Marmara (Lycia)

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Marmara was a town of ancient Lycia, whose inhabitants put up a ferocious defense to Alexander the Great during his invasion. The name does not appear in history, but the ethnonym is cited by Diodorus Siculus.[1] The town's territory is called Mnarike (Ancient Greek: Μναρική) in the Stadiasmus Patarensis, implying a town name of Mnara.[2][3]

The identification of Mnara with Marmara has generally be accepted to the site of Kavak Dağ.[4][5][6] Excavations began in 2004 and are on-going.[3]


  1. ^ Diodorus Siculus. Bibliotheca historica (Historical Library). Vol. 17.28.
  2. ^ NİHAL TÜNER (2002). "LYKIA 'NIN YERLEŞIM COÖRAFYASINDA YENI LOKALİZASYONLAR". Li̇kya İncelemeleri̇ I (in Turkish). Istanbul: 68.
  3. ^ a b Çevik, Nevzat (2008). "Northeast Lycia. The New Evidence - The Results from the past ten years from the Bey Mountains Surface Surveys". Adalya. 11: 205–207.
  4. ^ Antalya Museum Government Website (in Turkish)
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 65, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

Coordinates: 36°39′40″N 30°28′42″E / 36.661236°N 30.47823°E / 36.661236; 30.47823