Henri Coandă International Airport

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Bucharest Henri Coandǎ International Airport
Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București
Aeroporturi București logo.png
Henri Coandă International Airport, March 2013.jpg
Airport type Public / Military
Operator The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.
Serves Bucharest, Romania
Location Otopeni
Hub for TAROM
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500Coordinates: 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500
Website bucharestairports.ro
OTP is located in Romania
Location within Romania
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Concrete
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Concrete
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 10,982,967
Passengers change 2016–15 Increase 18.3%
Aircraft movements 108,200
Sources: Romanian AIP at EUROCONTROL,[1] bucharestairports.ro[2]

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București) (IATA: OTPICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of Bucharest's city centre.[1] It is currently one of two airports serving the capital of Romania. The other is Aurel Vlaicu Airport, which no longer serves scheduled passenger traffic.

The airport is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coandă effect of fluidics. Until May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional București Otopeni), which remains the name by which it is generally known.

Henri Coandă International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline.[3] It also serves as a base of operations for low-cost airlines Blue Air, Ryanair and Wizz Air. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Națională Aeroporturi București S.A.).[4] The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.


Early years[edit]

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German air force. Up to 1965, it was restricted for military use and was one of the major bases of the Romanian Air Force, with a runway of 1,200 metres (3,900 ft). Băneasa Airport was the only airport that Bucharest used for commercial flights. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, a new commercial airport was constructed in the settlement of Otopeni, where the military air base used to be. The runway was modernised and extended up to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.[5]

In August 1969, when President Nixon of the United States visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lăzărescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights.[5] The airport slowly became more and more used by airlines, with a growing number of passengers. In 1986, it entered a new phase of development. A second 3500-metre runway was constructed, as well as related taxiways. The airport lighting system was improved and the capacity was increased to 35 airport movements per hour.[5]

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI). In the same year a long-term, multi-stage upgrade plan was devised, anticipating a sharp increase in traffic as traveling restrictions to and from Romania were lifted.[citation needed]

Expansion since the 1990s[edit]

The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.[6]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005–2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Oscar and Victor) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[6]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), which started in 2009, involved the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (nine of which have jetways), as well as the expansion of the Departure Hall (with 8 new gates). The airside concourse extension, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, and measuring 17,000 square metres (200,000 sq ft), was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[6][7] It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall to a total area of 38,600 square metres (400,000 sq ft).[8][9]

In March 2012, all air traffic except for business air traffic was transferred from Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (at that time Bucharest's low-cost hub) to Henri Coandă International Airport.


The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with three main facilities (colloquially referred to as "Terminals"): the Departures Hall/Terminal, the Arrivals Hall/Terminal, and the Finger Terminal (the airside concourse).[10] A walkway with shops connects the departures and arrivals buildings. The airside concourse is organized in two (domestic and international) passengers flows.[11] The entire terminal has 38 gates (of which 14 equipped with jetways),[8] and a total floor area of 86,000 square metres (930,000 sq ft).[5][7][9]

Future development[edit]

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2) at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coandă 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. Thus, by 2023, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the 20 million passengers per year indicated by estimates. The terminal will be directly connected to A3 motorway, to the railway system, and to the Bucharest Metro system through Metro Line 6.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal charter: Chania, Corfu, Heraklion, Kos, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion[13]
Astra Airlines Thessaloniki
AtlasGlobal Seasonal charter: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Austrian Airlines
operated by Air Berlin
Blue Air Barcelona, Beauvais, Bergamo, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux (begins 1 June 2017), Brussels, Castellon, Catania, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen (begins 1 June 2017), Dublin, Florence, Glasgow, Helsinki (begins 16 June 2017),[14] Hamburg, Iași, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Milan–Linate, Naples, Nice, Oradea, Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 15 June 2017),[14] Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Turin, Valencia
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Preveza, Timișoara (begins 15 June 2017), Zakynthos
British Airways London–Heathrow
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb[15]
Czech Airlines Prague
Dniproavia Kiev–Boryspil
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion, Thessaloniki (begins 17 June 2017)[16]
Eurowings Düsseldorf
flydubai Dubai–International
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Tunis
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Athens, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bologna, Bristol, Charleroi, Dublin, London–Stansted, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Palermo, Rome–Ciampino, Timișoara
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Portugal Lisbon (resumes 1 July 2017)
TAROM Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare (suspended),[17] Barcelona, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Iași, Istanbul–Atatürk, Larnaca, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Munich, Oradea, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Suceava, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Timișoara, Valencia, Vienna
Seasonal: Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia, Geneva, Nice
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife–South
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona, Bilbao
Wizz Air Alghero, Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund , Birmingham, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Charleroi, Cluj-Napoca, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Eindhoven, Geneva, Glasgow, Hannover, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Naples, Nuremberg, Perugia, Pescara, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Sandefjord, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Verona (ends 16 June 2017), Zaragoza, Warsaw–Chopin (begins 30 June 2017)[18]


Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège, Munich, Sofia
DHL Aviation Bergamo, Budapest, Chișinău, Treviso
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn, Katowice



Departures hall
Arrivals hall
Old international departures area (Finger terminal)
OTP northern runway

In 2016, 10,981,652 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 18.3% compared to 2015.[19]

Annual traffic
Year Passengers (total)[19] Change[19] Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements[20] Cargo
2005 2,972,799
49,593 16,887 tonnes
2006 3,497,938 Increase 17.6%
55,056 18,089 tonnes
2007 4,937,683 Increase 41.1% 410,916 67,372 17,423 tonnes
2008 5,063,555 Increase 2.5% 497,208 69,916
2009 4,480,765 Decrease 11.5% 496,391 69,692
2010 4,916,964 Increase 9.7%
2011 5,049,443 Increase 2.7%
2012 7,120,024 Increase 41%
2013 7,643,467 Increase 7.3%
2014 8,316,705 Increase 8.8%
2015 9,282,884 Increase 11.6%
2016 10,982,967 Increase 18.3%
Passenger Totals 2005-2016 (millions)
Month Passengers[19] Change (2016–2017) Passengers Cumulatively
January 847,222 Increase 23.8% 847,222
February 809,445 Increase 18.8% 1,656,667
March 942,360 Increase 21.5% 2,599,027

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest Domestic Routes from Henri Coandă International Airport
Rank Airport Passengers 2016 (01.01-30.09) Carriers
1 Romania Iași Airport
Blue Air, TAROM
2 Romania Cluj-Napoca Airport
Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
3 Romania Timișoara Airport
Ryanair, TAROM
Sources:Eurostat, [3] INSSE[21]
Busiest routes at Henri Coandă Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(November 2016)
United Kingdom London Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport, Stansted Airport
Blue Air, British Airways, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
Romania Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Airport
Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
Romania Timișoara Traian Vuia Airport
TAROM, Ryanair
Romania Iași Iași Airport
Blue Air, TAROM
Italy Rome Fiumicino Airport, Ciampino Airport
Alitalia, Blue Air, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
Austria Vienna Vienna Airport
Austrian Airlines, TAROM
France Paris Beauvais–Tillé Airport, Charles de Gaulle Airport
Air France, Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
Italy Milan Il Caravaggio International Airport, Milan Linate Airport, Milan–Malpensa Airport
Blue Air, Ryanair, Wizz Air
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport
Pegasus Airlines, TAROM, Turkish Airlines
Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
Germany Munich Munich Airport
Lufthansa, Lufthansa Cityline, TAROM
Belgium Bruxelles Brussels Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport
Blue Air, Ryanair, Tarom, Wizz Air
Spain Madrid Madrid Airport
Blue Air, Iberia Express, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
Lufthansa, TAROM
Israel Tel Aviv Tel Aviv Airport
El Al, TAROM, Wizzair
Greece Athens Athens International Airport
Aegean Airlines, Ryanair, TAROM
Moldova Chișinău Chișinău Airport
TAROM, Air Moldova
Poland Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport
LOT Polish Airlines

Ground transportation[edit]


A direct train service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord, runs from the Airport railway station, about 900 m from the airport. Shuttle buses connect this station with the departures and arrivals halls; the tickets are valid for the train and for the transfer bus.[22] The next phase of the expansion aims to locate the train station in the airport itself.

A project which includes the construction of the M6 metro line, connecting the airport to Gara de Nord train station and the rest of the metro and public transport network, was also proposed.

RATB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)


Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company RATB system. The 780 route provides express bus service to Gara de Nord railway station in Bucharest, and the 783 route provides express bus service to the city center 24 hours a day.[23]


The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by route DN1. The A3 motorway will connect the airport and the city, when finished.


As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coandă Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being ripped off when using illegal, high-price taxis.[24]

Security concerns

In August 2012, the murder of a 20-year-old Japanese girl who had been picked up by a stranger using an unauthorized cab service at Otopeni raised concerns over the airport's cab service security.[25]

On 20 May 2016 it was reported that, due to stricter government regulation on taxi fares, the touch screen system became nearly nonoperational, as many cabs in Bucharest were no longer eligible to arrive at the pick-up area. This raised new security concerns, as travellers were forced to use 'informal' rides again.[26]

At the end of 2016, new controversy started after taxi drivers complained about transportation network companies operating in Bucharest, such as Uber and Taxify, advertising their services on airport premises. [27]


  • Season 14 of The Amazing Race was filmed here during the first portion of the third leg. The nine teams present arrived at the airport on three flights before they completed the rest of the leg.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic – Error Page". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Bucharest Airports: record air traffic in 2015
  3. ^ "TAROM S.A. – Identification Data
  4. ^ "Contact." Henri Coandă International Airport. Retrieved on 1 December 2011. "The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A. Calea Bucurestilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, Ilfov County Postal code 075150 Romania" – Address in Romanian: "Compania Națională "Aeroporturi București" S.A. Calea Bucureștilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, județul Ilfov Cod postal 075150 România"
  5. ^ a b c d AIHCB 2007 Report at bucharestairports.ro
  6. ^ a b c [1] (Romanian) Romanian Ministry of Transportation – Descriptive Note – Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  7. ^ a b "Bucharest Airport at a10.eu
  8. ^ a b New Departure Hall extension opened (Romanian)
  9. ^ a b Noul Terminal Plecari al Aeroportului Otopeni (Romanian)
  10. ^ Bucharest Otopeni Airport, the last frontier (Romanian)
  11. ^ A new terminal (Romanian)
  12. ^ [2] (Romanian) The Romanian Ministry of Transportation
  13. ^ Arkia. "Arkia Israeli Airlines - Flights to Tel Aviv, Eilat Packages, Hotels in Israel". www.arkia.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  14. ^ a b "Blue Air plans additional routes in S17". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2017. 
  15. ^ "Croatia Airlines schedules new routes in S17". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  16. ^ "Tour operator Mouzenidis Travel". Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  17. ^ "TAROM suspendă zborurile spre Baia Mare". Airlines Travel. Retrieved 29 November 2015. 
  18. ^ http://airlinestravel.ro/bucuresti-varsovia-cu-wizz-air-din-30-iunie-2017.html/ Bucharest-Warsaw Chopin begins 30 June 2017/
  19. ^ a b c d "Anna.aero database". Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  20. ^ ORDIN 169/1.801. Planul național de acțiune privind reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu efect de seră în domeniul aviației civile (Romanian)
  21. ^ "Transportul aeroportuar pe anul 2015" (PDF). INSSE.  (Romanian)
  22. ^ "Bucharest Airports – Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport – Train connection". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  23. ^ "Bucharest Airports – Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport – Bus". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  24. ^ "Touch screen installed for cab ordering at Otopeni airport in Bucharest". Romania Insider. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "Murder of Japanese girl after Bucharest airport pickup raises concern over cab service security – Romania Insider", Ro, retrieved 22 May 2016 
  26. ^ Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, "Eșecul guvernului. La Otopeni", Romania Curata, retrieved 22 May 2016 
  27. ^ "Taxi companies want Uber ad removed from Bucharest airport", Romania Insider, retrieved 29 Nov 2016 

External links[edit]

Media related to Henri Coandă International Airport at Wikimedia Commons