The Jodhpur Flying Club was set up by His Highness Maharaja Umaid Singh in the 1920s at a small airfield near his Chittar Palace in Jodhpur. Through the next 3 decades, the airfield grew in stature, being used as an airfield for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during World War II. The airfield was later upgraded in 1950 after the formation of the Royal Indian Air Force (that later became the Indian Air Force). Jodhpur was home to the IAF's Air Force Flying College until the 1965 war.
Jodhpur airport's 12 acre civil enclave contains a terminal building measuring a built-up area of 5690 sq.mtrs, that is capable of handling 430 passengers per hour. The terminal has 7 check-in counters and 3 boarding gates. The adjoining concrete apron measures 140 by 100 metres and has 3 parking bays that can cater to two A320 and an ATR aircraft simultaneously.
Jodhpur's runway is oriented 05/23, is 2743 metres long and 45 metres wide. The airfield is equipped with night landing facilities and an Instrument Landing System (ILS) as well as navigational facilities like DVOR/DME and an NDB.
Squadrons of MiG-27, MiG-29 and Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft are operated by the IAF from this airfield. It was active during the Kargil War of 1999.French made rafael fighter aircraft expected to operate in Jodhpur air base .