Shobana

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Shobana
Shobana perfomence.jpg
Born Shobana Chandrakumar
Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Occupation Actress, Dancer, Choreographer, Mridangam player
Years active 1980–present
Parent(s)
  • Chandrakumar
  • Anandam

Shobana Chandrakumar, known mononymously as Shobana, is an Indian film actress and bharatanatyam dancer from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. She has acted in more than 200 films, predominantly in Malayalam, Telugu, and Tamil, and also in Hindi, Kannada, and English languages.[1][2]

Shobana was a popular lead actress in a number of South Indian films during the 1980s and 1990s. She has worked with directors such as Adoor Gopalakrishnan, G. Aravindan, K. Balachander, AM Fazil, Mani Ratnam, Bharathan, Uppalapati Narayana Rao, and Priyadarsan. She won the National Film Award for Best Actress twice, for her performances in the films Manichitrathazhu (1993) and Mitr, My Friend (2001). Consequent to the 1993 National Award, Shobana turned extremely selective about her films.[3][4]

Shobana was trained under the Bharata Natyam dancers Chitra Visweswaran and Padma Subrahmanyam. She emerged as an independent performer and choreographer in her twenties and currently runs a dance school, Kalarpana, in Chennai.[3]

In 2006, the Indian Government honoured Shobana with the Padma Shri for her contributions towards the arts.[5][6] In 2014, the Kerala State Government honoured her with the Kala Ratna Award.

Career[edit]

Film career[edit]

Shobana in a dance programme.

Shobana made her debut as a child artist in the Bollywood film Amar Prem (1972). [7] As an adult, she was introduced to the film industry through the film April 18, by director Balachandra Menon. Her realistic portrayal of a simple girl-next-door appealed to audiences instantly and she went on to work in numerous films. "Debut as heroine I was all of 13 and a half but I didn't look that young. I was 5'8" and people around me thought I should act as an 18-year-old off the sets. It put me in a shell initially because I was straight out of school," she later explained. In the same year, she entered the Tamil film industry and acted in Enakkul Oruvan, directed by SP Muthuraman.[4] "Acting with Kamal Haasan I was 14, if you ask me now I would say I was nervous. But then he was a star and I was stunned.", Shobhana remembered acting along with Kamal Haasan in her early career. Enakkul Oruvan didn't do well at the box office and Shobhana's commercial landing was stalled and she went back into Malayalam films. She did come back to act in occasional Tamil films opposite Satyaraj (Mallu Vetti Minor, Vaathiyar Veetu Pillai), Bhagyaraj (Ithu Namma Aalu) and Vijayakanth (Ponmana Selvan, En Kitta Mothathey) in the early 90s – these roles were generally glamorous in which Shobana generally acted as the beautiful, posh and haughty city girl who is eventually charmed by the village boy.[8]

Her other major films include Meleparambil Aanveedu, Kanamarayathu, Ithiri Poove Chuvanna Poove , Yathra, Rangam (1985), Anantaram, Vrutham (1987), Idhu Namma Aalu (1988), Siva (1989), Innale (1990), Thalapathi (1991), Manichitrathazhu (1993), Thenmavin Kombath (1994), Minnaram(1994), Dance like a Man (2003), Mampazhakkalam (2004) and Makalkku (2005). From Aviduthe Pole Ivideyum to Upaharam, Shobana did sixteen movies in a single year, 1985.[9] Shobana also stars in the Tamil period film Kochadaiiyaan.[1]

Shobana won her first National Film Award for Best Actress in 1994 for her performance in AM Fazil's Manichitrathazhu. Her portrayal of Ganga Nakulan and alter-ego Nagavalli in the film was described by critics as "spell binding".[10] She received her second National award for best actress in 2001 for her role in the Indian English language film Mitr, My Friend, directed by Revathi. Consequent to the 1993 National Award, Shobana turned extremely selective about her films. "In films I think I did everything possible in dance. There were many people who were weaving scripts around me for my dancing acumen. In one of the films, I play a handicapped girl and yet there was a sequence in which I break into a dance. Probably, they had their reasons. That was when I got bored." says Shobhana, explaining the reason for a long sabbaticals in her career.[11]

Classical dance career[edit]

Shobhana is an accomplished Bharata Natyam dancer.[12] She did her dance training at the Chidambaram academy in Chennai, Tamil Nadu under Chitra Visweswaran. Shobhana danced Abhinaya, a pivotal element in Bharata Natyam. She was one among the judges in Jodi No.1, a reality show for dance aired on Vijay TV.

She has worked on collaborative ventures with the likes of tabla maestro Zakir Hussain, Vikku Vinayakram and Mandolin Srinivas. Her recitals abroad include those at the World Malayalee convention, in the United States in 1985 and 1995, in Kuala Lumpur before the King and Queen of Malaysia, numerous cities in the United States, Europe, South East Asia and Australia.[13] Shobhana started performing in the prestigious Soorya Music & Dance festival organised by Soorya Krishnamoorthy from the year 1994.[14] In 1999, Shobhana along with Prabhu Deva and AR Rahman performed with a Tamil film dancing troupe at the "Michael Jackson and Friends" concert in Munich, Germany. She was also a part of Mani Ratnam's stage show, Netru, Indru, Naalai in 2000.

In 1994, Shobana founded a school for classical dance Bharata Natyam in Chennai – Kalarpana.[15]

Filmography[edit]

Malayalam[edit]

Year Title Role Sources
1984 April 18 Shobhana
1984 Kanamarayathu Sherly
1984 Ithiri Poove Chuvanna Poove Subhadra
1984 Alakadalinakkare Daisy
1985 Avidathepole Ivideyum Sujatha
1985 Vasantha Sena Merlin
1985 Thozhil Allengil Jail
1985 Akkacheyude Kunjuvava Mridula
1985 Meenamasathile Sooryan Revathi
1985 Azhiyatha Bandhangal Geetha
1985 Eeran Sandhya Prabha
1985 Thammil Thammil Kavitha
1985 Anubandham Vijayalakshmi
1985 Ee Thanalil Ithiri Nerum Soudamini
1985 Ee Shabdam Innathe Shabdam Sharada
1985 Ayanam Alice
1985 Yathra Thulasi
1985 Rangam Chandrika
1985 Oru Naal Innorunaal Rajani
1985 Upaharam Maggie Fernandez
1986 Udayam Padinjaru Renu
1986 T. P. Balagopalan M.A. Anitha
1986 Kunjattakilikal Usha
1986 Iniyum Kurukshethram Lekha
1986 Aayiram Kannukal Anu
1986 Ente Entethu Mathrem Ambili
1986 Abhayam Thedi Meera/Miranda
1986 Kshamichu Ennoru Vakku Indu
1986 Aalorungi Arangorungi Geetha
1986 Nyayavidhi Geetha
1986 Ee Kaikalil Viji Balakrishnan
1986 Padayani Radha
1986 Chilambu Ambika
1986 Rareeram Meera
1986 Meenamasathile Sooryan Revathi
1987 Vrutham Nancy
1987 Nadodikattu Radha
1987 Ithrayum Kaalam Savithri
1987 Kalam Mari Katha Mari Ummu Kolzu
1987 Anantaram Suma, Nalini
1987 Naalkavala Sainabha
1988 Vicharana Anitha
1988 Vellanakalude Nadu Radha
1988 Janmandharam Sridevi
1988 Aryan Aswathy
1988 Aparan Ambili
1988 Dhwani Devi
1988 Alila Kuruvikal Bhavana
1988 Mukthi Radhika
1989 Charithram Cicily
1990 Innale Maya/Gowri
1990 Iyer the Great Amala
1990 Sasneham Saraswathi
1990 Kalikkalam Annie
1991 Vasthuhara Young Bhavani
1991 Ulladakkam Annie
1991 Adayalam Malini
1991 Kankettu Sujatha
1992 Oru Kochu Bhoomikulukkam Indu
1992 Naaga Panchami Panchami
1992 Pappayude Swantham Appoos Bhama
1993 Maya Mayuram Bhadra
1993 Meleparambil Aanveedu Pavizham
1993 Manichitrathazhu Ganga/Nagavalli
1994 Pavithram Meera
1994 Commissioner Indu Kurup
1994 Thenmavin Kombathu Karthumbi
1994 Pakshe Nandini Menon
1994 Minnaram Neena
1994 Vishnu Susanna Mathews
1994 Manathe Vellitheru Merlin
1994 Sindoora Rekha Arundhathi
1995 Mazhayethum Munpe Uma Maheshwari
1996 Minnaminuginum Minnukettu Radhika
1996 Kumkumacheppu Indu
1996 Aramana Veedum Anjoorekkarum Alli
1996 Rajaputhran Veni
1996 Hitler Gowri
1996 Superman Nithya
1997 Kalyana Kacheri Gopika
1997 Kaliyoonjal Gowri
1999 Agni Sakshi Devaki Manampalli
2000 Sradha Suma
2000 Valliettan Devi
2004 Mambazhakkalam Indira
2005 Makalkku Killeri
2009 Sagar alias Jacky Reloaded Indu
2013 Thira Dr. Rohini Pranab

Telugu[edit]

Year Title Role Sources
1984 Bhakta Dhruva Markandeya
1984 Vikram Radha
1984 Srimathi Kanuka
1984 Vijrumbhana Shobha
1985 Hechcharika
1985 Marana Sasanam Lalitha
1985 Muvva Gopaludu Krishnaveni
1985 Ajeyudu Rekha
1985 Trimurtulu Latha
1985 Rudraveena Lalita Shiva Jyoti
1985 Abhinandana Rani
1985 Praja Pratinidhi Bharathi
1985 Manavadostunnaadu Roopa
1985 Kokila Kokila
1985 Neti Siddhartha Jyoti
1985 Alludugaru Kalyani
1985 Agni Sakshi
1985 Nari Nari Naduma Murari Shobha
1985 Rowdy Alludu Sita
1985 Rowdy Gaari Pellam JANAKI
1986 Appula Appa Rao Subba Laxmi
1986 April 1st Vidudhala Bhuvaneshwari
1986 Marchandi Mana Chattalu Uma
1986 Keechu Raallu Monica
1986 Asthram Padmini
1986 Gangwar Pavithra
1986 Alludu Diddina Kapuram Sita
1986 Minor Raja Santhana Lakshmi
1986 Manchi Roju
1986 Hello Darling
1986 Ahankari Shobana
1986 Asadhyulu Jyoti
1986 Champion Sandhya
1986 Rendilla Poojari Radha
1986 Naga Jyoti
1987 Kannayya Kittayya Saroja
1987 Nippu Ravva
1987 Rakshana Padma
1987 Rowdy Gaari Teacher
1987 Surya Putrulu Ragini
1987 Paapa Kosam Swapna
1988 Game Uma

Tamil[edit]

Kannada[edit]

Hindi[edit]

English[edit]

Television shows as Judge[edit]

Year Title Channel Language
2010 Jodi Number one season 4 Vijay TV Tamil
2010 Super Jodi Surya TV Malayalam
2015 D 3
(Grand finale)
Mazhavil Manorama Malayalam
2017 Midukki Mazhavil Manorama Malayalam

Personal life[edit]

Shobhana did her schooling in Chennai at Sishya school, Adyar. She is the niece of the Travancore sistersLalitha, Padmini and Ragini, all of whom were classical Indian dancers and actresses.[16] The actress Sukumari was her paternal aunt. Malayalam actress Ambika Sukumaran is her relative. Malayalam actors Vineeth is her cousin and Krishna is her nephew.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "In pics: Shobana dedicates her dance to 'Krishna'". IBNLive. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "New Straits Times – Google News Archive Search". google.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "The Hindu : Metro Plus Bangalore / Personality : Thinking actress". hindu.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Sneha May Francis, Gulf News Report. "Shobana's mystical twist to an epic". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Padma Awards". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  6. ^ "Welcome to Sify.com". sify.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.manoramaonline.com/women/work-and-life/sobhana-cinema.html
  8. ^ "In her own groove". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "In pics: Shobana dedicates her dance to 'Krishna'". IBNLive. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  10. ^ S.R. Praveen. "Sequel fails to impress". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Hindu : Shobhana changing track". hindu.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Manorama Online – Movies – News". manoramaonline.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "SHOBANA – exponent of Bharata Natyam – Indian classical performing arts". Artindia.net. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
  14. ^ "Bharathanatyam concert by Padma shri Shobana". Thiraseela.com. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  15. ^ "BizHat.com – Malayalam Film Actress Shobana k". Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  16. ^ "About". Archived from the original on 8 September 2011. 
  17. ^ "ജീവിതത്തിന്‌ ഇപ്പോള്‍ എന്തൊരു രുചി...!". mangalam.com. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 

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