Outline of Russia

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Russian Federation (orthographic projection) - Crimea disputed.svg
An enlargeable map of the Russian Federation

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Russia.

The Russian Federation, commonly known as Russia, is the most extensive country in the world, covering 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), more than an eighth of the Earth’s land area.[1] Russia is a transcontinental country extending across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe; it spans 11 time zones and incorporates a great range of environments and landforms. With 143 million people, Russia is the eighth most populated country. Russia has the world's largest mineral and energy resources, has the world's largest forest reserves, and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the Earth's fresh liquid water.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable map of Russia

Geography of Russia[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Russia
Main article: Geography of Russia
 Kazakhstan 6,846 km
 China 3,645 km
 Mongolia 3,441 km
 Ukraine 1,576 km
 Finland 1,313 km
 Belarus 959 km
 Georgia 723 km, including:
 Abkhazia 255 km[2]
 South Ossetia 70 km[2]
 Poland 432 km
 Latvia 292 km
 Estonia 290 km
 Azerbaijan 284 km
 Lithuania 227 km
 Norway 196 km
 North Korea 18 km
  • Coastline: 37,653 km[3]

Environment of Russia[edit]

A satellite image of Russia
Main article: Environment of Russia

Geographic features of Russia[edit]

Regions of Russia[edit]

Ecoregions of Russia[edit]

Subdivisions of Russia[edit]

Republics of Russia[edit]
Republics of Russia.png
  1. Republic of Adygea
  2. Altai Republic
  3. Republic of Bashkortostan
  4. Buryat Republic
  5. Republic of Dagestan
  6. Republic of Ingushetia
  7. Kabardino-Balkar Republic

8. Republic of Kalmykia
9. Karachay–Cherkess Republic
10. Republic of Karelia
11. Komi Republic
12. Mari El Republic
13. Republic of Mordovia
14. Sakha (Yakutia) Republic

15. Republic of North Ossetia–Alania
16. Republic of Tatarstan
17. Tuva Republic
18. Udmurt Republic
19. Republic of Khakassia
20. Chechen Republic
21. Chuvash Republic

Oblasts of Russia[edit]
Oblasts of Russia.png

1. Amur Oblast
2. Arkhangelsk Oblast
3. Astrakhan Oblast
4. Belgorod Oblast
5. Bryansk Oblast
6. Chelyabinsk Oblast
7. Chita Oblast
8. Irkutsk Oblast
9. Ivanovo Oblast
10. Kaliningrad Oblast

11. Kaluga Oblast
12. Kemerovo Oblast
13. Kirov Oblast
14. Kostroma Oblast
15. Kurgan Oblast
16. Kursk Oblast
17. Leningrad Oblast
18. Lipetsk Oblast
19. Magadan Oblast
20. Moscow Oblast

21. Murmansk Oblast
22. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
23. Novgorod Oblast
24. Novosibirsk Oblast
25. Omsk Oblast
26. Orenburg Oblast
27. Oryol Oblast
28. Penza Oblast
29. Pskov Oblast 30. Rostov Oblast

31. Ryazan Oblast
32. Sakhalin Oblast
33. Samara Oblast
34. Saratov Oblast
35. Smolensk Oblast
36. Sverdlovsk Oblast
37. Tambov Oblast
38. Tomsk 39. Tver Oblast
40. Tula Oblast

41. Tyumen Oblast
42. Ulyanovsk Oblast
43. Vladimir Oblast
44. Volgograd Oblast
45. Vologda Oblast
46. Voronezh Oblast
47. Yaroslavl Oblast

Krais of Russia[edit]
Krais of Russia.png

1.Altai Krai
2.Kamchatka Krai
3.Khabarovsk Krai

4.Krasnodar Krai
5.Krasnoyarsk Krai
6.Perm Krai

7.Primorsky Krai
8.Stavropol Krai
9.Zabaykalsky Krai

Autonomous oblasts of Russia[edit]
Autonomous oblast of Russia.png
Russia has one autonomous oblast (autonomous province), the Jewish Autonomous Oblast (shaded dark blue).
Autonomous okrugs of Russia[edit]
Autonomous districts of Russia.png

1. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
2. Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
3. Nenets Autonomous Okrug
4. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Federal cities of Russia[edit]
Federal cities of Russia.png
  1. Moscow
  2. Saint Petersburg
Municipalities of Russia[edit]

Demographics of Russia[edit]

Government and politics of Russia[edit]

Russia has made its choice in favor of democracy. Fourteen years ago, independently, without any pressure from outside, it made that decision in the interests of itself and interests of its people — of its citizens. This is our final choice, and we have no way back. There can be no return to what we used to have before. And the guarantee for this is the choice of the Russian people, themselves. No, guarantees from outside cannot be provided. This is impossible. It would be impossible for Russia today. Any kind of turn towards totalitarianism for Russia would be impossible, due to the condition of the Russian society.

Vladimir Putin, statement in press release, Office of the White House Press Secretary, United States (February 24, 2005). "President and President Putin Discuss Strong U.S.-Russian Partnership"
Main article: Government of Russia and Politics of Russia

Branches of the government of Russia[edit]

Main article: Government of Russia

Executive branch of the government of Russia[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Russia[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Russia[edit]

Main article: Judiciary of Russia

Foreign relations of Russia[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Russian Federation is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Russia[edit]

Main article: Law of Russia

Military of Russia[edit]

Main article: Military of Russia

Local government in Russia[edit]

History of Russia[edit]

Main articles: History of Russia, Timeline of Russian history, and Current events of Russia

History of Russia, by period[edit]

History of Russia, by Region[edit]

Republics[edit]

Krais[edit]

Oblasts[edit]

Federal cities[edit]

History of Russia, by subject[edit]

Culture of Russia[edit]

Main article: Russian culture and Russians

Art in Russia[edit]

Sports in Russia[edit]

Main article: Sports in Russia

Economy and infrastructure of Russia[edit]

Russian currency: The Ruble
Main article: Economy of Russia

Education in Russia[edit]

Main article: Education in Russia

See also[edit]

Main article: Russia

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Russia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c Russia recognizes Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states, thus bordering in total 16 countries, more than any other country. If only widely recognized states counted, Russia ties with China, each bordering 14 countries.
  3. ^ Russia also borders the Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Russia

  • Interfax.com—News agency based in Moscow
  • Russia Profile English-language information service
  • RussGUS Bibliographic database of German publications on Russia (about 175 000 positions)
Government resources