|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2012)|
|Founded||15 September 1934; 80 years ago (as Aeronaves de México)|
|Commenced operations||15 February 1972; 42 years ago (as Aeroméxico)|
|Frequent-flyer program||Club Premier|
|Airport lounge||Salón Premier|
|Parent company||Grupo Aeroméxico|
|Headquarters||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Key people||Andrés Conesa Labastida (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$ 2.80 billion (2011)|
|Net income||US$ 267.6 Million (2011)|
|Employees||13,745 (5 March 2014)|
|Aeroméxico headquarters building|
|Former names||Edificio Centro Olímpico ("Olympic Center Building")|
|Address||Paseo de la Reforma 445, Colonia Cuauhtémoc|
|Town or city||Mexico City|
|Current tenants||Aeroméxico, Club Premier|
|Height||50 metres (160 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Francisco J. Serrano, Fernando Pineda, Luis MacGregor Krieger|
Aerovías de México, S.A. de C.V. (Airways of Mexico, SA de CV), operating as AeroMéxico, is the flag carrier airline of Mexico based in Colonia Cuauhtémoc, Cuauhtémoc, Mexico City. It operates scheduled services to more than 56 destinations in Mexico; North, South, and Central America; the Caribbean, Europe, and Asia. Its main base is Benito Juárez International Airport in Mexico City, with secondary hubs at Guadalajara, Monterrey and Hermosillo.
The Aeroméxico Group includes Aeroméxico mainline and Aeroméxico Connect (regional subsidiary) which together hold the 41.7% of the domestic market share, becoming Mexico's largest domestic airline group, and the 79.8% of the international market share, again in first place followed by Volaris. Aeroméxico is one of the four founding members of the SkyTeam airline alliance, the other three founding airlines are Air France, Delta Air Lines, and Korean Air.
The logo shows the head of an Aztec eagle warrior (cuāuhtli).
- 1 History
- 2 Destinations
- 3 Fleet
- 4 Subsidiaries
- 5 Slogans
- 6 Bus services from Tijuana
- 7 Incidents and accidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The airline was established as Aeronaves de México on 15 September 1934, by Antonio Díaz Lombardo. The first plane was a Stinson SR and Julio Zinser piloted it. He inaugurated the maiden flight on the Mexico City - Acapulco route on 14 September 1934.
When World War II began, the airline continued to grow with the help of Pan Am, which owned 25% of the new Mexican airline. Aeroméxico saw few changes for the next two decades. However, during the 1950s, renovation began, and the airline took over various small competitor companies across the country, including Aerovías Guest (the second airline of the country at that time) that held the routes to Madrid and Paris. Aeroméxico added aircraft including the legendary Douglas DC-3 and its successor, the Douglas DC-4.
During the late 1950s, the Douglas DC-4's were replaced by some pressurised Douglas DC-6 and two Bristol Britannias, the first turboprop passenger plane in the fleet and in 1958, services were inaugurated to Idlewild Airport (now JFK) using the Britannias. The Mexico City-New York route would prove profitable for "Aeronaves" and its North American competitors. The airline was nationalised in 1959.
In the early 1960s, the fleet of Aeronaves de México (Aeroméxico) included Douglas DC-3, Douglas DC-6, and Bristol Britannia aircraft. Starting in 1961, "Aeronaves" began replacing its piston-engined planes with new jets. The first jet-engined aircraft were a pair of Douglas DC-8's. The planes were used on routes within Mexico and to New York City. Between 1962 and 1963, Aeronaves de México (Aeroméxico) took over Aerovías Guest Mexico the second airline, and they were merged under the name Aeronaves de México. Later in the 1960s, more DC-8's were added and service to Europe was resumed, operated by two Comet-4C aircraft dry-leased by Aerovías Guest prior to the merger.
The 1970s brought dramatic changes for Aeroméxico. In 1970, under a government plan, Mexican domestic airlines were nationalized into an integrated air transport system under the control of Aeronaves de México. The system included eight smaller carriers, although these were later disbanded. During the early-1970s, the remaining Douglas DC-6 and Bristol Britannia aircraft were retired. A new color scheme (orange and black) was introduced and the airline changed its name from "Aeronaves de México" to its current, shortened version of Aeroméxico in February 1972.
Aeroméxico, as one of the launch customers of the Douglas DC-10-30s program, received the first of its two planes in 1974, registered as XA-DUG and XA-DUH. That same year the airline also took delivery of their first seven Douglas DC-9-32s. During this period the airline's popularity and visibility grew dramatically. This was due in part to Aeroméxico's involvement in Mexican movies. Basically, every time a character in any movie produced in Mexico had to fly somewhere, they supposedly flew on Aeroméxico. Service to Canada was initiated and in early-1970s, two more DC-9-15s were added to the fleet.
The early 1980s brought times of expansion. A new color scheme was introduced (orange paint and silver), two DC-10-15 and a DC-10-30 planes were added in 1981, N10038 and N1003N, and in 1984, N3878P later XA-RIY. Aeroméxico as one of the launch customers of the McDonnell Douglas MD-82, a stretch version of the DC-9, received the first two planes in late 1981. During the period between 1980 and 1981, eight more DC-9-32 aircraft were added. The late 1980s were tough times for Aeroméxico. On August 31, 1986 the company suffered the only fatal accident outside Mexico when Aeroméxico Flight 498, a Douglas DC-9, approaching Los Angeles International Airport was struck by a small Piper aircraft. Both aircraft then fell to earth in the Los Angeles suburb of Cerritos, California. All 64 passengers and crew on board the DC-9-32 were killed, as were three on the Piper and fifteen people on the ground. After three years and a long trial, the plane crew and the airline were found not to blame. This was because the pilot of the Piper had strayed into an air traffic control zone reserved for commercial flights. That same year, the airline was acquired to the charter carrier GATSA and used it for their charter operations until December. In April 1988, the state owned company was declared bankrupt. The main reasons were lack of organization, a fleet with an average of 20 years without a renovation plan and a depredating administration by the Mexican Government. The company was grounded for three months. In August, a privatization program was underway. This involved retiring the eight Douglas DC-8's (3 -62s and 5 -51s) along with the remaining ten DC-9-15 aircraft.
The early 1990s were turbulent times, with the rise in fuel costs due to the Gulf War, and a domestic fare war caused by start up airlines like TAESA, SARO, Aviacsa, among others, as well as constant labor problems. In April 1991 the first two 767-200ERs were introduced to the fleet starting to replace DC-10's in services to Europe, New York and Tijuana, another two 767-300ER's joined the fleet later that year, all this was part of a renovation and expansion program to introduce 24 757's/767's, Direct service to Madrid and Paris from Mexico City with 767's was introduced as well services to Frankfurt via Paris and Rome via Madrid.
In 1992 Grupo Aeroméxico was among other investors that failed to consummate the acquisition of Continental Airlines.
After failing to invest in Continental, Aeroméxico acquired the bankrupt Aeroperú from the Peruvian government. They tried to use the same path that led Aeroméxico to the leadership in the domestic market with AeroPeru.
In October 1992 2 767-300ER's were added to the fleet (XA-RKI and XA-RKJ), replacing the former 2 -300ER (XA-RWW and XA-RWX).
On 1993 Aeroméxico Group took over Mexicana the second largest airline in the Mexican market under the same management there was a great dispute in June 1993 with the pilot union regarding the transfer of flights to regional subsidiary Aeromonterrey, which had non-union pilots. Between 1994 and 1995 the six DC-10 aircraft in the fleet were finally retired. Their last revenue flight was in Mid 1995.
In December 1994 3 weeks after Carlos Salinas left the office the first of several devaluations in the next 18 months started, and there was a huge economic crisis in the country Aeroméxico had to cut capacity flights to Frankfurt and to Rome were canceled, 4 MD80's 4 767's returned to the lessors, early retirement for pilots and another staff was on their way, a new 767 was due on April 95 and was transferred to Lan Chile flights to Madrid and Paris were operated only by 2 767-300ER's.
In 1996 Cintra was created in order to avoid the two main carriers went bankrupt some 757's of the original Aeroméxico renovation program ended up un Mexicana and AeroPeru. The market and the airline recovered between 1996 and 1998 8 Md-80's were leased back as well another 2 767-200's.
The sale of Grupo Cintra was scheduled after several delays in September 1999, and with the looming presidential elections in 2000, everything was delayed once again. The ruling party lost the election after 70 years in office and all the policies changed. Due to the recession in 2000 the new government put everything on hold waiting for better economic conditions to start the stock sell-off, and just when they were everything was about to start, the 11 September 2001 attacks occurred and nothing materialized since the two main carriers Mexicana and Aeroméxico (as most Legacy carriers) were losing large amounts of money.
In the period between 2000 and 2005 Aeroméxico had an average fleet of 60 aircraft in main line, plus 20 in Aerolitoral, as well as five CEO's during this time. After 9/11 and the Iraq War, it was forced to put in movement an ambitious fleet renovation program. In 2003, the airline acquired its first Boeing 737-700 instead of the Boeing 717 as a replacement for its aging DC-9 aircraft. On 29 March 2006 Aeroméxico CEO, Andrés Conesa announced the inauguration of direct flights between Japan and Mexico City via Tijuana. This was after the purchase of two Boeing 777-200ER, making Aeroméxico the third airline in Latin America to fly regularly to Asia, after Varig and the now defunct VASP. However, because of Varig's redimention, Aeroméxico is currently the sole airline with this service until some other Latin American airline starts flying to Asia. Aeroméxico has resumed its Mexico City-Tijuana-Shanghai route twice a week as of 30 March 2010. Suspension of this flight was due to the 2009 flu pandemic.
On 29 June 2006, the International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) and Aeroméxico announced that the airline will operate 3 Boeing 787 Dreamliners. Aeroméxico will lease the 5 787-8s from ILFC with deliveries scheduled to begin in early 2012, another 2 planes on lease from ILFC will be in service by 2013, and 2 more in 2014. It was originally going to be delivered in 2010 and 2011, but it was delayed for 2 years. From 2006, Consorcio Aeroméxico S.A. de C.V., the parent company of Aeroméxico at the time, was facing large debts and could not make any profits to pay them off. This forced the company to offer Aeroméxico for sale in 2007. In early October, a week-long auction was held, with Grupo Financiero Banamex competing against the Saba family. Finally, in 17 October 2007, Banamex had put forward the highest bid, and the airline was sold to the bank for US$249.1 million. In October, 2010 Aeromexico's largest competitor Mexicana de Aviacion filed for bankruptcy and was placed into administration.
Delta Air Lines, a US airline, signed with Aeroméxico for commercial alliances.
On 25 July 2012, Andrés Conesa, Aeromexico CEO announced the purchase of 10 Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, albeit 6 firm orders and 4 options; with this, the company will become the first Mexican carrier to have this kind of equipment. In early July 2012 it was reported that the company was looking at Airbus A320 and A350, but ultimately decided on the aircraft manufacturer Boeing. The new order is added to the package of 20 aircraft that the company had announced in 2011 and nine more Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner already provided. The delivery of the Dreamliners began in the summer of 2013. The total investment is US$11 billion and that includes the acquisition of 90 Boeing 737-8 MAX which will be delivered during 2018. The airline took delivery of its first Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner (albeit leased from ILFC) in early August 2013 and officially launched commercial service on 1 October 2013.
In an attempt to gain more worldwide presence and strengthen its network to make connections easier and more frequent, Aeroméxico has started to develop new international markets. From 2006 it started operations to Tokyo from Mexico City via Tijuana. Service to Shanghai from Mexico City via Tijuana began in May 2008. New flights to San Jose, Costa Rica began in Spring 2010. Nonstop Tokyo-Mexico City scheduled flights began on 13 January 2010, and increased to three by March 2010. In February 2010, Aeroméxico announced a realignment of its North American network, as it said it would resume service to Atlanta in May 2010, but would delay plans to launch service to Washington, DC, which it received approval to fly to in January 2010. On 22 May 2012, AeroMexico commenced service to Washington-Dulles and the airline resumed its service to Atlanta-Hartsfield until 1 July 2012. Aeroméxico started services to Bogotá, Colombia on 5 July 2010, with daily flights operated by Boeing 737 aircraft. It also resumed operations to Montreal, Canada on 15 December 2010. Also opened New York and Bogotá from Cancún. Also, Aeroméxico began operations to London-Heathrow on 15 December 2012, using a Boeing 767. Aeroméxico started operations to Quito, Ecuador on 16 December 2013, operated daily by Boeing 737-700. Aeroméxico will start Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 14 July 2014, operating 4 times a week using a Boeing 767-200ER. On September 18, 2014 the Mexico City - Tokyo route will be changed from a stop in Tijuana to a flight with one stop in Monterrey.
Aeroméxico has codeshare agreements with the following SkyTeam members:
In addition to SkyTeam partners, Aeroméxico also codeshares with the following airlines:
- Alaska Airlines
- Avianca El Salvador
- Copa Airlines
- Gol Transportes Aéreos
- Japan Airlines
- LAN Airlines
- TAM Airlines
On 7 March 2012, the Boeing 787-8 arrived in Mexico City for promotion. As a Boeing 787 customer, Aeroméxico's CEO, Andrés Conesa, was questioned on the routes the aircraft would serve once in Aeromexico's fleet. The airline placed 9 orders of the aircraft, which will come with the new interiors and will seat around 240 passengers. The first routes will be those from Mexico City to New York, Paris, and Tokyo nonstop. In 2014, they will be adding London and Madrid with the Boeing 787-8. Future destinations such as Rome, Frankfurt, Beijing or Seoul could follow once the plane consolidates on the routes, as he said the airline intends to replace the Boeing 767-200ER with the Boeing 787-8. He also stated there is a long term interest (2015–2020) in the Boeing 787-9 to replace Boeing 767-300ER. Along with these, 10 Boeing 737-8NG will arrive next year with new Sky Interiors.
In second quarter 2014 Grupo Aeromexico retired one B737-700. The Company added two B787, one B737-800 under pure lease agreements. The all-Boeing Mainline Aeroméxico fleet consist of the following aircraft as of 20 August 2014.
|Boeing 737-700||25||0||0||12||18||94||124||All Airplanes Equipped with Winglets. Some aircraft to receive On Demand system.|
|Boeing 737-800||23||12||10||16||18||126||160||All Airplanes Equipped with Winglets.
XA-AMA with brand new Split Winglets Scimitar.
New Boeing Sky Interior are included.
Some options could be Boeing 737-900ER.
Delivery until 2017. More leasing 737 plane are planned for increase its fleet. 5 more aircraft will be ordered directly from ILFC
|Boeing 737 MAX 8||0||60||30||
||First delivery begins in 2018.
Some options could be Boeing 737 MAX 9.
|Boeing 767-200ER||3||0||0||30||0||144||174||Offers new seats "Minipod" in Premier Class.
XA-JBC painted in SkyTeam livery.
To be replaced by Boeing 787-8 and Boeing 737 MAX 9 by 2016.
|Boeing 767-300ER||3||0||0||30||0||164||194||Offers new seats "Minipod" in Premier Class.
All 3 Airplanes Equipped with Winglets.
To be replaced by Boeing 787-9 by 2016.
|Boeing 777-200ER||4||0||0||49||0||228||277||Offers new seats "Minipod" in Premier Class and Integrated AVOD in both classes. 1 wet leased|
|Boeing 787-8||5||5||0||32||0||211||243||Integrated AVOD in both classes.
First aircraft delivered on 16 August 2013.
Will replace the Boeing 767-200ER in 2016.
2 owned, the rest leased.
||First delivery begins sometime in 2015.
Will replace the Boeing 767-300ER in 2016.
- Aeroméxico was one of the McDonnell Douglas MD-83 and MD-87 launch customers, until the mid-2000s the MD-80 was the airline's workhorse. Aeroméxico operated up to 70 DC-9/MD-80's at the same time, but retired in 2004–2009 (The MD-80's last revenue flight was in 2009).
- Aeroméxico Connect, formerly Aerolitoral, is a regional airline based at General Mariano Escobedo International Airport in Monterrey.
- AeroPeru was a national flag carrier based in Lima International Airport.
- Mexicana during 1993–1995 period.
- Aeromexpress is a cargo handler based at Mexico City International Airport in Mexico City.
- Aeroméxico Travel was a charter airline based in Cancún International Airport, it had recently started operations with 3 McDonnell Douglas MD-83.
- 2013–Present - La linea que nos une
- 2012-2013 - Nunca nos detenemos
- 2010-2012 - A donde te lleven tus sueños
English slogan: "Mexico's Global Airline"
Bus services from Tijuana
Aeroméxico contracts with Intercalifornias to offer bus service from Tijuana to cities in California. In order to board the bus, a passenger must have an ticket to or from Tijuana Airport on Aeroméxico. See List of cities with Aeroméxico bus service from Tijuana airport for the list of cities served.
Incidents and accidents
- 26 March 1954 near Monterrey, México - XA-GUN a Douglas DC-3.
- 2 June 1958 near Guadalajara, México - XA-MEV a Lockheed 749A Constellation
- 19 January 1961 in New York, New York (Idlewild) - XA-XAX a Douglas DC-8-21
- 13 August 1966 near Acapulco, Mexico, XA-PEI a Douglas DC-8-51.
- 24 December 1966 Lake Texcoco, Mexico - XA-NUS a Douglas DC-8-51
- 12 June 1967 near La Paz, México - XA-FUW a Douglas DC-3A
- On 20 June 1973 Douglas DC-9-15 XA-SOC near Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, Aeroméxico Flight 229, a daily service from George Bush Intercontinental Airport to Lic. Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport, crashed into the side of a mountain while on approach, killing all 27 people on board.
- 2 September 1976 Douglas DC-9-15 XA-SOF at Leon/Guanajuato-Del Bajio Airport
- On 27 July 1981, Aeromexico Flight 230 XA-DEN a Douglas DC-9-32 crashed while landing in Chihuahua, killing 32 of the 66 people on board.
- 8 November 1981 XA-DEO a Douglas DC-9-32 in Sierra de Guerrero, México.
- On 31 August 1986 Aeromexico Flight 498, operated with a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, was on its final approach into Los Angeles International Airport when it collided with a Piper PA-28 Archer over Cerritos, California. The resulting crash killed all 67 people on both aircraft and 15 people on the ground in Cerritos.
- On 6 October 2000, Aeroméxico Flight 250 N936ML a Douglas DC-9-31 at General Lucio Blanco International Airport, Reynosa, Mexico.
- On 9 September 2009 Aeroméxico Flight 576 was hijacked between Cancún and Mexico City.
- "Aeromexico increases connectivity", May 2014 press release, Aeromexico USA website
- "Grupo Aeromexico S.A.B. De C.V. Releases Results for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2011". Reuters. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Aeroméxico Reforma" on Emporis site
- "Edificio Centro Olímpico", Una Vida Moderna
- Page on Edemex website
- "Report on Actions of Social Responsibility." Aeroméxico. 41 (43/44). Retrieved on 4 December 2010. "Paseo de la Reforma 445, Col. Cuauhtémoc. C.P. 06500 México D.F."
- "Report on Actions of Social Responsibility." Aeroméxico. 4/44. Retrieved on 4 December 2010. "Paseo de la Reforma 445, Col. Cuauhtémoc. C.P. 06500 México D.F."
- Meta description text on "Destinos", Aeromexico website
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 27 March 2007. p. 49.
- ITF News, International Transport Workers' Federation, 1994
- "Boeing, Aeromexico Announce Commitment for 100 Airplanes - Jul 25, 2012". Boeing.mediaroom.com. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Finanzas - AeromĂŠxico invertirĂĄ 11 mil mdd para comprar 100 aviones". El Universal. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- Linda Blachly (14 June 2013). "Aeromexico to take delivery of first 787 in August". ATWOnline. Retrieved 2013-06-30.
- "Tendrá Monterrey vuelo directo a Tokio", Periódico AM, 2014-07-23
- Ricardo Sánchez Baker CFO. "Grupo Aeromexico S.A.B. de C.V. ("Aeromexico") 2nd Quarter Results pg 10 of 16". Retrieved 2014-08-05.
- 13 February 2014. "Aeromexico Fleet in Planespotters.net". planespotters.net. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "Aeromexico: Our Fleet". Aeromexico.com. Retrieved 2014-04-16.
- "Tijuana - California Cities." Aeroméxico. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-53-DO (DC-3) XA-GUN Monterrey". Aviation-safety.net. 25 March 1954. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 03251954". Airdisaster.com. 25 March 1954. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-749A Constellation XA-MEV Guadalajara Airport (GDL)". Aviation-safety.net. 2 June 1958. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 06021958". Airdisaster.com. 2 June 1958. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-8-21 XA-XAX New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY (IDL)". Aviation-safety.net. 19 January 1961. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-8-51 XA-PEI Acapulco". Aviation-safety.net. 13 August 1966. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-8-51 XA-NUS Lake Texcoco". Aviation-safety.net. 24 December 1966. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3A-197D XA-FUW La Paz". Aviation-safety.net. 12 June 1967. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15 XA-SOC Puerto Vallarta Airport (PVR)". Aviation-safety.net. 20 June 1973. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15 XA-SOF Léon Airport (BJX)". Aviation-safety.net. 2 September 1976. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 XA-DEN Chihuahua Airport (CUU)". Aviation-safety.net. 27 July 1981. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 XA-DEO Zihuatanejo". Aviation-safety.net. 8 November 1981. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 N936ML Reynosa-Gen Lucio Blanco Airport (REX)". Aviation-safety.net. 6 October 2000. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aeroméxico.|
- Official website (English)
- Official website (Spanish)
- Aeroméxico (old site) (Archive)
- Aeroméxico (old site) (Spanish) (Archive)
- Consorcio Aeroméxico at the Wayback Machine (Spanish)
- Amateur Aeroméxico Fleet Detail