Paesus or Paisos (Παισός), in the Trojan Battle Order in Homer's Iliad called Apaesus or Apaisos (Ἀπαισός), was a town and polis (city-state) on the coast of the ancient Troad, at the entrance of the Propontis, between Lampsacus and Parium. In the Iliad, Amphius, son of Selagus, was said to be from Paesus. At one period it received colonists from Miletus. It suffered Persian occupation during the Ionian Revolt. In Strabo's time the town was destroyed, and its inhabitants had transferred themselves to Lampsacus, which was likewise a Milesian colony. The town derived its name from the small river Paesus, on which it was situated. It was a member of the Delian League and appears in tribute lists of Athens between 453/2 and 430/29 BCE.
- Homer. Iliad. Vol. 2.828.
- Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 991. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
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- Herodotus. Histories. Vol. 5.117.
- Strabo. Geographica. Vol. xiii. p. 589. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
- Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.
- Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.