|City of Ligao|
|Nickname(s): Sunflower Capital of the Philippines|
Map of Albay with Ligao highlighted
|Region||Bicol Region (Region V)|
|Barangays||55 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Patricia Gonzalez-Alsua|
|• Electorate||55,419 voters (2016)|
|• Total||246.75 km2 (95.27 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)52|
|Climate type||tropical rainforest climate|
|Income class||4th city income class|
Ligao, officially the City of Ligao, (Central Bicolano: Ciudad kan Ligao; Filipino: Lungsod ng Ligao), or simply referred to as Ligao City, is a 4th class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,399 people.
The name Ligao is derived from the local word "ticao", once an abundant tree whose poisonous leaves were used to catch fish in rivers or creeks. Most Ligaoeños, however, believe that the name Ligao was originally "licau" which means to take the long way around or to turn away from the ordinary or usual route.
Ligao started as a small settlement known as 'Cavasi' in the 16th century. It grew in population as it attracted natives from nearby settlements. Eventually, power struggles among ambitious and aggressive leaders caused trouble as they created divisions among the settlement. There arose five divisions led by maginoos (chieftains): Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Peace was only restored when Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other chieftains.
The town was founded as a barrio of Polangui in 1606, being ceded to Oas in 1665, and finally becoming an independent municipality in 1666. It gained city status on March 24, 2001, after a plebiscite with an overwhelming Yes vote of 17,753 as against 1,387 No votes.
Ligao City is politically subdivided into 55 barangays. There are 11 urban and 44 rural barangays, of which 3 are coastal barangays.
- Bagumbayan (Poblacion)
- Binatagan (Poblacion)
- Calzada (Poblacion)
- Cavasi (Poblacion)
- Dunao (Poblacion)
- Guilid (Poblacion)
- San Vicente
- Santa Cruz (Poblacion)
- Tagpo (Poblacion)
- Tinago (Poblacion)
- Tomolin (Poblacion)
- Tuburan (Poblacion)
- Tula-Tula Grande
- Tula-Tula Pequeño
|Population census of Ligao|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
- "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ligao.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ligao City.|