User:Purodha

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deDieser Benutzer spricht Deutsch als Muttersprache.
kshDäm Medmaacher sing Motterschprooch es en Schprooch vum Rhing.
la-2Hic usor media latinitate contribuere potest.
en-3This user can contribute with an advanced level of the English language.
ru-1Этот участник владеет русским языком на начальном уровне.
nds-nl-1De Nedersaksische kennis van disse gebruker is beteund.
nl-1Deze gebruiker bezit beginnende kennis van het Nederlands.
vls-1Deze gebruker kan e hêel klêen bitje e koutnansje voern in 't West-Vlams.
li-1Deze gebroeker haet 'n baziskinnes van 't Limburgs.
lb-1Dëse Benotzer ka mat Grondkenntnisser vun der Lëtzebuerger Sprooch zum Projet bäidroen.
als-1Dä Bnutzer verfüegt über Basis-Kenntnis vom Alemannische.
af-1Hierdie gebruiker het 'n basiese begrip van Afrikaans.
pdc-1Daer Yuuser do schwetzt ebbes Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch.
pfl-1Daer Benutzer do schwetzt ebbes Pälzisch.
sxu-1Dor Benutzor hior gann krad ma ä ganz gleenes bissl Sächs'sch spräschn, 's is awwor eing'sch nisch dor Räde wärt.
bar-1Dea Benutzer redt a weng Boarisch.
gsw-1Dä Benutzer redet es bizzeli Schwizerdütsch.
wep-1Der Benutzer spreakt mar weanich Westfäölsk.
swg-1Der Mitmacher schwätzt a bisle Schwäbisch.
sli-1Dieser Benutzer koann a wing Schläsch.
Template:User vmf-1
pdt-1Dis Benutza redt en bet Plautdietsch.
stq-1Düsse Bruuker boalt un forstoant n Bitje Seeltersk.
eur-1Dieser user peut contributer at una gebasic niveau del Europanto.
Toki pona.svg-1jan ni li toki lili e toki pona.
lfn-1Esta usor pote contribui a un nivel basa de Lingua Franca Nova.
sco-1This brouker can contreibute wi a laich level o Scots.
gmh-1Diser niezer hat einec kennunge in diutscher zunge.
frr-1Dideere brüker koon lait nordfrasch snååke en leese.
Template:User bzc-1Template:User geh-1Template:User uln-1
gos-1Dizze gebruker het grondkennes van t Grunnegs.
Template:User gem-1
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Scripts
Arab-0
ع
This user has no understanding of the Arabic script.
Brai-1
This user has a basic understanding of the Braille.
Cyrl-2
Д
This user has an intermediate understanding of the Cyrillic script.
Deva-0
This user has no understanding of the Devanagari.
Grek-1
Ω
This user has a basic understanding of the Greek alphabet.
Hebr-0
ש
This user has no understanding of the Hebrew alphabet.
Latf-3
𝕶
This user has an advanced understanding of the Fraktur.
Latn-4
t
This user has a near complete understanding of the Latin script.
Runr-1
This user has a basic understanding of the Runes.
Zmth-3
Integral f(x).png
This user has an advanced understanding of the Mathematical notation.
Translations
German

-

English
This user is a translator and proofreader from German to English on Wikipedia:Translation.
Kölsch

-

English
This user is a translator and proofreader from Kölsch to English on Wikipedia:Translation.
Kölsch

-

English
This user is a translator and proofreader from Kölsch to English on Wikipedia:Translation.
Kölsch

-

English
This user is a translator and proofreader from Kölsch to English on Wikipedia:Translation.
Broom icon.svg This user is a member of the
Small Wiki Monitoring Team.
Crystal Clear action run.png This user operates the bot: Purbo T.

 

Purodha Blissenbach

Suggestions

Kölsche Wikipedia

I proposed a Wikipedia in Kölsch language in 2005. Read details in German and Kölsch. Once there, I promised to participate in writing. Next, there was a constantly growing Test Wiki at WiKoelsch for all the Ripuarian languages, including Kölsch. Thank You for your ongoing support! We have made it to the Ripuarian Wikipedia meanwhile.


Natural Languages

Grown up with

German, Kölsch, Gleueler Platt

School

Latin, English (major), Russian (minor), Italian, French (one year subminor each)

Current

German, English, Kölsch (fluent in speech, reading, writing) — Latin (mainly reading slowly) — Russian, Italian, Dutch, German dialects (slow reading, poor writing, and broken speech) — French (able to read, but not to understand, or speak)


Links

More Wikipedias, where I can be found

German, Ripuarian/Kölsch, Latin, Plattdüütsch, Рукссий, simple English Meta, Commons

Only facilitating inter-language linking, and similar, in all Wikipedias, follow the language links, or see In Other Wikies, below.

Current and Recent Recommendations

Hitforum, Hostsharing, Zegg

Current and Recent Affiliations

Allgemeiner deutscher Fahrradclub (ADFC), Computer Artists Cologne (CAC), Chaos Computer Club (ccc), deutsche Interessengemeinschaft Internet (digi), Internet Society, German Chapter (ISOC.de), Internet Society (ISOC), German Unix Users Group (GUUG), Pünten-Verein, SourceForge


Weblinks

Current and Recent Corroboration

AdOptimize, Blissenbach Name-Info, Computer Kontor, IRIHS, Holis, Hostsharing, IDEA-Visions, Kunstmarkt (Portal), NetWerker, Sourceforge, StudioASL, SveVilla

Other Projects

A Bon Port, A.B.Musikhandel, Baix Ebre, Hommingberger Gepardenforelle, the .int zone, Purodha, OSU, Seidl-Piano, Unwahre Geschichten, Dịch vụ thành lập doanh nghiệp

Current and Recent Recommentations

Hitforum, Zegg

Current and Recent Affiliationen

Allgemeiner deutscher Fahrradclub (ADFC), Computer Artists Cologne (CAC), Chaos Computer Club (ccc), deutsche Interessengemeinschaft Internet (digi), Internet Society, German Chapter (ISOC.de), Internet Society (ISOC), German Unix Users Group (GUUG), New Media Angels (mna), Pünten-Verein, SourceForge


In Other Wikies

• en:User:Purodha   • ksh:Medmaacher:Purodha   • de:Benutzer:Purodha   • nds:Bruker:Purodha   • simple:User:Purodha  

• meta:User:Purodha   • commons:User:Purodha   • incubator:User:Purodha   • quality:User:Purodha   • testwiki:User:Purodha   • mediawiki:User:Purodha   • wikimania2006:User:Purodha   • wikimania2008:User:Purodha  
• toolserver user purodha   • betawiki:User:Purodha   • OmegaWiki User:Purodha   • Literate Programs User:Purodha  

Wikipediæ:
• w:aa:User:Purodha   • w:ab:Участник:Purodha   • w:af:Gebruiker:Purodha   • w:ak:User:Purodha   • w:als:Benutzer:Purodha   • w:am:ማዘጋጀት:Purodha   • w:an:Usuario:Purodha   • w:ang:User:Purodha   • w:ar:مستخدم:Purodha   • w:arc:User:Purodha   • w:as:User:Purodha   • w:ast:Usuariu:Purodha   • w:av:Участник:Purodha   • w:ay:Usuario:Purodha   • w:az:İstifadəçi:Purodha   • w:ba:Ҡатнашыусы:Purodha   • w:bar:Benutzer:Purodha   • w:bat-smg:Naudotojas:Purodha   • w:bcl:Paragamit:Purodha   • w:be:Удзельнік:Purodha   • w:be-x-old:Удзельнік:Purodha   • w:bg:Потребител:Purodha   • w:bh:User:Purodha   • w:bi:User:Purodha   • w:bm:Utilisateur:Purodha   • w:bn:ব্যবহারকারী:Purodha   • w:bo:User:Purodha   • w:bpy:আতাকুরা:Purodha   • w:br:Implijer:Purodha   • w:bs:Korisnik:Purodha   • w:bug:User:Purodha   • w:bxr:User:Purodha   • w:ca:Usuari:Purodha   • w:cbk-zam:User:Purodha   • w:cdo:User:Purodha   • w:ce:Участник:Purodha   • w:ceb:User:Purodha   • w:ch:User:Purodha   • w:cho:User:Purodha   • w:chr:User:Purodha   • w:chy:User:Purodha   • w:co:User:Purodha   • w:cr:User:Purodha   • w:crh:Qullanıcı:Purodha   • w:cs:Wikipedista:Purodha   • w:csb:Brëkòwnik:Purodha   • w:cu:User:Purodha   • w:cv:Хутшăнакан:Purodha   • w:cy:Defnyddiwr:Purodha   • w:da:Bruger:Purodha   • w:de:Benutzer:Purodha   • w:diq:User:Purodha   • w:dsb:Wužywaŕ:Purodha   • w:dv:User:Purodha   • w:dz:User:Purodha   • w:ee:User:Purodha   • w:el:Χρήστης:Purodha   • w:eml:User:Purodha   • w:en:User:Purodha   • w:eo:Vikipediisto:Purodha   • w:es:Usuario:Purodha   • w:et:Kasutaja:Purodha   • w:eu:Lankide:Purodha   • w:fa:کاربر:Purodha   • w:ff:User:Purodha   • w:fi:Käyttäjä:Purodha   • w:fiu-vro:Pruukja:Purodha   • w:fj:User:Purodha   • w:fo:Brúkari:Purodha   • w:fr:Utilisateur:Purodha   • w:frp:User:Purodha   • w:fur:Utent:Purodha   • w:fy:Meidogger:Purodha   • w:ga:Úsáideoir:Purodha   • w:gd:User:Purodha   • w:gl:User:Purodha   • w:glk:User:Purodha   • w:gn:Usuario:Purodha   • w:got:User:Purodha   • w:gu:User:Purodha   • w:gv:User:Purodha   • w:ha:User:Purodha   • w:hak:User:Purodha   • w:haw:User:Purodha   • w:he:משתמש:Purodha   • w:hi:सदस्य:Purodha   • w:ho:User:Purodha   • w:hr:Suradnik:Purodha   • w:hsb:User:Purodha   • w:ht:User:Purodha   • w:hu:User:Purodha   • w:hy:Մասնակից:Purodha   • w:hz:User:Purodha   • w:ia:Usator:Purodha   • w:id:Pengguna:Purodha   • w:ie:User:Purodha   • w:ig:User:Purodha   • w:ii:User:Purodha   • w:ik:User:Purodha   • w:ilo:User:Purodha   • w:io:User:Purodha   • w:is:Notandi:Purodha   • w:it:Utente:Purodha   • w:iu:User:Purodha   • w:ja:利用者:Purodha   • w:jbo:User:Purodha   • w:jv:Panganggo:Purodha   • w:ka:მომხმარებელი:Purodha   • w:kab:Amseqdac:Purodha   • w:kg:User:Purodha   • w:ki:User:Purodha   • w:kj:User:Purodha   • w:kk:Қатысушы:Purodha   • w:kl:User:Purodha   • w:km:User:Purodha   • w:kn:ಸದಸ್ಯ:Purodha   • w:ko:사용자:Purodha   • w:kr:User:Purodha   • w:ks:User:Purodha   • w:ksh:Medmaacher:Purodha   • w:ku:Bikarhêner:Purodha   • w:kv:Участник:Purodha   • w:kw:User:Purodha   • w:ky:User:Purodha   • w:la:Usor:Purodha   • w:lad:User:Purodha   • w:lb:User:Purodha   • w:lbe:User:Purodha   • w:lg:Gebroeker:Purodha   • w:li:User:Purodha   • w:lij:User:Purodha   • w:lmo:User:Purodha   • w:ln:User:Purodha   • w:lo:User:Purodha   • w:lt:Naudotojas:Purodha   • w:lv:Lietotājs:Purodha   • w:map-bms:User:Purodha   • w:mg:User:Purodha   • w:mh:User:Purodha   • w:mi:User:Purodha   • w:mk:Корисник:Purodha   • w:ml:ഉപയോക്താവ്:Purodha   • w:mn:User:Purodha   • w:mo:User:Purodha   • w:mr:सदस्य:Purodha   • w:ms:Pengguna:Purodha   • w:mt:User:Purodha   • w:mus:User:Purodha   • w:my:User:Purodha   • w:mzn:کاربر:Purodha   • w:na:User:Purodha   • w:nah:Usuario:Purodha   • w:nan:User:Purodha   • w:nap:Utente:Purodha   • w:nds:Bruker:Purodha   • w:nds-nl:Gebruker:Purodha   • w:ne:User:Purodha   • w:new:User:Purodha   • w:ng:User:Purodha   • w:nl:Gebruiker:Purodha   • w:nn:Brukar:Purodha   • w:no:User:Purodha   • w:nov:User:Purodha   • w:nrm:User:Purodha   • w:nv:Choinish'įįhí:Purodha   • w:ny:User:Purodha   • w:oc:Utilizaire:Purodha   • w:om:User:Purodha   • w:or:User:Purodha   • w:os:Архайæг:Purodha   • w:pa:ਮੈਂਬਰ:Purodha   • w:pag:User:Purodha   • w:pam:User:Purodha   • w:pap:User:Purodha   • w:pdc:User:Purodha   • w:pi:User:Purodha   • w:pih:User:Purodha   • w:pl:Wikipedysta:Purodha   • w:pms:Utent:Purodha   • w:ps:User:Purodha   • w:pt:Usuário:Purodha   • w:qu:Usuario:Purodha   • w:rm:User:Purodha   • w:rmy:Jeno:Purodha   • w:rn:User:Purodha;   • w:ro:Utilizator:Purodha   • w:roa-rup:User:Purodha   • w:roa-tara:User:Purodha   • w:ru:Участник:Purodha   • w:ru-sib:User:Purodha   • w:rw:User:Purodha   • w:sa:योजकः:Purodha   • w:sc:Utente:Purodha   • w:scn:User:Purodha   • w:sco:User:Purodha   • w:sd:User:Purodha   • w:se:User:Purodha   • w:sg:User:Purodha   • w:sh:User:Purodha   • w:si:User:Purodha   • w:simple:User:Purodha   • w:sk:Redaktor:Purodha   • w:sl:Uporabnik:Purodha   • w:sm:User:Purodha   • w:sn:User:Purodha   • w:so:User:Purodha   • w:sq:Përdoruesi:Purodha   • w:sr:Корисник:Purodha   • w:ss:User:Purodha   • w:st:User:Purodha   • w:stq:Benutser:Purodha   • w:su:Pamaké:Purodha   • w:sv:Användare:Purodha   • w:sw:User:Purodha   • w:ta:பயனர்:Purodha   • w:te:సభ్యుడు:Purodha   • w:tet:User:Purodha   • w:tg:Корбар:Purodha   • w:th:ผู้ใช้:Purodha   • w:ti:User:Purodha   • w:tk:User:Purodha   • w:tl:User:Purodha   • w:tlh:User:Purodha   • w:tn:User:Purodha   • w:to:User:Purodha   • w:tokipona:User:Purodha   • w:tpi:User:Purodha   • w:tr:Kullanıcı:Purodha   • w:ts:User:Purodha   • w:tt:Äğzä:Purodha   • w:tum:User:Purodha   • w:tw:User:Purodha   • w:ty:Utilisateur:Purodha   • w:udm:Викиавтор:Purodha   • w:ug:User:Purodha   • w:uk:Користувач:Purodha   • w:ur:صارف:Purodha   • w:uz:Foydalanuvchi:Purodha   • w:ve:User:Purodha   • w:vec:Utente:Purodha   • w:vi:Thành viên:Purodha   • w:vls:User:Purodha   • w:vo:Geban:Purodha   • w:wa:Uzeu:Purodha   • w:war:User:Purodha   • w:wo:User:Purodha   • w:wuu:User:Purodha   • w:xal:Орлцач:Purodha   • w:xh:User:Purodha   • w:yi:באַניצער:Purodha   • w:yo:User:Purodha   • w:za:User:Purodha   • w:zea:User:Purodha   • w:zh:User:Purodha   • w:zh-classical:User:Purodha   • w:zh-min-nan:User:Purodha   • w:zh-tw:User:Purodha   • w:zh-yue:User:Purodha   • w:zu:User:Purodha  

Wikispecies:
• wikispecies:User:Purodha  

Wiktionaries:
• wiktionary:bs:Korisnik:Purodha   • wiktionary:de:Benutzer:Purodha   • wiktionary:en:User:Purodha   • wiktionary:la:Usor:Purodha   • wiktionary:yi:באַניצער:Purodha  

Wikiquotes:
• wikiquote:de:Benutzer:Purodha  

Wikisource:
• oldwikisource:User:Purodha   • wikisource:de:User:Purodha  

Wikibooks:
• wikibooks:en:User:Purodha  

Wikiversities:
• betawikiversity:User:Purodha   • wikiversity:de:User:Purodha   • wikiversity:en:User:Purodha  


-- Purodha Blissenbach (talk) 23:00, 12 March 2008 (UTC)


This is a Wikipedia user page.

If you find this page on any site other than Wikipedia, you are viewing a mirror site. Be aware that the page may be outdated, and that the user this page belongs to may have no personal affiliation with any site other than Wikipedia itself. The original page is located at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Purodha.

Wikimedia Foundation

saved page

Hello, I wanted to save your work on [1] to a subpage of yours before it is deleted but were not permitted to create one. --46.114.183.132 (talk) 10:41, 30 December 2014 (UTC)

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Colognian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Colognian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Colognian.

Consonants
IPA Colognian examples English approximation
b User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
d User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
f User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɡ User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
h User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɧ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
j[1]
ʝ[2]
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʒ[1] User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
k User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
l User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
m User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
n User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ŋ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
p User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʁ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp guttural r
s User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʃ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
t User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ts User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
v User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
w User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
x User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp Scottish User:Purodha/smp
z User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʔ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp the "catch" in User:Purodha/smp
Stress
IPA Colognian examples English approximation Explanation
ˈ User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp primary stress
ˌ User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp secondary stress
Vowels
IPA Colognian examples English approximation
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
a User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp somewhat like User:Purodha/smp
e User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɛː User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp like User:Purodha/smp, but long
ɛ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
Ieß, Pief, di User:Purodha/smp
i User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɪ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɔː User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɔ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
œː User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp somewhat like User:Purodha/smp
œ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
øː User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
ø User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
o User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʊː User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʊ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
u User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp somewhat like User:Purodha/smp
y User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
ʏ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
aʊː User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
iɐ̯ User:Purodha/smp similar to User:Purodha/smp
User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp similar to User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
ɔʏ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp similar to User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
øʏ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
Vowels with Schleifton[3]
aˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
eˑ User:Purodha/smp somewhat like User:Purodha/smp
ɛˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
iˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ɔˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
œˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp somewhat like User:Purodha/smp
øˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
oˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ʊˑ User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
uˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
yˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp somewhat like User:Purodha/smp
aɪˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
aʊˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
eɪˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
ɪˑɐ̯ User:Purodha/smp similar to User:Purodha/smp
oʊˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp similar to User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
ɔʏˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp similar to User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
øʏˑ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp
Reduced vowels
ɐ User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp
ə User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp, User:Purodha/smp User:Purodha/smp


Notes

  1. ^ a b The phone [ʒ] occurs also often as a positional allophone of [j] or [ʝ] when a final [ʃ] or [ɧ] of a word stem is either followed by a vowel of a grammatical suffix or becomes voiced under the influence of a liaison or due to coarticulation. Under normal circumstances, the IPA symbols [j] or [ʝ] are used to transcribe these.
  2. ^ The phones [j] and [ʝ] are not distinguished in today's Colognian, but have different etymological roots.
  3. ^ The symbol "ˑ" marks the segment preceding it, beginning with the last preceding vowel, as bearing Schleifton. Schleifton is a tonal accent, unknown to English, having various properties:
    • Stress. Unless its syllable has a primary or secondary stress mark, Schleifton always carries a 3rd level stress.
    • Length. Usually, the length of a single vowel with Schleifton is between 'long' and 'short'. An English example would be between "User:Purodha/smp" and "User:Purodha/smp" in length.
    • Suprasegmentality. Although basically put on vowels and diphthongs, Schleifton may extend into, or occasionally move onto sonorants following them.
    • Tonal shape or contour. There are broad variations, following a somewhat complicated scheme of positional, segmental, suprasegmental, stress, and syntactic dependencies. As a rule of thumb the contour always ends at a different pitch than it begins with, it always has at least a rise+fall or fall+rise pattern, sometimes both, and it always incorporates changes of volume with a quick attack at the beginning, followed by a release which may result in a brief phase of silence, and a return to normal volume at the end.
    There are three circumstances in which Schleifton accents occur:
    1. Syntax. In rare occasions, a Schleifton may appear in a sentence or phrase as a result of the rules governing stress patterns or melodies of speech.
    2. Grammar. Some Schleiftons are grammatical. Their presence or absence within some words distinguishes Plurals from Singulars, or comparisons in the same way, Umlauts or endings may do with other words.
    3. Lexeme. Other Schleifton occurrences distinguish otherwise unrelated words from each other.

Bibliography

  • Fritz Hoenig: Wörterbuch der Kölner Mundart. 2ndedition, 1905. Köln.
  • Georg Heike: Zur Phonologie der Stadtkölner Mundart. Eine experimentelle Untersuchung der akustischen Unterscheidungsmerkmale. In:Deutsche Dialektgeographie, volume57, Elwert-Verlag, Marburg 1964
  • Claudia Froitzheim: Artikulationsnormen der Umgangssprache in Köln. In:Continuum, Schriftenreihe zur Linguistik, volume2. Narr, Tübingen, 1984, ISBN 3-87808-332-7 (Also Dissertation at the University of Cologne, 1983).
  • Adam Wrede: Neuer Kölnischer Sprachschatz. 12thedition, 1999. 3volumes, 1168pages. Greven Verlag, Köln. ISBN 3-7743-0243-X
  • Christa Bhatt, Alice Herrwegen: Das Kölsche Wörterbuch. 2ndedition, 2005. J. P. Bachem-Verlag, Köln. ISBN 3-7616-1942-1

For another simpler phonemic writing system of West Middle German and Meuse-Rhenish including Colognian, see:

Colognian

one more saved page from [Help:IPA for Colognian/smp]

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