Charles W. Forward

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Charles Walter Forward
Charles W. Forward.png
OccupationAnimal rights activist, historian

Charles Walter Forward (1863 – 1934) was a British animal rights activist and historian of vegetarianism.


Forward authored many publications on vegetarianism and was editor of the Vegetarian Jubilee Library.[1] Forward has been described as a historian of the vegetarian movement.[2] His best known work Fifty Years of Food Reform, was published in 1898. It was the first book to document the history of the vegetarian movement in England and covered vegetarians such as William Lambe, G. Nicholson, John Frank Newton, John Oswald, Richard Phillips, Joseph Ritson and Percy Bysshe Shelley.[3] The book also mentions historical vegetarian ideals expressed from the classical period onward from writers such as Plutarch and Pythagoras.[4]

In 1897, Forward edited John Smith's vegetarian book Fruits and Farinacea. The book was heavily criticized by the British Medical Journal as non-scientific.[5]

Forward speaking at the National Vegetarian Congress in 1899 argued that although the vegetarian movement was increasing, vegetarian restaurants in London had decreased in number.[6] He noted that affordable tinned meat had become widely available and how some of the purported vegetarian restaurants were not strictly vegetarian as they were serving meat dishes.[6]

In 1913, Forward contributed the chapter "Slaughter-House Cruelties" to the book The Under Dog, edited by Sidney Trist. The book documented the wrongs suffered by animals at the hand of man.[7] Forward edited The Animals' Guardian, subtitled "A Humane Journal for the Better Protection of Animals". This monthly periodical was published by the London and Provincial Anti-Vivisection Society.[8]

Selected publications[edit]


  1. ^ Crossley, Ceri. (2005). Consumable Metaphors: Attitudes Towards Animals and Vegetarianism in Nineteenth-Century France. Peter Lang. p. 61. ISBN 978-3039101900
  2. ^ Richardson, Elsa. (2019). Man Is Not a Meat-Eating Animal: Vegetarians and Evolution in Late-Victorian Britain. Victorian Review 45 (1): 117–134.
  3. ^ Magel, Charles R. (1989). Keyguide to Information Sources in Animal Rights. McFarland. p. 65. ISBN 0-89950-405-1
  4. ^ Li, Chien-hui. (2006). Mobilizing Literature in the Animal Defense Movement in Britain, 1870-1918. Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies 32 (1): 27–55.
  5. ^ Reviewed Work: Fruits And Farinacea The Proper Food Of Man. Vol. IV by John Smith, C. W. Forward. (1897). The British Medical Journal 2 (1911): 405.
  6. ^ a b Assael, Brenda. (2018). The London Restaurant, 1840-1914. Oxford University Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-19-881760-4
  7. ^ Animal Rights and Wrongs. Chambers's Journal, 1913.
  8. ^ "Magazine Data". Retrieved 5 January, 2020.

Further reading[edit]