a campaign against Italian writer Cesare Battisti, one-time member of the terrorist group Armed Proletarians for Communism, who was wanted in Italy for an assassination carried out during the Years of Lead, in which he denies responsibility. Battisti accused the "cell of the Italian embassy" of having "financed" the Bloc identitaire's campaign against him (in Ma Cavale, p. 160). Battisti was convicted to life sentence in his homeland for a total of 36 charges, including participation on four murders. The French government would subsequently decide to extradite him to Italy, but Battisti escaped to Brazil where he was granted political asylum.
In 2010, they staged a protest in "resistance to the Islamization of France" at the Arc de Triomphe (relocated from an earlier planned site in Goutte-d'Or) where people would eat pork and drink grape juice or wine.
- Haydn Rippon (November 2, 2012), "Occupy Le Mosque: France's New Radical Nativism", The Conversation – via Boston University
- « Le mouvement d'extrême droite Bloc identitaire se lance dans les régionales », Le Point, 17 octobre 2009
- Abel Mestre et Caroline Monnot, « Du Bloc identitaire au FN, l'extrême droite française se concentre sur la peur de l'islam », Le Monde, 1 décembre 2009
- Rémi Noyon (interviewer), Stéphane François (interviewé), « Oubliez "Game of Thrones" : les identitaires ont des théories plus folles », Rue89, 11 mai 2014.
- Cependant, Jean-Yves Camus classe le BI non à l'extrême droite, mais « à droite de la droite » : « Oskar Freysinger et ses inquiétantes fréquentations européennes » (interview par Patricia Briel), Le Temps, 18 novembre 2010, le BI promeut l'« alter-Europe » et une certaine forme de régionalisme
- Ludovic Finez, « Les "infos" xénophobes de Novopress », 27 July 2005.
- Robert Marquand (June 17, 2010), "Facebook draws 7,000 to anti-Muslim pork sausage party in Paris", The Christian Science Monitor,
the group sent out a press release, calling upon “all Parisians … and French” to meet at the Arc de Triomphe Friday to eat ham and drink grape juice
- Mara Gay (June 17, 2010), "Paris Facebook Group Throws Anti-Muslim Booze & Pork-Sausage Party", Politics Daily,
thousands will gather to protest the presence of Muslims in France by drinking alcohol and eating sausage