Nagoya Municipal Subway

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Nagoya Municipal Subway
Nagoya Municipal Subway Logo
Nagoya Municipal Subway Logo
Overview
Native name 名古屋市営地下鉄
Nagoya Shiei Chikatetsu
Locale Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Transit type Rapid Transit
Number of lines 7
Number of stations 87[1]
Daily ridership 1,171,289[2]
Website Transportation Bureau, City of Nagoya
Operation
Began operation 15 November 1957 (1957-11-15)
Operator(s) Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya
Technical
System length 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines)
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) (Tsurumai, Sakura-dōri, and Kamiiida Lines)
Electrification 600 V DC third rail (Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines)
1,500 V DC overhead lines (Tsurumai, Sakura-dōri, and Kamiiida Lines)

The Nagoya Municipal Subway (名古屋市営地下鉄, Nagoya Shiei Chikatetsu) is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It consists of six lines that cover 93.3 kilometers (58.0 mi) of route and serve 87 stations.[1] Approximately 90% of the subway's total track length is underground.

The subway system is owned and operated by Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya and, like other large Japanese cities including Tokyo and Osaka, is heavily complemented by suburban rail, together forming an extensive network of 47 lines in and around Greater Nagoya. Of them, the subway lines represent 38% of Greater Nagoya's total rail ridership of 3 million passengers a day.[3]

In 2002, the system introduced Hatchii as its official character.

Lines and infrastructure[edit]

The six lines that comprise the Nagoya subway network are, for the most part, independent. However, Meikō Line services partially interline with the Meijō Line, and the operations of both lines are combined. Therefore, there are in fact five distinct services on the subway. They are mostly self-contained, but two of its lines have through services onto lines owned and operated by Meitetsu, the largest private railway operator in the region. One of these, the Kamiida Line, is essentially an extension of the Meitetsu Komaki Line to which it connects.

The two older subway lines, the Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines, run on standard gauge track and use 600 volt DC electrification from a third rail. They, are, along with the Ginza and Marunouchi Lines, the only railway lines in Japan to use this electrification system. Subsequent lines were built to narrow gauge and employ 1,500 volt DC electrification from overhead lines, in common with most other rapid transit lines in the country.

As with other railway lines in Japan, tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines in stations. Since February 2011, this has largely been supplemented by Manaca, a rechargeable smart card. By the next year, it had replaced Tranpass, the predecessor integrated ticketing system, which could be used at all subway stations and for other connected transportation systems in the region.[4]

Line
color
Line
icon
Mark Line
number
Name Japanese Opened Last extension Length Stations
yellow Nagoya Subway Logo (Higashiyama Line).svg H Line 1 Higashiyama Line 東山線 1957 1982 20.6 km (12.8 mi) 22
purple Nagoya Subway Logo (Meijo & Meiko Line).svg M Line 2 Meijō Line 名城線 1965[Note 1] 1971 8.9 km (5.5 mi) 12[Note 2]
Line 4 1974[Note 3] 2004 17.5 km (10.9 mi) 17[Note 2]
E Line 2 Meikō Line 名港線 1971[Note 4] 6.0 km (3.7 mi) 7[Note 5]
blue Nagoya Subway Logo (Tsurumai Line).svg IY Via trackage rights Meitetsu Inuyama Line 名鉄犬山線 1993[Note 6] 21.4 km (13.3 mi) 13[Note 7]
T Line 3 Tsurumai Line 鶴舞線 1977 1993 20.4 km (12.7 mi) 20
TT Via trackage rights Meitetsu Toyota Line 名鉄豊田線 1979[Note 8] 15.2 km (9.4 mi) 8[Note 9]
MY Meitetsu Mikawa Line 名鉄三河線 N/A[Note 10] 1.4 km (0.87 mi) 2[Note 9]
red Nagoya Subway Logo (Sakura-dori Line).svg S Line 6 Sakura-dōri Line 桜通線 1989 2011 19.1 km (11.9 mi) 21
pink Nagoya Subway Logo (Kamiiida Line).svg KM Via trackage rights Meitetsu Komaki Line 名鉄小牧線 2003[Note 11] 18.3 km (11.4 mi) 13[Note 12]
2003[Note 13] 2.3 km (1.4 mi) 2[Note 14]
K Line 7 Kamiiida Line 上飯田線 2003[Note 15] 0.8 km (0.50 mi) 2[Note 16]
Total (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions): 93.3 km[1] 87[1]

Notes[edit]

Platform of Shiyakusho Station
Entrance to Shiyakusho Station
Ticket gates
Ticket vending machines

Connecting services[edit]

JR Central[edit]

(for Shin-Yokohama, Tokyo, Kyoto, and Shin-Osaka)
(for Gifu, Ōgaki, Obu, Kariya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Hamamatsu)
(for Kozoji (transfer to former Expo Site), Tajimi, and Nakatsugawa)
(for Yokkaichi, Tsu and Kameyama)
(Limited Express only, for Gero and Takayama)

Meitetsu[edit]

(for Meitetsu Gifu, Chiryu, Hekinan, Nishio, Higashi Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Toyokawa Inari)
(for Otagawa, Chita Handa, Kowa, Utsumi, Tokoname, and Central Japan Int'l Airport)
(for Iwakura, Inuyama, Mikakino and Shin Kani)
(for Tsushima, Saya and Yatomi)
(for Owari Seto)
(for Toyotashi)
(for Komaki, Inuyama)

Kintetsu[edit]

(for Yokkaichi, Tsu, Nakagawa, Matsusaka, Ise, Toba, and Osaka)

Nagoya Seaside Rapid Railway[edit]

(for Kinjo-Futo (Nagoya International Exhibition Hall))

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e トップページ - ご意見・お問い合わせ - よくあるご質問 - 地下鉄について [Top - Feedback and inquiries - Frequently Asked Questions - For subway] (in Japanese). Transportation Bureau, City of Nagoya. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  2. ^ 平成21年版名古屋市統計年鑑 11.運輸・通信 [Nagoya Statistics for Year 21 of the Heisei Era, 11 Transportation and Communication] (in Japanese). Nagoya City. 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  3. ^ http://www.mlit.go.jp/kisha/kisha07/01/010330_3/01.pdf
  4. ^ "Tickets - Nagoya Transportation Bureau". 

External links[edit]