Madras Medical College
|Madras Medical College|
|Established||2 February 1835|
|Type||Medical college and hospital|
|Affiliations||The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University|
The Madras Medical College is an educational institution located in Chennai, India. It was established on February 2, 1835. It is the second oldest medical college in India, along with the Medical College Kolkata and is one of the foremost centres of post graduate medical education in the country with 425 Seats. At any point of time, more than 5000 medical and paramedical students study here.
The Government General Hospital was started on 16 November 1664 as a small hospital to treat the sick soldiers of the British East India Company.
In its early days, the hospital was housed at Fort St. George. In the next 25 years, it grew into a formal medical facility Governor Elihu Yale was instrumental in the development of the hospital and gave it new premises within the fort in 1690.
The hospital moved out of the fort after the Anglo-French War[disambiguation needed], and it took 20 years before it could settle in the present permanent place in 1772. By 1772, the hospital was training Europeans, Eurasians and natives in Western methods of diagnosis and treatment and methods of preparing medicines. These trained personnel were posted to dispensaries in the district headquarters of the then Madras presidency to assist the qualified doctors. By 1820, the institution had recognition as a model hospital of the East India Company. In 1827, Dr. D. Mortimar was appointed as the superintendent.
The college began as a private medical hall run by Mortimar and was regularised into a medical school in 1835, which was opened by the Governor Sir Frederick Adam. The school was then attached to the Government General Hospital and was sponsored by the state.
Indians were admitted into the school in 1842.
In 1850, the school council submitted proposals to the Government to accord the status of a college. On October 1, 1850, it was accorded this status, and was christened Madras Medical College.
One of the first female doctors (one of the first four women students) in the world, Mary Scharlieb graduated from Madras Medical College in 1878, when women were not allowed to join medical colleges in Britain. At this time the first Indian woman doctor graduated from the institution: Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddi
In 1996, when the metropolis of Madras was renamed as Chennai, the college was renamed the Chennai Medical College. It was later re-renamed back to the Madras Medical College, since the college was known worldwide by the older name.
The college completed 175 years of its education in February 2010, which culminated with a grand function held at the college. The foundation stone for the new building of the college was laid by Honourable Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Dr. Karunanidhi, on 28 February 2010.
In January 2011, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Dr.Karunanithi issued a G.O. and renamed the hospital as Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital.
A new campus with a six-storeyed building for Madras Medical College was built on a land covering 325,000 sq ft on the erstwhile central prison premises in 2010 and was completed in 2012. The campus will have nearly 1,250 students and 400 faculty and staff members. The campus was built at a cost of 566.3 million. Once the new campus starts functioning in late 2013, the existing MMC buildings will house the college of pharmacy, school of nursing and also accommodate students of the recently added courses of audiology, speech learning and pathology, radio therapy and radio diagnosis.
Since 1857, the college has been affiliated to the University of Madras and all degrees of Health Sciences were awarded by the same until 1988 when the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University Act, 1987 received the assent of the president of India. This affiliating university started functioning from July 1988 and is governed by the said Act.
The college was an independent university called the Madras Medical College and Research Institute (MMC & RI). Later the status as an independent university was withdrawn and the college was affiliated back to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, dropping the suffix: "Research Institute" in 2000.
Institutions attached to Madras Medical College
- Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital(RGGGH), Park Town, Chennai – 600003
- Tamil Nadu Government Dental College, Fort, Chennai - 600003
- Barnard Institute of Radiology, Park Town, Chennai - 600003
- Institute of Mental Health, Kilpauk, Chennai - 600010
- Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Government Hospital for Women and Children (IOG & GH WC), Egmore, Chennai - 600008
- Institute of Child Health and Government Hospital for Children (ICH & HC), Egmore, Chennai - 600008
- Regional Institute of Ophthalmology and Government Ophthalmic Hospital, Chennai (RIOGOH), Egmore, Chennai - 600008
- Government Kasturbha Gandhi Hospital for Women and Children (KGH), Chennai - 600005
- Government Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, K.K. Nagar, Chennai - 600083
- Institute of Thoracic Medicine and Chest Diseases, Chetpet, Chennai - 600031
- Government Peripheral Hospital, Periyar Nagar, Chennai
- Communicable Diseases Hospital (CDH), Tondiarpet, Chennai - 600081
The Government General Hospital has a reputation of being one of the best in the state and ranks as one among the top in the Indian subcontinent. The entire hospital block has been remodeled with the reconstruction of the massive twin towers in lieu of the original hospital block which represented buildings which were more than a century old.
In the India Today ranking of medical colleges for 2012, Madras Medical College was ranked 7th India's Best Medical Colleges 2012, India Today.
Inter-college culturals are called REVIVALS and inter-medical sports are ENCIERRO. Intra-college culturals are called KALAIOMA. Recently REVIVALS AND ENCIERRO were held in September 2012.
- Dean of institution: V. Kanagasabai
- Vice-Principal: Nandhini
Classes (with year of entry)
Every class of MBBS students has assigned to itself an (unofficial) name denoting the year of their entry into the medical school.
- Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, surgeon and President of the Indian National Congress (1927)
- C.O. Karunakaran, founder of Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram and eminent bacteriologist
- Padma Shri Dr. V. Mohan, an eminent Indian Diabetologist who has been working in the field of diabetes for over 30 years and is the Chairman and Chief of Diabetology at Dr. Mohan’s Diabetes Specialities Centre
- Guruswami Mudaliar, a noted professor at MMC and doctor in Madras
- Muthulakshmi Reddi, one of the first woman doctors in India
- Yellapragada Subbarao, known for the synthesis of the first ever chemotherapeutic drug aminopterin, subsequently synthesized methotrexate. He is also known for the synthesis of folic Acid and diethylcarbamazine. In addition, he is noted for the purification of adenosine triphosphate and creatine.
- List of Tamil Nadu Government's Educational Institutions
- PGIMER Chandigarh
- Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
- CMC Vellore
- List of medical colleges in India
- History of MMC
- "Karunanidhi to lay foundation stone for MMC building", The Hindu, February 12, 2010.
- "General Hospital to be named after Rajiv Gandhi", The Hindu, January 13, 2011.
- Lakshmi, K. (29 May 2013). "Skywalk between GH, new MMC campus proposed for easy connectivity". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 30-Jun-2013.
- Contact Us
- "Dr M A Ansari (1880-1936) president, Madras, 1927". Congress Sandesh, Indian National Congress publication.
- "Dr. V. Mohan Receiving Padma Shri National Award". The First Post. 2012-03-22.
- Mukherjee, Siddhartha (2011). The Emperor of All Maladies, A Biography of Cancer. London: HarperCollins. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-0-00-725091-2.