Hypaepa or Hypaipa (Ancient Greek: τὰ Ὕπαιπα) was an Ancient city and (arch)bishopric in ancient Lydia, near the north bank of the Cayster River, and 42 miles from Ephesus, Ephesus  and remains a Latin Catholic titular see.
Name and location
Its location was identified by the Frenchmen Cousinéry and Texier and confirmed by the excavations carried out by Demostene Baltazzi on behalf of the Ottoman government in 1892. The ruins are close to the present-day village of Günlüce (earlier known as Datbey or Tapaı; in the Ottoman vilayet of Smyrna), 4 kilometres northwest of the town of Ödemiş.
In 88 BC, Hypaepa rebelled against Mithridates VI of Pontus and was severely punished. Under Roman Emperor Tiberius (AD 14-37) it was selection as a candidate for the location of a temple dedicated to worship of the Emperor, but was rejected as being too insignificant.
Mythology and pre-christian religion
The women of Hypaepa were reputed to have received from the mythological Aphrodite the gift of beauty of form and dancing Ovid placed at Hypaepa the home of Arachne before she was turned into a spider.
The Persian goddess Anahita, identified with Artemis and therefore called Artemis Anaitis or Persian Artemis, was worshipped at Hypaepa, which had been part of the Achaemenid Empire. However, under the Roman Empire the priests of the temple bore Greek names, not Persian.
Lequien (Oriens Christianus I, 695) mentions six bishops: Mithres, present at the First Council of Nicaea in 325; Euporus, at the First Council of Ephesus in 431; Julian, at Ephesus, 449, and at the Council of Chalcedon in 451; Anthony, who abjured Monothelism at the Third Council of Constantinople in 680; Theophylactus, at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787; Gregory, at the Council of Constantinople in 879. To these may be added Michael, who in 1230 signed a document issued by the Patriarch Germanus II (Revue des études grecques, 1894, VII).
The Latin diocese was nominally restored as titular bishopric around 1900 as Hipæpa (Curiate Italian Ipæpa) and renamed Hypæpa in 1933.
It is vacant since decades, having had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :
- Edward Gilpin Bagshawe, Oratorians of Philip Neri (C.O.) (1902.01.27 – 1904.01.17), previously Bishop of Nottingham (England, UK) (1874.10.12 – 1901.11.25?), later Titular Archbishop of Seleucia Trachea (1904.01.17 – 1915.02.06)
- Augustin Henninghaus (韓寧鎬), Divine Word Missionaries (S.V.D.) (1904.08.07 – 1939.07.20)
- Raymond Aloysius Lane (林化東), Maryknoll Fathers (M.M.) (1940.02.13 – 1946.04.11)
- William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854)
- Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
- Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World, "Ύπαιπα (Αρχαιότητα)
- Ovid, Metamophoses, 11.146, l. 152; English verse translation
- Sophrone Pétridès, "Hypaepa" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1910)
- Ovid, Metamorphoses, VI
- Pausanias V 27:5-6 text at Perseus
Sencan Altınoluk, Hypaipa. A Lydian City During the Roman Imperial Period, Istanbul, 2013.