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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Romania

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Romania
COVID-19 cases in Romania by county.png
Cases in Romania by county.
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationRomania
Index casePrigoria, Gorj
Arrival date26 February 2020
(1 month, 1 week and 5 days)
Confirmed cases4,417
Active cases3,775
Severe cases274
Recovered460
Deaths
197[1]
Territories
41 counties and Bucharest
Official website
www.stirioficiale.ro/informatii

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Romania on 26 February 2020.[2]

As of 7 April, the Government of Romania reports that 25,379 people are in institutionalized quarantine, and 91,369 are in isolation at home under medical supervision. 43,578 tests have been processed.[3]

Background

On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019. This cluster was initially linked to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan City. However, some of those first cases with laboratory confirmed results had no link to the market, and the source of the epidemic is unknown.[4][5]

Unlike SARS of 2003, the case fatality ratio for COVID-19 [6][7] has been much lower, but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6] COVID-19 typically appears with about seven days of flu-like symptoms followed by some people progressing to symptoms of a viral pneumonia requiring admission to hospital.[6] From 19 March, COVID-19 was no longer classified as a "High consequence infectious disease".[7]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Romania  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-26
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-02-28
3(+200%)
3(=)
2020-03-03
4(+33%)
2020-03-04
6(+50%)
2020-03-05
6(=)
2020-03-06
9(+50%)
2020-03-07
13(+44%)
2020-03-08
15(+15%)
2020-03-09
17(+13%)
2020-03-10
29(+71%)
2020-03-11
47(+62%)
2020-03-12
59(+25%)
2020-03-13
95(+61%)
2020-03-14
123(+29%)
2020-03-15
139(+13%)
2020-03-16
168(+21%)
2020-03-17
217(+29%)
2020-03-18
260(+20%)
2020-03-19
277(+6.5%)
2020-03-20
308(+11%)
2020-03-21
367(+19%)
2020-03-22
433(+18%) 3(n.a.)
2020-03-23
576(+33%) 7(+133%)
2020-03-24
762(+32%) 12(+71%)
2020-03-25
906(+19%) 17(+42%)
2020-03-26
1,029(+13%) 23(+35%)
2020-03-27
1,292(+25%) 26(+13%)
2020-03-28
1,452(+13%) 29(+11%)
2020-03-29
1,760(+21%) 43(+48%)
2020-03-30
1,952(+11%) 65(+51%)
2020-03-31
2,245(+15%) 80(+23%)
2020-04-01
2,460(+9.6%) 85(+6.2%)
2020-04-02
2,738(+11%) 94(+11%)
2020-04-03
3,183(+16%) 116(+23%)
2020-04-04
3,613(+14%) 141(+22%)
2020-04-05
3,864(+7%) 148(+5%)
2020-04-06
4,057(+5%) 157(+6%)
2020-04-07
4,417(+9%) 182(+16%)
Data communicated by authorities everyday at 1 p.m EEST

Sources:

  • Ministry of Health's press releases
  • Various news outlets after the Ministry of Health went into isolation on 31 March

21 February–2 March: First preventive measures

On 21 February, following a COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, the Romanian government announced a 14-day quarantine for citizens returning from the affected regions.[9]

On 22 February, the Romanian government announced several preventive measures including designation of five hospitals as isolation centers for new cases, purchase and placement of thermal scanners in international airports and specially designated lines for passengers coming from areas affected by COVID-19 outbreak.[10][11][12][9]

On 25 February, new measures were imposed. Upon arrival on the Romanian territory, all asymptomatic travelers from the affected areas, respectively Hubei, the 11 localities in Italy, and any remaining passengers on the Diamond Princess cruise ship will go directly to the quarantine, for a period for 14 days. The other people coming from the Lombardy and Veneto regions will enter voluntary isolation at home for 14 days, upon arrival in Romania.[13]

On 26 February, the Minister of Education and Research required schools to spread awareness about coronavirus.[14][15]

On 28 February, the Romanian Orthodox Church suggested that followers use their own spoons and avoid the traditional kissing of icons in church.[16]

On 2 March, more preventive measures were taken by the National Committee for Special Emergency Situations. Thus, citizens arriving from other provinces or cities in mainland China, other localities in Lombardy, Veneto or Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy, as well as areas and localities in South Korea and Iran not previously specified for institutionalised quarantine, enter 14 days of self-isolation at home immediately upon returning to Romania.[17]

8–12 March: Public gatherings banned, schools suspended

On 8 March, the Head of the Department for Emergency Situations, Raed Arafat, announced a ban on all indoor or outdoor activities involving the participation of more than 1,000 people (these numbers were subsequently changed, see below). These restrictions are valid until 31 March, when a new assessment will be made.[18] After Northern Italy was put under quarantine on 8 March, low-cost airline Wizz Air suspended all flights to Treviso and Bergamo until 3 April. Likewise, Blue Air cancelled all flights to and from Milan for 8 and 9 March. In the same day, flights from and to Italy have been suspended.[19][20] In a press conference, Interior Minister Marcel Vela stated that if a school reports even a case, courses will be suspended throughout the school.[21]

On 9 March, the officials announced the cessation of flights to and from Italy, at all airports in the country, until 23 March.[22] On the same day, the National Committee for Special Emergency Situations has decided to close all schools in Romania, starting on 11 March until 22 March, with the possibility of extending the measure. All bus rides and rail transport to and from Italy were suspended from 10 March until 31 March.[23][24] The Committee also decided to establish a series of obligations for food units and for public and private providers of passenger transport, such as frequent disinfection of surfaces, avoiding crowds in commercial spaces, frequent disinfection of the passenger compartment in the means of transport, etc.[25]

On 11 March, the Government published a list of fifteen guidelines regarding the "responsible social behavior in preventing the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19)".[26] The authorities have imposed a ban on sports, scientific, religious, cultural or entertainment events with over 100 participants in closed spaces until 31 March.[27] Likewise, the public activities for museums were suspended until 31 March.[28]

Voluntari - Bucharest bus route with interdiction for passengers in the driver's area

On 12 March, Serbian authorities have closed seven border points with Romania to prevent the spread of coronavirus.[29] On the same day, the Romanian Ombudsman asked President Klaus Iohannis to declare the state of emergency and the Romanian Parliament to approve it. In a televised statement, the Secretary of State in the Ministry of Health, Nelu Tătaru [ro], said that the current situation does not impose such an extreme measure.[30] The Romanian Football Federation decided to postpone all football matches in Romania until 31 March.[31] Interior Minister Marcel Vela announced that the border crossing points with low traffic have been closed so that employees there to be directed to high traffic posts.[32] Health Minister Victor Costache issued an order prohibiting the export of medicines and medical equipment for six months.[33]

13 March: First infected politician

On March 13, Vergil Chițac [ro], former admiral, who acts as an independent in the PNL senators' group, was diagnosed with COVID-19. He isolated himself after finding out that a French parliamentarian, with whom he had been traveling to Brussels, was found with coronavirus.[34] On March 9, Chițac attended a party meeting with over 100 people. Parliamentary sources claim that he was also present in the Senate on March 12, when he attended the group and plenary sessions.[34] In these conditions, all members of the National Political Bureau of PNL self-isolated at home. Interim Prime-minister Ludovic Orban announced that all PNL senators have an obligation to isolate themselves and that he will self-isolate at Vila Lac 1.[35] He also announced that all ministers will be tested for coronavirus and self-isolate in their cabinets.[36]

14–21 March: State of emergency declared, parliamentary activity suspended

Self-declaration regarding leaving the home
Disinfection in Bucharest

On March 14, after over 101 people have been diagnosed with coronavirus, Romania entered the third COVID-19 scenario.[37] The third scenario goes from 101 to 2,000 cases. In the third scenario the doctors will perform epidemiological screening in the tents installed in the hospitals' yards, and the hospitals of infectious diseases will treat only cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection.[38] Likewise, the authorities will be able to impose quarantine at home, not just in hospitals, as in many areas the capacities of medical units could be exceeded.[39] At the same time, according to the plan in the third scenario, public gatherings with more than 50 people are banned.[40] Three more liberals have been diagnosed with COVID-19, all contacts of senator Vergil Chițac.[41] Marcel Ciolacu, President of the Chamber of Deputies, announced that the Parliament will suspend its activity for a week. However, the activities will be carried out online.[42] The same day, President Klaus Iohannis announced his decision to decree the state of emergency in Romania starting March 16.[43]

On March 16, Iohannis issued the decree establishing the state of emergency in Romania for a period of 30 days and insisted that the implementation of the measures included in the decree is being made gradually.[44] The schools will be closed during the state of emergency. If necessary, prices may be capped on medicines and medical equipment, on strictly necessary foods and on public utility services (electricity and heat, gas, water supply, sanitation, fuels, etc.). Also, gradual measures can be taken, if the situation gets worse, only after an evaluation of the National Committee for Special Emergency Situations. These include temporary closure of restaurants, hotels, cafes, clubs, gradual closure of borders, or limiting or prohibiting the movement of vehicles or persons in/to certain areas.[45][46] On March 19, the Parliament convened a joint online session and unanimously adopted the decree issued by Iohannis.[47]

Until March 17, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs facilitated the return to the country for 137 Romanians who were abroad, either as tourists, in transit, or in medical emergency situations and who were directly affected by the measures adopted by the states in which they were.[48] Later that same day, the government issued its first Military Ordinance, in response to the ongoing health crisis.[49] Four days later, on March 21, a second Military Ordinance has been issued: no groups larger than 3 persons on the streets. Leaving home between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. for no reason is prohibited. All shopping malls are closed, except for the sale of food, veterinary or pharmaceutical products and cleaning services. It is forbidden to enter the territory of Romania, of foreign citizens and stateless persons, except when they transit through the territory of Romania, through the transit corridor, organised by agreements with the neighboring states (more exceptions are made for other categories like: residents, family members, and others).[50][51]

22 March-present: First COVID-19 deaths, nationwide lockdown, Suceava quarantine

Empty street in Bucharest during the nationwide lockdown

On March 22, the first three deaths were reported in Romania. All three had preexisting conditions: one was on dialysis, one had terminal lung cancer, and one had diabetes.[52][53] The next day, on March 23, Suceava's main hospital, one of the largest in the country, reported at least 34 doctors and 49 nurses infected with COVID-19, and 2 patients passing away. The hospital director was dismissed, shortly thereafter, for mismanagement.[54][55][56]

Following a surge in new confirmed cases, on March 24, the government announced Military Ordinance No.3, instituting a national lockdown and calling in the military to support police and Gendarmerie personnel in enforcing the new restrictions. Movement outside the home or household is prohibited, with some exceptions (work, buying food or medicine etc.). People over 65 years-old are allowed to leave their homes only between 11 a.m.-1 p.m.[57][58] Two days later, on March 26, the state airline Tarom suspended all internal flights.[59]

A fourth Military Ordinance has been issued on March 29, further strengthening previously imposed fines and restrictions.[60] Two more would soon follow, issued close to the end of the next day; namely, a fifth, extending the ban on international travel,[61] and a sixth, placing Suceava, along with eight adjacent communes, under total quarantine,[62][63] the first Romanian city to be placed under complete lockdown since the start of the outbreak in late February, holding over a quarter of all infected cases,[63] and about two thirds of all infected medical personnel.[64][65] Some hospital staff have quit, others have signed a petition stating they "are sent to death barehanded".[66]

On April 2, Harghita reported its first case, becoming the last county in Romania to report at least one case.[67] Two days later, on April 4, a seventh Military Ordinance has been issued, further extending the national lockdown period, and placing yet a second town under strict quarantine.[68]

Cases

On March 14, 18 days after the diagnosis of the first case of infection with SARS-CoV-2, Romania surpassed the threshold of 100 confirmed cases. 49% of those diagnosed were outside the country prior to diagnosis.[69] In 35% of cases, patients were previously in Italy, the country most affected by the pandemic in the European Union. These people were the main sources of transmission of the virus to the other 50%, in a single situation being unable to identify a suggestive epidemiological context for the diagnosed patient.[69] Two diagnosed people (cases #17 and #27) were responsible for infecting 22% of the number of patients.[69] This situation was possible because each of them hid from authorities, in the initial phase, the fact that they had previously travelled to an area at risk of infection, which delayed the initiation of the epidemiological investigation and exposed more people to the risk of infection. More than half of the cases (54%) were diagnosed in three counties: Bucharest, Timiș and Hunedoara.[69] A patient out of three was diagnosed in Bucharest. Only six of the first 100 infected Romanian patients were older than 70, the age at which coronavirus often poses serious health problems, especially when the infected one also suffers from associated diseases.[69] Of the first 100 patients, only one case was serious, requiring ICU admission, while nine patients recovered, and 90 had mild to moderate symptoms.[69]

On March 15, the Ministry of Health stopped publishing data on sex, age, origin, contacts and other details of individual cases. The information about the new cases were communicated in two newsletters per day, one at 10 a.m., the other at 6 p.m.[70] From March 19 onward, the reporting of the new confirmed cases was done only once a day, at 1 p.m.[71]

On March 24, prime minister Ludovic Orban stated the Government's goal to eventually increase the testing capacity to well over 2500 people a day,[72] which seems to have been achieved by early April.[73]

List of COVID-19 confirmed cases in Romania
# Date (2020) Status Source of infection Origin of infection Detection location Sex Age Notes Source
1 26 Feb. Recovered[74] Local transmission N/A Gorj Male 20 He came into contact with a 71-year-old man from Cattolica, Italy, diagnosed with coronavirus. The Italian visited his wife's family and had several business meetings in Romania between 18 and 22 February. [75][76]
2 28 Feb. Recovered[77] Imported case  Italy Maramureș Male 45 [78]
3 Recovered[79] Imported case  Italy Timiș Female 38
4 3 Mar. Recovered[79] Imported case  Italy Timiș Male 47 He travelled on the same plane with case #3. [80]
5 4 Mar. Recovered[79] Local transmission N/A Timiș Male 16 Nephew of case #4. [81]
6 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Suceava Male 71 Moved to intensive care on 18 March; comorbid lymphoma.[82]
7 6 Mar. Recovered[79] Local transmission N/A Timiș Female 16 Classmate of case #5. [83]
8 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Olt Male 51 He travelled on the same coach with case #6. [84]
9 Recovered[85] Imported case  Italy Hunedoara Male 44 [86]
10 7 Mar. Recovered[79][87] Local transmission N/A Timiș Female 15 She is studying at the same high school with cases #5 and #7, but not in the same class. [88]
11 Recovered[85] Imported case  Italy Hunedoara Female 16 Daughter of case #9. [89]
12 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Bucharest Male 49 [90]
13 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Galați Male 72
14 8 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 42 Contact of case #12. [91]
15 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Mureș Female 70
16 9 Mar. Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Buzău Female 73 [92][93]
17 Hospitalised Imported case  Israel Bucharest Male 60 A reserve police officer. He returned from Israel on 26 February and several days later was admitted to the Dimitrie Gerota Emergency Hospital with flu-like symptoms, but lied about having travelled. Because of this, a penal case has been opened in his name.[94] Super-spreader; he infected at least 40 others.[95]
18 10 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Ilfov Female 31 Contact of case #12's girlfriend. [96]
19 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 32 Contact of case #17.
20 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 30 Contact of case #17.
21 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 3 Contact of case #17.
22 Hospitalised Imported case  Israel Bucharest Female 36
23 Hospitalised Imported case  Israel Bucharest Female 35
24 Hospitalised Imported case  United Kingdom Bucharest Male 34
25 Hospitalised Imported case  Germany Bucharest Female 41
26 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Male 57 [97]
27 Recovered[85] Imported case  Italy Hunedoara Female 26 Fined 10,000 RON and subjected to penal case for breaking self-isolation after return from Italy on 1 March.[98] Super-spreader; she infected at least 11 others. [97]
28 Hospitalised Caraș-Severin Male 37 [97]
29 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 47 Contact of case #17. [99]
30 11 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 43 She is a gastroenterologist at the Dimitrie Gerota Emergency Hospital and took care of case #17. [100]
31 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Iași Male 42 [101][102]
32 Hospitalised Imported case  Poland Iași Male 38
33 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 55 Contact of case #17.
34 Hospitalised Bucharest Male 31
35 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Covasna Female 53
36 Hospitalised Imported case  Israel Bucharest Male 56 First case placed in intensive care.[103] Returned from Israel on 29 February.
37 Hospitalised Imported case  Germany Bucharest Male 47
38 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 54 Contact of case #17.
39 Hospitalised Constanța Male 52 Assistant chief at Constanța County Clinical Emergency Hospital. He claimed he did not travel and did not come into contact with an infected person.
40 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Male 22 Contact of case #26.
41 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Male 30 Contact of case #26.
42 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Male 34 Contact of case #26.
43 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Male 36 Contact of case #26.
44 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Male 57 Contact of case #26.
45 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Satu Mare Male 20 An Iași native, he came from Italy, by car, on 10 March and was put under quarantine in Satu Mare. [104]
46 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 63 Contact of case #23. [105]
47 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 48 Contact of case #17's son.
48 12 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 20 Contact of case #17's driver. [106]
49 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Female 45 A Cluj-Napoca native who was quarantined in Arad upon arrival from Italy. [107]
50 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Neamț Female 54 [108]
51 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Mureș Male 21 [109]
52 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Cluj Female 33
53 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Covasna Male 53 [110]
54 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 58 Contact of case #27. [111]
55 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 74 Contact of case #27.
56 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 52 Contact of case #27.
57 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 45 Contact of case #27.
58 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 53 Contact of case #27.
59 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 45 Contact of case #27.
60 13 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 39 Contact of a person who travelled to Germany (not specified whether #25 or #37). [112]
61 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 53 Coworker of a family member (unspecified patient number) of case #17.
62 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 48 Family member of case #61.
63 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 22 Family member of case #61.
64 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 23 Family contact of case #61.
65 Hospitalised Imported case  Belgium Constanța Male 57 Vergil Chițac [ro], independent senator. [113]
66 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Constanța Male 51 Personal assistant of case #65.
67 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Constanța Male 34 Son of case #65.
68 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Constanța Female 56 Wife of case #65.
69 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Mehedinți Male 26
70 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Mehedinți Female 52 Mother of case #69.[114]
71 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Timiș Female 40 [115]
72 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Timiș Female 50
73 Hospitalised Timiș Female 33
74 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 50 Manager of Dimitrie Gerota Emergency Hospital. [116]
75 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 62 Patient, contact of case #30.
76 Hospitalised Imported case  United States Brașov Male 44 Returned from Boston.
77 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Covasna Female 16 Contact of case #78.
78 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Covasna Female 77 Contact of a family returned from Italy.
79 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Brașov Female 51
80 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Prahova Male 26
81 Hospitalised Bucharest Female 26
82 Hospitalised Imported case  United Kingdom Bucharest Male 20
83 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Timiș Male 32 [117]
84 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Timiș Female 41
85 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Timiș Female 33
86 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Timiș Male 36
87 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Caraș-Severin Female 32 [118]
88 Hospitalised Imported case  United Kingdom Bucharest Male 45
89 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Bihor Female 49 [119]
90 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Neamț Female 64 [120]
91 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bacău Male 1 Contact of an asymptomatic aunt who came from Italy on 3 March. She was not tested yet.
92 Hospitalised Imported case  United Arab Emirates Iași Female 41 Employee of the Ministry of Health.[121]
93 Hospitalised Imported case  France Iași Female 41
94 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Dâmbovița Female 27 A Caraș-Severin native who was quarantined in Dâmbovița upon arrival from Italy.
95 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Dâmbovița Male 55 A Caraș-Severin native who was quarantined in Dâmbovița upon arrival from Italy.
96 14 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 47 Contact of case #45. [122]
97 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Dolj Male 39
98 Hospitalised Imported case  Austria/ Germany Constanța Female 53 [123]
99 Hospitalised Imported case  Austria/ Germany Constanța Male 54 Husband of case #98.
100 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Male 54 Lucian Heiuș [ro], PNL deputy. Contact of case #65, senator Vergil Chițac. [41]
101 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Male 52 Florin Oancea [ro], Mayor of Deva. Contact of case #65, senator Vergil Chițac.
102 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Male 38 Adrian Nicolae, public administrator of Deva. Contact of case #65, senator Vergil Chițac.
103 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Brașov Male 51 [124][125]
104 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Male 19 Contact of case #59, who was a contact of case #27.
105 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Male 4 Contact of case #59, who was a contact of case #27.
106 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 43 Contact of case #27.
107 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 44 Contact of case #27.
108 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 41 Contact of case #27.
109 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Timiș Male 55 [126]
110 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Constanța Male 31 Contact of cases #67 and #68, who were contacts of case #65, senator Vergil Chițac. [127]
111 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Brașov Female 53 Contact of case #76.
112 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Timiș Female 33
113 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Timiș Male 36
114 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 38 Nurse, contact of case #27. [128]
115 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Hunedoara Female 45 Nurse, contact of case #27.
116 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Caraș-Severin Male 60
117 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Arad Female 43
118 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Constanța Female 33 Contact of case #65.
119 Hospitalised Imported case  Germany Cluj Female 25
120 Hospitalised Imported case  Italy Satu Mare Male 46
121 Hospitalised Imported case  Norway Bucharest Male 37
122 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Female 58 Nurse at Dimitrie Gerota Emergency Hospital. Contact of case #30, who was a contact of case #17.
123 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest Male 24 Contact of case #17.
124–139 15 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest (4), Arad (4), Brașov (3), Brăila (2), Constanța (1), Iași (1), Teleorman (1) 5–71 [129]
140–158 16 Mar. Hospitalised Imported case/Local transmission  Austria,  Germany,  Italy Arad (4), Ilfov (3), Timiș (2), Vâlcea (2), Bucharest (1), Buzău (1), Cluj (1), Galați (1), Hunedoara (1), Ialomița (1), Sălaj (1), Suceava (1) 19–54 [130]
159–168 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest (4), Ilfov (2), Constanța (1), Mureș (1), Neamț (1), Teleorman (1) 21–63 [131]
169–184 17 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Iași (7), Neamț (2), Suceava (2), Bistrița-Năsăud (1), Ialomița (1), Mureș (1), Vrancea (1) 21–65 One case is a UAIC student who attended classes just prior to the university closure.[132] [133]
185–217 Hospitalised Imported case/Local transmission  Italy,  Spain Bucharest (26), Brașov (5), Constanța (1), Prahova (1) 26–64 22 of the new cases are contacts of case #17, a super-spreader. Another Bucharest case arrived from Spain on a chartered flight, knowingly infected, and had 40+ penal charges filed for endangering fellow passengers.[134] [135]
218–246 18 Mar. Hospitalised Imported case/Local transmission  Austria,  Italy,  Spain,  United Kingdom Bucharest (12), Iași (7), Ilfov (3), Hunedoara (2), Alba (1), Bihor (1), Maramureș (1), Olt (1), Suceava (1) 1–72 Cases include a TAROM pilot who had been on holiday in Austria.[136] [137]
247–260 Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Bucharest (7), Brașov (3), Constanța (2), Dolj (1), Maramureș (1) 2–57 [138]
261–277 19 Mar. Hospitalised Local transmission N/A Suceava (4), Bucharest (3), Cluj (2), Bistrița Năsăud (2), Covasna (2), Iași (1), Dolj (1), Ilfov (1), Constanța (1), 19–67 [139]
278-308 20 Mar. Hospitalised 17-89 [140]
309-367 21 Mar. Hospitalised 1-74 [141]
368-433 22 Mar. Hospitalised 9-74 [52]
434-576 23 Mar. Hospitalised 5-76 [142]
577-762 24 Mar. Hospitalised 4-85 In the evening of this day, there was an announcement by Raed Arafat with the count going to 794 but, for statistics, it is taken into account the official report from the next day (1 p.m.). [143]
763-906 25 Mar. Hospitalised 3-79 [57]
907-1029 26 Mar. Hospitalised 7-87 [144]
1030-1292 27 Mar. Hospitalised 0-94 [145]
1293-1452 28 Mar. Hospitalised 13-83 [146]
1453-1760 29 Mar. Hospitalised 0-89 [147]
1761-1952 30 Mar. Hospitalised 1-90 [148]
1953-2245 31 Mar. Hospitalised [149]
2246-2460 1 Apr. Hospitalised [150]
2461-2738 2 Apr. Hospitalised [151]
2739-3183 3 Apr. Hospitalised [152]
3184-3613 4 Apr. Hospitalised [153]
3614-3864 5 Apr. Hospitalised [154]
3865-4057 6 Apr. Hospitalised [155]

Statistics


COVID-19 cases in Romania by region ()

Date North-West Centre North-East South-East South Bucharest–Ilfov South-West West Confirmed Deaths Recov.
BH BN CJ MM SM SJ AB BV CV HR MS SB BC BT IS NT SV VS BR BZ CT GL TL VN AG CL DB GR IL PH TR B IF DJ GJ MH OT VL AR CS HD TM New Total New Total Total
2020/02/26 1 1 1
2020/02/28 1 1 2 3 1
2020/03/03 1 1 4 1
2020/03/04 1 1 2 6 1
2020/03/06 1 1 1 3 9 3
2020/03/07 1 1 1 1 4 13 4
2020/03/08 1 1 2 15 5
2020/03/09 1 1 2 17 5
2020/03/10 8 1 1 1 1 12 29 5
2020/03/11 1 1 2 1 8 5 18 47 7
2020/03/12 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 12 59 7
2020/03/13 1 2 2 1 2 1 4 2 1 10 2 1 7 36 95 7
2020/03/14 1 1 2 4 4 1 1 1 10 3 28 123 9
2020/03/15 3 1 2 1 1 4 4 16 139 9
2020/03/16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 2 4 1 2 29 168 9
2020/03/17 1 5 1 1 7 2 2 1 1 1 1 26 49 217 19
2020/03/18 1 2 1 3 7 1 2 19 3 1 1 2 43 260 19
2020/03/19 2 2 2 1 4 1 3 1 1 17 277 25
2020/03/20 31 308 31
2020/03/21 59 367 52
2020/03/22 (1) (1) (1) 66 433 3 3 64
2020/03/23 (2) (1) (1) 143 576 4 7 73
2020/03/24 (3) (1) (1) 186 762 5 12 79
2020/03/25 (1) (3) (1) 144 906 5 17 86
2020/03/26 (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) 123 1029 6 23 94
2020/03/27 (1) (1) (1) 263 1292 3 26 115
2020/03/28 (3) 160 1452 3 29 139
2020/03/29 (1) (2) (1) (3) (2) (4) (1) 308 1760 14 43 169
2020/03/30 (1) (1) (1) (13) (1) (3) (2) 192 1952 22 65 209
2020/03/31 (1) (1) (8) (1) (1) (1) (2) 293 2245 15 80 220
2020/04/01 215 2460 5 85 252
2020/04/02 278 2738 9 94 267
2020/04/03 5 5 3 7 1 4 7 4 1 17 5 5 4 18 43 165 2 2 6 8 10 2 9 3 8 8 39 6 5 1 1 1 4 8 28 445 3183 22 116 283
2020/04/04 2 1 13 -4 -1 -2 2 3 -1 2 3 4 9 -2 101 -2 -7 11 2 3 8 1 5 -2 -3 6 4 2 3 1 18 15 10 430 3613 25 141 329
2020/04/05 14 -11 6 3 18 4 10 22 11 20 7 12 248 2 4 9 11 1 -4 1 6 1 2 14 -1 -1 22 4 1 40 251 3864 7 148 379
2020/04/06 6 16 4 4 2 1 7 5 2 -1 6 1 16 -1 13 1 1 3 18 2 1 1 8 7 7 9 14 11 2 1 7 14 5 193 4057 9 157 406
2020/04/07 3 12 5 1 2 1 16 18 3 36 14 8 2 5 22 94 1 1 2 14 4 2 1 2 9 3 1 32 10 -1 1 4 2 20 10 360 4417 25 182 460
Total cases 55 70 119 43 27 11 50 156 55 3 92 69 47 86 92 182 1322 15 12 13 119 133 6 79 31 33 25 34 72 36 31 598 99 29 7 13 11 9 161 23 158 191 3864 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total deaths 1 2 1 2 1 1 4 31 1 1 6 4 2 1 7 1 9 5 148 N/A N/A N/A N/A

As of 18 March, a plurality (29%) of COVID-19 cases were people between the ages of 40 and 49. Of the patients, 51% are women, 44% are men, and children – 5%.[156]

Impact

Economy

Empty shelves in a Brașov supermarket after panic buying

During the second week of March, the Bucharest Stock Exchange recorded losses on all five trading sessions, the main index BET collapsing with 17.6%, the steepest decline since December 2018.[157]

On 16 March, the National Bank of Romania announced a reference rate of 4.8242 lei/euro, a historical maximum for the single European currency against the leu.[158] The leu continued its depreciation, reaching a maximum of 4.8448 lei/euro on 17 March.[159]

Education

On 9 March, interim Prime-minister Ludovic Orban announced the closure of all schools between 11 and 22 March. The measure targeted all kindergartens, primary, secondary and high schools in Romania, both public and private, according to Education Minister Monica Anisie [ro].[160] The decision affects 3.5 million students.[161] Likewise, several universities in the major student centres suspended their courses. These include the University of Bucharest, the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, the Politehnica University of Bucharest, the Babeș-Bolyai University, the West University of Timișoara, etc.[162][163][164] Furthermore, Anisie announced that, as a measure of prevention and control of the illnesses with COVID-19 in schools, the Ministry of Education had decided to suspend all county and regional school olympiads, as well as sports competitions.[165]

The show Teleșcoală (Teleschool), announced by the Ministry of Education and dedicated to the students who stay at home during the period when the schools are closed, started on TVR 2 on 16 March, at 9 a.m. Students can follow, from Monday to Friday, mathematics, Romanian, biology, history and geography classes.[166][167]

On 16 March, Anisie announced that schools would remain closed while the state of emergency was in place, at least until after the Easter holidays.[168][169] On 1 April, in response to a fake news story which had gained traction on social media and was being destributed on WhatsApp[170][171], saying that students would have to return to school in less than a week, Anisie and the Ministry of Education issued an official statement condemning the spread of false information and promised to provide in the next few days the date for the re-opening of schools, as well as the national examinations.[172][173][174]

Sports

The Romanian Football Federation and the Romanian Handball Federation decided to suspend all matches until 31 March.[175][176] The rugby match between Romania and Belgium, to be held in Botoșani on 14 March, was postponed by Rugby Europe.[31] The IWF Junior World Weightlifting Championships in Bucharest, scheduled for 14–21 March, have been cancelled.[177]

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