List of wars: 2003–present

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Note:

War is a state of opened and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations.[1] For other conflicts, see rebellions, coups and separate battles.

This is a list of wars that began from 2003 onwards. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity.

Start Finished Name of conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
2003 Ongoing War in Darfur Sudan Government of Sudan
 SAF
 RSF
 Janjaweed (pro-Government militia)
Armament support
 Russia
NRF
SLA
LJM
JEM
Proclaimed support
 United States
Alleged support
 Eritrea
 Chad
2003 2011 Iraq War  United States
 United Kingdom
Iraq INC
Iraq New Iraqi Army
KDP
PUK
 Australia
 Poland
 South Korea
 Ukraine
 Italy
 Georgia
 Spain
 Denmark
 Netherlands
Iraq Iraq
Ba'ath Loyalists
SCJL
Naqshbandi Army
Islamic State of Iraq
Al-Qaeda
Mahdi Army
Special Groups
Badr Brigades
2003 2006 Iraqi insurgency (2003–06)

Part of the Iraq War

 United States
 United Kingdom
Iraq INC
Iraq New Iraqi Army
KDP
PUK
 Australia
 Poland
 South Korea
 Ukraine
 Italy
 Georgia
 Spain
 Denmark
 Netherlands

Iraq Iraq
Ba'ath Loyalists
SCJL
Naqshbandi Army
Islamic State of Iraq
Al-Qaeda
Mahdi Army
Special Groups
Badr Brigades
2003 Ongoing Balochistan conflict

 Pakistan

 Pakistan Army
 Frontier Corps

 Iran

 Imperial Army (until 1979)
 IRGC (since 1980)
 Border Guard (since 2000)
Baloch separatist groups
BLA
BRA
BLF
LeB
BLUF
BSO (Azad)
Supported by
 Iraq (1970s)[2]

Sectarian groups
Jundallah

Jaish ul-Adl Jundallah (Pakistan) Lashkar-e-Jhangvi[2] Sipah-e-Sahaba[2]

2004 Ongoing War in North-West Pakistan

 Pakistan

NWPORBAT
 Pakistan Army
 Pakistan Army ISI CAD
  Frontier Constabulary
Local Peace Committees

 United States

 CIA SAD/SOG
 SOCOM
 United States Air Force
Taliban-aligned groups;
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
al-Qaeda
 Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
 Lashkar-e-Islam
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (until 13 March 2015)[3]
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[4]
 Jundallah[5]
 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan[3]
Tehreek-e-Khilafat[4]
Jamaat al-Ahrar[4]
2004 2005 Kondovo Crisis Macedonian Police NLA
2004 2007 Central African Republic Bush War
 Central African Republic
 Chad
 [[United Nations {{{altlink}}}|MINURCAT]]

MICOPAX (CEEAC)

UFDR rebels

APRD rebels CPJP rebels FDPC rebels MLCJ rebels

2004 2015 Iran–PJAK conflict

Kurdish separatism in Iran

 Iran
Supported by
 Turkey
 Kurdistan Free Life Party
 Eastern Kurdistan Units
 Women's Defence Forces
2004 Ongoing Conflict in the Niger Delta

 Government of Nigeria

 Nigerian Army
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta

Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force Niger Delta Liberation Front Joint Revolutionary Council


Niger Delta Vigilante

2004 2015 Houthi insurgency in Yemen Houthis
 Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
2004 Ongoing Kivu conflict
 DR Congo
 Land Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo(FARDC)

Democratic Republic of the Congo Pro-government Mai-Mai militias FDLR (2006–2014)(2006–2014) APCLS[6] (2012–2013) Nyatura (2012–2014)

 United Nations
 Angola
 Zimbabwe
 Botswana (Against FNL and FNL-Nzabampema only)
Supported by
 Belgium
 France
M27[7]

(2014–present)

 CNDP (2006–2009)
 M23 (2012–2013)
Allegedly supported by
 Rwanda

FDLR
(2014–present) RUD-Urunana
(2006–present) Nyatura
(2014–present) FNL-Nzabampema (2013–present) FNL/Palipehutu
(1993–2009 and
2010–2013)

2004 Ongoing Sistan and Baluchestan insurgency

Part of the Balochistan conflict

 Iran
Jundallah (2004–11)
Harakat Ansar (2012–13)
Jaish ul-Adl (2013–)
Ansar Al-Furqan (2013–)
Supported by
 Israel(alleged, denied)[8][9]
 United States(alleged, denied)[8][9]
 Pakistan (alleged, denied)[10]

}}

2005 Ongoing Paraguayan People's Army insurgency

 Paraguay

 Armed forces
 Police
  Joint Task Force (FTC)
Supported by
 United States[11]
 Colombia[11]

Vigilante self-defense groups[12]

Paraguayan People's Army (EPP)
Armed Peasant Association (ACA)[a]
Paraguay Army of Marshal López (EML)

(from 2016)[13]

Supported by
 FARC (until 2016)
Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (alleged)
2005 2010 Chadian Civil War (2005–10)  Chad FUC

UFDD RFC Janjaweed

2005 2008 Mount Elgon insurgency  Kenya Sabaot Land Defence Force
2006 Ongoing Fatah–Hamas conflict (Brothers War)  Hamas  Palestinian Authority
2006 2009/2013 Bakassi conflict  Cameroon Bakassi
2006 2006 2006 Lebanon War

 Israel

Supported by
 United States

 Hezbollah

 Amal
 LCP[16]
 PFLP-GC[17]
2006 2007 Sectarian violence in Iraq (2006–07)

Part of the Iraq War

Public stability
 Iraq
 United States
 United Kingdom[18]
 Other coalition forces

Private Security Contractors

 Kurdistan

Sons of Iraq[19]

Sunni factions
 Iraqi Ba'ath Party Loyalists
 Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation
 Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order

Ansar al-Sunna

 Islamic Army of Iraq

Sunni tribes Other Sunni insurgents and militia Mujahideen Shura Council

 al-Qaeda in Iraq (until October 2006)
 Islamic State of Iraq

Shi'a factions
 Mahdi Army
 Special Groups
 Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq
 Kata'ib Hezbollah
 Promised Day Brigades
 Badr Brigades

Rogue elements among the Iraqi security forces Soldiers of Heaven Shia tribes Other militias

2006 Ongoing Mexican Drug War

 Government of Mexico

 Mexican Army
 Federal Police of Mexico
 CISEN
 PFM
State and municipal police forces

 United States

 Federal Marshals

Grupos de Autodefensa Comunitaria

Drug Cartels and Crime Organizations including
 Sinaloa Cartel
 Gulf Cartel
 Los Ántrax
 Knights Templar Cartel
 MS-13
 FARC
 Los Zetas
 Juárez Cartel
 Tijuana Cartel
 Beltrán-Leyva Cartel
 La Familia Michoacana
and more
2006 2009 War in Somalia (2006–09)

Part of the Somali Civil War

Invasion phase
 Ethiopia
 Somalia
 Puntland
 Somalia
Somalia pro-Ethiopian warlords
 United States
 United Kingdom
AMISOM
 Uganda
 Burundi
 Kenya
Insurgency phase
 Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia

al-Shabaab

 Ras Kamboni Brigades
 Jabhatul Islamiya
 Muaskar Anole
 Eritrea (alleged)
Invasion phase
 Islamic Courts Union
Insurgency phase
 Ethiopia
 Somalia
Somalia pro-Ethiopian warlords
2007 Ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara  Algeria

 Morocco

 Mauritania
 Tunisia
 Burkina Faso

 Chad  Mali  Niger

 Nigeria

 Senegal Supported & Trained By:

 United States
 Canada [20][21][22]
 France[20][23]
 Germany[20]
 Netherlands[20]
 Spain[20][24]
 United Kingdom[25][26]
 al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

 Ansar Dine Supported By:  Boko Haram  MOJWA

2007 2007 Hamas' takeover of Gaza  Hamas  Fatah
2007 2007 2007 Lebanon conflict  Lebanon
 Fatah al-Islam

 Jund al-Sham

2007 2009 Tuareg rebellion (2007–09)

part of the Tuareg rebellion

 Niger
 Mali
Niger Movement for Justice

23 May ADC Group

2007 2015 War in Ingushetia
 Russia
 Ingush government
 Caucasus Emirate
 Ingushetia

ad hoc revenge groups

2008 2008 2008 invasion of Anjouan
 Comoros
 African Union:
 Sudan
 Tanzania
 Senegal
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
 France[27]
 Anjouan
2008 2008 2008 conflict in Lebanon
 Future Movement
 Progressive Socialist Party

 Hezbollah

 Amal Movement
 LDP
 SSNP

Arab Democratic Party

2008 2008 2008 Kufra conflict Libyan Arab Jamahiriya  Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya
2008 2012 Cambodian–Thai border dispute  Thailand  Cambodia
2008 2008 Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict  Djibouti  Eritrea
2008 2008 Russo-Georgian war
 Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia
2008 2009 Gaza War  Israel[28][29][30]  Hamas
2009 Ongoing Sudanese nomadic conflicts
2009 Ongoing Insurgency in the North Caucasus
 Russia
Supported by

 Chechnya  Dagestan  Ingushetia  Kabardino-Balkaria  North Ossetia–Alania

 Caucasus Emirate
2009 Ongoing Boko Haram insurgency
 Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Chad
 Niger

Multinational Joint Task Force (Niger, Nigeria and Chad) Vigilante groups[31] Mercenaries[32]

Supported by
 United States[33]
 Benin[34]

African Union (announced)[35][36]

 United Kingdom[37][38]
 France[37]
 China[37]
 Canada[39]
 Iran[40]
 Israel[41]
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[42]
 Boko Haram

(Independent: 2009–2015)

 [[Ansaru|]][43][44]
2009 2009 2009 Peruvian political crisis  Peru AIDESEP
2009 2009 2009 Boko Haram uprising

Boko Haram insurgency

 Nigeria  Boko Haram
2009 Ongoing South Yemen insurgency

 Government of Yemen

 Yemeni Land Forces
 Yemeni Republican Guard
 Yemeni Air Force
Yemen Paramilitary

Pro-government tribes

 South Yemen
2009 Ongoing Somali Civil War (2009–present)

Part of the Somali Civil War

 Federal Republic of Somalia

 Federal Government of Somalia
Regions:

Foreign Involvement

AMISOM

Advisors/Non-combat support:

 United States[46]
 European Union[47]
 NATO
 United Kingdom
 France

 Al-Qaeda

 Al-Shabaab
 Foreign Mujahedeen

 Hizbul Islam (2009-2010)
2009 2010 Operation Scorched Earth

Part of the Houthi insurgency in Yemen

 Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Houthis
2009 2009 Dongo conflict
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Supported by
 United Nations
 Rwanda (alleged)
Resistance Patriots of Dongo
2010 2010 2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes  Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzistani Kyrgyz gangs

Kyrgyzstani Uzbeks

2010 2010 2010 Kingston unrest  Jamaica Shower Posse drug cartel
2010 2012 Tajikistan insurgency  Tajikistan
 Tajik army
 United Tajik Opposition
 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
2010 2011 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis

Second Ivorian Civil War

 New Forces
 RDR
 UNOCI
 France
 Ivory Coast Army

Liberian mercenaries Young Patriots of Abidjan Ivorian Popular Front

2011 2011 Libyan Civil War (2011)  NTC
 NATO
 Bulgaria
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Greece
 Italy
 Netherlands
 Norway[48]
 Romania
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Jordan
 Qatar
 Sweden
 UAE
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
2011 Ongoing Sinai insurgency
 Egypt
 Israel
 Islamist militants
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
2011 Ongoing Syrian Civil War
 Government of Syria
 Hezbollah
 Syrian Social Nationalist Party
 Liwa al-Quds
Support
 Iran
 Russia
 Syrian opposition
 Turkey
 Jaysh al-Izza
 
 ISIL
 Democratic Federation of Northern Syria

 CJTF–OIR

2011 Ongoing Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile  Government of Sudan
 SAF
 RSF
 SRF
 SPLM-N
 SLA
 JEM

Alleged support:

 South Sudan
2011 Ongoing Shia insurgency in Bahrain  Bahrain
Al-Ashtar Brigades
Wa'ad Allah Brigades
Islamic Allah Brigades
Imam al-Mahdi Brigades
al-Haydariyah Brigades

 Iran (alleged)

 Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
2011 2017 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon

Part of the Syrian Civil War

 Lebanon
 Hezbollah
 Syria
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
 Al-Qaeda affiliates
 Tahrir al-Sham
 Free Syrian Army
 Saraya Ahl al-Sham
2011 Ongoing Ethnic violence in South Sudan (2011–present)

Part of the Sudanese nomadic conflicts

2011 2012 Operation Linda Nchi

Part of the Somali Civil War (2009–present)

 Kenya
 TFG
 Ras Kamboni Movement
 Ethiopia
 Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a
 Jubaland
 Al-Shabaab
2011 2014 Factional violence in Libya (2011–14)

 Libyan Ground Forces

Special Forces (Saiqa brigade)
 Libyan Air Force[49]
 Libyan Navy[50]

Government-sanctioned local militias
Supreme Security Committee
Various militias
 Gaddafi loyalists
 Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya
General Haftar forces:
 Youm7 Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries[53][54]
 Ansar Al-Sharia Brigades
 Libya Shield 1
2011 2014 Iraqi insurgency (2011–2013)

Part of the Iraq War

2012 2015 Northern Mali conflict
 Government of Mali
 Mali Army
 France
 ECOWAS

 Chad[64]
 Burundi[65]
 Gabon[66]
 South Africa[67]
 Rwanda[67]
 Tanzania[67]
 Uganda[68]
 China[69]
 Germany[70]
 Sweden[71]
 Estonia[72]

Supported by:

Non-state combatants:
 Ganda Iso
 FLNA[105][106]
 MSA (from 2016)
 GATIA (from 2014)
*  National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad

(MNLA)

Islamic Movement of Azawad

(MIA)[107]


Islamist Groups
 Al-Qaeda
 Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (2017–present)
 Al-Mourabitoun (2013–17)
 Ansar al-Sharia (2012–present)
 Ansar Dine (2012–17)[108]
 AQIM (2012–17)
 Macina Liberation Front

(2015–17)[109]

 MOJWA (2011–13)[110][111]
Nigerian jihadist volunteers
 Boko Haram (2012–13)[112]
 [[Ansaru}} (2012–13)[112]

 Islamic State

Islamic State in the Greater Sahara
2012 2012 Heglig Crisis  Sudan  South Sudan
2012 2012 2012 Abyan offensive

Part of the Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen

 Yemen
 Tribal fighters
 Popular Committees
 Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
 Ansar al-Sharia
 Al-Shabaab
 Aden-Abyan Islamic Army
Other Islamic militants
2012 2013 M23 rebellion
 DR Congo
 South Africa
 Tanzania
 Malawi
 March 23 Movement
2012 2012 Baragoi clashes
2012 Ongoing Central African Republic conflict (2012–present)
 Central African Republic
MINUSCA (since 2014)

MISCA (2013–2014)

 France (2013–16)
 South Africa (2012–13)
 FPRC
UPC
 MPC
3R

Anti-balaka

MRPRC

2013 Ongoing South Sudanese Civil War

Part of the ethnic violence in South Sudan (2011–present)

 South Sudan
 SPLA
 Air Force
 Mathiang Anyoor
Maban Defence Force[113]
Allied militias
 SSLM
 JEM[b]
 SPLM-N[118][116] (alleged)
 EUPF[119] (alleged)

State allies:

 Uganda
 Egypt[120] (alleged)
 SPLM-IO[121]
 Nuer White Army[122]

TFNF[128] SSFDP South Sudan National Army[129][130]

 NAS[131] (since March 2017)
 SSPA
South Sudan SS-UF

Arrow Boys (since Nov. 2015)

 Wau State insurgents[132]
Supported by
 Sudan (South Sudanese gov. claim)[133]

 UNMISS[134]
United Nations Regional Protection Force[135]
2013 Ongoing Batwa–Luba clashes
2013 2013 Zamboanga City crisis  Philippines  Bangsamoro Republik
2013 2019 RENAMO insurgency (2013–2019)  Mozambique  RENAMO
2014 2015 Houthi takeover in Yemen

Part of the Houthi insurgency in Yemen and the Yemeni Crisis

 Houthis  Hadi Government
2014 2014 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict

Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict

 Israel  Hamas
2014 2014 2014 Aswan tribal clashes
2014 2017 Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)  Iraq Islamic State
2014 Ongoing Libyan Civil War (2014–present)
 Tobruk-led Government and  Libyan Ground Forces
Support
 Libya
 Russia
 United Arab Emirates
 Jordan (2014–16)
 United States (2014–16)
 Saudi Arabia
 Libya and Libya Shield Force
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
 Libya
Support
 United States (Since 2016)
 United Kingdom (Since 2016)
 United Nations
2014 Ongoing War in Donbass

Part of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

 Ukraine
 Donetsk People's Republic
 Luhansk People's Republic
Support
 Russia (Denied)
2014 Ongoing Military intervention against ISIL
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Germany
 Australia
 France
 Jordan
 Spain
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)
 Boko Haram
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Wilayat Tarabulus
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Wilayah al-Jazair
 Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
 al-Qaeda
2015 Ongoing Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)  Houthis
 Hadi Government
 Southern Movement
Support
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE (2015-2019)
 Sudan
Armament support
 United States
2015 Ongoing ISIL insurgency in Tunisia
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)
 Wilayat Tarabulus
 Wilayah al-Jazair[136]
Wilayat Tunis
 Ansar al-Sharia

(only in March 2016)[137]

 Tunisia
 Tunisian National Guard
 Tunisian Army
 Tunisian Police
2015 Ongoing Kurdish–Turkish conflict (2015–present)

Part of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)

 Turkey  Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK)
2016 Ongoing 2016 Niger Delta conflict

Part of the Conflict in the Niger Delta

 Nigeria
 Nigerian Armed Forces
Niger Delta Separatists
2016 2016 2016 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes  Azerbaijan
 Republic of Artsakh
 Armenia
2016 2017 The Pool War
 Republic of the Congo
 Armed Forces
Ninja militia
2016 Ongoing Northern Rakhine State clashes

Part of the Rohingya insurgency in Western Myanmar and the Internal conflict in Myanmar

 Myanmar Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army
2016 2016 2016 Kasese clashes
 Uganda
 Armed Forces
 Police Force
 Kingdom of Rwenzururu
 Royal Guards
2016 Ongoing Kamwina Nsapu rebellion  Democratic Republic of the Congo Kamwina Nsapu militia
2017 2017 2017 Afghanistan–Pakistan border skirmish

Part of the Afghanistan–Pakistan skirmishes

 Pakistan  Afghanistan
2017 Ongoing 2017–19 Qatif unrest

Part of the Qatif conflict

 Saudi Arabia Organization for the Islamic Revolution in the Arabian Peninsula

Hezbollah Al-Hejaz

2017 2017 Marawi crisis

Part of the Moro conflict and the Military intervention against ISIL

 Philippines  Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
2017 2017 2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict

Part of the Iraqi Civil War

 Iraq
Support
 Iran
 Turkey

 Iraqi Kurdistan

 PDKI
 PKK
 People's Defense Forces
2017 Ongoing Anglophone Crisis  Cameroon  Ambazonia
2017 Ongoing Islamist insurgency in Mozambique
 Mozambique
Support
 Russia
 Tanzania
 Portugal
 Ansar al-Sunna
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
2017 Ongoing Iraqi insurgency (2017–present)  Iraq Islamic State
 White Flags
Iraqi Baath Party
2018 Ongoing War in Catatumbo  Colombia
 National Liberation Army (ELN)
Nororiental de Guerra

Frente 33
 Popular Liberation Army (EPL)
2018 2018 2018 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes  Azerbaijan  Armenia
2019 Ongoing 2019 India–Pakistan standoff

 Pakistan

 Pakistan Army
 Pakistan Air Force

 India

 Indian Army
 Indian Air Force
2019 2019 Gaza–Israel clashes (May 2019) N/A
2019 2019 Gaza–Israel clashes (November 2019) N/A
  1. ^ ACA was active from 2014 until 2016, when most of its members and leaders were killed. The group was effectively defunct after this point,[13] but was revived sometime in 2017 by members of the EML.[14][15]
  2. ^ The SPLM-IO accused JEM of supporting Kiir's government since 2013, though JEM has denied any involvement and claims to maintain neutrality in the South Sudanese Civil War.[114] The Sudanese government,[115] aid workers[114] and other sources[116] have however affirmed that JEM is taking part in conflict on the side of the South Sudanese government.[117]
  3. ^ The Cobra Faction openly opposed the government until 2014, and remained in relative opposition until 2015, when it divided into a pro-government and pro-SPLM-IO faction, the latter of which formed the Greater Pibor Forces. In early 2016, the Cobra Faction effectively disbanded, when the remaining group joined the government.[123][124] In September 2016, however, the Cobra Faction was declared restored by some of its commanders and declared that it had resumed its struggle against the government.[125]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "War - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  2. ^ a b c B Raman (25 January 2003). "Iraq's shadow on Balochistan". Asia Times. Archived from the original on April 23, 2005. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
  3. ^ a b "Uzbek militants in Afghanistan pledge allegiance to ISIS in beheading video". khaama.com. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "ISIS Now Has Military Allies in 11 Countries – NYMag". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Pakistan Taliban splinter group vows allegiance to Islamic State". Reuters. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Conflict Minerals, Rebels and Child Soldiers in Congo". YouTube. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  7. ^ "DR Congo: suspicion of an alleged recovery of M23 Rubaya". Silent War Journal. 2014-08-31. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Rouhani claims Israel, US behind deadly suicide bombing in Iran". Times of Israel. 14 February 2019.
  9. ^ a b "After blaming Israel and Gulf, Iran now fingers Pakistan over deadly bus attack". Times of Israel. 17 February 2019.
  10. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20091227020420/http://www.mena-electionguide.org/details.aspx/13/Saudi%20Arabia/article1107
  11. ^ a b "La Nacion Article". Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Hermanos Argüello Larrea desaparecen en Arroyito". Ultima Hora (in Spanish). 24 July 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Por inacción del Gobierno, surge un nuevo grupo armado llamado EML". abc (in Spanish). 4 March 2017. Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Libro de novedades del EML revela que la gavilla ACA fue refundada". abc (in Spanish). 31 July 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Grupo criminal se jacta de tener el apoyo de la población de Arroyito". abc (in Spanish). 1 August 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  16. ^ Herbert Docena (17 August 2006). "Amid the bombs, unity is forged". Asia Times. Retrieved 25 November 2011. The LCP ... has itself been very close to Hezbollah and fought alongside it in the frontlines in the south. According to Hadadeh, at least 12 LCP members and supporters died in the fighting.
  17. ^ "PFLP claims losses in IDF strike on Lebanon base". The Jerusalem Post. Associated Press. 6 August 2006. Archived from the original on 3 February 2012.
  18. ^ "U.K. Finishes Withdrawal of Its Last Combat Troops in Iraq". Bloomberg. 26 May 2009.
  19. ^ "Iraq Government Vows to Disband Sunnis". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  20. ^ a b c d e "Flintlock 11 Kicks off February 21 in Senegal". AFRICOM. 3 February 2011. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012.
  21. ^ "Canada Sends Special Forces to Aid African Al-Qaida Fight". Montreal Gazette. 2 December 2011. Archived from the original on 6 January 2012.
  22. ^ "US, Mali Armies Kick off Exercise Atlas Accord; Postpone Exercise Flintlock". Defense Web. 13 February 2012.
  23. ^ "French Hostage Executed after raid on Al-Qaeda base". France 24 news. 26 July 2011.
  24. ^ "Police in Spain arrest 5 suspected of financing terrorists". CNN. 27 September 2011.
  25. ^ "US Starts Anti-Al-Qaeda Military Exercise in Sahara". BBC. 3 May 2010.
  26. ^ "Britain Signals Maghreb Push with Anti-Terror Help". Reuters Africa. 18 October 2011.
  27. ^ AFP (2008-03-25). "African forces invade rebel Comoros island". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
  28. ^ Eshel, David (2009-05-11). "New Tactics Yield Solid Victory in Gaza". Aviation Week. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  29. ^ Spyer, Jonathan. "Hamas seeks new doctrine after Gaza War failures". Fr.jpost.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-01. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
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External links[edit]

Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)
    • Conflict Barometer - Describes recent trends in conflict development, escalations, and settlements