|Alternative names||Ba-chui (Chinese)
|Place of origin||Philippines|
|Region or state||La Paz, Iloilo City|
|Main ingredients||noodles, pork organs, vegetables, chicken, shrimp, beef|
|Cookbook: La Paz Batchoy Media: La Paz Batchoy|
Batchoy is a noodle soup made with pork organs, crushed pork cracklings, chicken stock, beef loin and round noodles. Its origins can be traced to the district of La Paz, Iloilo City in the Philippines, hence it is often referred to as La Paz Batchoy.
Batchoy's true origin is inconclusive. Documented accounts include the following:
- The dish was concocted in the La Paz market in 1938 by Federico Guillergan, Sr. His recipe called for a mixture of broth, noodles, beef and pork. The soup later evolved into its present form which has become Iloilo City's most popular dish. Federico Guillergan, Jr., the son of the soup's inventor, states that his father at first jokingly called the dish "bats" when asked for its name. Later, he added "choy", from the vegetable dish chop suey.
- Teodorico Lepura opened his first batchoy shop at the La Paz public market in 1945. Run by Lepura, his wife and their children, the shop sold the original La Paz batchoy at that time priced at 20 centavos per bowl. In the 1930s, as a teenager, Lepura learned the basics of making La Paz batchoy while working for a Chinese merchant, and eventually concocted his own version of the dish.
- Other sources state that the dish originated from the Chinese community in La Paz.
Ingredients include pork organs (liver, spleen, kidneys and heart) crushed pork cracklings, beef loin, shrimp broth, and round noodles or miki. The noodles are similar to spaghetti, but are generally a bit finer.
Oil is heated in a stock-pot. The pork organs, shrimp, chicken and beef are stir-fried for about a minute. Soy sauce is then added. The shrimp is then added and left to simmer for a few minutes. This broth is then added to a bowl of noodles and topped with leeks, pork cracklings (chicharon) and sometimes a raw egg is cracked on top.
Most Filipinos eat the soup using spoon and fork, although it may undoubtedly be eaten using chopsticks as well. The soup is generally consumed first, the liquid broth rounds out the meal. Diners are encouraged to ask for a second, third, or even a fourth helping of kaldo (Hiligaynon, "broth").
- Caligan, Michelle S. (2009-05-26). "The Ten Peso Wonder". EntrepreNews. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- Pendon, Lydia C. (2009-01-22). "Batchoy bowl draws thousands of children, adults". Sun.Star Iloilo. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Burgos Jr., Nestor P. (2009-01-23). "Ilonggos feast on biggest bowl of La Paz batchoy". The News Today Online Edition. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
- Funtecha, Henry F. (2009-07-07). "Globalization and Philippine nationalism: Questions and options". The News Today Online Edition. Retrieved 2009-09-05.