Berkeley Township, New Jersey

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Berkeley Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Berkeley
Motto: "From the shores of the Atlantic Ocean to the serenity of the Pine Barrens"[1]
Map of Berkeley Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Berkeley Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Berkeley Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Berkeley Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°54′47″N 74°11′26″W / 39.913101°N 74.190445°W / 39.913101; -74.190445Coordinates: 39°54′47″N 74°11′26″W / 39.913101°N 74.190445°W / 39.913101; -74.190445[2][3]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated March 31, 1875
Government[7]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor Carmen F. Amato, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2015)[4]
 • Administrator Fred Ebenau (interim)[5]
 • Clerk Beverly M. Carle[6]
Area[3]
 • Total 55.999 sq mi (145.036 km2)
 • Land 42.864 sq mi (111.017 km2)
 • Water 13.135 sq mi (34.019 km2)  23.46%
Area rank 27th of 566 in state
5th of 33 in county[3]
Elevation[8] 36 ft (11 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11][12]
 • Total 41,255
 • Estimate (2013[13]) 41,829
 • Rank 49th of 566 in state
6th of 33 in county[14]
 • Density 962.5/sq mi (371.6/km2)
 • Density rank 388th of 566 in state
20th of 33 in county[14]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08721[15]
Area code(s) 732 exchanges: 237, 269, 606[16]
FIPS code 3402905305[17][3][18]
GNIS feature ID 0882073[19][3]
Website twp.berkeley.nj.us

Berkeley Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population had increased to 41,255,[10][11][12] reflecting an increase of 1,264 (+3.2%) from the 39,991 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,672 (+7.2%) from the 37,319 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] the highest recorded in any decennial census.

Berkeley Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 31, 1875, from portions of Dover Township (now Toms River Township). Sections of the township were taken to form Seaside Park (March 3, 1898), Seaside Heights (February 6, 1913), Beachwood (March 22, 1917), Ocean Gate (February 28, 1918) Pine Beach (February 26, 1925), South Toms River (March 28, 1927) and Island Beach (June 23, 1933, reabsorbed into Berkeley Township in 1965).[21]

Resort community of Pinewald[edit]

Army officer Lt. Edward Farrow began buying up woodland in the 1880s with the idea of building a retirement community for former Army and Navy officers. Farrow built a railroad station, shops and even a resort hotel called The Pines with the idea of attracting people. But only 11 people ever built houses in what Farrow called "Barnegat Park," and eventually he went bankrupt.[22]

In the 1920s, Benjamin W. Sangor purchased the area, intending to create a resort town catering to wealthy urban vacationers. Between 1928 and 1929, about 8,000 lots were sold in Pinewald, a "new-type, residential, recreational city-of-the sea-and-pines." It was to contain a golf course, recreation facilities, and estate homes.[23]

The developers immediately began construction of the Pinewald pavilion and pier at the end of Butler Avenue. The Royal Pines Hotel, a $ 1.175 million investment facing Crystal Lake, was built on the site of an earlier hotel dating back to the days of Barnegat Park.[24] It was the focal point of the new community. The hotel was also used as an asylum, then later a nursing home now known as the Crystal Lake Nursing & Rehabilitation Center.

The hotel was constructed by Russian architect W. Oltar-Jevsky in the early 1920s. Al Capone may have frequented its halls, perhaps even venturing beneath the lake in tunnels especially designed for smuggling alcohol during Prohibition. One newspaper article interviewed an unidentified man who claimed that "in the early 1930s the then Royal Pines Hotel was frequented by society's elite who, for $1.90 a drink, consumed prohibition liquor under the watchful eye of men who had guns strapped under their coats." In 1929, during the Great Depression, the resort community went bankrupt.

Geography[edit]

Berkeley Township is located at 39°54′47″N 74°11′26″W / 39.913101°N 74.190445°W / 39.913101; -74.190445 (39.913101,-74.190445). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 55.999 square miles (145.036 km2), of which, 42.864 square miles (111.017 km2) of it was land and 13.135 square miles (34.019 km2) of it (23.46%) was water.[2]

The township is located in the central part of Ocean County along the Atlantic Ocean and Barnegat Bay, which is part of the Intracoastal Waterway.

Approximately 72% of the township's land area is within the federally designated New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve and 38% is within the State's Pineland Area, which is within the Pinelands National Reserve. Toms River Township forms the northern border of the Township, Cedar Creek and Lacey Township form the Township's southern border. The barrier island, on which South Seaside Park and Island Beach State Park are situated, is the township's eastern boundary.[25]

Holiday City-Berkeley (2010 Census population of 12,831[26]), Holiday City South (3,689 as of 2010[27]), Holiday Heights (2,099[28]) and Silver Ridge (1,133[29]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communitys located within Berkeley Township.[30][31][32] Bayville, Manitou Park, Pelican Island, Pinewald and South Seaside Park are other unincorporated areas located within the Township.[25] The township completely surrounds the borough of Ocean Gate.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 683
1890 786 15.1%
1900 694 * −11.7%
1910 597 −14.0%
1920 576 * −3.5%
1930 811 * 40.8%
1940 1,127 39.0%
1950 1,550 37.5%
1960 4,272 175.6%
1970 7,918 85.3%
1980 23,151 192.4%
1990 37,319 61.2%
2000 39,991 7.2%
2010 41,255 3.2%
Est. 2013 41,829 [13] 1.4%
Population sources: 1880-2000[33]
1880-1920[34] 1880-1890[35]
1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37]
1930-1990[38] 2000[39][40] 2010[10][11][12]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[21]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,255 people, 20,349 households, and 11,538 families residing in the township. The population density was 962.5 per square mile (371.6 /km2). There were 23,818 housing units at an average density of 555.7 per square mile (214.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.85% (39,129) White, 1.75% (723) Black or African American, 0.11% (46) Native American, 1.13% (466) Asian, 0.01% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.13% (465) from other races, and 1.02% (421) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.92% (2,028) of the population.[10]

There were 20,349 households, of which 12.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.3% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 30.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.63.[10]

In the township, 11.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 15.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 43.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 61.1 years. For every 100 females there were 81.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.6 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $43,049 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,988) and the median family income was $58,230 (+/- $2,406). Males had a median income of $54,959 (+/- $3,373) versus $40,935 (+/- $2,531) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,168 (+/- $1,017). About 5.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[41]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 39,991 people, 19,828 households, and 12,174 families residing in the township. The population density was 932.3 people per square mile (359.9/km²). There were 22,288 housing units at an average density of 519.6 per square mile (200.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.10% White, 1.30% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.33% of the population.[39][40]

There were 19,828 households out of which 11.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 29.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.52.[39][40]

In the township the population was spread out with 11.4% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 14.7% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 52.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 66 years. For every 100 females there were 79.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.[39][40]

The median income for a household in the township was $32,134, and the median income for a family was $40,208. Males had a median income of $41,643 versus $28,640 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,198. About 3.4% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[39][40]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Since July 1, 1983, Berkeley Township has been governed under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government under the Faulkner Act plan D, as adopted based on direct petition.[42] The Township is governed by a Mayor who is elected for a four-year term and a seven-member Council elected on a staggered basis for terms of four years, with the respective terms commencing on January 1; the Mayor and the three at-large seats come up for election every four years, with the four ward seats up for election two years later.[7]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Berkeley Township is Carmen F. Amato, Jr. (R, term of office ends December 31, 2015).[43] Members of the Berkeley Township Committee are Council President James J. Byrnes (Ward 1; R, 2013), Council Vice President Judy Noonan (Ward 3; R, 2013), Kevin M. Askew (Ward 2; R, 2013), John Bacchione (at-large; R, 2015), L. Thomas Grosse, Jr. (at-large; R, 2015), Robert G. Ray (at-large; R, 2015) and Frances R. Siddons (Ward 4; R, 2013).[44][45][46]

In November 2012, James J. Byrnes and Kevin M. Askew won the remaining 14 months on unexpired terms of office. Byrnes had been appointed to the Ward 1 seat to fill the vacancy of Karen Davis following her resignation from office, while Askew had been appointed to fill the vacancy of Carmen F. Amato, Jr. in Ward 2 after he had taken office as the township's mayor.[47]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Berkeley Township is located in the 3rd Congressional District[48] and is part of New Jersey's 9th state legislative district.[11][49][50]

New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[52][53] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[54][55]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 9th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher J. Connors (R, Lacey Township) and in the General Assembly by DiAnne Gove (R, Long Beach Township) and Brian E. Rumpf (R, Little Egg Harbor Township).[56] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[57] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[58]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[59] At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Ocean County's Freeholders (with department directorship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph H. Vicari (Public Works, Senior Services; R, Toms River, term ends December 31, 2014),[60] Freeholder Deputy Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. (Finance, Parks and Recreation; Pine Beach, 2015),[61] John P. Kelly (Law and Public Safety; Eagleswood Township, 2016),[62] James F. Lacey (Transportation; Brick Township, 2016)[63] and Gerry P. Little (Human Services; Surf City, 2015)[64][65][66] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light),[67][68] Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood).[69][70][71]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 30,403 registered voters in Berkeley Township, of which 8,348 (27.5%) were registered as Democrats, 7,946 (26.1%) were registered as Republicans and 14,095 (46.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 14 voters registered to other parties.[72] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 73.7% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 83.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[72][73]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 57.3% of the vote here (13,617 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.3% (9,564 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (295 votes), among the 23,761 ballots cast by the township's 32,340 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5%.[74] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 54.5% of the vote here (12,862 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 44.3% (10,442 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (201 votes), among the 23,593 ballots cast by the township's 31,675 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.5.[75]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.3% of the vote here (11,112 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 30.6% (5,464 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.5% (811 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (175 votes), among the 17,838 ballots cast by the township's 31,397 registered voters, yielding a 56.8% turnout.[76]

Education[edit]

The Berkeley Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through sixth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[77]) are Bayville Elementary School[78] (grades PreK-4; 408 students), H & M Potter Elementary School[79] (K-4; 484), Clara B. Worth Elementary School[80] (PreK-4; 580) and Berkeley Township Elementary School[81] (5&6; 545).[82][83]

Students in public school for seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Central Regional School District, which serves students from the municipalities of Berkeley Township, Island Heights, Ocean Gate, Seaside Heights and Seaside Park.[84] The schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[85]) are Central Regional Middle School[86] for grades 7 and 8 (660 students) and Central Regional High School[87] for grades 9 - 12 (1,306 students).[88][89]

Transportation[edit]

The Garden State Parkway is the primary access route, with two exits, exit 77 and exit 80 serving the Township. U.S. Route 9 runs through the eastern-middle part of the municipality while Route 35 passes through briefly and ends at the park road for Island Beach State Park.

New Jersey Transit offers local bus service between the township and Atlantic City on the 559 route.[90]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Berkeley Township include

References[edit]

  1. ^ Home page, Berkeley Township. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  5. ^ Administration - General Info, Berkeley Township. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  6. ^ Clerk/Registrar - General Info, Berkeley Township. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 49.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Berkeley, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  9. ^ Census 2010:Ocean County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 4, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Berkeley township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Berkeley township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  13. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  14. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bayville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Bayville, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  19. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 201. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  22. ^ Moore, Kirk. "Grand plans for 'Pinewald-On-The-Bay' died in the Depression", Asbury Park Press, March 30, 2008. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  23. ^ Schweiger, Tristan J. "Berkeley has had many names", Asbury Park Press, February 8, 2007. Accessed May 14, 2013.
  24. ^ Resort Development in the Twentieth Century, An Historic Theme Study of the, National Park Service. Accessed October 14, 2007.
  25. ^ a b General Information, Berkeley Township, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 29, 2007. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  26. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Holiday City-Berkeley CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  27. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Holiday City South CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  28. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Holiday Heights CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  29. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Silver Ridge CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  30. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  31. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  32. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  33. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Ocean County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  34. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  35. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  36. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  37. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  38. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  39. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Berkeley township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  40. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Berkeley township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  41. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Berkeley township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  42. ^ "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed September 23, 2013.
  43. ^ Mayor's Office - General Info, Berkeley Township. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  44. ^ Township Council - General Info, Berkeley Township. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  45. ^ 2013 Elected Officials of Ocean County, Ocean County, New Jersey. p. 3. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  46. ^ Township of Berkeley, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  47. ^ Miller, Patricia A. "Byrnes And Askew Coast To Easy Wins In Township Council Races; Both win one-year unexpired terms on the governing body", BerkeleyPatch, November 7, 2012. Accessed August 26, 2013. "Byrnes - the former longtime president of the Berkeley Board of Education - was appointed to the Township Council Ward 1 seat in January, to replace Karen Davis, who resigned because of health reasons. Askew was also appointed to the Ward 2 seat in January, to replace Carmen F. Amato Jr., who was elected mayor in November 2011."
  48. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  49. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  50. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  51. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  52. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  53. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  54. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  55. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  56. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 24, 2014.
  57. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  58. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  59. ^ Freeholder History, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  60. ^ Freeholder Joseph H. Vicari, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  61. ^ Freeholder John C. Bartlett, Jr., Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  62. ^ Freeholder John P. Kelly, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  63. ^ Freeholder James F. Lacey, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  64. ^ Freeholder Gerry P. Little, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  65. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  66. ^ County Directory, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  67. ^ County Clerk, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  68. ^ Biography of Scott M. Colabella, Office of the County Clerk. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  69. ^ County Surrogate Jeffrey W. Moran, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  70. ^ 2013 Elected Officials of Ocean County, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  71. ^ 2013 General Election Winner's List, Ocean County Clerk's Office, November 6, 2013. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  72. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Ocean, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  73. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  74. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Ocean County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  75. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Ocean County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  76. ^ 2009 Governor: Ocean County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  77. ^ School Data for the Berkeley Township Elementary Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  78. ^ Bayville Elementary School, Berkeley Township School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  79. ^ H & M Potter Elementary School, Berkeley Township School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  80. ^ Clara B. Worth Elementary School, Berkeley Township School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  81. ^ Berkeley Township Elementary School, Berkeley Township School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  82. ^ Schools, Berkeley Township School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  83. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Berkeley Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 25, 2013.
  84. ^ Central Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 26, 2013. "The Central Regional School District is located in the Bayville section of Berkeley Township and draws from the constituent districts of Berkeley Township, Island Heights, Ocean Gate, Seaside Heights, and Seaside Park."
  85. ^ School Data for the Central Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 25, 2012.
  86. ^ Central Regional Middle School, Central Regional School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  87. ^ Central Regional High School, Central Regional School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  88. ^ Schools, Central Regional School District. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  89. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Central Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 25, 2013.
  90. ^ Ocean County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed August 9, 2012.
  91. ^ Ervolino, Bill. "Jessica's a step behind her author", The Record, September 9, 2007. "Like her heroine, McCafferty knows her way around the Garden State, having grown up in Bayville before moving to Brooklyn and Manhattan and then getting married and settling in -- ahem -- Princeton."

External links[edit]