Public holidays in the Philippines

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This is a list of public holidays in the Philippines.

Holiday types[edit]

A graphic from the Office of the President of the Philippines showing the difference in pay between the two types of holidays[1]

The Labor Code of the Philippines specifies two types of holidays: the "regular holiday" and the "special non-working day".[2] There is a difference in the pay that employers are required to pay between the two type of holidays. There is also a difference in what is closed and in how the days are declared.

Type Pay if...
Did not work Did work
Regular holiday 100% of daily wage 200% of daily wage
Special non-working day not paid 130% of daily wage

On top of these pay rules, an employee shall be given an additional 30% if the holiday falls on his or her rest day, and an additional 30% if he or she works overtime.

Nationwide observance[edit]

Regular holidays[3][edit]

Date English name Filipino name Transferability Details
January 1 New Year's Day Araw ng Bagong Taon Fixed Celebrates the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
April 9 Day of Valor Araw ng Kagitingan Fixed Commemorates the Fall of Bataan during the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, and by extension, the courage of Filipino and American soldiers at the Fall of Corregidor, the Bataan Death March and throughout the Second World War. In 2009, Araw ng Kagitingan fell on Maundy Thursday so it was moved to April 6.[4]
April 17 (2014) Maundy Thursday Huwebes Santo Movable Maundy Thursday is part of Holy Week (Tagalog: Mahal na Araw; Spanish: Semana Santa). This holy day commemorates the Last Supper of Christ with His Twelve Apostles.
April 18 (2014) Good Friday Biyernes Santo Movable Good Friday is the most important and solemn day of Holy Week, as it commemorates the suffering, crucifixion and death of Christ. Processions, Passion plays, the recitation of the Pasyon, and various religious services are among the customs practiced on this day.
May 1 Labor Day Araw ng mga Manggagawa Fixed Celebrates workers. The first Labor Day celebrations were held in the Philippines on May 1, 1903, with a large rally in front of Malacañan Palace staged by the Union Obrera Democratica (Democratic Labourer's Union), which pressed for workers’ economic rights.
June 12 Independence Day Araw ng Kalayaan Fixed Celebrates the Philippine Declaration of Independence and the establishment of the First Philippine Republic by Emilio Aguinaldo on 12 June 1898. From 1947 to 1964 (see below), Independence Day was celebrated on July 4.
July 28 (2014)[5][6] (calculated) Eid'l Fitr Pagwawakas ng Ramadan Movable Celebrates the end of the fasting month of Ramadan; also the first day of the month Shawwal in Islamic calendar. It was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 9177 and signed on 13 November 2002. The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim community and to promote peace among the major religions in the Philippines.
August 25 (2014) National Heroes' Day Araw ng mga Bayani Movable Commemorates all the nation's heroes throughout history. It is a regular holiday marking the 1896 Cry of Pugad Lawin by the Katipunan (led by its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio), which began the Philippine Revolution. This holiday happens every last Monday of August.
October 5 (2014)[6][7] (calculated) Eid'l Adha Pista ng Pagsasakripisyo Movable Celebrates the end of the Hajj and the feast when Muslims sacrifice a goat, sheep, cow or a camel to be sent to the poor as a donation. The Hajj is when Muslims go on required pilgrimage to Mecca.
November 30 Bonifacio Day Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Bonifacio Fixed Commemorates the birth of national hero Andrés Bonifacio on November 30, 1863. Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the date of his death (10 May 1897), which is marred by the fact he was executed by the Filipino revolutionary government and not, as in the case of other heroes, by colonial powers. The Aguinaldo government executes Bonifacio, whom it labelled an enemy of the state after the events at the Tejeros Convention. Often confused with National Heroes' Day.[citation needed]
December 25 Christmas Day Araw ng Pasko Fixed Celebrates the Nativity of Christ. Since some 80% of Filipinos are Christian, Christmas in the Philippines is one of the longest in the world, starting as early as September until the last week of January.[citation needed] It is one of the most important holidays and religious observances of the year along with the Holy Week.
December 30 Rizal Day Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Dr. Jose Rizal Fixed Commemorates the execution of national hero José Rizal by Spanish colonial government on 30 December 1896.

Special non-working days[3][edit]

Date English name Filipino name Transferability Details
January 31 (2014) Chinese New Year Bagong Taon ng mga Tsino Movable Also known as the Spring Festival or Lunar New Year, it is mainly celebrated by the Filipino Chinese but has slowly received wider exposure in popular culture.
April 19 (2014) Black Saturday Sábado de Gloria; Sabado ng Gloria Movable One of the days of Holy Week or Mahal na Araw. It remembers the day Christ's body has been lain in the sepulchre, while his soul descended into the realm of the dead to save the righteous souls who had died before his time.
August 21 Ninoy Aquino Day Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Ninoy Aquino Fixed Commemorates the unsolved assassination of former Senator and prominent oppositionist Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. in 1983, which was a catalyst for the People Power Revolution in 1986.
November 1 All Saints' Day Undás; Todos los Santos; Araw ng mga Santo Fixed Filipinos observe this day by visiting graves, repairing and clean their tombs and offering prayers, flowers, food and candles to the dead. Many visit their ancestors in their native provinces, thus making it an occasion for reunions with extended family.
November 2 All Souls' Day Araw ng mga Patay Fixed The actual memorial of the dead mandated by the Catholic Church. Visiting of graves continues from the previous day.
December 24 Christmas Eve Bisperas ng Pasko Fixed The day before Christmas. Filipino Christian families generally hold an extravagant midnight feast called nochebuena on this day, beginning shortly before midnight.
December 31 Last day of the year Bisperas ng Bagong Taon; Huling Araw ng Bagong Taon Fixed Also known as New Year's Eve, families hold a second, extravagant midnight feast called medianoche to greet the coming year. Loud noises are made and firecrackers are lit, in the belief that this drives away misfortune from the previous year.

Special holiday (for all schools)[3][edit]

Date English name Filipino name Transferability Details
February 25 EDSA Revolution Anniversary Anibersaryo ng Rebolusyon sa EDSA Fixed A special non-working holiday to mark the 1986 People Power Revolution that ended the 20 years of dicatorial rule of President Ferdinand Marcos. Since 2010, it was made a special holiday only for schools.[8]

Other holidays[edit]

Date English name Filipino name Transferability Details
January 14 (2014) Prophet Mohhamed's Birthday Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Propetang Mohhamed Movable
February 2 Constitution Day Araw ng Saligang Batas Movable A working holiday which was first observed in 2002. Celebrates the ratification of the currently enforced 1987 Constitution.
May 24 Vesak' Day' Araw ng Bisyak Movable Celebrated by Filipino Buddhists, which marks three important events in the life of Gautama Buddha: his birth in 583 BCE, his Enlightenment, and his physical death and spiritual entry into Parinirvana. Through the initiative of the Universal Wisdom Foundation, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Proclamation No. 24 on March 29, 2001, declaring the full moon day of every May every year as Vesak Day.
June 19 Jose Rizal''s birthday' Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Jose Rizal Movable First declared in 1961 by President Carlos P. García in honour of the birth centenary of José Rizal. Monday, 20 June 2011 was declared a special non-working holiday by President Benigno Aquino III for Rizal's 150th birth anniversary as requested by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.[9]
July 27 Iglesia ni Cristo' Day' Araw ng Iglesia ni Cristo Fixed In keeping with Republic Act No. 9645, which was signed on June 12, 2009, July 27 was designated a special national working holiday every year since 2009, in honour of the foundation of the Iglesia ni Cristo in 1914.[10] The INC is the largest indigenous Christian church in Asia.
October 21 National Day of Celebration Araw ng Pambansang Pagdiriwang Movable Presidential Proclamation No. 481 declared Sunday, 21 October 2012 as a national day of celebration for the canonisation of Saint Pedro Calungsod, the second Filipino saint.[11]
October 25 (2014) Islamic New Year Unang Buwan ng Muharram Movable

Former holidays[edit]

Independence Day used to be celebrated on July 4, the day in 1946 that the United States had granted independence, intentionally coinciding with the American Independence Day. On 12 May 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared Tuesday, 12 June a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence."[12] On 4 August 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed the 4 July holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed 12 June as "Philippine Independence Day", and enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites.[13]

In 1955, President Ramon Magsaysay issued Presidential Proclamation No. 212, s. 1955, which established the observance of Philippine–American Day every November 15, the anniversary of the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.[14][15] Sometime during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine–American Day was renamed "Philippine–American Friendship Day" and moved to July 4, overshadowing the observance of the date as Philippine Republic Day. After the Third Republic and the 1935 Constitution were discarded by Martial Law, it was impolitic to remind the public of the old republic. This is why, when President Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 2346 s. 1984, reference was made to Philippine–American Friendship Day, which was relegated to a working holiday without mention of Philippine Republic Day.[14]

During the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino, the practice of celebrating Philippine–American Friendship Day and Philippine Republic Day as a non-working holiday was formally abolished. Section 26 of the Administrative Code of 1987 specified a list of regular holidays and nationwide special days that did not include July 4.[16]

"Holiday Economics"[edit]

Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo usually issues proclamations moving the holiday to Friday if a holiday falls on a Wednesday or Thursday, or to Monday if a holiday falls on a Tuesday. The sole purpose is to enable government and private employees to enjoy a three day weekend holiday. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, coining the term holiday economics, introduced the policy in 2001 to reduce disruption to business and production schedules, encourage domestic tourism and give employees long weekends.[17] In 2004 she issued a proclamation making Christmas Eve as special non-working holiday and December 27, the Monday after Christmas as special non-working holiday.

On July 25, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed into law Republic Act (RA) 9492 also known as "An Act Rationalizing the Celebration of National Holidays", designating 11 Regular Holidays and three Nationwide Special Holidays.[18] Specific dates or days for celebration are designated. The law provides that holidays falling on a Wednesday will be observed on the Monday of the week and that holidays falling on a Sunday, the holiday will be observed on the Monday that follows. Three holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Eidul Fitr) are designated as having movable dates, and the law provides that for movable holidays the President shall issue a proclamation, at least six months prior to the holiday concerned, the specific date that shall be declared as a non-working day. Though it was allowed by RA 9492, Labor Day was never moved to another date by President Arroyo at the request of labor groups.[19]

While Arroyo's "holiday economics" has been praised for boosting domestic tourism and for encouraging more quality time among members of Filipino families, businessmen are complaining over lost productivity and the hassle of preparing mandatory holiday and overtime salaries in a short period of time.[citation needed] Others deplored it as presidential tinkering with history via executive fiat.[17]

The final two weeks of 2008 have the largest number of holidays based on Presidential Proclamation 1463[20] with offices closed from December 25, 2008 until January 4, 2009.

The current President Benigno Aquino III decided to stay away from "holiday economics" to commemorate the holidays on their original dates and to avoid disruptions to the economy.[21][22]

Local observance[edit]

Philippine cities, municipalities, or barangays, often observe one or more holidays. Being a predominantly Catholic country, these are usually the feasts of the locale's one or more patron saints.

Secular observances usually mark a government's founding day or the birth or death of a prominent native. These are often celebrated with parades, processions, entertainment, and feasting, as well as whatever local customs are traditional.

Local holidays for the most part are applicable only to the immediate area concerned, and barangay fiestas do not usually warrant a public holiday for the area unless otherwise ordered.

Date English name Filipino name Details
January 12 Valencia City Charter Day N/A This regular holiday applies to Valencia City only.
Third Sunday of January Sinulog This regular holiday applies to Cebu and Tacloban only, honors the Santo Niño
January 23 1899 Republic Day Araw ng Republikang Filipino, 1899 This is only celebrated in the province of Bulacan honoring the 1899 proclamation of the Republic in Malolos, the capital city, with plans to make it a national holiday
February 3 Blas Ople Birth Anniversary N/A This is only celebrated in the province of Bulacan. Celebrates the birth of Blas Ople
February 5 Biñan Liberation Day N/A This special working holiday applies to Biñan, Laguna only.[23]
February 9 Mandaluyong Liberation and Cityhood Day N/A This regular holiday applies to Mandaluyong City only, honoring the 1945 liberation of Mandaluyong and its 1995 elevation to cityhood.
February 11 Evelio Javier Day'[24]' N/A This special non-working holiday applies to the provinces of Antique, Capiz, Aklan, and Iloilo only.
February 13 Parañaque Day Araw ng Parañaque This regular holiday applies to Parañaque City only.
February 14 Valenzuela City Day Araw ng Lungsod ng Valenzuela This special working holiday applies to Valenzuela City only[25]
February 24 Cebú City Charter Day N/A This regular holiday applies to Cebu City only.
February 21–27 Musikahan Festival This regular holiday applies to Tagum City only.
March 1 Muntinlupa City Charter Day N/A This special non-working holiday applies to Muntinlupa City only.[26]
March 7 Tagum City Day Araw ng Tagum Commemorating the elevation of then Tagum municipality into the first component city of Davao del Norte. This regular holiday applies to Tagum City only.
March 8 Compostella Valley Day N/A This special working holiday applies to Compostela Valley only.[27]
March 10 Cavite Day Araw ng Cavite This special working holiday applies only in province of Cavite only.
March 16 Davao City Day Araw ng Dabaw Commemorating the signing of the Davao Charter, creating the City of Davao. This special non-working holiday applies to Davao City only.[28]
March 18 Panay Liberation Day N/A This regular holiday applies to all provinces and cities on the islands of Guimaras, Panay and Romblon[29]
March 22 Malaybalay City Charter Day N/A This special working holiday applies to Malaybalay only.[30]
March 27 San Juan Day Araw ng San Juan This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only.
April 21 Calamba City' Day' Araw ng Calamba Commemorating the signing of the Calamba Charter, creating the City of Calamba. This special non-working holiday applies to Calamba City only.
May 4 Ilagan' Day' Aggaw na Ilagan Celebrating the foundation of Ilagan City. This special non-working holiday applies to Ilagan City only.
May 27 San Jose Parish Fiesta Fiesta ni Senior San Jose Special Non Working holiday which only applies to Matalom, Leyte for the celebration of its fiesta celebration in honor of Saint Joseph.
June 1 Biray Festival Araw ng Imahen ng Birheng Maria Honor to the blessed Virgin Mary as part of the Flores de Mayo in Belison, Antique. This special non-working holiday applies to Belison, Antique only.
June  11 Rizal Province Day Araw ng Rizal This special non-working holiday applies to Rizal province only.
June 15 Cagayán de Oro Charter Day N/A This special non-working holiday applies to Cagayán de Oro City only.[31]
June 18 Naga City Charter Anniversary N/A This regular holiday applies to Naga City only.
June 18 Benguet Foundation Day N/A This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Benguet only.[32]
June 19 Surigao del Sur Day Araw ng Surigao del Sur This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao del Sur only.[33]
June 19 Surigao del Norte Day Araw ng Surigao del Norte This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao del Norte only.
June 19 Feast of Forest Pista ng Kagubatan This special working holiday applies to Palawan only.[34]
June 19 Laguna Day Araw ng Laguna This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Laguna only. This also commemorates Dr. Jose Rizal's birthday.
June 19 Calambanga Festival Araw ng Calamba This special non-working holiday applies to Calamba City only. This also commemorates Dr. Jose Rizal's birthday and a review of the history of Calamba.
June 21 Agusan del Sur Naliyagan Festival Special non-working holiday, Agusan Del Sur
June 24 Manila Day Araw ng Maynila This special non-working holiday applies to the city of Manila only. It honors the 1571 founding by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi.
June 24 San Juan Fiesta Pista ng San Juan This special non-working holiday applies to San Juan City only. This day commemorates St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of the City of San Juan also known as Wattah-Wattah San Juan Festival.
June 30 Tacloban Day and Tacloban City Charter Day Araw ng Tacloban This special non-working holiday applies to the city of Tacloban only.[35]
July 1 Tagbilaran City Charter Day N/A A day commemorating the creation of the City of Tagbilaran by virtue of Republic Act No. 4660 on July 1, 1966. This special non-working holiday applies only to Tagbilaran City.
July 1 Davao Region Day Araw (ng Rehiyon) ng Davao Day commemorating the creation of the three Davao provinces from then a "single" Davao province, now Davao Region. This regular public holiday applies to the provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental only.
July 1 Maramag Day Araw ng Maramag Day commemorating the recognition of Maramag, Bukidnon as a municipality by virtue of Executive Order 272, which was signed by President Carlos P. Garcia on July 1, 1956. This special non-working holiday applies only to the municipality of Maramag.
July 2 Pasig Foundation day Araw ng Pasig This special non-working holiday applies to Pasig City only. Remembers the founding of the city in 1573.
July 22 Bohol Day N/A A day commemorating the creation of the Province of Bohol by virtue of Act 2711 on 10 March 1917. This special non-working holiday applies only to the whole Province of Bohol.
July 23 Apolinario Mabini Day Kaarawan ni Apolinario Mabini This special working holiday applies to Tanauan, Batangas only.[36]
July 23 Batangas City Day Batangas City Foundation Day This special non-working holiday applies to Batangas City in commemoration to its founding.[37]
August 2 Butuan City Charter Day Adlaw Hong Butuan This holiday applies to Butuan City only.
August 2 Kabankalan City Charter Day Adlaw Kabankalan This holiday applies to Kabankalan City only.
August 6 Cebu Provincial Charter Day N/A This regular holiday applies to the province of Cebu only.
August 9 Ablan Day Kaarawan ni Ablan A commemoration of the birthday of Ilocos Norte's late governor and labor leader, Governor Roque B. Ablan Sr. in the Province of Ilocos Norte.[38]
August 17 Kadayawan Festival Davao Harvest Festival This special working holiday applies to the city of Davao only.
August 19 Manuel Luis Quezón Day Kaarawan ni Manuel Luis Quezón This special working holiday applies to the provinces of Quezon and Aurora, and to the city of Quezón only[39] in honor of the anniversary of the birth of the Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, born on this day in 1878.
August 31 Surigao City Charter Day N/A This special non-working holiday applies to Surigao City only.
September 1 Baguio Day Araw ng Lungsod ng Baguio Special non-working holiday only in Baguio City marking its foundation in 1909.
September 2 Nueva Ecija Day Araw ng Nueva Ecija This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Nueva Ecija only.
September 9 Osmeña Day N/A This regular holiday applies to Cebu only honoring the nation's 4th president on his birthday.
Second Friday — Third Sunday of September Peñafrancia Festival Pista ng Peñafrancia Applies only to Naga City and honors the miraculous image of Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the patroness of the Bicol Region.
September 9 San José del Monte City Day Araw ng Lungsod ng San José del Monte This regular holiday applies to San José del Monte City only.
September 10 Feast of San Nicolás de Tolentino N/A This regular holiday applies to Surigao City only.
September 13 Battle of Pulang Lupa Labanan sa Pulang Lupa This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Marinduque only. Remembers the patriotic victory in the 1903 Battle of Pulang Lupa
September 17 Siquijor Day Araw ng Siquijor This special non-working holiday applies to Siquijor only.[40]
September 18 Tacurong City Charter Day N/A This special working holiday applies to Tacurong City only.[41]
October 16 Oroquieta City Day Araw ng Lungsod ng Oroquieta This special non-working holiday applies to Oroquieta City only.[42]
October 19 Bacolod City Charter Day N/A This special non-working holiday only applies to Bacolod City.|-
October 20 Leyte Landing Day N/A This regular holiday applies to Tacloban only. Commemorates the very landing in Palo Beach in Leyte in 1944, the very event that signaled the liberation of the country in the Second World War.
November 4 President Carlos P. Garcia Day N/A A day commemorating the birth of Bohol's beloved son, President Carlos Polestico Garcia, the 8th President of the Republic of the Philippines. This special non-working holiday applies only to the whole Province of Bohol.
November 5 Negros Day N/A Also called Al Cinco de Noviembre, this special non-working holiday applies to the province of Negros Occidental only.[43] Honors the 1898 Negros Revolution and those who took part.
November 16 Quirino Day Araw ni Quirino To commemorate the birth anniversary of late President Elpidio Quirino as declared under Presidential Proclamation No. 1927 dated November 15, 1979 issued by the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos. This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Ilocos Sur only.
December 2 Pasay City Day Araw ng Pasay This special non-working holiday applies to Pasay City only, the city was founded on this day in 1863.
December 8 Taguig City Day Araw ng Siyudad ng Taguig As per Proclamation 81 signed December 1, 2010, Taguig City Day is celebrated henceforth every December 8. This special non-working holiday applies to Taguig City only.[44]
December 11 Pampanga Day Araw ng Pampanga Under the virtue of Proclamation no.2226 of late President Ferdinand Marcos. This special non-working holiday applies to the province of Pampanga only, celebrating its 1571 founding.
December 13 General Trias Foundation Day and Valenciana Festival N/A This special working holiday applies of General Trias, Cavite only.[45]
December 18 López Jaena Day N/A This regular holiday in Iloilo province and Iloilo City only.[46] Honors Graciano López Jaena and his contributions to the Propaganda Movement of the 1880s.
December 20 Feast Day of Santa Lucia N/A This day commemorates St. Lucy, the patron saint of the town of Santa Lucia in Ilocos Sur. This special non-working holiday applies to Santa Lucia, Ilocos Sur only

References[edit]

  1. ^ What’s the difference between a Regular Holiday and a Special Non-Working Day?. Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office http://www.gov.ph/whats-the-difference-between-a-regular-holiday-and-a-special-non-working-day/ |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Holidays - Basics of Philippine Labor Law
  3. ^ a b c Proclamation No. 655: DECLARING THE REGULAR HOLIDAYS, SPECIAL (NON-WORKING) DAYS, AND SPECIAL HOLIDAY (FOR ALL SCHOOLS) FOR THE YEAR 2014, September 25, 2013, Official Gazette of the Philippines
  4. ^ "DOLE reminds employers on pay guidelines for Holy Week holidays". GMA News and Public Affairs. April 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ Michael Lim Ubac (August 2, 2013). "Eid’l Fitr declared a holiday". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Philippines Public Holidays 2013 & 2014". Public Holidays Philippines. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ Louis Bacani (October 4, 2013). "PNoy declares October 15 a holiday for Eidul Adha". PhilStar. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Proclamation No. 1841". [1]. July 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Proclamation No. 154, s.2011". Government of the Philippines. June 2011. 
  10. ^ July 27 is “Iglesia ni Cristo Day” — Malacañang, balita-dot-ph, July 7, 2009
  11. ^ Archdiocese welcomes holiday for Pedro, newsinfo-dot-inquirer-dot-net, October 12, 2012
  12. ^ Diosdado Macapagal, Proclamation No. 28 Declaring June 12 as Philippine Independence Day, Philippine History Group of Los Angeles, retrieved 2009-11-11 
  13. ^ AN ACT CHANGING THE DATE OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE DAY FROM JULY FOUR TO JUNE TWELVE, AND DECLARING JULY FOUR AS PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC DAY, FURTHER AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE SECTION TWENTY-NINE OF THE REVISED ADMINISTRATIVE CODE, Chanrobles Law Library, August 4, 1964, retrieved 2009-11-11 
  14. ^ a b Philippine Republic Day, Official Gazette (Philippines), retrieved 2012-07-05 
  15. ^ "PROCLAMATION NO. 212". Government of the Philippines. November 4, 1955. 
  16. ^ "Administrative Code of 1987". Chan Robles Law Library. July 25, 1987. 
  17. ^ a b Holiday economics now a law, Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 25, 2007, retrieved 2007-12-02 
  18. ^ An Act Rationalizing the Celebration of National Holidays, Chan Robles Law Library, July 25, 2007, retrieved 2010-08-30 
  19. ^ President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's Speech during the 29th National Conference of Employers by the Employers Confederation of the Philippines (ECOP), May 15, 2008, Office of the President of the Philippines.
  20. ^ Thea Alberto, Jan. 2 a non-working holiday--Palace, December 24, 2008, Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  21. ^ "Aquino cites reasons for doing away with holiday economics". GMA News and Public Affairs. December 21, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  22. ^ "No more holiday economics, says PNoy". ABS-CBN Interactive. December 21, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ AN ACT DECLARING FEBRUARY 5 OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BIÑAN, PROVINCE OF LAGUNA TO BE KNOWN AS "BIÑAN LIBERATION DAY", April 10, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  24. ^ AN ACT DECLARING FEBRUARY 11 OF EACH YEAR GOVERNOR EVELIO B. JAVIER DAY, A SPECIAL NON-WORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN THE PROVINCES OF ANTIQUE, CAPIZ, AKLAN AND ILOILO, June 3, 1992, retrieved 2008-06-16 
  25. ^ AN ACT DECLARING FEBRUARY 14 OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF VALENZUELA TO BE KNOWN AS "ARAW NG LUNGSOD NG VALENZUELA", April 10, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  26. ^ AN ACT DECLARING THE FIRST DAY OF MARCH OF EVERY YEAR AS A SPECIAL NON-WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF MUNTINLUPA TO BE KNOWN AS THE MUNTINLUPA CITY CHARTER DAY (– Scholar search), February 21, 2003, retrieved 2008-08-16 [dead link]
  27. ^ AN ACT DECLARING MARCH 8 OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE ENTIRE PROVINCE OF COMPOSTELA VALLEY TO COMMEMORATE ITS FOUNDING ANNIVERSARY, April 10, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  28. ^ AN ACT DECLARING MARCH 16 OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL NON-WORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF DAVAO, TO BE KNOWN AS "ARAW NG DABAW", February 23, 1994, retrieved 2009-04-02 
  29. ^ Subong, Elsa S. (18 March 2013). "Veterans seek to educate youth on country’s history". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  30. ^ AN ACT DECLARING MARCH 22 OF EVERY YEAR AS MALAYBALAY CITY CHARTER DAY AND A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF MALAYBALAY IN ORDER TO COMMEMORATE THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE SAID CITY, August 21, 2000, retrieved 2012-06-17 
  31. ^ AN ACT DECLARING JUNE FIFTEEN OF EVERY YEAR AS A SPECIAL NON-WORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN CAGAYÁN DE ORO CITY TO BE KNOWN AS CAGAYÁN DE ORO CITY CHARTER DAY, January 10, 1994, retrieved 2008-05-09 
  32. ^ AN ACT DECLARING JUNE EIGHTEEN OF EVERY YEAR AS A SPECIAL NON-WORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN THE PROVINCE OF BENGUET, January 10, 1994, retrieved 2008-05-09 
  33. ^ AN ACT DECLARING JUNE NINETEEN OF EVERY YEAR AS 'ARAW NG SURIGAO DEL SUR' AND SPECIAL NON-WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE ENTIRE PROVINCE, January 10, 1994, retrieved 2008-05-09 
  34. ^ AN ACT DECLARING JUNE NINETEEN OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF PUERTO PRINCESA AND THE PROVINCE OF PALAWAN AS PISTA Y ANG KAGUEBAN., January 19, 2001, retrieved 2012-06-17 
  35. ^ AN ACT DECLARING JUNE THIRTY OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL NONWORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN TACLOBAN CITY, PROVINCE OF LEYTE, TO BE KNOWN AS "TACLOBAN DAY", January 10, 1994, retrieved 2008-05-09 
  36. ^ AN ACT DECLARING JULY 23 OF EACH YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF TANAUAN, PROVINCE OF BATANGAS TO BE KNOWN AS "APOLINARIO MABINI DAY", April 10, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  37. ^ Official Website of the Local Government of Batangas City 
  38. ^ http://www.chanrobles.com/republicacts/republicactno6941.html#.Ujfnj9LPWY0 An Act declaring August Nine of every year as Governor Roque B. Ablan, Sr. day, a special holiday in the province of Ilocos Norte
  39. ^ AN ACT DECLARING AUGUST NINETEEN OF EACH YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE PHILIPPINES AND A SPECIAL NON-WORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN THE PROVINCES OF QUEZÓN AND AURORA AND QUEZÓN CITY, TO COMMEMORATE THE BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF FORMER PRESIDENT MANUEL L. QUEZON, August 4, 1989, retrieved 2008-08-16 
  40. ^ AN ACT TO DECLARE THE SEVENTEENTH DAY OF SEPTEMBER OF EVERY YEAR AS A NON-WORKING SPECIAL PUBLIC HOLIDAY FOR THE PROVINCE OF SIQUIJOR TO BE KNOWN AS SIQUIJOR DAY, January 10, 1994, retrieved 2008-05-09 
  41. ^ AN ACT DECLARING SEPTEMBER 18 OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF TACURONG, PROVINCE OF SULTAN KUDARAT, TO COMMEMORATE ITS CHARTER DAY ANNIVERSARY, April 10, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  42. ^ AN ACT DECLARING OCTOBER SIXTEEN OF EVERY YEAR AS A SPECIAL NONWORKING HOLIDAY IN THE CITY OF OROQUIETA TO BE KNOWN AS OROQUIETA CITY DAY, January 10, 1994, retrieved 2008-05-09 
  43. ^ Republic Act No. 6709, February 10, 1989, Chan Robles Law Li brary.
  44. ^ Presidential proclamation No.81 s.2010, Office of the President.
  45. ^ AN ACT DECLARING DECEMBER 13 OF EVERY YEAR A SPECIAL WORKING HOLIDAY IN GENERAL TRIAS IN THE PROVINCE OF CAVITE, April 10, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  46. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6155 - AN ACT DECLARING DECEMBER EIGHTEENTH OF EACH YEAR AN OFFICIAL PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN THE CITY AND PROVINCE OF ILOILO TO COMMEMORATE THE BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA". Chan Robles. Retrieved 18 March 2013.