|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Anto Domić|
|• President of the District Assembly||Esad Atic (SDP)|
|• International Supervisor (Suspended)||Tamir Waser|
|• City||402 km2 (155 sq mi)|
|Elevation||92 m (302 ft)|
|Population (2013 cesus)|
|• Density||231,4/km2 (5,990/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+387 049|
The city is located on the country's northern border, across Gunja in Croatia.
Brčko is the seat of the Brčko District, an independent unit of local self-government created on the territory of Republika Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina following an arbitration process; the process is viewed by some as a violation of the Dayton Peace Accords because it created the district while it could only arbitrate the disputed portion of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line, also known as the Zone of Separation (ZOS). The local administration was formerly supervised by an international supervisory regime headed by Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko International Supervisor. This international supervision was frozen since 23 May 2012.
Brčko was a geographic point of contention in 1996 when the U.S.-led Implementation Forces (IFOR) built Camp McGovern on the outskirts of the city. Camp McGovern was built in the ZOS for the purpose of establishing peacekeeping operations, specifically between Muslims in Gornji Rahić near Brka and Serbs in Brčko.
The initial US Army unit to deploy into Brčko was Task Force 3-5 CAV, a Task Force composed of individual units of the 1st Armored Division. The commander of Task Force 3-5 was LTC Anthony Cucolo. The Task Force headquarters was located at Camp McGovern.
Although Brčko was a focal point for tension in the late 1990s, considerable progress in multi-ethnic integration in Brčko has since occurred including integration of secondary schooling. Reconstruction efforts and the Property Law Implementation Plan have improved the situation regarding property and return.
Brčko remains an important component of the Dayton Peace Accords, after the Brčko Arbitration ruled in May 1997 that Brčko would be a special district outside the jurisdiction of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, the two entities that comprise Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The first international organization to open offices in Brčko was the Organization for Security and Cooperation In Europe (OSCE).
Following PIC meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of Brčko International Supervisor. Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko Supervision, will still continue to exist.
According to 1991 census Brčko had 41,406 inhabitants, including:
- Bosniaks - 22,994 (55.54%)
- Serbs - 8,253 (19.93%)
- Yugoslavs - 5,211 (12.58%)
- Croats - 2,894 (6.99%)
- others - 2,054 (4.96%)
Since 1991, there has been no official census conducted.
- Edo Maajka, rapper
- Lepa Brena, singer
- Mladen Petrić, footballer
- Vesna Pisarović, singer
- Dženana Šehanović, pianist
- Anton Maglica. footballer
- Jasmin Imamović, politician
- Mato Tadić. judge
- "High Representative Welcomes Appointment of PDHR Tamir Waser". Ohr.int. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- "World Gazetteer: Bosnia and Herzegovina - largest cities (per geographical entity)". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012.
- "Press Conference Following the Meeting of the Steering Board of the Peace implementation Council". Ohr.int. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- Brcko Government web site
- Ekonomski fakultet u Brčkom
- Brčanski Informativni portal
- Evropski univerzitet u Brčkom
- HIT Brčko