Sōmen

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Dried Sōmen
Somen 001.jpg
Alternative names
  • Somyeon
  • sùmiàn
Type Noodles
Place of origin China[1]
Main ingredients Wheat flour
Regional names
Historical name
Chinese 索麵
Literal meaning rope noodle
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 素麵
Simplified Chinese 素面
Literal meaning white noodle
Korean name
Hangul 소면
Hanja 素麵
Japanese name
Kanji 素麺
Kana そうめん

Sōmen (Japanese: 素麺), somyeon (Korean: 소면), or sùmiàn (simplified Chinese: 素面; traditional Chinese: 素麵) are very thin white East Asian noodles made of wheat flour, less than 1.3 mm in diameter. The noodles are usually served cold. The noodles' diameter is the chief distinction between sōmen and the thicker wheat noodles hiyamugi and Japanese wheat noodles udon. Sōmen noodles are stretched when made, as are some types of udon noodles. The dough is stretched with the help of vegetable oil to make very thin strips and then air dried. When served warm in soup, usually in winter, they are called nyumen.

In cuisines[edit]

Japan[edit]

Sōmen are usually served cold with a light flavored dipping sauce[2] or tsuyu. The tsuyu is usually a katsuobushi-based sauce that can be flavored with Japanese bunching onion, ginger, or myoga. In the summer, sōmen chilled with ice is a popular meal to help stay cool.

Sōmen served in hot soup is usually called nyūmen and eaten in the winter, much as soba or udon are.

Some restaurants offer nagashi-sōmen (流しそうめん flowing noodles) in the summer. The noodles are placed in a long flume of bamboo[3] across the length of the restaurant. The flume carries clear, ice-cold water. As the sōmen pass by, diners pluck them out with their chopsticks[3] and dip them in tsuyu. Catching the noodles requires a fair amount of dexterity, but the noodles that are not caught by the time they get to the end usually are not eaten, so diners are pressured to catch as much as they can. A few luxury establishments put their sōmen in real streams so that diners can enjoy their meal in a beautiful garden setting. Machines have been designed to simulate this experience at home.[citation needed]

Korea[edit]

In Korean cuisine, somyeon is used in hot and cold noodles soups such as janchi-guksu (banquet noodles) and kong-guksu (noodles in cold soybean soup), as well as soupless noodle dishes such as bibim-guksu (mixed noodles). It is often served with spicy anju (food that accompanies alcoholic drink) such as golbaengi-muchim (moon snail salad).

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "麺類雑学辞典「そうめん」". 日本麺類業団体連合会 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  2. ^ Hiking in Japan - Richard Ryall, Craig McLachlan, David Joll. p. 177.
  3. ^ a b Adika, Alon (September 21, 2013). "Tsushima: a boundary island of Japan". The Japan Times. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Somen at Wikimedia Commons