Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral flaps

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Alveolar lateral flap
ɺ
lɾ
IPA number 181
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɺ
Unicode (hex) U+027A
X-SAMPA l\
Kirshenbaum *<lat>
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)
Sound

The alveolar lateral flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɺ, a fusion of a rotated lowercase letter r with a letter l.

Some languages that are described as having a lateral flap, such as Japanese, actually have a flap that is indeterminate with respect to centrality, and may surface as either central or lateral, either in free variation or allophonically depending on surrounding vowels and consonants.

Features[edit]

Features of the alveolar lateral flap:

Occurrence[edit]

Dental[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Chaga[1] [example needed] Laminal dental.[1]

Alveolar[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Japanese[2] /kokoro About this sound [kokoɺo]  'heart' See Japanese phonology
Pirahã toogixi [tòːɺ͡ɺ̼ìʔì] 'hoe' Only used in some types of speech
Wayuu püülükü [pɯːɺɯkɯ] 'pig' Contrasts with /r/

The variable Japanese sound has been transcribed with an l–ɾ ligature, lɾ.[3]

Postalveolar[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Norwegian Trøndersk[4] glas [ˈɡɺ̠ɑːs] 'glass' Realization of the tjukk l according to Grønnum (2005). See Norwegian phonology
O'odham[1] [example needed] Apical.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 213.
  2. ^ Okada (1991), p. ?.
  3. ^ Rei Fukui (2004) TIPA Manual version 1.3
  4. ^ Grønnum (2005), p. 155.

Bibliography[edit]