List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo  Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai  China 34,000,000[4] 2010
3 Jakarta  Indonesia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Seoul  South Korea 25,514,000[6] 2016
5 Guangzhou  China 25,000,000[4] 2010
6 Beijing  China 24,900,000[4] 2010
7 Karachi  Pakistan 27,500,000[7] 2016
8 New York City  United States 23,723,696[8] 2015
9 Shenzhen  China 23,300,000[4] 2010
10 New Delhi  India 26,454,000[9] 2016
11 Mexico City  Mexico 21,339,781[10] 2015
12 São Paulo  Brazil 21,242,939[11] 2016
13 Lagos  Nigeria 21,000,000[12] 2014
14 Mumbai  India 20,748,395[9] 2011
15 Osaka  Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
16 Moscow  Russia 19,000,000 2016
16 Wuhan  China 19,000,000[4] 2010
18 Chengdu  China 18,100,000[4] 2010
19 Dhaka  Bangladesh 17,151,925[13] 2011
20 Chongqing  China 17,000,000[4] 2010
21 Tianjin  China 15,400,000[4] 2010
22 Istanbul  Turkey 14,804,116[14] 2016
23 Kolkata  India 14,617,882[9] 2011
24 Tehran  Iran 14,595,904[15] 2011
25 Los Angeles  United States 14,237,873[8] 2015
26 London  United Kingdom 13,879,757[16] 2015
27 Hangzhou  China 13,400,000[4] 2010
28 Buenos Aires  Argentina 13,074,000[17] 2010
29 Xi'an  China 12,900,000[4] 2010
30 Manila  Philippines 12,877,253[18] 2015
31 Paris  France 12,405,426[19] 2013
32 Changzhou  China 12,400,000[4] 2010
33 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 12,330,186[11] 2016
34 Shantou  China 12,000,000[4] 2010
35 Nanjing  China 11,700,000[4] 2010
36 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany 11,470,000[20] 2012
37 Jinan  China 11,000,000[4] 2010
38 Chennai  India 10,576,167[21] 2011
39 Harbin  China 10,500,000[4] 2010
40 Lahore  Pakistan 10,052,000[22] 2010
41 Lima  Peru 9,886,647[23] 2015
42 Zhengzhou  China 9,700,000[4] 2010
43 Qingdao  China 9,600,000[4] 2010
44 Chicago  United States 9,554,598[8] 2014
45 Bogotá  Colombia 9,286,225[24] 2015
46 Nagoya  Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
47 Bengaluru  India 8,917,749[9] 2011
48 Bangkok  Thailand 8,305,218[25] 2010
49 Busan  South Korea 8,202,239 2014
50 Hyderabad  India 7,749,334[9] 2011
51 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[26] 2016
52 Shenyang  China 7,700,000[4] 2010
53 Wenzhou  China 7,600,000[4] 2010
54 Nanchang  China 7,400,000[4] 2010
55 Yangon  Myanmar 7,360,703[27] 2014
56 Hong Kong  China 7,298,600[28] 2015
57 Amsterdam  Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
58 Taipei  Taiwan 7,045,488[29] 2013
59 Dallas–Fort Worth  United States 6,954,330[8] 2014
60 Santiago  Chile 6,683,852[30] 2012
61 Luanda  Angola 6,542,944[31] 2014
62 Houston  United States 6,490,180[8] 2014
63 Toronto  Canada 6,417,516[32][better source needed] 2016
64 Madrid  Spain 6,378,297[16] 2014
65 Ahmedabad  India 6,352,254[9] 2011
66 Washington, D.C.  United States 6,097,684[8] 2015
67 Philadelphia  United States 6,069,875[8] 2015
68 Berlin  Germany 6,004,857[16] 2015
69 Miami  United States 5,929,819[8] 2014
70 Belo Horizonte  Brazil 5,873,841[11] 2016
71 Atlanta  United States 5,614,323[8] 2014
72 Singapore  Singapore 5,535,000[33] 2015
73 Barcelona  Spain 5,445,616[16] 2014
74 Ankara  Turkey 5,346,518[14] 2016
75 Caracas  Venezuela 5,322,310[34][35] 2015
76 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[36] 2015
77 Munich  Germany 5,203,738[37] 2014
78 Stuttgart  Germany 5,200,000[38] 2013
79 Hamburg  Germany 5,100,000[39] 2012
80 Pune  India 5,049,968[9] 2011
81 Sydney  Australia 5,005,400[40] 2016
82 Guadalajara  Mexico 4,796,050[10] 2015
83 Boston  United States 4,732,161[8] 2014
84 Melbourne  Australia 4,641,636[40] 2016
85 San Francisco  United States 4,594,060[8] 2014
86 Surat  India 4,585,367[9] 2011
87 Phoenix  United States 4,489,109[8] 2014
88 Monterrey  Mexico 4,477,614[10] 2015
89 Inland Empire[Note 1]  United States 4,441,890[8] 2014
90 Milan  Italy 4,321,244[16] 2014
91 Detroit  United States 4,296,611[8] 2014
92 Rome  Italy 4,267,946[16] 2014

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Los Angeles is sometimes combined with the Inland Empire in what is known as the Greater Los Angeles Area, with a combined population of 18 million inhabitants.

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Position Statement on Cohesion Policy 2014-2020, EuroMETREX. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ "OEDC Populations in cities". OEDC. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas". Statistics Bureau of Japan. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t OECD Urban Policy Reviews: China 2015. OECD. 18 Apr 2015. p. 37. ISBN 9789264230033. doi:10.1787/9789264230040-en. 
  5. ^ "Data Jumlah Penduduk Jabodetabek (2014)". finance.detik.com. Detik.com. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
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  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c "Proyecciones de la población de las zonas metropolitanas, 2010-2030" (in Spanish). Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO). Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2016". IBGE. August 30, 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
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  17. ^ "Censo 2010. Resultados provisionales: cuadros y gráficos" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC). Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
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  24. ^ "ESTIMACIONES DE POBLACIÓN 1985 – 2005 Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN 2005–2020 TOTAL DEPARTAMENTAL POR ÁREA" (in Spanish). DANE. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  25. ^ http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nso_center/project/table/files/C-pop/2553/000/00_C-pop_2553_000_010000_00100.xls
  26. ^ "Population In Riyadh region by Gender, Age Groups and Nationality 2015". General Authority for Statistics, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  27. ^ Census Report. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. 2. Naypyitaw: Ministry of Immigration and Population. May 2015. p. 31. 
  28. ^ "Population – Overview". Census and Statistics Department (Hong Kong). 25 November 2015. 
  29. ^ "?????????????.". Ministry of the Interior (Republic of China). 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-29. 
  30. ^ "Región Metropolitana de Santiago" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Angola (2014)". 
  32. ^ "Greater Toronto Area (2016)". 
  33. ^ "Population & Land Area (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  34. ^ Alvarez, Rosangel. "Caracas: una ciudad de múltiples indefiniciones" (PDF). CONHISREMI. Revista Universitaria de Investigación y Diálogo Académico. p. 10. Retrieved 2016-04-25. 
  35. ^ "Proyección de la población al 30 de junio con base al censo 2011, según entidad federal y municipios, 2000-2050". Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 2016-04-23. 
  36. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/uae/society/indians-pakistanis-make-up-37-of-dubai-sharjah-ajman-population-1.1562336
  37. ^ Metropolregion München. Metropolregion München. 
  38. ^ Verband Region Stuttgart. "Portal der Region Stuttgart: Metropolregion Stuttgart". 
  39. ^ "Initiativkreis Europäische Metropolregionen in Deutschland". 
  40. ^ a b "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2015-16". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 

External links[edit]