This was part of the Greek colonization movement of the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Later more colonists came from the Greek Ionian cities of Miletus and Clazomenae. Archaeological evidence also supports Aeolian or possibly Athenian origin of colonists.
Madytus is referred to by Herodotus in relation to the Persian Wars, and by Xenophon as a base for the Athenian navy in 411. It was a member of the Delian League as attested by Athenian tribute registries between 445/4 and 421/0 BC. Bronze coins dated to the fourth century BC inscribed ΜΑΔΥ have been preserved.
Madytus was an active commercial port during the Byzantine period and the Middle Ages. It was occupied by the Ottoman Turks in the 15th-century. The city continued to have a mainly Greek population until the 1920s when, after the Treaty of Lausanne and the exchange of population between Greece and Turkey, most of the Greeks moved to Greece, where they founded the town of Nea Madytos.
Its site is located near the modern Eceabat in European Turkey. Ptolemy mentions a town in the same district with the name of Madis, which some identify with Madytus, but which seems to have been situated more inland.
- Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. Vol. s.v.
- Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Thracian Chersonesos". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 908-909. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
- Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). Vol. 31.16, 33.38.
- Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. Vol. 2.2.
- Anna Comnena, xiv.; Strabo. Geographica. Vol. vii. p. 331. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
- Pseudo-Scymnus (705-10), see: Scymni Chii Periegesis. Edition S.G. Teubner, 1846, Lipsiae. p. 40, available online http://my.qoop.com/google/mM2tt4TSVOQC/
- Benjamin H. Isaac (1986) The Greek settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian Conquest, Ed. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, p. 161.
- Loukopoulou L. (2004) Thracian Chersonesos, in M. H. Hansen & T. H. Nielsen, Eds. (2004) An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford University Press, p. 900.
- Herodotus of Halikarnassus, The Histories, Book 7 (Polymnia), 30.
- Hellenika, 1.1.3; cf. D. H. Kelly, Xenophon’s Hellenika: a Commentary (ed. J. McDonald), Amsterdam, 2019, p, 70.
- W. Heyd (1885) Histoire du commerce du Levant au Moyen-Age, Ed. Emile Lechevauer, Paris, 1885, p. 284.
- Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.
- Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
- Ptolemy. The Geography. Vol. 3.12.4.
- Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Madytus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
- Külzer, Andreas (2008). Tabula Imperii Byzantini: Band 12, Ostthrakien (Eurōpē) (in German). Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. pp. 501–504. ISBN 978-3-7001-3945-4.