Voiced palatal affricate

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Voiced palatal affricate
ɟ͡ʝ
IPA number 108 (139)
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɟ​ʝ
Unicode (hex) U+025F U+029D

The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɟ͡ʝ. It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages and Albanian being exceptions. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiced palatal affricate:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Asturian[1] uveyya [uβeɟ͡ʝa] 'sheep' See Asturian Phonology
Hungarian gyár [ɟ͡ʝaːr] 'factory' See Hungarian phonology
Norwegian Western and Central dialects[2] leggja [leɟ͡ja] 'lay' See Norwegian phonology
Spanish Castilian[3] yate [ˈɟ͡jate̞] 'yacht' Occurs only in the onset. See Spanish phonology
Skolt Sami vuõˊlǧǧem [vʲuɘlɟ͡ʝːɛm] 'I leave'

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Menéndez García, Manuel (1965), El Cuarto de los Valles (Un habla del occidente astur) (in Spanish), IDEA, pp. 147–148 
  • Skjekkeland, Martin (1997), Dei norske dialektane: Tradisjonelle særdrag i jamføring med skriftmåla (in Norwegian), Høyskoleforlaget (Norwegian Academic Press)