Migrant labourers in Kerala
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
|2.5 - 3 million ( 25-30 lakh)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Kerala state, India|
According to a research study, there are over 25 lakh domestic migrant labourers in Kerala today with an annual arrival rate of 2.35 lakhs. The remittances to their home states by the are over Rs. 17,500 crores. 75 per cent of them come from five states, namely West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Odisha. It is a work force consisting almost entirely of single males aged between 18 to 35 years and is highly mobile within Kerala. Whereas 60 per cent of them work in the construction sector, they also work in the hospitality, manufacturing, trade and agriculture sectors. Their skills range from unskilled to skilled carpenters, masons, electricians and the like.
A study conducted by Gulati Institute of Finance and Taxation for the Kerala government has recommended that the government take steps to improve their housing and living conditions. Registration on arrival is also proposed. The report also suggests that the migrant labourers be brought under the ambit of Rashtriya Swasth Bhima Yojana. The government is possibly taking these steps following the concern about public hygiene and the scare of insurgents and illegal migrants finding their way into the state. There have also been concerns about their working conditions and long working hours, this issue came to the forefront in regard to the plywood industry in Perumbavoor.