List of United States Military Academy alumni

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Several West Point cadets tossing their hats in the air at graduation
Traditional hat toss at the 200th anniversary graduation ceremony at the United States Military Academy in June 2002
Logo of the Military Academy

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York with the mission of educating and commissioning officers for the United States Army. The Academy was founded in 1802 and is the oldest of the United States' five service academies. It is also called The Academy, The Point, and West Point. The Academy graduated its first cadet, Joseph Gardner Swift, in October 1802. Sports media refer to the Academy as "Army" and the students as "Cadets"; this usage is officially endorsed.[1] The football team is also known as "The Black Knights of the Hudson" and "The Black Knights".[1][2][3] A small number of graduates each year choose the option of entering the United States Air Force, United States Navy, or United States Marine Corps. Before the founding of the United States Air Force Academy in 1955, the Academy was a major source of officers for the Air Force and its predecessors. Most cadets are admitted through the congressional appointment system.[4][5] The curriculum emphasizes the sciences and engineering fields.[6][7]

The list is drawn from graduates, non-graduate former cadets, current cadets, and faculty of the Military Academy. Notable graduates include 2 American Presidents, 4 additional heads of state, 18 astronauts, 74 Medal of Honor recipients,[8] 70 Rhodes Scholars,[9] and 3 Heisman Trophy winners. Among American universities, the academy is fourth on the list of total winners for Rhodes Scholarships, seventh for Marshall Scholarships and fourth on the list of Hertz Fellowships.[10]

Contents

Academicians[edit]

"Class year" refers to the alumni's class year, which usually is the same year they graduated. However, in times of war, classes often graduate early. For example, there were two classes in 1943 - January 1943 and June 1943.
Name Class year Notability References
Smith, Francis HenneyFrancis Henney Smith 1833 Major General of Virginia Cadets and Colonel in the Virginia Militia; first and longest serving superintendent of Virginia Military Institute (1839–1889) [11]
Hill, Daniel HarveyDaniel Harvey Hill 1842 Lieutenant General in Confederate States Army; professor at Washington and Lee University and Davidson College; later the first president of the University of Arkansas (1877–1884) [12]
Lee, George Washington CustisGeorge Washington Custis Lee 1854 First Lieutenant US Army, Major General CSA; graduated first in his class at the Academy; father Robert E. Lee, class of 1829, graduated second in his class; President, Washington and Lee University (1871–1897) a[›][13]
Webb, Alexander S.Alexander S. Webb 1855 Major General; recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg for personal bravery and leadership repulsing Pickett's Charge; president of the City College of New York (1869–1902) [14][15]
Chaplin, Winfield ScottWinfield Scott Chaplin 1870 Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis (1891–1907), Dean of the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University. Faculty member at Maine State College, Imperial University in Tokyo, and Union College. [16]
Mearsheimer, JohnJohn Mearsheimer 1970 Served five years as an Air Force officer; political science professor at University of Chicago (1982–present); proponent of offensive realism [17]
Daniel H. Hill
Custis Lee

Superintendents of the United States Military Academy[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Thayer, SylvanusSylvanus Thayer 1808 Commanded the academy 1817–1833. Known as the "Father of the Military Academy" for his lasting and profound impact. He later had a lasting impact upon Dartmouth College where the Thayer School of Engineering is named after him. [18][19]
Lee, Robert E.Robert E. Lee 1829 Superintendent 1852–1855. Famous as a cadet for having never received a demerit. He was a rising star in the Army before the Civil War. At the beginning of the war, he swore his allegiance to Virginia and became the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. After the war, he became president of Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) in Lexington, Virginia. [20]
MacArthur, DouglasDouglas MacArthur 1903 Commanded the academy 1919–1922 as the academy recovered from the strain of producing officers for the First World War. Implemented sweeping changes that brought the academy into the modern age. Later Chief of Staff of the Army. Awarded the Medal of Honor in 1942 and was the Supreme Allied Commander in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Commanded the Allied Forces during the early years of the Korean War before being relieved by President Truman. [21]
Taylor, Maxwell D.Maxwell D. Taylor 1922 Superintendent immediately following WWII from 1945–1949, Taylor abolished horse cavalry tactics and made great strides towards modernizing the curriculum, as well as the formalization of the Cadet Honor Code. He was later the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. [22]
Westmoreland, WilliamWilliam Westmoreland 1936 After graduating as the highest ranking cadet in his class, he served as superintendent 1960–1963 before becoming head of allied forces in the Vietnam War. General Westmoreland was later the Chief of Staff of the Army. He is buried in the West Point Cemetery. [23]
Sylvanus Thayer
Douglas MacArthur

Astronauts[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Borman, FrankFrank Borman 1950 Commanded Gemini 7 and Apollo 8, first to orbit moon and to see far side of the Moon [24][25]
Aldrin, BuzzBuzz Aldrin 1951 Pilot of Gemini 12 and Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 11; 2nd person to walk on the moon [26][27]
White, Edward H.Edward H. White 1952 Pilot of Gemini 4, died in the Apollo 1 fire; first American to perform a spacewalk [27][28]
Scott, DavidDavid Scott 1954 Pilot of Gemini 8, Command Module Pilot of Apollo 9, and Commander of Apollo 15, walked on the moon. [27][29]
Mullane, RichardRichard Mullane 1967 Mission Specialist on STS-41-D, STS-27, and STS-36 [27][30]
McArthur, William S.William S. McArthur 1973 Mission Specialist on STS-58, STS-74, and STS-92; Commanded International Space Station Expedition 12 [27][31]
Kimbrough, ShaneShane Kimbrough 1989 Mission Specialist with Space Shuttle. Latest astronaut from West Point. Former pilot of Apache helicopters. [27][32]
McClain, AnneAnne McClain 2013 One of two most recent astronauts selected from West Point. Former pilot of OH-58 Kiowa helicopters. [27][33]
Morgan, AndrewAndrew Morgan 2013 One of two most recent astronauts selected from West Point. Former pilot of OH-58 Kiowa helicopters. [27][34]
Buzz Aldrin
Ed White

Sportspeople[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Daly, Charles DudleyCharles Dudley Daly 1905 "Godfather of West Point Football"; early promoter of American football [35]
Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard 1947 United States Air Force fighter pilot; combat veteran of Vietnam War; football player known as "Mr. Inside" who won the Heisman Trophy, Maxwell Award, and James E. Sullivan Award, all in 1945 [36]
Davis, Glenn WoodwardGlenn Woodward Davis 1947 Football player known as "Mr. Outside" who won the Maxwell Award (1944) and Heisman Trophy (1946) [37]
Dawkins, PetePete Dawkins 1959 Brigadier General; Heisman Trophy; Maxwell Award winner (1958); Rhodes Scholar; Ph.D. from Princeton University; paratrooper; recipient of two Bronze Stars during the Vietnam War; only cadet in history to simultaneously be Brigade Commander, President of his Class, captain of the football team, and a "Star Man" in the top five percent of his class academically [38]
Allen, AnitaAnita Allen 2000 Modern pentathlon 2004 Summer Olympics, placed 18th [39]
Melson, BoydBoyd Melson 2003 boxer, 2004 World Military Boxing Championships, gold medal (69-kg. weight class) [40]
Felix "Doc" Blanchard

Businesspeople[edit]

  • Henry A. du Pont, Class of 1861. President & general manager of Wilmington & Western Railroad (1879–1899).
  • Robert E. Wood, Class of 1900. Chairman and CEO of Sears, Roebuck (1939–1954). Responsible for shifting the company's focus from a mail-order catalog company to a department store retailer. Wood also started AllState Insurance as a subsidiary of Sears. During WWI, BG Wood served as the Quartermaster of the Army and also served as the chief quartermaster during the construction of the Panama Canal.
  • William T. Seawell, Class of 1941. Chairman & CEO Pan Am Airways (1971–1981).
  • Robert F. McDermott, Class of 1943. Former Chairman & CEO of United Services Automobile Association (USAA).
  • Rueben Pomerantz, Class of 1946. President of Holiday Inns of America (1969–1972).
  • John F. Donahue, Class of 1946. Founder and Chairman, Federated Investors ($400 Billion Dollar Asset Management Firm).
  • John G. Hayes, Class of 1949. President of Coca-Cola Bottling Company (1963).
  • Frank Borman, Class of 1950. President Eastern Airlines (1975–1986).
  • Walter F. Ulmer, Class of 1952. President and CEO of Center for Creative Leadership (1985–1994).
  • Randolph V. Araskog, Class of 1953. President, Chairman, CEO of ITT Communications.
  • Dana G. Mead, Class of 1957. Chairman and CEO of Tenneco (1994–1999), Chairman of MIT Corporation (since 2003).
  • Pete Dawkins, Class of 1959. Chairman and CEO of Primerica Financial Services, Vice-Chairman and EVP of Travelers Insurance, Vice Chairman of Bain and Company, Vice-Chairman of Citi Global Wealth Management, and currently Senior Partner at Flintlock Capital.
  • Fred Malek, Class of 1959. Founder and Chairman of Thayer Capital Partners, Chairman of Northwest Airlines.
  • Robert G. Morrison, Class of 1960. President and CEO of Taurus International Gun Manufacturing, Inc.
  • Frank J. Caufield, Co-Founder of venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers
  • Jim Kimsey, Class of 1962. Chairman and co-founder of AOL
  • Marshall Carter, Class of 1962. Chairman of the New York Stock Exchange (since 2005). Former Chairman and CEO of the State Street Bank and Trust Company.
  • Daniel W. Christman, Class of 1965. Superintendent of USMA from 1996 to 2001. Chairman of Ultralife Corporation, SVP of International Affairs for U.S. Chamber of Commerce (since 2003)
  • Ronald Naples, Class of 1967. Chief Accountability Officer for the State of Pennsylvania; Retired Chairman and CEO of Quaker Chemical Corporation.
  • Roland Smith, CEO of Office Depot & Office Max (since NOV 2013), former CEO of Wendy's and Arby's.
  • William P. Foley, II, Class of 1967, Former CEO and current Chairman of Fidelity National Information Services
  • James A. Smith, Class of 1967, Former CFO of JLL
  • Marshall Larsen, Class of 1970. Chairman and CEO of Goodrich, Corporation (since 2003)
  • Bob McDonald, Class of 1975. CEO of Procter & Gamble
  • Ken Hicks, Class of 1974. President and CEO of Foot Locker and former President of JCPenney
  • William Albrecht, Class of 1974. President of Occidental Oil and Gas.
  • Vincent Viola, Class of 1977. Former Chairman of NYMEX (2001–2004), CEO of VirtuFinancial and owner and member of Chairman's Council of the New Jersey Nets.
  • Joe DePinto, Class of 1986. CEO of 7-Eleven Corp.
  • Alex Gorsky, Class of 1982. CEO of Johnson & Johnson
  • Anthony J. Guzzi, Class of 1986. President and CEO of EMCOR Group, Inc. The world's largest specialty construction, facilities services, energy infrastructure provider and a Fortune 500 Company.
  • Albert Dunlap, CEO of Scott Paper and Sunbeam.
  • Keith McLoughlin, President and CEO of Electrolux
  • Anthony Noto, Class of 1991. EVP and CFO for National Football League.
  • Brad Hunstable, Class of 2001. Founder and President of Ustream.TV.

Engineers[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Gunnison, John WilliamsJohn Williams Gunnison 1837 Captain; topographical engineer; supervised one of the Pacific Railroad surveys in 1853; Gunnison, Colorado and Gunnison, Utah are named in his honor [41][42]
Warren, Gouverneur K.Gouverneur K. Warren 1850 Major General; commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg for the defense of Little Round Top, Chief of Engineers of the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War; participated in topographical and railroad explorations of the Mississippi River and trans-Mississippi West [43]
Poe, Orlando MetcalfeOrlando Metcalfe Poe 1856 Brigadier General; American Civil War; lighthouse, harbor, and river engineer; responsible for much of the early lighthouse construction on the Great Lakes; built the Poe Lock of the Soo Locks in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan; Poe Reef Light in Lake Huron is named in his honor [44]
Wilson, John MoulderJohn Moulder Wilson 1860 Brigadier General; recipient of the Medal of Honor for his for actions at the Battle of Malvern Hill though acutely ill; Superintendent of the Academy (1889–1893); Chief of Engineers (1897–1901) [14][45]
Oliver, Lunsford E.Lunsford E. Oliver 1913 Major General; initiated the research that led to the development of the steel treadway bridge; Commander of 5th Armored Division during World War II [46]
Casey, Hugh JohnHugh John Casey 1918 Major General; chief engineer of South West Pacific theatre of World War II in World War II; initial designer of The Pentagon [47]
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Lunsford E. Oliver

Government[edit]

Heads of state[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Davis, JeffersonJefferson Davis 1828 Mexican–American War veteran; U.S. Representative from Mississippi (1845–1846); U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1847–1851); United States Secretary of War (1853–1857); President of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865) [48]
Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant 1843 General of the Army of the United States; Mexican–American War; Siege of Vicksburg, Battle of Chattanooga, Siege of Petersburg, accepted Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House; 18th President of the United States (1869–1877) b[›][49]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower 1915 General of the Army; trained tank crews in Pennsylvania during World War I; World War II; commander of European Theater of Operations and Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (1942–1945); 1st Military Governor of American Occupation Zone in Germany (1945); President of Columbia University (1948–1950, 1952–1953); 1st Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1951–1952); 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) [50]
Somoza Debayle, AnastasioAnastasio Somoza Debayle 1946 General; Head of the Nicaraguan National Guard (1947–1967); President of Nicaragua (1967–1972; 1974–1979) [51]
Ramos, Fidel V.Fidel V. Ramos 1950 General; Korean War and Vietnam War veteran; Chief of the Philippine Constabulary (1970–1986); Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (1986–1988); Secretary of National Defense (1988–1991); President of the Philippines (1992–1998) [52]
Figueres, José MaríaJosé María Figueres 1979 Entered Costa Rican government service after graduating from the Academy; Minister of Foreign Trade (1986–1988); Minister of Agriculture (1988–1990); President of Costa Rica (1994–1998) [53]
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Fidel V. Ramos

Director of the Central Intelligence Agency[edit]

Cabinet members[edit]

Ambassadors[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Lawton, AlexanderAlexander Lawton 1839 Brigadier General CSA; graduated from Harvard Law School, class of 1842; seriously wounded at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862 and served as the Confederacy's second Quartermaster General for the remainder of the war; became president of the American Bar Association in 1882; served as minister to Austria-Hungary (1887–1889) b[›][54]
Longstreet, JamesJames Longstreet 1842 Major USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War; excelled in several battles during the American Civil War, including the Second Battle of Bull Run and Battle of Antietam; severely wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness; ambassador to the Ottoman Empire (1897–1904) b[›][55]
Rosecrans, WilliamWilliam Rosecrans 1842 Major General; commander Army of the Cumberland, Battle of Stones River, Tullahoma Campaign, Battle of Chickamauga; U.S. Minister to Mexico (1868–1969); U.S. Representative from California (1881–1885); Register of the Treasury (1885–1893) b[›][56]
Porter, HoraceHorace Porter 1860 Brigadier general; recipient of the Medal of Honor for his for actions at the Battle of Chickamauga; Ambassador to France (1897–1905) b[›][57][58]
Taylor, Maxwell DavenportMaxwell Davenport Taylor 1922 General; instituted the Cadet Honor Code at the Academy; commander of 101st Airborne Division (1944–1945); Chief of Staff of the Army (1955–1959); Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1962–1964); United States Ambassador to South Vietnam (1964–1965) a[›][59]
Horace Porter
Barry McCaffrey

Governors (civil)[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Hébert, Paul OctavePaul Octave Hébert 1840 Captain USA, Brigadier General in Confederate States Army; Mexican–American War; Governor of Louisiana (1853–1856); served at the Siege of Vicksburg and in Texas b[›][61]
Buckner, Simon BolivarSimon Bolivar Buckner 1844 Captain USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War; Battle of Fort Donelson, Battle of Perryville, Battle of Chickamauga; Governor of Kentucky (1887–1891) b[›][62]
Maury, Dabney H.Dabney H. Maury 1846 Lieutenant colonel USA, Major General CSA; son of Naval officer John Minor Maury; Mexican–American War, cavalry officer in Oregon and Texas; Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth, Siege of Vicksburg; United States Ambassador to Colombia (1887–1889) b[›][63]
Lee, FitzhughFitzhugh Lee 1856 Second Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars; First Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Opequon, led the last charge of the Confederates on 9 April 1865 at Farmville, Virginia; Governor of Virginia (1886–1890) b[›][64]
Marmaduke, John S.John S. Marmaduke 1857 Second Lieutenant US Army, Major General CSA; Utah War; Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Cape Girardeau, Red River Campaign, mortally wounded fellow Confederate general and West Point graduate Lucius M. Walker in a duel; Governor of Missouri (1885–1887) b[›][65]
Henry, Guy VernorGuy Vernor Henry 1861 Brigadier General; recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions repulsing an enemy attack at the Battle of Cold Harbor; son Major General Guy Vernor Henry Jr. is an Academy alumnus, Class of 1894; Governor of Puerto Rico (1898–1899) b[›][66][67]
Goethals, George WashingtonGeorge Washington Goethals 1880 Major General; chief engineer of the Panama Canal; Governor of the Panama Canal Zone (1914–1917) [68]
Schley, Julian LarcombeJulian Larcombe Schley 1903 Major General; World War I; topographic and civil engineer; Governor of the Panama Canal Zone (1926–1932); Chief of Engineers (1937–1941) [45]
Robert McLane
Simon Bolivar Buckner

Governors (military)[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Ruger, Thomas H.Thomas H. Ruger 1854 Major General; military engineer and lawyer; veteran of Civil War; military engineer and lawyer; military Governor of Georgia (1868); Superintendent of the Academy (1871–1876) a[›][69]
Merritt, WesleyWesley Merritt 1860 Major General; veteran of the Civil War and Spanish–American War; first Military Governor of the Philippines a[›][70]
Ames, AdelbertAdelbert Ames 1861 Major General; recipient of the Medal of Honor for his for continuing a fierce fight though severely wounded in his right thigh at First Battle of Bull Run; Governor of Mississippi (1868–1870) and (1874–1876); United States Senator from Mississippi (1870–1874) b[›][66][71]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower 1915 General of the Army; trained tank crews in Pennsylvania during World War I; World War II; commander of European Theater of Operations and Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (1942–1945); 1st Military Governor of American Occupation Zone in Germany (1945); President of Columbia University (1948–1950, 1952–1953); 34th President of the United States (1953–1961); 1st Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1951–1952) [50]
Caraway, PaulPaul Caraway 1929 High Commissioner of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (1961–1964) [72]
Adelbert Ames

Legislators[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Davis, JeffersonJefferson Davis 1828 Mexican–American War veteran; U.S. Representative from Mississippi (1845–1846); U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1847–1851); United States Secretary of War (1853–1857); president of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865) [48]
Marshall, HumphreyHumphrey Marshall 1832 Second Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War veteran with Kentucky militia; U.S. Representative from Kentucky (1849–1852), (1855–1859); resigned from the Confederate Army in June 1863; member of Second Confederate Congress b[›][73]
Rosecrans, WilliamWilliam Rosecrans 1842 Major General; commander Army of the Cumberland, Battle of Stones River, Tullahoma Campaign, Battle of Chickamauga; U.S. Minister to Mexico (1868–1969); U.S. Representative from California (1881–1885); Register of the Treasury (1885–1893) b[›][56]
Maxey, Samuel B.Samuel B. Maxey 1846 First Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; Battle of Shiloh, Siege of Port Hudson; United States Senator from Texas (1875–1887) b[›][74]
McClellan, George B.George B. McClellan 1846 Major General; developed the McClellan Saddle; organized the Army of the Potomac after the Union forces were defeated at First Battle of Bull Run, Peninsula Campaign, Battle of Antietam; son George B. McClellan, Jr. served as United States Representative from New York (1895–1903) and as Mayor of New York City (1904–1909) b[›][75]
Ames, AdelbertAdelbert Ames 1861 Major General; recipient of the Medal of Honor for his for continuing a fierce fight though severely wounded in his right thigh at First Battle of Bull Run; Governor of Mississippi (1868–1870) and (1874–1876); United States Senator from Mississippi (1870–1874) b[›][66][71]
du Pont, Henry A.Henry A. du Pont 1861 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions repulsing an enemy attack at the Battle of Cedar Creek; United States Senator from Delaware (1906–1917) b[›][66][76]
Henry Slocum
Jack Reed
Geoff Davis

Mayors[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 1915 Major General; first Hispanic graduate of the Academy; Pancho Villa Expedition; mayor and judge of Polvo, Mexico; commander of the 23rd Battalion, which was composed of Puerto Ricans and stationed in Panama during World War I; commander of 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team during World War II; founder of the Puerto Rico National Guard [79]
  • William Lewis Cabell, Class of 1850. Mayor of Dallas, Texas (1874–76, 1877–79, 1883–85)
  • Robert M. Isaac, Class of 1951. Mayor of Colorado Springs, Colorado (1979–1997)
  • Matthew Collier, Class of 1979. Mayor of Flint, Michigan (1988–1992)
  • William “Rusty” Bailey III, Class of 1994. Mayor of Riverside, California (2013 - )

Jurists[edit]

  • Montgomery Blair, Class of 1835, Attorney for Dred Scott in landmark 1857 Supreme Court Case Dred Scott v. Sandford. President Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet (1861–1864)
  • Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls, Class of 1855, Chief Justice Louisiana Supreme Court (1892–1911)
  • Richard Whitehead Young, Class of 1882. Philippines Supreme Court Justice (1899–1901)
  • Richard D. Cudahy, Class of 1948. Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
  • Mike Bowers, Class of 1963. Georgia's longest serving Attorney General (1981-1997)
  • Rhesa H. Barksdale, Class of 1966. U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (1990- )
  • Roy Moore, Class of 1969. Chief Justice Alabama Supreme Court (2001–2003)
  • Salvatore T. Sirna, Class of 1990. Judge, California Superior Court, Los Angeles County (2010- )

Law Enforcement and Intelligence figures[edit]

George Washington Goethals, Class of 1880
Hap Arnold, Class of 1907

Literary figures and actors[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Bourke, John GregoryJohn Gregory Bourke 1869 Captain at time of retirement, Private at the time of the Medal of Honor action; recipient of the Medal of Honor for gallantry in action at the Battle of Stones River, Tennessee; prolific diarist and author focusing on the Old West b[›][66][80]
  • Henry Martyn Robert, Class of 1857. Author of Robert's Rules of Order
  • John Wilson Ruckman, Class of 1883. First Editor, Journal of U.S. Artillery. Author of numerous technical articles on gunnery.
  • Cornelis DeWitt Willcox, Class of 1885.
  • Hal Moore, Class of 1945. Author of We Were Soldiers Once...And Young
  • James Salter, Class of 1945, prolific US author. Selected to The Academy of Arts and Letters.
  • Bill McWilliams, Class of 1955. Author of A Return To Glory.
  • Thomas M. Carhart, Class of 1966. Author of Lost Triumph, etc.
  • Gus Lee, Ex-Class of 1966 and an Honorary Member of the Class of 1970. Author of China Boy, Chasing Hepburn, etc.
  • Lucian Truscott IV, Class of 1969. Journalist and author of Dress Grey.
  • James R. McDonough, Class of 1970. Author of "Platoon Leader" and other works
  • French MacLean, Class of 1974. Military Historian; author of Custer's Best. Received John M. Carroll Award.
  • Brian Haig, Class of 1975. Novelist
  • James Carafano, Class of 1977. Author of Winning the Long War, etc.
  • Mark Valley, Class of 1987. TV and movie actor.
  • Tom McCafferty, Class of 1988. Movie and television actor.
  • Amy Efaw, Class of 1989. Author of Battle Dress.
  • Col. Gregory D. Gadson, Class of 1989. Movie Actor.
  • Col. Mark M. Boatner III, Class of June 1943, Author of "Civil War Dictionary" & "Encyclopedia of the American Revolution".

Military figures[edit]

Medal of Honor recipients[edit]

Civil War[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Robinson, John ClevelandJohn Cleveland Robinson 1839 ex Left the Academy after three years but joined the Army one year later; Major General in the American Civil War; awarded the MOH for valor in action in 1864 near Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia; Lieutenant Governor of New York (1873–1874); served two terms as the president of the Grand Army of the Republic b[›][14][81]
Hatch, John PorterJohn Porter Hatch 1845 Major General; fought in the Mexican War where he was breveted twice for bravery in battle; awarded the MOH for bravery at the Battle of South Mountain during the Maryland Campaign where he was wounded and had two mounts shot from underneath him; later served on the western frontier; retired to New York City and was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1893 b[›][66][82]
Willcox, Orlando B.Orlando B. Willcox 1847 Major General; awarded the MOH in 1895 for gallantry at the First Battle of Bull Run where he was captured; later released as part of a prisoner exchange and served in the Virginia and North Carolina theaters at the end of the war b[›][14][83]
Baird, AbsalomAbsalom Baird 1849 Major General; attended Washington & Jefferson College before graduating from West Point; earned fame for actions at the Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and Jonesborough; received the MOH in 1896 for his actions at Jonesborough; later received the French Légion d'honneur b[›][66][84]
Saxton, RufusRufus Saxton 1849 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for his defense at the Battle of Harpers Ferry; participated in the Pacific Railroad surveys in 1853; early abolitionist b[›][14][85]
Carr, Eugene AsaEugene Asa Carr 1850 Major General; recipient of the MOH for his defensive though wounded several times at the Battle of Pea Ridge b[›][66][70]
Tompkins, Charles HenryCharles Henry Tompkins 1851 ex Dropped out of the Academy after two years for unspecified reasons; Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for twice charging through the enemy's lines on 1 July 1861 near Fairfax, Virginia, making him the first Union officer of the Civil War to receive the Medal of Honor b[›][14][86]
Stanley, David S.David S. Stanley 1852 Major General; recipient of the MOH for his actions organizing a counterattack at the Second Battle of Franklin, commander of the IV Corps b[›][14][85]
Schofield, JohnJohn Schofield 1853 Lieutenant General; recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions leading an attack at the Battle of Wilson's Creek, Atlanta Campaign, Battle of Franklin, Battle of Nashville, Battle of Wyse Fork; commander of the Army of the Frontier, division commander in the XIV Corps; United States Secretary of War (1868–1869); Superintendent of the Academy (1876–1881); Commanding General of the United States Army (1888–1895); Military Governor of Virginia b[›][14][70]
Greene, Oliver DuffOliver Duff Greene 1853 Major; recipient of the MOH for his actions at the Battle of Antietam b[›][66][87]
Bliss, ZenasZenas Bliss 1854 Major General; recipient of the MOH for his actions at the Battle of Fredericksburg; formed the first unit of Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts b[›][66][88]
Howard, Oliver OtisOliver Otis Howard 1854 Major General; recipient of the MOH for his actions leading an attack at the Battle of Seven Pines despite wound which resulted in the loss of his right arm; led the campaign against Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce tribe; founder of Howard University; Superintendent of the Academy (1881–1882) b[›][66][89]
Webb, Alexander S.Alexander S. Webb 1855 Major General; recipient of the MOH for his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg for personal bravery and leadership repulsing Pickett's Charge; president of the City College of New York (1869–1902) b[›][14][15]
Arnold, AbrahamAbraham Arnold 1859 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for leading a cavalry charge against superior forces b[›][66][90]
Porter, HoraceHorace Porter 1860 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for his actions at the Battle of Chickamauga; United States Ambassador to France (1897–1905) b[›][14][58]
Wilson, John MoulderJohn Moulder Wilson 1860 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for his actions at the Battle of Malvern Hill despite acute illness; Superintendent of the Academy (1889–1893); Chief of Engineers (1897–1901) b[›][14][91]
Ames, AdelbertAdelbert Ames 1861 Major General; recipient of the MOH for his for continuing a fierce fight though severely wounded in his right thigh at First Battle of Bull Run; Governor of Mississippi (1868–1870) and (1874–1876); United States Senator from Mississippi (1870–1874) b[›][66][71]
Beaumont, Eugene B.Eugene B. Beaumont 1861 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the MOH for two separate actions at the Harpeth River in Tennessee and the Battle of Selma in Alabama b[›][66][92]
Benjamin, Samuel NichollSamuel Nicholl Benjamin 1861 Major; recipient of the MOH for actions as an artillery officer b[›][66][93]
du Pont, Henry A.Henry A. du Pont 1861 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the MOH for actions repulsing an enemy attack at the Battle of Cedar Creek; United States Senator from Delaware (1906–1917) b[›][66][76]
Henry, Guy VernorGuy Vernor Henry 1861 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for actions repulsing an enemy attack at the Battle of Cold Harbor; son Major General Guy Vernor Henry Jr. is an Academy alumnus, class of 1894; Governor of Puerto Rico (1898–1899) b[›][66][67]
Gillespie, Jr., George LewisGeorge Lewis Gillespie, Jr. 1862 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for carrying dispatches under withering fire at the Battle of Cold Harbor; Chief of Engineers (1901–1904) b[›][66][91]
Beebe, William SullyWilliam Sully Beebe 1863 Major; recipient of the MOH for actions during an assault on a fortified position b[›][66][94]
Benyaurd, William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison Benyaurd 1863 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the MOH for actions during reconnaissance and rallying his troops b[›][66][95]
Bourke, John GregoryJohn Gregory Bourke 1869 Captain at time of retirement, Private at the time of the Medal of Honor action; recipient of the MOH for gallantry in action at the Battle of Stones River, Tennessee; prolific diarist and author focusing on the Old West b[›][66][80]
Absalom Baird
Charles Henry Tompkins
Oliver Howard
Alexander Webb
Adelbert Ames
John Bourke

Indian Wars[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Godfrey, Edward SettleEdward Settle Godfrey 1867 Brigadier General; a Private during the Civil War before attending West Point; received the MOH for leading his men against Chief Joseph despite being severely wounded; led two platoons of Medal of Honor men at the burial of the Unknown Soldier from World War I b[›][96][97]
Hall, William PrebleWilliam Preble Hall 1868 Brigadier General; received the MOH for leading a small group to rescue an officer surrounded by 35 enemy; distinguished marksman with rifle and revolver b[›][96][98]
Carter, Robert GoldthwaiteRobert Goldthwaite Carter 1870 First Lieutenant; an enlisted soldier during the Civil War before attending West Point; received the MOH for repulsing the charge of a large hostile Indian force near the Brazos River in 1871 b[›][96][99]
Kerr, John BrownJohn Brown Kerr 1870 Brigadier General; received the MOH for actions against Brule Sioux along the White River, South Dakota b[›][96][100]
McClernand, Edward JohnEdward John McClernand 1870 Brigadier General; received the MOH for actions at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana in 1877 against Chief Joseph's tribe b[›][96][101]
Varnum, CharlesCharles Varnum 1872 Colonel; commander of the scouts for George Armstrong Custer in the Little Bighorn Campaign during the Black Hills War; recipient of the MOH for his actions in a conflict following the Battle of Wounded Knee b[›][96][102]
West, FrankFrank West 1872 Colonel; recipient of the MOH for rallying his men against a fortified position at the Battle of Big Dry Wash, Arizona, for which three other men also received the Medal of Honor: Thomas Cruse, George H. Morgan, and Charles Taylor b[›][96][103]
Carter, William HardingWilliam Harding Carter 1873 Major General; recipient of the MOH for rescuing two soldiers under heavy fire during the Comanche Campaign b[›][96][104]
Maus, Marion PerryMarion Perry Maus 1874 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for actions while commander of Apache scouts in the capture of Geronimo b[›][96][105]
Garlington, Ernest AlbertErnest Albert Garlington 1876 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for gallantry at the Battle of Wounded Knee b[›][96][106]
Gresham, John ChowningJohn Chowning Gresham 1876 Colonel; recipient of the MOH for gallantry at the Battle of Wounded Knee b[›][96][107]
Long, Oscar FitzalanOscar Fitzalan Long 1876 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for leadership under heavy fire at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana b[›][96][108]
Day, Matthias W.Matthias W. Day 1877 Colonel; recipient of the MOH for rescuing a wounded soldier under heavy fire after being ordered to retreat; member of the 9th Cavalry Regiment of the Buffalo Soldiers b[›][96][109]
Emmet, Robert TempleRobert Temple Emmet 1877 Colonel; recipient of the MOH for holding off 200 enemies with only himself and five men despite being surrounded; member of the 9th Cavalry Regiment of the Buffalo Soldiers b[›][96][110]
Wilder, Wilber ElliottWilber Elliott Wilder 1877 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for rescuing a wounded soldier under heavy fire; key figure in negotiating the surrender of the Apache chief Geronimo b[›][96][111]
Brett, Lloyd MiltonLloyd Milton Brett 1879 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for fearless exposure in cutting off the enemy's pony herd at O'Fallon's Creek, Montana, which greatly crippled their ability to fight b[›][96][112]
Cruse, ThomasThomas Cruse 1879 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for holding off the enemy, which enabled the rescue of wounded soldier at the Battle of Big Dry Wash, Arizona, for which three other men also received the Medal of Honor: Frank West, George H. Morgan, and Charles Taylor b[›][96][113]
Burnett, George RitterGeorge Ritter Burnett 1880 First Lieutenant; recipient of the MOH for rescuing stranded men under heavy enemy fire; one of his men, Augustus Walley, also received the Medal of Honor for this action, both members of the 9th Cavalry Regiment of the Buffalo Soldiers a[›]b[›][96]
Morgan, George HoraceGeorge Horace Morgan 1880 Colonel; recipient of the MOH for steadfastly holding his line against the enemy at the Battle of Big Dry Wash, Arizona, for which three other men also received the Medal of Honor: Thomas Cruse, Frank West, and Charles Taylor b[›][96][114]
Clarke, Powhatan HenryPowhatan Henry Clarke 1884 First Lieutenant; recipient of the MOH for saving a wounded man under heavy fire; later drowned while rescuing another man b[›][96][115]
Howze, Robert LeeRobert Lee Howze 1888 Major General; recipient of the MOH for bravery in action; once threatened to dismiss an entire class of plebes (freshmen) from the Academy for hazing; presided over the court-martial of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell b[›][96][116]
William Carter
Oscar Long
Matthias Day
Powhatan Clarke wearing his Medal of Honor
Robert Howze

Spanish–American War[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Mills, Albert LeopoldAlbert Leopold Mills 1879 Major General; recipient of the MOH for continuing to lead his men at the Battle of San Juan Hill despite being shot in the head and temporarily blinded; Superintendent of the Academy (1898–1906) b[›][117][118]
Heard, John WilliamJohn William Heard 1883 Major General; recipient of the MOH for repulsing an attack by a larger force while his unit was unloading supplies from a river boat b[›][117][119]
Roberts, Charles DuValCharles DuVal Roberts 1897 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for assisting a wounded man under heavy fire b[›][117][120]
Welborn, Ira ClintonIra Clinton Welborn 1898 Colonel; recipient of the MOH for assisting a wounded man under heavy fire b[›][117][121]
Albert Mills

Philippine–American War[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Birkhimer, William EdwardWilliam Edward Birkhimer 1870 Brigadier General; awarded the MOH for taking control of a bridge by charging and routing 300 of the enemy with 12 men b[›][122][123]
Parker, JamesJames Parker 1876 Major General; awarded the MOH for leadership of his men by repulsing a nighttime attack by a much larger enemy force b[›][122]
Bell, James FranklinJames Franklin Bell 1878 Major General; began his career with the 9th Cavalry Regiment, a black unit; awarded the MOH for attacking seven enemy soldiers alone b[›][122]
Logan, Jr., John A.John A. Logan, Jr. 1887 ex Major; awarded the MOH for actions while leading his small unit in an attack against a much larger enemy force b[›][122][124]
McGrath, Hugh J.Hugh J. McGrath 1880 Captain; awarded the MOH for actions against the enemy at a cave b[›][122]
Sage, William HampdenWilliam Hampden Sage 1882 Captain; awarded the MOH for swimming the San Juan River in the face of the enemy's fire and drove him from his entrenchment b[›][122]
Van Schaick, Louis JosephLouis Joseph Van Schaick 1900 ex Colonel; awarded the MOH for cavalry actions against hostile forces in a canyon b[›][122]
Wilson, Arthur HarrisonArthur Harrison Wilson 1904 Colonel; awarded the MOH for actions against hostile Moros b[›][122]
Kennedy, John ThomasJohn Thomas Kennedy 1908 Brigadier General; awarded the MOH for actions against the enemy at a cave b[›][122]
James Franklin Bell

Boxer Rebellion[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Lawton, Louis BowemLouis Bowem Lawton 1893 Major; recipient of the MOH for actions in combat despite being wounded three times b[›][125]
Titus, Calvin PearlCalvin Pearl Titus 1905 Lieutenant Colonel at time of retirement, Corporal at the time of the Medal of Honor action; admitted to the Academy because of his Medal of Honor during the Boxer Rebellion; became a Chaplain's assistant b[›][125][126]

Mexican Campaign (Vera Cruz)[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Fryer, Eli ThompsonEli Thompson Fryer 1901 ex Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for actions as a Marine company commander during the occupation of Vera Cruz b[›][127][128]
Eli T. Fryer

World War I[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Pike, Emory JenisonEmory Jenison Pike 1901 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the MOH for actions in combat organizing and leading units during heavy shelling despite being mortally wounded b[›][129][130]

World War II[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
MacArthur, DouglasDouglas MacArthur 1903 General of the Army, Field Marshal in the Philippine Army; United States occupation of Veracruz; Second Battle of the Marne, Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive during World War I; commander of the 42nd Infantry Division; Superintendent of the United States Military Academy (1919–1922); brigade commander in the Philippine Division; commander of the Philippine Department; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1930–1935); recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions during the Battle of Bataan, commander of the South West Pacific Area during World War II; Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers during the Occupation of Japan; Korean War; grandson of Wisconsin Governor Arthur MacArthur, Sr.; son of Lieutenant General and Medal of Honor recipient Arthur MacArthur, Jr. b[›][131][132]
Wainwright IV, Jonathan MayhewJonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV 1906 General; recipient of the MOH for defense of te Bataan and Corregidor; also noted for leadership while a prisoner of war (POW); present onboard USS Missouri (BB-63) for the surrender of Japan; returned to the Philippines to accept surrender of the local Japanese commander; his father, Robert Powell Page Wainwright, was member of the Academy Class of 1875 b[›][133][134]
Wilbur, William H.William H. Wilbur 1912 Brigadier General; recipient of the MOH for actions during the Allied landings in North Africa while attempting to negotiate a cease fire and leading combat actions against hostile forces b[›][133][135]
Craw, Demas T.Demas T. Craw 1924 Colonel, United States Army Air Forces; posthumous recipient of the MOH for ground actions during the Allied landings in North Africa while attempting to negotiate a cease fire b[›][136][137]
Johnson, Leon WilliamLeon William Johnson 1926 General, United States Army Air Corps and United States Air Force; recipient of the MOH for actions in aerial combat during the raid on the Ploesti, Romania oilfields b[›][138][139]
Castle, Frederick WalkerFrederick Walker Castle 1930 Brigadier General, United States Army Air Forces; posthumous recipient of the MOH for actions in aerial combat while leading a bombing mission over Belgium b[›][136][140]
Cole, Robert G.Robert G. Cole 1939 Lieutenant Colonel; 502nd Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division; recipient of the MOH for leading his battalion in a bayonet charge at Carentan, France during the Battle of Normandy; later killed in Best, Netherlands b[›][136][141]
Vance, Jr., Leon RobertLeon Robert Vance, Jr. 1939 Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army Air Corps; recipient of the MOH for actions in saving his bomber crew though he was severely wounded; Vance Air Force Base in his hometown of Enid, Oklahoma is named in his honor b[›][133][142]
Nininger, Alexander R.Alexander R. Nininger 1941 Second Lieutenant; recipient of the MOH for actions in Bataan, Philippines while a member of the Philippine Scouts, continued an attack even though wounded three times; first Army soldier awarded the Medal of Honor in World War II; First Division of Cadet Barracks at West Point is named in his honor b[›][131]
Daly, Michael J.Michael J. Daly 1945 ex Captain; dropped out of the Academy after one year to enlist so he could fight in World War II; received a battlefield commission; awarded the MOH for assaulting several enemy positions b[›][35][136]
Two Medal of Honor recipients and friends, MacArthur (l) and Wainwright (r), greet at the end of the war. Wainwright was just released from POW camp
Leon Johnson, at his Medal of Honor ceremony with the medal around his neck

Korea[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Coursen, Samuel S.Samuel S. Coursen 1949 First Lieutenant; recipient of the MOH for actions while helping rescue a wounded man and eliminating an enemy roadblock b[›][143]
Shea, Jr., Richard ThomasRichard Thomas Shea, Jr. 1952 First Lieutenant; recipient of the MOH for actions while leading a counterattack against a larger enemy force b[›][143]

Vietnam[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Jones, III, William AtkinsonWilliam Atkinson Jones, III 1945 Colonel, United States Air Force; recipient of the MOH for actions while helping rescue a downed pilot b[›][144][145]
Lucas, AndreAndre Lucas 1954 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the MOH for repulsing a much larger force over a 23-day period b[›][144][146]
Donlon, RogerRoger Donlon 1959 ex Dropped out of the Academy for personal reasons; Captain, later Colonel; recipient of the MOH for repulsing a much larger force b[›][144][147]
Versace, Humbert RoqueHumbert Roque Versace 1959 Captain; recipient of the MOH for his resistance to Viet Cong indoctrination efforts while a prisoner of war (POW); his struggle was chronicled in length by fellow POW Nick Rowe in the book Five Years to Freedom. b[›][148][149]
Gardner, James A.James A. Gardner 1965 ex Did not graduate; First Lieutenant; recipient of the MOH for actions leading his platoon in the relief of a company that was engaged with a larger enemy force b[›][144]
Reasoner, Frank S.Frank S. Reasoner 1962 First Lieutenant, United States Marine Corps; recipient of the MOH for actions leading reconnaissance patrol against a larger force and trying to save a wounded man b[›][148][150]
Foley, Robert F.Robert F. Foley 1963 Captain, later Lieutenant General; recipient of the MOH for actions on 11 November 1966 for rallying his unit in the face of superior enemy numbers and personally destroying three enemy strongpoints; West Point Commandant of Cadets (1996–1998); later president of Marion Military Institute; currently the director of the Army Emergency Relief Program b[›][144]
Bucha, Paul WilliamPaul William Bucha 1965 Captain; recipient of the MOH for actions leading his unit against a larger enemy for in Bình Dương Province, Vietnam; foreign policy adviser to Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign b[›][144][151]
Roger Donlon
Humbert Versace

Mexican-American War combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Totten, Joseph GilbertJoseph Gilbert Totten 1805 Major General; War of 1812, Mexican–American War, American Civil War; military and lighthouse engineer; Chief of Engineers (1838–1864) [45]
Ringgold, SamuelSamuel Ringgold 1818 Major; Mexican–American War veteran; developed several artillery innovations; first U.S. officer to fall in the Mexican-American War, perishing from wounds inflicted during the Battle of Palo Alto [152]
Mansfield, Joseph K.Joseph K. Mansfield 1822 Major General; Mexican–American War and American Civil War; civil engineer; mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam [153]
Davis, JeffersonJefferson Davis 1828 Mexican–American War veteran; U.S. Representative from Mississippi (1845–1846); U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1847–1851); United States Secretary of War (1853–1857); president of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865) [48]
Magruder, John B.John B. Magruder 1830 Major USA, Major General CSA, Major General in Imperial Mexican Army; Second Seminole War and Mexican–American War veteran; noted for deceptive delaying tactics [154]
Hamilton, Charles SmithCharles Smith Hamilton Major General; Mexican-American War and American Civil War veteran; wounded in the Battle of Molino del Rey; division commander during the Battle of Yorktown [155]
Samuel Ringgold

American Civil War combatants[edit]

Confederate States Army generals[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Cooper, SamuelSamuel Cooper 1815 Colonel USA, Adjutant General, 1852-1861; Adjutant and Inspector General General in the Confederate Army, 1861-1865, Highest-ranking General, CSA [156]
Johnston, Albert SidneyAlbert Sidney Johnston 1826 Colonel USA, General in the Republic of Texas, General in the Confederate States Army; graduated eighth in his class, commander of US forces in the Utah War, killed at the Battle of Shiloh
Lee, Robert E.Robert E. Lee 1829 Colonel USA, General CSA; graduated second in his class without demerits; son George Washington Custis Lee, class of 1854, graduated first in class; Commander, Army of Northern Virginia (1862–1865); General-in-Chief, Confederate States Army (1865); President, Washington and Lee University (1865–1870) a[›]b[›][157]
Magruder, John B.John B. Magruder 1830 Major in United States Army, Major General in Confederate States Army, Major General in Imperial Mexican Army;Second Seminole War and Mexican–American War veteran b[›][154]
Longstreet, JamesJames Longstreet 1842 Major in United States Army, Lieutenant General in Confederate States Army;Mexican–American War; excelled in several battles during the American Civil War, including the Second Battle of Bull Run and Battle of Antietam; severely wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness b[›][55]
Jackson, StonewallStonewall Jackson 1846 Major in United States Army, Lieutenant General in Confederate States Army; Mexican–American War; professor of natural and experimental philosophy and artillery at Virginia Military Institute (1851–1861); excelled in several battles during the American Civil War, including the First Battle of Bull Run where he received his nickname; accidentally shot by his own troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville and died of complications eight days later b[›][158]
Pickett, GeorgeGeorge Pickett 1846 Captain USA, Major General in the Confederate States Army; graduated last in his class, leader of Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg
Hood, John BellJohn Bell Hood 1853 Second Lieutenant USA, General CSA; offered a post as instructor at the Academy, but declined due to the impending war; brilliant commander in the field but less effective as a general
Stuart, J.E.B.J.E.B. Stuart 1854 Captain in United States Army, Major General in Confederate States Army; American Indian Wars; excelled in several battles during the American Civil War, including the Peninsula Campaign and Maryland Campaign b[›][159]
Robert E. Lee
Stonewall Jackson
John Bell Hood

Union Army generals[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Mansfield, Joseph K.Joseph K. Mansfield 1822 Major General; Mexican–American War; civil engineer; mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam; Fort Mansfield, a coastal artillery installation in Westerly, Rhode Island named in his honor b[›][153]
Meade, GeorgeGeorge Meade 1835 Major General; civil and lighthouse engineer; Second Seminole War, Mexican-American War; Battle of Antietam, Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Appomattox Campaign, defeated Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg, commander Army of the Potomac (1863–1865); Fort George G. Meade in Maryland, home of the National Security Agency named in his honor b[›][160]
Sherman, William TecumsehWilliam Tecumseh Sherman 1840 Major General; treated the demerit system at West Point with disdain, which lowered his class standing from fourth to sixth; Battle of Shiloh, Vicksburg Campaign, Chattanooga Campaign, Atlanta Campaign, Carolinas Campaign, led the brutal Savannah Campaign (March to the Sea) from Atlanta to Savannah that demoralized the South; Commanding General of the United States Army (1869–1883) b[›][161]
Grant, Ulysses S.Ulysses S. Grant 1843 General of the Army of the United States; Mexican–American War; Siege of Vicksburg, Battle of Chattanooga, Siege of Petersburg, accepted Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House; 18th President of the United States (1869–1877) b[›][49]
Hancock, Winfield ScottWinfield Scott Hancock 1844 Major General; Mexican-American War; Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, led the Army of the Potomac; Democratic Party nominee for President (1880) b[›][162]
McClellan, George B.George B. McClellan 1846 Major General; developed the McClellan Saddle; organized the Army of the Potomac after the Union forces were defeated at First Battle of Bull Run, Peninsula Campaign, Battle of Antietam; son George B. McClellan, Jr. served as United States Representative from New York (1895–1903) and as Mayor of New York City (1904–1909) b[›][75]
Sheridan, PhilipPhilip Sheridan 1853 General; Battle of Chattanooga, Overland Campaign, Valley Campaigns of 1864, used scorched earth tactics in the Shenandoah Valley and forced Lee's surrender in the Appomattox Campaign; American Indian Wars b[›][163]
Custer, George ArmstrongGeorge Armstrong Custer 1861 Major General; Battle of Antietam, Battle of Chancellorsville, leader of a charge at the Battle of Gettysburg that broke the back of the Confederate resistance; Battle of the Wilderness, Siege of Petersburg; Battle of the Washita, died at Battle of the Little Bighorn b[›][164]
Man with light beard and facing left in uniform with two vertical columns of buttons
William Tecumseh Sherman (1840)
Man with light beard sitting down in suit with vest and bow tie
Ulysses S. Grant (1843)
Man with moustache sitting down with arm on table in uniform with two columns of buttons
Philip Sheridan (1853)

Indian Wars combatants & Buffalo Soldiers[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Liggett, HunterHunter Liggett 1879 Lieutenant General; Indian Wars; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; in 1914 predicted that an invasion of the Philippines would occur through the Lingayen Gulf, which occurred twice in World War II; division and corps commander in World War I [165]
Henry Ossian Flipper, Class of 1877, first African American graduate

Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Bliss, Tasker H.Tasker H. Bliss 1875 General; Spanish-American War; division commander in Philippine–American War; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1917–1918); American representative Supreme War Council [88]
Liggett, HunterHunter Liggett 1879 Lieutenant General; Indian Wars; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; in 1914 predicted that an invasion of the Philippines would occur through the Lingayen Gulf, which occurred twice in World War II; division and corps commander in World War I [165]
Pershing, John J.John J. Pershing 1886 General of the Armies; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Moro Rebellion; commander of 8th Regiment in the Pancho Villa Expedition; led the American Expeditionary Force in World War I [166]
Hines, John L.John L. Hines 1891 Major General; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Pancho Villa Expedition; brigade and division commander in World War I; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1924–1926) [167]

Pancho Villa Expedition combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Swift, EbenEben Swift 1876 Major General; Spanish-American War, World War I; Director of the United States Army War College; commander of Camp Gordon; commander of the 82nd Division; commander of U.S. Forces in Italy; father of Major General Innis P. Swift; father-in-law of Brigadier General Evan Harris Humphrey; son-in-law of Brigadier General Innis N. Palmer; Camp Swift, Texas is named for him [168]
Pershing, John J.John J. Pershing 1886 General of the Armies; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Moro Rebellion; commander of 8th Regiment in the Pancho Villa Expedition; led the American Expeditionary Force in World War I [166]
Hines, John L.John L. Hines 1891 Major General; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Pancho Villa Expedition; brigade and division commander in World War I; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1924–1926) [167]
Johnson, Hugh SamuelHugh Samuel Johnson 1903 Brigadier General; lawyer in Judge Advocate General's Corps; instrumental in implementing the Selective Service Act of 1917; Deputy Provost Marshal General (1971–1918); Director of the Purchase and Supply Branch of the General Staff (1918); commander of 15th Infantry Brigade; Director of the National Recovery Administration; named Time Person of the Year in 1933 [169]
Patton, George S.George S. Patton 1909 General; 1912 Summer Olympics, modern pentathlon, 5th place; Pancho Villa Expedition; World War II; Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 1st Tank Brigade/304th Tank Brigade; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment; commander of the 2nd Armored Division; commander of the II Corps; commander of the Seventh United States Army, Third United States Army, and Fifteenth United States Army during World War II; descendant of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer; father of Major General George Patton IV; Patton series of tanks were named for him [170][171]
Spaatz, Carl AndrewCarl Andrew Spaatz 1914 General; Pancho Villa Expedition; flight instructor and fighter pilot in World War I; Eighth Air Force commander in World War II; first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (1947–1948) [172]
Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 1915 Major General; first Hispanic graduate of the Academy; Pancho Villa Expedition; mayor and judge of Polvo, Mexico; commander of the 23rd Battalion, which was composed of Puerto Ricans and stationed in Panama during World War I; commander of 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team during World War II; founder of the Puerto Rico National Guard [79]
Johns, DwightDwight Johns 1916 Brigadier General; World War I, Pancho Villa Expedition, World War II; recipients of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [173]

World War I combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Bliss, Tasker H.Tasker H. Bliss 1875 General; Spanish-American War; division commander in Philippine–American War; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1917–1918); American representative Supreme War Council [88]
Liggett, HunterHunter Liggett 1879 Lieutenant General; Indian Wars; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; in 1914 predicted that an invasion of the Philippines would occur through the Lingayen Gulf, which occurred twice in World War II; division and corps commander in World War I [165]
Pershing, John J.John J. Pershing 1886 General of the Armies; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Moro Rebellion; commander of 8th Regiment in the Pancho Villa Expedition; led the American Expeditionary Force in World War I [166]
Hines, John L.John L. Hines 1891 Major General; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Pancho Villa Expedition; brigade and division commander in World War I; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1924–1926) [167]
Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 1915 Major General; first Hispanic graduate of the Academy; Pancho Villa Expedition; mayor and judge of Polvo, Mexico; commander of the 23rd Battalion, which was composed of Puerto Ricans and stationed in Panama during World War I; commander of 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team during World War II; founder of the Puerto Rico National Guard [79]
Man facing forward in uniform with two vertical columns of buttons with medals
John Pershing (1886)
Man facing forward in high neck uniform with ribbon bars on
John Hines (1891)
Cadet Luis R. Esteves (1915)

World War II combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Arnold, Henry H. "Hap"Henry H. "Hap" Arnold 1907 General of the Army, General of the Air Force; Second rated pilot in the United States Army Air Corps; executive officer of the aviation section at Army headquarters in Washington D.C. during World War I; World War II; commander of the United States Army Command and General Staff College; commander of March Field; commander of the United States Army Air Forces; founder of the RAND Corporation; Arnold Air Force Base, Arnold Engineering Development Center, and Arnold Air Society are named for him [90]
Patton, George S.George S. Patton 1909 General; 1912 Summer Olympics, modern pentathlon, 5th place; Pancho Villa Expedition; World War II; Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 1st Tank Brigade/304th Tank Brigade; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment; commander of the 2nd Armored Division; commander of the II Corps; commander of the Seventh United States Army, Third United States Army, and Fifteenth United States Army during World War II; descendant of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer; great-grandson of U.S. Representative John M. Patton; relative of Confederate States Brigadier General Hugh W. Mercer; grandson of California State Senator Benjamin Davis Wilson; father of Major General George Patton IV; father-in-law of General John K. Waters; cousin of U.S. Representative Larry McDonald; Patton Army Air Field is named for him; the Patton series of tanks were named for him; the General George Patton Museum at Fort Knox is named for him [170][171]
Spaatz, Carl AndrewCarl Andrew Spaatz 1914 General; Pancho Villa Expedition; flight instructor and fighter pilot in World War I; Eighth Air Force commander in World War II; first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (1947–1948) [172]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower 1915 General of the Army; World War II; commander of European Theater of Operations and Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (1942–1945); 1st Military Governor of American Occupation Zone in Germany (1945); President of Columbia University (1948–1950, 1952–1953); 1st Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1951–1952); 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) [50]
Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 1915 Major General; first Hispanic graduate of the Academy; Pancho Villa Expedition; mayor and judge of Polvo, Mexico; commander of the 23rd Battalion, which was composed of Puerto Ricans and stationed in Panama during World War I; commander of 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team during World War II; founder of the Puerto Rico National Guard [79]
Casey, Hugh JohnHugh John Casey 1918 Major General; instructor and engineer company commander during World War I; Chief Engineer for General of the Army Douglas MacArthur for the South West Pacific theatre of World War II; initial designer of The Pentagon; father of Major Hugh Boyd Casey; father-in-law of Major General Frank Butner Clay [174]
Douglas MacArthur
George S. Patton
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Omar Bradley

Korean War combatants[edit]

Fidel V. Ramos

Vietnam War combatants[edit]

Gulf War combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Schwarzkopf, Jr., NormanNorman Schwarzkopf, Jr. 1956 General; Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Central Command; father Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr. is an 1917 Academy alumnus [175]
Franks, Jr., Frederick M.Frederick M. Franks, Jr. 1959 General; commander, VII Corps and the "Left Hook" maneuver against fourteen Iraqi divisions [176]
McCaffrey, BarryBarry McCaffrey 1964 General; commander of 24th Infantry Division [177]
Meigs, MontgomeryMontgomery Meigs 1967 General; Vietnam War, Gulf War, and Operation Joint Endeavor; commander 3rd Infantry Division (1995–1996); commander NATO SFOR (1998–1999); professor of strategy and military operations; Major General Montgomery C. Meigs, Class of 1836, is his ancestor [178]
McMaster, H. R.H. R. McMaster 1984 Major General; Captain in 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of 73 Easting; military history professor at West Point (1994–1996); Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with a thesis criticizing American strategy in the Vietnam War and detailed in his 1998 book Dereliction of Duty; commander of 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment in the Iraq War [179]
Norman Schwarzkopf Jr.

War on Terror[edit]

Participants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Downing, Wayne A.Wayne A. Downing 1962 National Director and Deputy National Security Adviser for combating terrorism; chairman of the Combating Terrorism Center at the Academy [180]
McChrystal, Stanley A.Stanley A. McChrystal 1976 Lieutenant General; special operations and intelligence officer; served in Iraq and Afghanistan; commander, Joint Special Operations Command (2003–2008) [181]

Afghanistan combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Hagenbeck, Franklin L.Franklin L. Hagenbeck 1971 Lieutenant General; Commander, Coalition Joint Task Force Mountain, Operations Enduring Freedom/Anaconda and Deputy Commanding General, Combined Joint Task Force 180 in Afghanistan; Superintendent of the Academy (2006–2010) [182]
Cone, Robert W.Robert W. Cone 1979 Major General; Commander, Combined Security Transition Command - Afghanistan [183]

Iraq combatants[edit]

Name Class year Notability References
Abizaid, JohnJohn Abizaid 1973 General; commander, United States Central Command; commander 3rd Battalion, 325th Airborne Battalion Combat Team; commander 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment [184]
Petraeus, DavidDavid Petraeus 1974 General; first commander of the Multi-National Security Transition Command - Iraq and the NATO Training Mission-Iraq; commander 101st Airborne Division; commander Multi-National Forces - Iraq (2007-) [185]
Caldwell, William B.William B. Caldwell 1976 Lieutenant General; Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategic Effects and spokesman for Multinational Force Iraq [186]
Kimmitt, MarkMark Kimmitt 1976 Brigadier General; chief military spokesman for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad (2003–2004); Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs (2008–2009) [187]
Coffman, Jr., James H.James H. Coffman, Jr. 1978 Colonel; Distinguished Service Cross for action at Mosul, Iraq [188]
McMaster, H. R.H. R. McMaster 1984 Major General [179]
Perez, EmilyEmily Perez 2005 Second Lieutenant; first member of the "Class of 9/11" to be killed in combat [189]
David Petraeus
H. R. McMaster

Supreme Allied Commanders of NATO[edit]

Alexander Haig, Class of 1947

Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[edit]

Army Chiefs of Staff/Commanders of the Army[edit]

William Westmoreland, Class of 1936

Air Force Chiefs of Staff[edit]

Carl Spaatz, Class of 1914

Chief of Staff of Non-American Armed Forces[edit]

Presidential and Congressional awardees[edit]

Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients[edit]

Wesley Clark, Class of 1966.

Congressional Gold Medal recipients[edit]

Congressional Space Medal of Honor recipients[edit]

Scientists, Inventors, and Physicians[edit]

Television and movie figures[edit]

  • James Salter. Class of 1945. Screenwriter
  • Rod Lurie, Class of 1984. Director, screenwriter
  • Roger Carstens, Class of 1986. Film "The Project;" television series "The Wanted."
  • Mark Valley, Class of 1987. Actor.
  • Kelly Perdew, Class of 1989. Reality show winner, The Apprentice (2004)
  • Greg Plitt, Class of 2000. American fitness supermodel and actor.
  • Jack Kennedy, Class of 1995. Actor.
  • Nate Steinwachs, Class of 1996. Actor.
Ambrose Burnside, Class of 1847

Eponyms[edit]

Graduates depicted on currency[edit]

Graduates depicted on postage stamps[edit]

  • Alden Partridge, Class of 1806. Appears on 11¢ Great Americans series stamp (1985).
  • Sylvanus Thayer, Class of 1808. Appears on 9¢ Great Americans series stamp (1985).
  • Jefferson Davis, Class of 1828. Appears on 6¢ Stone Mountain Memorial commemorative stamp (1970), 32¢ Civil War commemorative stamp (1995) and eight Confederate stamps.
  • Joseph E. Johnston, Class of 1829. Appears on 32¢ Civil War commemorative stamp (1995)
  • Robert E. Lee, Class of 1829. Appears on 4¢ Army commemorative stamp (1937), 30¢ Liberty series stamp (1955 and 1957), 6¢ Stone Mountain Memorial stamp (1970), and 32¢ Civil War commemorative stamp (1995).
  • Montgomery Blair, Class of 1835. Appears on 15¢ airmail stamp (1963) and on one Belgian stamp.
  • William Tecumseh Sherman, Class of 1840. Appears on 8¢ stamps (1893 and 1895), 3¢ Army commemorative stamp (1937), 32¢ Civil War commemorative stamp (1995), and on stamps from Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico.
  • Ulysses S. Grant, Class of 1843. Appears on 5¢ stamps (1890, 1895, 1898), 4¢ stamp (1903), 8¢ stamp (1922), 3¢ Army commemorative stamp (1937), 18¢ Presidential series stamp (1938), 32¢ Civil War commemorative stamp (1995).
  • Winfield Scott Hancock, Class of 1844. Appears on 32¢ Civil War commemorative stamp (1995).
  • Stonewall Jackson, Class of 1846. Appears on 4¢ Army commemorative stamp (1937) and 6¢ Stone Mountain Memorial stamp (1970).
  • Phillip Sheridan, Class of 1853. Appears on 3¢ Army commemorative stamp (1937)
  • George Washington Goethals, Class of 1880. Appears on 3¢ Panama Canal commemorative stamp (1939) and on stamps issued for the Panama Canal Zone.
  • John J. Pershing, Class of 1886. Appears on 8¢ Liberty series stamp (1961) and on French stamps.
  • John L. Hines, Class of 1891. Appears on 33¢ Distinguished Soldiers commemorative stamp (2000).
  • Douglas MacArthur, Class of 1903. Appears on 6¢ commemorative stamp (1971) and on stamps from Korea and the Philippines.
  • Joseph Stilwell, Class of 1904. Appears on 10¢ Distinguished Americans series stamp (2000).
  • Henry H. Arnold, Class of 1907. Appears on 65¢ Great Americans series stamp (1988).
  • George S. Patton Jr., Class of 1909. Appears on 3¢ commemorative stamp (1953) and on stamps from Belgium and Luxembourg.
  • Omar Bradley, Class of 1915. Appears on 33¢ Distinguished Soldiers commemorative stamp (2000)
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower, Class of 1915. Appears on 6¢ commemorative stamp (1969), 6¢ (1970) and 8¢ (1971) Prominent Americans series stamps, and on stamps of other countries.
  • Frank Borman, Class of 1950. Appears on ten stamps of Haiti, Hungary, and Senegal.
  • Fidel V. Ramos, Class of 1950. Appears on numerous Philippine Stamps since the 1990s
  • Buzz Aldrin, Class of 1951. Appears on foreign stamps.

Graduates selected as Time Magazine's Person of the Year[edit]

Other[edit]

Non-graduates[edit]

As these alumni did not graduate, their class year represents the year they would have graduated if they had completed their education at the Academy.
Name Class year Notability References
Zeilin, JacobJacob Zeilin ex 1826 First United States Marine Corps general officer, Commandant of the Marine Corps (1864–1876); part of Commodore Perry's expedition to Japan; discharged due to academics [190][191]
Poe, Edgar AllanEdgar Allan Poe ex 1834 Served as a non-commissioned officer in the U.S. Army 1827–1829; author who excelled in language who was expelled for neglecting duties. [192]
Whistler, James Abbott McNeillJames Abbott McNeill Whistler ex 1855 Artist; discharged for academic and disciplinary problems after three years [193]
Leary, TimothyTimothy Leary ex 1943 Counterculture icon, LSD proponent; dropped out (and later coined phrase "Turn on, tune in, drop out") [82]
Vinatieri, AdamAdam Vinatieri ex 1995 National Football League (NFL) placekicker New England Patriots and Indianapolis Colts; left the Academy after two weeks [194]
Edgar Allan Poe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General references

^ a: Special Collections: Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy. West Point, NY: United States Military Academy Library. 1950. 
^ b: "Civil War Generals from West Point". University of Tennessee - Knoxville. 2003. Retrieved 2009-064-28. 

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