Voiceless labiodental stop

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Voiceless labiodental stop
IPA number 101 408
Encoding
Entity (decimal) p​̪
Unicode (hex) U+0070 U+032A
X-SAMPA p_d
Kirshenbaum p[
Braille ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)

The voiceless labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a [p], but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [f]. This can be represented in the IPA as ⟨⟩. A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that is often seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the qp ligature ⟨ȹ⟩.

The voiceless labiodental stop is possibly not phonemic in any language, though see the entry on Shubi. However, it does occur allophonically. The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, [p̪͡f] and [b̪͡v] (that is, [ȹ͡f] and [ȸ͡v]), which unlike the bilabial-labiodental affricate [p͡f] of German, are purely labiodental.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiceless labiodental stop:

Varieties[edit]

IPA Description
plain p̪
p̪ʰ aspirated
p̪ʲ palatalized
p̪ʷ labialized
p̪̚ p̪ with no audible release
p̪̌ voiced
p̪ʼ ejective

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Greek σάπφειρος [ˈsap̪firo̞s̠] 'sapphire' See Modern Greek phonology

See also[edit]