The area of Dungarpur district was occupied by the Bhil people perhaps as early as 4000 BCE. It was invaded by Rajputs in the 12th century. Dungarpur State was founded in 1197 by Samant Singh, a Rajput prince from Mewar, but Rajput control over the area took centuries. Bagar or Vargar was the name the Rajputs gave to the area of Dungarpur and Banswara districts. The Bhil people remained the major ethnic group in the district during Rajput rule, and under the British Raj formed the core of the military and police.
Geography and climate
Dungarpur District lies in southern Rajasthan on the border with Gujarat. The district has an area of 3,770 km² and a population of 1,388,906 (2011). The district is roughly triangular in shape. The Mahi River runs along the southeastern edge of the district, forming the boundary with Banswara District. The Som River, a tributary of the Mahi, runs along the northern edge of the district, largely forming the boundary with Udaipur District. The district is bounded on the southeast by the districts of Sabarkantha, Panchmahal and Dahod of the state of Gujarat. The Vatrak River originates in Dungarpur District.
The district has a dry climate with a hot season from April to June; however the climate is milder than in the desert regions of Rajasthan to the north and west. The maximum temperature in the district occurs during the hot season and ranges between 40°to 45° Celsius. The minimum temperature ranges between 10° and 12° Celsius, usually occurring in January. The monsoon season, which runs from June through September, brings almost the only rain to much of the district, but some rain may fall from November through February. The annual rainfall varies extensively over the district from up to 880 mm in Dungarpur town in the northwest to under 500 mm at Nithawa in the northeast. But the rainfall is quite variable from year to year, as Nithawa had 805 mm in 2013 but only 465 mm in 2014.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Dungarpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Dungarpur district has a population of 1,388,906, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii. This gave it a ranking of 351st in India (out of a total of 640). The district had a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.39%. Dungarpur had a sex ratio of 990 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60.78%.
Administrative divisions, villages and towns
At the 2001 Indian census the Dungarpur district was divided into four tehsils: Aspur, Dungarpur, Sagwara and Simalwara; however, around 2007 the new tehsil of Bichiwara (Bichhiwara) was created out of the western part of Dungarpur Tehsil. There are four towns in Dungarpur district: two municipalities Dungarpur and Sagwara, and two census towns Seemalwara and Galiakot. As of the 2011 census there were 976 villages in the district.
- Pannalal Patel (1912-1989) Author. Born in Mandli village.
- Raj Singh Dungarpur (19 December 1935 – 12 September 2009) former president of Board of Control for Cricket in India.
- Shivendra Singh Dungarpur (born 25 August 1969) is a filmmaker, producer, film archivist and restorer.
- Lt. Gen. Nathu Singh Rathore (22 April 1902 - 15 May 1974 (aged 72)) from Gumanpura, in the erstwhile state of Dungarpur in Rajasthan
- Dr Nagendra Singh Judge of International Court,UNO
Notes and references
- Vaughan, Keith (2009). "Faces of India". PSA Journal. 75 (10): 26–29, page 27.
- "Dungarpur (Princely State)". Queensland University. Archived from the original on 5 September 2011.
- Fattori, Marco (2012). "The Bhil and the Rajput Kingdoms of Southern Rajasthan". In Das Gupta, Sanjukta; Basu, Raj Sekhar. Narratives from the Margins: Aspects of Adivasi History in India. New Delhi: Primus Books. pp. 127–152, page 140. ISBN 978-93-80607-10-8.
- Fattori 2012, p. 139
- Fattori 2012, pp. 141–143
- "Dungarpur District Profile". Rajasthan: Bureau of Investment Promotion (BIP). Archived from the original on 9 February 2005.
- "District Wise Health Facilities: District Map: Dungarpur District". National Health Mission (NHM), Government of Rajastha. Archived from the original on 19 March 2015.
- "Basinwise Watershed Codes: Sabarmati". Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India. Archived from the original on 29 March 2015.
- "Rajasthan Rainfall Data (1957 to 2014)". Department of Water Resources, Government of Rajasthan.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Tehsil Map of Dungarpur". Maps of India. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014.
- "Panchayat Samiti - Rajasthan" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, Rajasthan.
- "Sociology of Dungarpur District". Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Rajasthan. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014.
||Udaipur district||Udaipur district|
|Sabar Kantha district, Gujarat||Banswara district|
|Panch Mahals district, Gujarat||Dahod district, Gujarat||Banswara district|