Muzaffarnagar district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Muzaffarnagar.
Muzaffarnagar district
मुज़फ़्फ़रनगर जनपद
مُظفٌر نگر ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Saharanpur
Headquarters Muzaffarnagar
Tehsils Sadar, Budhana, Jansath, Khatauli
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Muzaffarnagar
 • Assembly seats Muzaffarnagar,
Budhana,
Charthawal,
Khatauli,
Meerapur,
Purqazi
Area
 • Total 4,008 km2 (1,547 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,143,663
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 69.12 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 889/1000
Major highways NH 58 , SH -12
Website Official website

Muzaffarnagar district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is also the part of National Capital Region.

History[edit]

Medieval period[edit]

Muzaffarnagar's early medieval history is obscure till the Indo-Mughal period. Timur's army had marched to Delhi through this region in 1399; its people fought it unsuccessfully. In Mughal Emperor Akbar's time, most of the Muzaffarnagar district region, called Sarwat then under the Mahal control of Taga / Tyagi brahmans of Sarvat village, belonged to the sarkar (circle) of Saharanpur. Akbar bestowed pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha which remained with his descendants up to the 17th century. After killing Peer Khan Lodi styled as Khan Jahan lodi, Shahjahan bestowed title of deceased Peer Khan Lodhi and Pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Muzaffar Khan Barha, whose son Munawwar Lashkar Khan Barha established the city and named it Muzaffarnagar in honour of his father, and Sarwat also became Muzaffarnagar.[2]

Modern era[edit]

Muzaffarnagar district gained notoriety in the 20th century with frequent incidents of loot, murders, kidnappings and dacoity.[3]

2013 Muzaffarnagar riots[edit]

The 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots between Hindus and Muslims resulted in 62 deaths.[4] According to a May 2015 report in India Today:

Shamli and adjoining Muzaffarnagar districts are considered sensitive ever since large-scale communal violence erupted in August and September 2013. More than 50 people had died and over 50,000 were rendered homeless...The riot that ensued had engulfed many districts of western UP.[5]

Blocks[edit]

The district is divided into 9[6] blocks, these are:

Sr. No. Block Name
1 Muzaffarnagar
2 Budhana
3 Baghra
4 Shahpur
5 Purquazi
6 Charthawal
7 Morna
8 Jansath
9 Khatauli

Demographics[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Religion in Muzaffarnagar (2011)[7]

  Hinduism (57.51%)
  Islam (41.30%)
  Jainism (0.39%)
  Other (.80%)

According to the 2011 census Muzaffarnagar district has a population of 2,827,154,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Lebanon[9] or the US state of Oregon.[10] This gives it a ranking of 125th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 960 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.8%.[8] Muzaffarnagar has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 70.11%.[8] Minority population is about 40% of the total population of the district[11] Muzaffarnagar is a category "B1" district i.e. having socio-economic parameters below the national average.[12]

Education[edit]

There are two medical colleges and five engineering colleges in this district. There are four management colleges and eight degree colleges in the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2011". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ "Brief District History". Muzaffarnagar district website. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  3. ^ "The streets of fear". India Today. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Government releases data of riot victims identifying religion". The Times of India. September 24, 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  5. ^ "Western Uttar Pradesh tense after communal violence in Shamli". India Today. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Administration". Muzaffarnagar.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  7. ^ "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Albania 2,827,800 July 2011 est. 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  11. ^ [1].
  12. ^ MINUTES OF THE 34th MEETING OF EMPOWERED COMMITTEE TO CONSIDER AND APPROVE REVISED PLAN FOR BALANCE FUND FOR THE DISTRICTS OF GHAZIABAD, BAREILLY, BARABANKI, SIDDHARTH NAGAR, SHAHJANPUR, MORADABAD, MUZAFFARNAGAR, BAHRAICH AND LUCKNOW (UTTAR PRADESH) UNDER MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MINORITY CONCENTRATION DISTRICTS HELD ON 22nd JULY, 2010 AT 11.00 A.M. UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS. F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°27′N 77°35′E / 29.450°N 77.583°E / 29.450; 77.583