Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
|IATA: CAN – ICAO: ZGGG|
|Operator||Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.|
|Hub for||China Southern Airlines
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 49 ft|
|Source: List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China|
|Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport|
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the old airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton. The airport is the main hub of China Southern Airlines and a focus city for Shenzhen Airlines and Hainan Airlines.
In 2011, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's 2nd busiest and world's 19th busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic, with 45,040,340 people handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was the 3rd busiest in China and the 21st busiest worldwide. Guangzhou airport is also the 2nd busiest airport in terms of traffic movements in China.
The current airport in Huadu District opened on August 5, 2004, replacing the 72-year-old, identically named old airport (now closed). The new airport, built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly 5 times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese, and refers to Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan) near the location of the former airport (much closer to downtown Guangzhou than the new airport). The airport is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous version, but this is not a part of the official name.
The opening of the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport had relieved most of the controversies of the older and deteriorated airport because of the limited space, overcrowding and lack of expansions. Its opening allowed it to overcome curfews and restrictions and begin a 24 hour operation. This meant that China Southern Airlines could highly utilize their intercontinental routes by flying overnight. Other airlines have this benefit too.
Future development 
In August 2008, the airport's new expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission of China. The airport will build a third runway located 400 metres east of the existing east runway. The new runway will be 3800 metres long and 60 metres wide. Other elements of the expansion plan include a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, a new indoor car park and an outdoor car park, a transportation centre, and a metro station which will serve Terminal 2. The total cost of the project will be ¥14.036 billion. Construction of the third runway is estimated to start in 2011 and finish in the first half of 2013. When the whole project is finished by the end of 2015, the airport will be able to handle 75 million passengers and more than 2.17 million tonnes of cargo a year.
- Runways: 2—3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
- Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)
- Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
- Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 75 million passengers per year
- Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
- Planned cargo capacity in 2010: 2 million tonnes
- Planned cargo capacity in 2020: over 2.17 million tonnes
- Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
- Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang
The terminal has A and B boarding areas. For A gates, there are A101-A133, A01-A04, A07-A10, and A13-A18. For B gates, there are B201-B235, B01-B04, B07-B10, and B13-B18. The A boarding area is located on the east concourse, and the B boarding area is located on the west concourse. Each of the 2 boarding areas have 3 smaller concourses. The A area is divided into East 1-East 3. The B area is divided into West 1-West 3. East 1 is the only concourse that serves international flights. It has gates A101-A112 and A01-A04. East 2, East 3, and West 1-West 3 all serve domestic flights. East 2 has gates A113-A123 and A07-A11. East 3 has gates A124-A133 and A13-A18. West 1 has gates B201-B213 and B01-B04. West 2 has gates B214-B223 and B07-B10. West 3 has gates B224-B235 and B13-B18. East and West 3 were built in late 2010. Because of this, All of the gates at Baiyun Airport had to be renamed.
Airlines and destinations 
Baiyun airport nearby hotels list 
- Pullman Baiyun Airport Hotel Guangzhou Located in the heart of the Guangzhou International Airport Complex, Pullman Guangzhou Baiyun Airport offers a relaxing haven for the busy traveler with easy accessibility.
- The Airport Hotel The Airport Hotel is located in Renhe, very near Guangzhou's New Baiyun International Airport, and offers guests free regular shuttle buses from the passenger terminal.
- Guangsha Hotel The Guangsha Hotel (Guangsha Dajiudian) is a three minutes drive from the terminal building of the airport. Guests will never have a problem making their flights from the hotel with complimentary shuttle services run to and from the airport on offer. Guests can surf the web for free in their rooms.
FedEx Asia-Pacific hub 
On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft). At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world . The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States, but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.
The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first one for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Also included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and a total of 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.
Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. But on November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".
On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, utilizing the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.
FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport. The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.
Cargo airlines 
|ANA Cargo||Tokyo-Narita [Begins August 28, 2013]|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan|
|China Postal Airlines||Shanghai-Hongqiao, Nanjing|
|China Southern Cargo||Amsterdam, Taipei-Taoyuan, Chongqing, Qingdao, Zhengzhou, Los Angeles|
|Etihad Crystal Cargo||Abu Dhabi |
|EVA Air Cargo||Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Almaty, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita|
|Korean Air Cargo||Seoul-Incheon|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Krasnoyarsk, Delhi, Frankfurt|
|Martinair Cargo / KLM||Dammam, Sharjah |
|Saudia Cargo||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh|
|Turkish Cargo||Almaty, Bishkek, Delhi, Istanbul, Tashkent|
|UPS Airlines||Anchorage, Honolulu, Ontario, Seoul-Incheon, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita|
|Yangtze River Express||Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Tapei-Taoyuan, Xiamen|
Photo gallery 
See also 
- Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (former)
- List of airports in the People's Republic of China
- List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
- World's busiest airports by cargo traffic
- World's busiest airports by passenger traffic
- "Third Runway to Be Built In the Baiyun Airport". Guangzhou Municipal Government. 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-08-26.[dead link]
- "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
- "武广高铁年内连机场 新航站楼2015年启用" (in Simplified Chinese). Guangzhou Broadcasting Network. 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2011-02-01.[dead link]
- "在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话" (in Simplified Chinese). 广州市交通委员会. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
- "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. 2010-05. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (Press release). FedEx. 2010-02. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
- "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- MP Cargo winter 2012 timetable
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport|
- Guangdong Airport Management Group (Chinese)
- Airport official website (Chinese)
- Airport information for ZGGG at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.