TV5Monde

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This article is about the European TV network. For the related French-Canadian TV channel, see TV5 Québec Canada.
TV5Monde
TV5Monde Logo.svg
Launched 2 January 1984
Owned by TV5MONDE, S.A.
(France Télévisions 49%
France Médias Monde 12.58%
RTS 11.11%
RTBF 11.11%
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation 6.67%
Télé-Québec 4.44%
Arte 3.29%
INA 1.74%)
Picture format 576i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Slogan Un monde, des mondes, TV5MONDE(s)
Country

Programs produced from:
Belgium
Canada
France
Switzerland
Operates from:

France
Language French
Broadcast area International
Headquarters Paris, France
Formerly called TV5
(1984–1989, 1993–2006)
TV5 Europe
(1989–1993)
Website tv5.org
Availability
Terrestrial
Analogue UHF PAL in Kinshasa, Pointe-Noire, Mauritania, Tirana, Elbasan, Shkodër, Korçë, Librazhd, Gramsh, and Bulqizë
UHF SECAM only in Cape Verde, Mauritius and Seychelles
VHF SECAM in Chișinău
DVB-T ERT B only in Athens and Thessaloniki
Satellite
SKY México Channel 277 (Mexico, Central America and The Caribbean)
Canalsat (France) Channel 71
Dish TV (India) Channel 731
SKY Italia (Italy) Channel 540
Sky (UK, Ireland) Channel 796
Dish Network (US) Channel 731
Verizon FiOS (US) Channel 1771
GVT (Brazil) Channel 144
Astra 1L 11479.00 V 22000 5/6
Astra 1M 11538.00 V 22000 5/6
Badr 4 12073.00 H 27500 3/4
Hispasat 1C 12092.00 V 27500 3/4
Hot Bird 6 11137.00 H 27500 3/4 (Digital)
Nilesat 101 11900.00 V 27500 3/4
Eutelsat 28A 11426.00 V 27500 2/3
KT QOOK TV (South Korea) Channel 350
SKY Brasil Channel 108 (Brazil)
DStv Channel 437
Airtel Digital TV (India) Channel 157
Cable
Available on most cable systems Check local listings for details
Virgin Media (UK) Channel 825
Ziggo (Netherlands) Channel 71
DNA Oy Channel 87
IPTV
Peo TV (Sri Lanka) Channel 90 (French)
Streaming media
Horizon Go Watch live (Netherlands only)
FilmOn Watch live
Virgin TV Anywhere Watch live (UK only)

TV5Monde (French pronunciation: ​[te ve sɛ̃k mɔ̃d]; formerly known as TV5) is a global television network, broadcasting several channels of French language programming. It is an approved participant member of the European Broadcasting Union.[1]

Summary[edit]

TV5 started in 2 January 1984 and was under the management of Serge Adda until November 2004; the new director, named on 6 April 2005 is Jean-Jacques Aillagon, former French Minister for Culture and Communication. The present Director-General is Marie-Christine Saragosse.

In January 1992 TV5 underwent a major overhaul including re-branding as "TV5MONDE" to stress its focus as a global network ("Monde" is French for "World"). Also part of the changes are a new schedule and new program line-up. Since 1993, "TV5 Monde" is part of the channel's corporate name. Its Canadian operations are branded "TV5 Québec Canada", however, though the shorter version TV5 is also used.

TV5MONDE claims to be one of the top three most available global television networks available around the world with CNN and MTV.

History[edit]

TV5 was formed on 2 January 1984, under the guidance of Claude Cheysson, French Minister for Foreign Affairs, and by TV5 President Serge Adda by five public television channels: TF1, Antenne 2, and FR3 from France, the Swiss Television Suisse Romande and the Belgian RTBF. The "5" from the name TV5 comes from these five public broadcasters. On 18 December 1985, TV5 was amongst the first four channels carried by cable television in France, inaugurated in Cergy-Pontoise.

Following its privatisation in 1987, TF1 retired from the TV5 consortium, although it continued to supply its programmes to the channel up until 1995. On 1 September 1988 TV5 Québec Canada was created, then TV5 Afrique in 1991. The following year TV5 transmitted using digital compression towards Latin America and the Caribbean. Its coverage was expanded in 1996 with the launch of its Asian-Pacific signal, its subscription channel TV5 United States and the Middle East with TV5 Moyen-Orient in 1998.

In 1999 TV5 split its European signal into two, with the launch of TV5 France Belgique Suisse, a signal specific to Francophone Europe (France, Belgium Switzerland, Monaco, Luxembourg etc.). TV5 Europe continued to serve the wider continental audience.

A consortium formed by public channels Arte and La Cinquième entered into the capital of the channel, which brought with it new sources of programming. A new schedule was constructed, centred around news programmes such as news flashes on the hour, two TV5 bulletins and rebroadcasts of its partners’ main news programmes (20 Heures from France 2; Soir 3 from France 3; Le Journal Switzerland; 13 Heures from Belgium).

A meeting with ministers from TV5 in Vevey, Switzerland, gave a mandate to the channel’s council of cooperation in order to reform the structure of the channel, in view of creating a unique worldwide channel. The national governments in charge of the five participants gave an agreement to turn management of TV5-Etats-Unis and TV5 Amerique-Latine over to TV5 Monde, the new name for the channel’s head operations in Paris.

Following the September 2001 terrorist attacks and the period leading up to the 2003 Iraq War, the subsequent media coverage put the spotlight on TV5’s particular way of broadcasting news bulletins from its member public broadcasters. International conflicts arising from the decision to go to war by the United States and the United Kingdom (which France, notably had refused to participate) had relaunched the debate over whether to create an international news channel from a French perspective, resulting in the 2006 launch of France 24.

With the creation of France 24 placing TV5’s own existence in doubt, its new CEO Jean-Jacques Aillagon decided that, from 1 January 2006 to rename the channel TV5Monde to better underline its status as the only international Francophone channel available on-air (France 24 at this stage was only available in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and in the United States’ cities of New York and Washington DC; in French). Aillagon stepped down from his post on 3 March 2006.

The name TV5Monde only applies to its eight different signals, broadcast from its Paris headquarters. In Canada and in French-speaking Quebec, TV5 Quebec Canada is managed from Montreal, which keeps the original name TV5, as it is operated by an independent company distinct from TV5MONDE. As well as being part of the TV5 'family', TV5 Quebec Canada has its own management and its schedule is made with the Canadian viewer in mind (and to conform to Canadian broadcast regulations, amongst which, sets domestic production quotas and limits foreign investors to a minority stake).

In 2007 a new programme schedule saw the reduction of programming from France Télévisions (France 2, 3 and 5), for example, one daily news bulletin from France 2 (abandoning France 3’s midday news programme). In 2008, TV5Monde became part of holding company France Monde.

In 2009, TV5Monde launched TV5Monde Asie, a feed for territories located between GMT+8 (Hong Kong) and GMT+12 (New Zealand). TV5Monde’s Pacific signal is an adaptation of its existing Asian signal which has been adopted to its time zones to better serve its viewers.

On 25 February 2015, a new signal called TV5Monde Brésil was launched, broadcasting its programming with Portuguese subtitles.[2]

April 2015 cyber-attack and resulting disruption[edit]

On the evening of 8 April 2015, TV5Monde was the victim of a cyberattack by the hacker group "CyberCaliphate", which claimed to have ties to the terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The hackers breached the broadcaster's internal systems in what director Yves Bigot described as an "unprecedented" attack, overriding TV5Monde's broadcast programming for over three hours, with service only partially restored in the early hours of the following morning.[3] Normal broadcasting services were still disrupted late into April 9.[3] Various computerised internal administrative and support systems including e-mail were also still shut down or otherwise inaccessible due to the attack.[4][3] The hackers also hijacked TV5Monde's Facebook and Twitter pages to post the personal information of relatives of French soldiers participating in actions against the organization, along with messages critical of President François Hollande, arguing that the January 2015 terrorist attacks were "gifts" for his "unforgivable mistake" of partaking in conflicts that "[serve] no purpose".[5][3]

As part of the official response to the attack, the French Minister of Culture and Communications, Fleur Pellerin, called for an emergency meeting of the heads of various major media outlets and groups. The meeting took place on April 10 at an undisclosed location.[4] The French Prime Minister Manuel Valls called the attack "an unacceptable insult to freedom of information and expression".[4] His cabinet colleague, the Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve attempted to allay public concern by stating that France "had already increased its anti-hacking measures to protect against cyber-attacks" following the aforementioned terrorist attacks on January earlier that year, which had left a total of 20 people dead.[4]

French investigators later discounted the theory that militants Islamist were behind the cyber attack, instead suspecting the involvement of a Russian hacking group, called APT28 or Pawn Storm, with alleged links to the Russian government.[6]

Content[edit]

Most of its content is taken from mainstream networks in the French-speaking world, notably France Télévisions from France, RTBF from Belgium, RTS from Switzerland, and the Radio-Canada and TVA networks in Canada. In addition to international news, TV5MONDE broadcasts Ligue 1, films and music magazines.

Ownership[edit]

The number "5" in the name is the number of founding networks: Télévision Française 1 (TF1), Antenne 2 (France 2), FR 3 (France 3), TSR (RTS Un) and RTBF (La Une). Today, the partnership making up the TV5MONDE consortium are France Télévisions, Arte France, Institut national de l'audiovisuel, Radio-Canada, Télé-Québec, RTBF and RTS. This consortium owns 51% of the service, while the other 49% is owned by France Médias Monde, a holding company that manages France's international broadcasting services.

Channels[edit]

As of 2015, ten feeds are being transmitted:

(*)TV5MONDE États-Unis has certain programs subtitled in English. Particularly some newscasts and most movies are subtitled in English language. It is unusual to watch a French movie without English language subtitles on TV5MONDE États-Unis.
(**)TV5 Québec Canada is produced in Montreal.
(***) in Brazil, the French network has partnered with Brazilian National Cine Agency to stimulate the production of independent content in Brazilian pay TV.[7]

Logos[edit]

From 1984, for this television network, there are five different logos. The first logo of television network is used from 1984 to 1988, the second logo is used from 1988 to 1990, the third logo is used from 1990 to 1995, the fourth logo is used from 1995 to 2006, and the fifth and current logo is in use from 2006.

From 1991 to 2003, the digital on-screen graphic was located on the upper right corner of the screen. From 2003 onwards, it has been moved to the upper left corner of the screen.

Network availability[edit]

Europe[edit]

TV5MONDE FBS and TV5MONDE Europe are Free-To-Air and can be received by satellite. Additionally:

North America[edit]

Neither TV5MONDE nor its supplementary services are Free-To-Air in North America.

Canada[edit]

Main article: TV5 Québec Canada

TV5 Québec Canada is a French Canadian version of TV5MONDE. It offers largely the same programming schedule, with the exception that programming from Radio-Canada, which is already available across Canada, is replaced with content from the provincial educational networks Télé-Québec and TFO. As with TV5MONDE, TV5 Québec Canada is also a cooperative effort, though involving French Canadian networks and producers through l'Association des producteurs de films et de télévision du Québec. The Canadian license also includes Unis, a channel focused on francophone communities outside Quebec.

United States[edit]

In the United States, TV5MONDE USA is one of several foreign-language premium channels offered through International Media Distribution. Broadcast is in standard definition only. The channel is offered nationwide on Dish Network, AT&T U-verse, and Verizon FiOS, and offered in most major markets on traditional cable systems such as Time Warner Cable, Cox Communications, Xfinity and Bright House Networks. TV5MONDE is offered on cable and satellite as an a la carte selection for $9.99 a month. On most systems, a subscription to another programming tier or a digital cable package may be required. Purportedly due to underfunding, TV5MONDE cannot yet offer accurate advance scheduling or on-time programming, but progress is being made in these fronts.

In addition, TV5MONDE USA offers a French-language children's channel, TiVi5MONDE, which offers a selection of Children's and young adult programming in French. The channel is currently available on Dish Network, as part of the TV5MONDE subscription. Daily blocks of TiVi5MONDE programming is also seen on the main TV5MONDE channel.[8]

TV5MONDE launched TV5MONDE Cinema on Demand, a video on demand service available to Xfinity subscribers in July 2013 that features a selection of francophone films.[9]

Mexico, Central America and Caribbean[edit]

In Mexico and most countries of Central America and The Caribbean, TV5MONDE Amérique Latine & Caraïbes is available SKY México, a satellite television platform, on Channel 277.

South America[edit]

Brazil[edit]

In Brazil is transmitted with subtitles in Portuguese on their schedule, currently negotiations are being held to launch the first original channel productions in the country. TV5MONDE Brésil is available on SKY Brasil on channel 108, Claro TV on channel 132, Net on channel 141, as well as Vivo TV.

Others countries[edit]

TV5MONDE Amérique Latine & Caraïbes is not Free-To-Air in South America, The channel is present in the main TV operators pay of Hispanic countries, the half programming is displayed with Spanish subtitles.

In French Guiana, territory located in northern South America and is a French overseas territory, the channel is free and displayed with programming entirely in French.

Asia, Australia and New Zealand[edit]

It is free to air from the AsiaSat 3S satellite, covering most of Asia and Australia. Triangle TV in Auckland, Nepal (Everest) and Wellington rebroadcasts some news programmes. In Nepal (Everest), TiVi5 Monde is broadcast by Dish Home on Channel no D-864. In Singapore, StarHub TV service broadcasts it on Channel 152 for its digital service customers on MediaCorp TV Channel 5 and MediaCorp TV HD5. In India, Zee Network provides this channel for its Dish Network DTH services subscribers. Also, many others like Hathway cable TV and local cable TV operators offer TV5Monde free of cost. The channel is also available in Japan on Fuji Television platform (as TV5MONDE Pacifique, though Japan is a part of the Asian continent) and Television New Zealand in New Zealand.

In South Korea, ISP provider Qrix offers TV5 on its premium HD cable package and will begin offering it via IPTV from 16 Feb..

  • India: TV5MONDE Asie used to be available on Dish TV channel 731 but it has been withdrawn now. Airtel digital TV channel no 157
  • Indonesia - Southeast Asia: TV5MONDE Asia can be found on Indovision channel 356, First Media channel 260 and OkeVision channel 158.
  • Pakistan: TV5MONDE Asie is available on demand by requesting the local cable operator.
  • Philippines: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on SkyCable Channel 134 (Digital), Destiny Cable Channel 134 (Digital) through digital platform.
  • Singapore: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on StarHub TV channel 152.
  • Sri Lanka: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on Peo TV Channel 90
  • Taiwan: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on CHT MOD channel 111.
  • Thailand: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on TrueVisions channel 166.
  • Vietnam: TV5MONDE Asie can be found on VTVCab, SCTV, HTVC, MyTV, FPT Play HD, AVG.

Middle East and North Africa[edit]

In most of the region, TV5MONDE Maghreb-Orient is available on Nilesat 101 and Badr 4 under the frequencies of 11900.00 V 27500 3/4 and 12073.00 H 27500 3/4, respectively. In Lebanon, it is also available on Cablevision (a cable television platform serving the country), and via Tele Liban's French channel, Tele Liban Le Neuf[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TV5MONDE". EBU. Retrieved 07.06.2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ "TV5Monde in Brazil". Retrieved february 27, 2015.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d "Isil hackers seize control of France's TV5Monde network in 'unprecedented' attack". Daily Telegraph. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d "French media groups to hold emergency meeting after Isis cyber-attack". Guardian (online edition). 9 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "French TV network TV5Monde 'hacked by cyber caliphate in unprecedented attack' that revealed personal details of French soldiers". The Independent. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "France probes Russian lead in TV5Monde hacking: sources". Reuters. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "TV5Monde has partnered with Ancine". Retrieved february 27, 2015.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ TV5MONDE USA: TiVi5MONDE
  9. ^ Facebook: TV5MONDE Cinema on Demand
  10. ^ fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Télé_Liban_2

External links[edit]