Jackstay

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A Jackstay is a cable or bar between two points to support and guide a load between those points, or as an anchor to attach something to be constrained along that line. The term is mostly used in a marine context and originated on sailing ships. In diving it is also a line to guide the movements of a diver between the endpoints.

Nautical applications[edit]

Form of jackstay also called a spanwire by the US Navy used to support a hose for refuelling at sea
Personnel transfer from USS Rankin by highline, a form of jackstay, 1960.

Jackstays are used in several maritime applications. These include:

  • Support and guidance for transfer of personnel and materials between vessels at sea (Replenishment at sea), suspended from a traveller block and controlled by lines running in both directions.[1]
  • Support and guidance for rescue or transport by breeches buoy,
  • A rope or rod secured along a vessel's spar to attach an edge of a sail or the end of a gaff,[2]
  • A line secured at both ends and tensioned, for use as a support for an awning.[2]
  • A safety line for attaching a safety harness to arrest or prevent a fall, common on sailing yachts, and a requirement on racing yachts, where they are used to reduce the risk of going overboard while working on deck. In this application a webbing strap is often used as it will not roll underfoot. Also recently used on the yards of square rigged training vessels (wire rope).[3]

Diving jackstay[edit]

Jackstay search pattern using two fixed jackstays to define the search area and a movable jackstay to guide the divers on each leg of the search
Snagline search pattern using jackstays to define the search area and guide the divers who drag a line between them to snag the target

A diving jackstay is a form of guideline laid between two points to guide the diver during a search or to and from the workplace or to support and guide equipment for transport between two points. A downline is a diving jackstay from an anchor point at or above the surface to the underwater workplace used to control descent, ascent and the transfer of tools, materials and other equipment between the surface and the workplace.[4]

Functions:

  • Guiding divers to and from the underwater workplace.
  • Guiding and supporting equipment and materials to and from the underwater worksite. Where simply lowering equipment or materials to the bottom may not put the load in the right place, a jackstay may be rigged to guide the load, which is loosely linked to the jackstay by a shackle or caribiner which slides along the taut line and guides the load to the correct place. This is both more efficient and reduces the risk of dropping the load on the diver.
  • Guiding divers in specific underwater search patterns. Jackstay searches use one or more lines to guide the divers in a search pattern to increase the probability of complete coverage of the search area. Jackstays may be stretched along the bottom or along the hull of a ship for this function. A moveable jackstay may spanned between fixed jackstays to guide the divers along each sweep of the search pattern, then moved by a specified distance along the fixed jackstays by the divers in preparation for the next sweep. In a snagline search, jackstays may be used to ensure that the divers cover the correct area.[5][6]

Gallery[edit]

Images of jackstays.

See also[edit]

  • Lifeline (diving) – A rope connecting the diver to an attendant, usually at the surface
  • Distance line , also known as Guide line – Line deployed by scuba divers for navigation
  • Safety harness – Equipment designed to protect from falling
  • Underway replenishment – Method of transferring fuel, munitions, and stores from one ship to another while under way
  • Breeches buoy – A crude rescue device for transport along a taut rope
  • Diving equipment – Equipment used to facilitate underwater diving

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, Joreph, ed. (1975). Jane's Dictionary of Naval Terms. London: Macdonald and Jane's Limited. ISBN 0 356 08258 X.
  2. ^ a b "Jackstay". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  3. ^ Purser, Adam; Purser, Debbie. "A Tall Ship Guide from Classic Sailing" (PDF). www.classic-sailing.co.uk. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  4. ^ Barsky, Steven M.; Christensen, Robert W. (2004). The Simple Guide to Commercial Diving. Hammerhead Press. pp. 78, 92–93. ISBN 9780967430546.
  5. ^ Larn, Richard; Whistler, Rex (1993). Commercial Diving Manual (3rd ed.). Newton Abbott, UK: David and Charles. ISBN 0-7153-0100-4.
  6. ^ Hanekom, Paul; Truter, Pieter (February 2007). "Section 17: Seabed searches". Diver Training Handbook (3rd ed.). Cape Town, South Africa: Research Diving Unit, University of Cape Town.