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Libyssa (Ancient Greek: Λίβυσσα) or Libysa (Λίβισσα),[1] was a town on the north coast of the Sinus Astacenus in ancient Bithynia, on the road from Nicaea to Chalcedon. It was celebrated in antiquity as the place containing the tomb of the great Hannibal.[2][3][4] In Pliny's time the town no longer existed, but the spot was noticed only because of the tumulus of Hannibal.

The site of ancient Libyssa is located within the modern district of Gebze in Kocaeli Province, at the coast of the Gulf of İzmit, near the city of İzmit (ancient Nicomedia) in northwestern Anatolia.[5][6]


  1. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. Vol. 5.1.13.
  2. ^ Plutarch, Flam. 20; Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. Vol. s.v. Λιβυσσα.
  3. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. Vol. 5.43.
  4. ^ Amm. Marc. 22.9 ; Eutrop. 4.11 Itin. Ant. p. 139; Itin. Hier. p. 572.
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 52, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Libyssa". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 40°46′10″N 29°32′23″E / 40.769562°N 29.539812°E / 40.769562; 29.539812