|Place of origin||Turkey|
|Region or state||Kahramanmaraş|
|Main ingredients||Cream, Whipped cream, salep, mastic, sugar|
|Cookbook: Dondurma Media: Dondurma|
Dondurma (in Turkish: Maraş dondurması, meaning "the ice cream of the city of Maraş", also called Dövme dondurma, meaning "battered ice cream") is a Turkish mastic ice cream. It is similar to the Syrian dessert booza.
Originally, there was only mastic ice cream in Turkey and its recipe was kept secret for 300 years by the Ottoman Empire period, but in the middle of the 19th century a Syrian merchant came to Istanbul and brought the secret recipe to Damascus, where he developed a local version of the Turkish ice cream called booza. The Syrian version was lighter and more airy than the Turkish version of the ice cream.
Two qualities distinguish Turkish ice cream: hard texture and resistance to melting, brought about by inclusion of the thickening agents salep, a flour made from the root of the early purple orchid, and mastic, a resin that imparts chewiness.
Consumption and culture
Dondurma is commonly sold from both street vendors' carts and store fronts, where the mixture is churned regularly with long-handled paddles to keep it workable. Vendors often tease the customer by serving the ice cream cone on a stick, and then taking away the dondurma with the stick by rotating it around, before finally giving it to the customer. This sometimes results in misunderstandings among customers unfamiliar with the practice. Vendors often wear traditional clothing of the Ottoman period.
As of 2010, the average rate of consumption in Turkey was 2.8 liters of ice cream per person per year (compared to the United States at 18.3 liters per person in 2007, and world consumption leader New Zealand at 22–23 liters in 2006).
Some Turks believe that cold foods, such as ice cream, will cause illnesses – such as sore throats and the common cold; it is held that consumption of warm liquid while consuming ice cream will counteract these effects.
The popularity of salepli dondurma has caused a decline of wild orchids in the region and led to a ban on exports of salep.
Notes and references
- Naver Kowledgeins, "Turkey Ice-cream". Naver. 2004, February 8th. 24 April 2008
- "Ice cream threatens Turkey's flowers". BBC News. 5 August 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dondurma.|