GMA Network (company)

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This article is about the local broadcasting company in the Philippines. For other uses, see GMA (disambiguation).
GMA Network Inc.
Public
Traded as PSEGMA7
Industry Mass media
Predecessor Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc. (1950-1963)
Republic Broadcasting System Inc. (1963–1996)
Founded 1 March 1950; 67 years ago (1950-03-01)
Founder Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart
Headquarters GMA Network Center
EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Brgy. South Triangle, Diliman, Quezon City
, Philippines
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Atty. Felipe L. Gozon (Chairman and CEO)
Gilberto R. Duavit Jr. (President and COO)
Felipe S. Yalong (CFO)
Services TV and radio broadcasting, film and TV production and distribution, music production, sports, news, websites
Revenue Increase 16.673 billion (FY 2016)[1]
Increase ₱6.778 billion (FY 2016)[1]
Increase ₱3.647 billion (FY 2016)[1]
Total assets Increase ₱16.059 billion (FY 2016)[1]
Total equity Increase ₱10.407 billion (FY 2016)[1]
Owner GMA Holdings, Inc. (25.17%)
Group Management and Development, Inc. (23.47%)
FLG Management and Development Corporation (20.01%)
M.A. Jimenez Enterprises (13.49%)
Television International Corporation (9.94%)
Number of employees
3,037 (FY 2016)[1]
Parent GMA Holdings, Inc.
Divisions GMA Entertainment TV
GMA Artist Center
GMA Kapuso Foundation
GMA News and Public Affairs
GMA Regional TV
Subsidiaries Digify, Inc.
RGMA Marketing and Productions, Inc. (GMA Records)
GMA Network Films, Inc. (GMA Films)
GMA New Media, Inc.
GMA Worldwide (Philippines), Inc.
Website gmanetwork.com

GMA Network Inc. is a Filipino media company based in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines. It is primary involved in radio and television broadcasting, with subsidiaries dealing in various media related businesses. The majority of its profits are derived from publicity and marketing incomes associated to television distribution.

It owns and operates two national television networks (GMA Network and GMA News TV), two national radio stations (Super Radyo DZBB 594 kHz and Barangay LS 97.1), two regional radio networks (Super Radyo and Barangay FM), It also operates three international channels (GMA Pinoy TV, GMA Life TV and GMA News TV International), along with subsidiaries dealing in film and television production and distribution (GMA Films), music production and publishing (GMA Records), talent development and management (GMA Artist Center) and a number of internet and digital converging technology (GMA New Media) in the Philippines. The company is a publicly traded company on the Philippine Stock Exchange.

History[edit]

The company's roots can be traced back to then Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc.,[2] owned by Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart, an American war correspondent. The company started with the launching of its first AM radio station in Manila through Radio Broadcasting Station, DZBB. It went on air on March 1, 1950 using the frequency of 580 kHz of the AM band, broadcasting from the Calvo Building in Escolta, Manila. Its early radio coverage highlights were the crash of President Ramon Magsaysay's plane in Mount Manunggal; the eruption of Mount Hibok-Hibok and various local elections in the Philippines.[3] DZBB became the first radio station in the Philippines to use telephones for live interviews.

Within years since its first broadcasts, the huge triumph of the station and its growing number of listeners made clear the move to modern facilities in EDSA, Quezon City, with the work done in 1959.

On October 29, 1961, the company launched its first television station, RBS TV Channel 7 using local VHF channel 7. In 1963, DYSS Television was launched in Cebu. Also in the same year, from Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc, the firm was formally renamed to Republic Broadcasting System, Inc. In 1975, a triumvirate composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr., Menardo Jimenez and Felipe Gozon took over the management. In 1996, the company changed its corporate identity to GMA Network Inc.[4][5]

Television[edit]

GMA Network[edit]

GMA Network, commonly known as GMA, is a major Philippine commercial television network. Launched on October 29, 1961, GMA Network is also referred to as the “Kapuso Network” in reference to the company’s logo. Its headquarters can be found at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City.

GMA Pinoy TV[edit]

On February 14, 2004, GMA Network Inc. launched its first international channel, GMA Pinoy TV. The channel is targeted toward Filipino communities worldwide. Flagship programs from GMA Network are shown aside from in-house programming. In addition, it also syndicates shows. GMA Pinoy TV is available in key cities in the United States, Middle East, Australia and some parts of Asia and Europe.[6]

GMA Life TV[edit]

In February 2008, GMA Network Inc. launched its second international channel via GMA Life TV. It carries programming from GMA Network and from its former lifestyle channel in the Philippines, Q. It also carries new programs broadcast by the news channel, GMA News TV. GMA Life TV is available through satellite and cable TV system worldwide.[6]

GMA News TV[edit]

On February 28, 2011, GMA Network Inc. launched its news and lifestyle oriented channel, GMA News TV on local VHF channel 11 (previously occupied by its former sister station, Q). Localized programs and contents previously shown on Q are also part of its programming. GMA News TV is generally watched as a free-to-air news and lifestyle oriented channel in the Philippines. The channel is available in most satellite and cable TV systems.[7]

GMA Network Inc. announced the launch of GMA News TV International in July 2011.[8] It will be available through satellite and cable TV systems worldwide. It will be the third international channel of GMA Network Inc., together with GMA Pinoy TV and GMA Life TV.[9] GMA News TV International is current available on a preview channel basis in Australia via UBI World TV and FetchTV, IPS/AccessTV in Japan and GUdTV in Guam.[10][11][12]

Radio[edit]

DZBB[edit]

DZBB, also known as Super Radyo DZBB 594 is the AM radio station of RGMA in Metropolitan Manila, one of GMA Network's subsidiaries. Radio studios are located at GMA Network Center in Quezon City while its radio transmitter is at Obando, Bulacan. The station operates 24 hours a day except every Monday midnight. Some of the programs of GMA and GMA News TV are simultaneously simulcast on the station.

DWLS[edit]

DWLS-FM, also known as Barangay LS 97.1 is the FM radio station of RGMA in Metropolitan Manila, a subsidiary of GMA Network. Its main radio studios are located at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City and its transmitter is at Tandang Sora Avenue, Quezon City. DWLS is the assigned call letters for the radio station and it was derived from the name of Loreto Stewart, the wife of its founder, Robert La Rue "Uncle Bob" Stewart.

Broadcast facilities[edit]

Tower of Power[edit]

GMA Network transmitter at Brgy. Culiat, Tandang Sora, Quezon City

In order to strengthen its broadcast signal in Metropolitan Manila and its suburbs, GMA Network Inc. constructed the Tower of Power in the third quarter of 1987.

GMA Network Inc. spent more than PhP168 million to the upgrade its broadcast transmitters and facilities in various key cities in the Philippines.[13] It plans to augment its existing studio facilities in Cebu, Iloilo and Davao. It also plans to upgrade construction of its existing broadcast facilities in Dagupan City to further improve its coverage in the northern part of the Philippines.[14] These upgrades include new transmitting equipment, from transmitters to antenna systems and buildings/tower rehabilitation/construction. GMA Network Inc. expects completion of these projects by end 2009.

Presented to the Philippine Stock Exchange on January 15, 2009, GMA Network Inc. discloses that it already disbursed almost PhP1.3 billion from the proceeds of its initial public offering to support various expansion programs in key cities in the Philippines. Expansion includes construction of broadcast facility, tower and transmitter upgrade for its Naga station; broadcast facility and transmitter tower for its Legazpi station; construction of transmitter tower and upgrading its General Santos station; and upgrading broadcast facilities, equipment and transmitter tower in Davao, Cebu, Guimaras, Bacolod, Iloilo, Batangas, Dagupan, Cagayan de Oro and Benguet.

GMA Network Center[edit]

GMA Network Inc. inaugurated its state-of-the-art GMA Network Center on June 14, 2000 as part of the year-round celebration to commemorate its 50th anniversary. GMA Network Center supports GMA Network Inc.'s thrusts towards digitization and media convergence. While the first phase of the project has already been completed with the construction of the 17-storey corporate complex, the center has an option to upgrade the older, existing facilities in the GMA compound, as originally planned. The network center is equipped with MARC (Multiple Automated Recorder Cassette) and a Broadcast Automation System that allows the network to manage live and international feeds that will be carried out to GMA Pinoy TV subscribers around the world.

GMA Network Studios[edit]

The GMA Network Studios consist of seven studios. Studio 1 and Studio 2 houses the programs of GMA News TV such as the lifestyle talk show Mars, the cooking show Idol sa Kusina and the primetime talk show Tonight with Arnold Clavio. Studio 1 and Studio 2 (formerly known as Studio A and Studio B, respectively) was the first two old studios of GMA Network which is located in the old compound (formerly known as the RBS compound). Studio 3, 4, and 5 are located in GMA Network Center building. Studio 3 houses the GMA News TV newscasts such as News to Go, Balitanghali, Good News Kasama si Vicky Morales, Balita Pilipinas Ngayon, and News TV Live. Studio 4 houses the morning news and talk show Unang Hirit, while GMA Network flagship news programs 24 Oras, Saksi, GMA News Update, and the GMA News TV flagship news program State of the Nation with Jessica Soho airs live from Studio 5, 6, 7, the largest studios of GMA Network, are located in the studios annex building. Studio 6 has an area of 640 square meters and can accommodate 300 to 400 audiences. Studio 6 houses the comedy sketch gag show Bubble Gang, the reality show Lip Sync Battle Philippines, the afternoon game-variety show Wowowin, and the infotainment show IBilib. Studio 7 has an area of 1,020 square meters and can accommodate 600 to 800 audiences. Studio 7 houses the noontime comedy-variety show Sunday PinaSaya with several shows aired by the network.

Digital television[edit]

The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) ordered[15][16] all broadcasting companies in the Philippines to shut off their analog signal by 11:59 p.m. on December 31, 2015 and switch to digital broadcast.[17] The Philippines will be using the Japanese ISDB-T to facilitate the country’s transition to digital television, rather than the ATSC system implemented by North American broadcasters devised as a replacement for the NTSC system utilized by North America and the Philippines.[18]

GMA Network is presently applying[19] for a digital television license from the NTC to install and maintain transmitting stations that will be attuned with and utilize to offer digital terrestrial television and digital mobile TV broadcast services,[20] using channel 27 (551.143 MHz) frequency. Areas planned for a temporary digital broadcast will cover the cities of Quezon City,[21] Makati, Pasig, Tagaytay, and Angeles in Pampanga; and areas like Ortigas, Cavite, and Calumpit in Bulacan.

GMA Network Inc. asked the NTC to reconsider its decision to use the Japanese standard and examine the European digital broadcast system instead.[22] In earlier decisions, the National Telecommunications Commission reaffirmed its resolutions to use ISDB-T and conduct public consultations for its implementing rules and regulations which will be ready by April 2011.[23] On March 27, 2011, the local regulator ordered an evaluation of the standard to be used by the Philippines for digital television and reconsidering the second-generation Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB2) from Europe and replacing the Japanese Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) standard.[24]

On February 2013, GMA Network Inc. was able to conduct digital test broadcast with the ISDB-T standard via its UHF channel 27's frequency. GMA Network was the first television network in the Philippines to broadcast GMA 7 and GMA News TV 11 in standard definition (SD) format with a 16:9 aspect ratio, similar to TV channels in European countries, although the content had been stretched horizontally from its original 4:3 ratio. GMA 7 was also transmitting 1seg on mobile and had no errors. However, in a statement, the network has not conceded its stand to prefer the European DVB-T2 over the Japanese ISDB-T.[25]

Online[edit]

GMA News Online[edit]

Established in January 2007, GMA News Online (formerly GMANews.TV) is the official site of GMA News. It features the latest news coverage, including video reports, as well as business, sports, technology, entertainment and special reports, mobile alerts, newsletters, RSS feeds and real time search.[26] A diverse number of presenters and correspondents maintain blogs on its site and has an archiving database for its news content. A live stream of DZBB, an AM radio station of GMA Network is also available on its website. It also features YouScoop, an interactive section, wherein viewers can upload first-hand footage of news events happening in their area and visitors can also view such footage. Aside from GMA News and Public Affairs content and materials produced, GMA News Online publishes articles and features from several news organizations, including The Associated Press and Reuters wire service. In December 2010, GMANews.TV received one million page views per day.[27]

On February 7, 2011, GMANews.TV was renamed to GMA News Online and launched a new logo and slogan, “The Go-to Site For Filipinos Everywhere”; and retain its uniform resource locator, www.gmanews.tv to correspond with the launching of its all-news channel, GMA News TV.[28]

myGMA Internet TV[edit]

On September 12, 2008, GMA Network Inc. launched its first video-on-demand service through myGMA Internet TV. Focusing on Filipino communities, it offers high-quality programs from GMA Network. It is an alternative to Filipino communities who does not have the access of cable TV and direct-to-home subscriptions. myGMA Internet TV competed with ABS-CBN Corporation’s TFC Now.[29] Currently, myGMA Internet TV is inactive.

Joint ventures[edit]

INQ7.net[edit]

GMA Network Inc. partnered with the Philippine Daily Inquirer, one of Philippines' daily broadsheets to venture in an online multimedia news and information delivery company, INQ7 Interactive Inc. Its main business offers text, images, audio, video and online interactive information tools such as discussion boards, polls and searchable news archives. The partnership also paved the way the creation of a joint web site, the www.inq7.net and in recent reports, its ranks no. 11 in the most read online newspaper worldwide. In January 2007, GMA Network Inc. and Philippine Daily Inquirer ended their partnership and GMA Network Inc. focused on to its owned consent site, the GMA News Online (formerly known as GMANews.TV).

Philippine Entertainment Portal (PEP)[edit]

Philippine Entertainment Portal, Inc., a joint venture between GMA New Media, Inc. and Summit Media, operates Philippine Entertainment Portal (PEP) and Sports Interactive Network (SPIN).

Kapuso JobMarket[edit]

Partnerships of GMA Network Inc., the Philippine Daily Inquirer, INQ7 Interactive Inc. and New Media Inc. The Kapuso JobMarket aims to provide convenience for job seekers by creating another online service that will help them search for employment opportunities using their mobile phones.

Q[edit]

Q was a partnership between GMA Network Inc. and Zoe Broadcasting Network Inc. The television channel previously aired foreign dramas, lifestyle shows and public affairs programming. The channel ceased commercial operation on February 20, 2011 to give way to its sister channel, GMA News TV.

Defunct channels[edit]

Q (Quality Television)[edit]

In November 2005, GMA Network Inc. entered an airtime agreement with ZOE Broadcasting Network to use DZOE-TV channel 11 for its local lifestyle channel Q (formerly QTV, Quality Television). Most of Q’s programming consists of foreign dramas, reality and lifestyle shows. On February 20, 2011, Q ceased commercial operation to give way to its sister channel, GMA News TV.[30]

Channel [V] Philippines[edit]

On December 15, 1999, STAR TV Network leased the airtime of Citynet Television to launch Channel [V] Philippines through EMC (Entertainment Music Channel). Part of the strategy is to localize Channel [V] with programs produced locally by STAR TV Network and GMA Network Inc.

EMC (Entertainment Music Channel)[edit]

In 1999, Entertainment Music Channel or EMC is the first music channel of GMA Network Inc. after its UHF station, Citynet Television was rebranded due to high programming cost. The music channel only lasted months after GMA Network Inc. signed a leased broadcast agreement with STAR TV Network to transmit a localize music television station, Channel [V] Philippines.

Citynet Television[edit]

On August 27, 1995, GMA Network Inc. inaugurate its first ultra-high-frequency channel through DWDB-TV channel 27 in Metropolitan Manila. It was the first UHF television channel operated by a major broadcast network in the Philippines. GMA Network Inc. launches its new channel under the Citynet Television brand and decided to expand its local programming business. Studios are located at the GMA Network Center in Quezon City. In April 1999, Citynet Television ceased its commercial operation and later on reformatted into a local music channel.

CGMA[edit]

In the 1990s, GMA Network Inc. ventures into cable television via CGMA, a cable channel available on Home Cable. It broadcast defunct and previously aired shows on GMA Network. Eventually, CGMA ceased its commercial operation when Home Cable entered into a memorandum of agreement to consolidate the operation of its company with Lopez-owned Sky Cable, an ABS-CBN Corporation subsidiary, GMA Network Inc.'s main competitor.[citation needed]

Executive management[edit]

  • Atty. Felipe L. Gozon (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer)
  • Gilberto R. Duavit Jr. (President, Chief Operating Officer, Director)
  • Felipe S. Yalong (Chief Financial Officer, SVP for Corporate Services Group, Corporate Treasurer, Director)
  • Lilybeth G. Rasonable (Senior Vice President for Entertainment TV Group)
  • Marissa L. Flores (Senior Vice President for News and Public Affairs Group)
  • Miguel Castro Enriquez (Senior Vice President for Radio Operation Group)
  • Ayahl Ari Augusto P. Chio (Vice President for Investor Relations and Compliance)
  • Eduardo P. Santos (Compliance Officer)
  • Roberto O. Parel (Corporate Secretary)
  • Anna Teresa M. Gozon-Abrogar (Assistant Corporate Secretary, Director)

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Alta Productions Group, Inc.
  • Citynet Network Marketing and Productions, Inc.
  • Digify, Inc.
  • GMA Marketing and Productions, Inc.
  • GMA Network Films, Inc. (GMA Films)
  • GMA New Media, Inc.
  • GMA Worldwide (Philippines), Inc.
  • Media Merge Corporation
  • Ninja Graphics, Inc. (ceased commercial operations in 2004)
  • RGMA Marketing and Productions, Inc. (GMA Records)
  • Scenarios, Inc. (under liquidation)
  • Script2010, Inc.

Affiliates[edit]

  • Gamespan, Inc. (50%)[31]
  • INQ7 Interactive, Inc. (50%, liquidated)
  • Philippine Entertainment Portal, Inc. (50%)
  • Mont-Aire Realty and Development Corporation (49%, liquidated)
  • RGMA Network Inc. (49%)
  • X-Play Online Games, Inc. (50%, liquidated)

Corporate social responsibility[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f SEC Form 17-A (Annual Report) (Report). Philippine Stock Exchange. 18 April 2017. 
  2. ^ GMA Network Corporate Information, GMANetwork.com
  3. ^ GMA Gold: Fifty Years of Broadcast History, Chelo Banal Formoso (ed.), GMA Network.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-16.  GMA Network Inc., About
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2011-03-01.  GMA Network Inc., Management
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2011-03-01.  Inquirer.Net, Business Stories
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2011-03-01.  Philippine Asian News Today, Showbiz News
  8. ^ "EARNINGS: GMA Network posts 18% growth in Q1 revenues". GMA News Online. 
  9. ^ http://www.gmapinoytv.com.ph/ver1/article.php?aid=328 GMA Pinoy TV News
  10. ^ "GMA Network launches third international channel". GMA News Online. 
  11. ^ "gmapinoytv.com.ph". gmapinoytv.com.ph. 
  12. ^ "gmapinoytv.com.ph". gmapinoytv.com.ph. 
  13. ^ P168m for GMA-7’s transmission upgrade. Manila Standard Today, October 6, 2006.
  14. ^ GMA Network H1 profit P934M, dips a bit on high operating, expansion costs. GMANews.tv, Accessed April 30, 2007.
  15. ^ Reyes, Mary Ann (November 11, 2006). "NTC gives TV stations 9 years to convert to digital tech". ABS-CBNNews.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2006. 
  16. ^ Lectura, Lenie (January 10, 2008). "Firms may test digital TV up to March—NTC". BusinessMirror. Archived from the original on June 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  17. ^ Amojelar, Darwin (November 6, 2006). "Regulator orders shift to digital television by 2015". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. 
  18. ^ Montecillo, Paolo (June 11, 2010). "NTC chooses Japan digital TV standard for RP". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. 
  19. ^ Lorenzo, A.B.L. (June 14, 2008). "GMA Network to push through with digital TV". BusinessWorld Online. Retrieved 2008-06-14. [dead link]
  20. ^ Olchondra, Riza T. (October 28, 2007). "GMA Network says it's ready for mobile TV competition". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2007-10-28. 
  21. ^ Lectura, Lenie (January 10, 2008). "Firms may test digital TV up to March—NTC". BusinessMirror. Archived from the original on June 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  22. ^ Dagcutan, Aura Marie. "European standard better, says TV exec". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 2011-02-20. [permanent dead link]
  23. ^ Montecillo, Paolo. "NTC chooses Japan digital TV standard for RP". Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-15. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  25. ^ Montecillo, Paolo (22 February 2013). "GMA Network continues to reject Japanese digital TV standard". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-31. Retrieved 2015-03-03.  Inquirer.Net Infotech News
  27. ^ http://www.gmanews.tv/story/208792/gma-news-website-gets-one-million-page-views-per-day GMA News Online, Business News
  28. ^ http://www.gmanews.tv/story/212388/the-time-has-come-for-gma-news-online GMA News Online, Infotech News
  29. ^ GMA-Network announced the newest service called MyGMA!, GMANews.tv, August 29, 2008
  30. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/news-articles/manila-bulletin/mi_7968/is_2005_Oct_30/qtv-11-opens-join-league/ai_n34108227/ Manila Bulletin, News Stories
  31. ^ "GMA ventures into betting business". BusinessWorld Online. BusinessWorld. 23 March 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 

External links[edit]