Visa requirements for United States citizens

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A United States passport with biometric chip.

Visa requirements for United States citizens and non-citizen nationals are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United States.

As of 9 October 2018, holders of a United States passport could travel to 186 countries and territories without a travel visa, or with a visa on arrival. The United States passport currently ranks[Note 1] 4th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Austria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for holders of regular United States passports
  United States
  Visa free access
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa
  Both visa on arrival and eVisa available
  Visa required prior to arrival
  Travel ban imposed by the U.S. federal government

Visa requirements[edit]

General visa requirements of sovereign countries towards United States citizens:

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2][3]
  • Visitors born in Afghanistan do not require a visa.
  • Visitors arriving via military air need to legalize their stay if they wish to leave via commercial airline.
  • All visitors are fingerprinted.[4]
 Albania Visa not required[5][6] 1 year[7]
 Algeria Visa required[8][9]
  • Persons may be denied entry if entering with a passport containing visas or stamps issued by Israel.
 Andorra Visa not required[10] 3 months[11][12]
 Angola eVisa[13][14][15] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[16]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[17]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[18][19] 6 months[20]
  • Stringent application of rules regarding proof of sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation.[21]
 Argentina Visa not required[22] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180 days.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.
 Armenia Visa not required[23] 180 days
 Australia Electronic Travel Authority[24] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted[25]
  • May enter using SmartGate.[26]
 Austria Visa not required[27][28] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[30] 30 days[31]
  • If intending to stay in the Republic of Azerbaijan for more than ten days, the visitor must register at the State Migration Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan within three days upon arrival in Azerbaijan.[32]
  • Applicants of Armenian ancestry or with Armenian visas in their passport may not obtain a visa.[33]
  • Can obtain a 30 days visa on arrival only if arriving on a direct flight of Azerbaijan Airlines from New York City.[34]
 Bahamas Visa not required[35][36] 8 months
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[37] 14 days[38]
  • Visa also obtainable online[39]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[40] 30 days[41]
 Barbados Visa not required[43][44] 28 days
  • Extendable up to 6 months[45]
 Belarus Visa not required[46] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[50] 90 days
 Belize Visa not required[52][53] 1 month
  • Extendable up to 6 months[54]
  • Departure tax applies.[55]
 Benin eVisa[56][57]
 Bhutan Visa required[59]
  • $250 per day is a non-negotiable minimum daily tariff paid by all visitors to Bhutan.
  • Visas are issued only to tourists booked with a local licensed tour operator.[60]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[61][62] 90 days[63]
  • Reciprocal fee of US$160 applies. Fee must be paid in cash when arriving to any entry point by car, air or foot, or in money order when applying for the visa in advance at an accredited Bolivian Consulate. Visas are issued with 10 year validity from the date of issuance.[64][65]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[66][67] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[68]
 Botswana Visa not required[69][70] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period[71]
 Brazil eVisa[72][73] 90 days
  • 90 days per year; valid for 2 years.
 Brunei Visa not required[74][75] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[76][77] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[78]
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[79] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[81]
  • Visitors are fingerprinted
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[82] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[83]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure.[84]
 Cameroon Visa required[85]
 Canada Visa not required[87][88] 180 days
  • Anyone with a criminal record (including misdemeanors or alcohol-related driving offenses in the US) may not be able to enter Canada without first obtaining an approval for rehabilitation[89] or a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP).[90]
  • Passport Card, NEXUS card, or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[91]
 Central African Republic Visa not required[93][94][95] 180 days
 Chad Visa required[97][98]
 Chile Visa not required[101] 90 days[102][103]
 China Visa required[104]
  • Registration mandatory within 24 hours of arrival;[105]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure between the ages of 14 and 70.
  • Visas for U.S. citizens are valid for up to 10 years.[109]
 Colombia Visa not required[110][111] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period[112]
  • Colombian-born U.S. citizens and U.S. citizens traveling with children may face special exit requirements.[113]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[114][115]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[116][117]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[119][120]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[122] 90 days
  • Departure tax applies.[123]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[124]
 Croatia Visa not required[126][127] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[128]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[129]
  • Tourist travel was historically prohibited under U.S. law for U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and others subject to U.S. jurisdiction.[130] Under the Cuban Assets Control Regulations, all persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are not permitted to travel to Cuba, and must be licensed in order to engage in any travel-related transactions pursuant to travel to, from, and within Cuba. In July 2015, the United States resumed diplomatic relations with Cuba. Discussions on lifting the travel ban have initiated. On June 16, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced new travel restrictions.[131][132]
 Cyprus Visa not required[133][134] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[135]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[136][137] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[139][140] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area
  • US citizens can enter Denmark for up to 90 days every six months, regardless of whether they have stayed in another Schengen area (except the other Nordic countries) country prior to entry into Denmark.[141]
 Djibouti eVisa[142] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[143][144] 6 months
  • Departure tax applies.[145]
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[146][147] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 90 days
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
 Ecuador Visa not required[148] 90 days
  • Extendable for another 90 days, per year[149]
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[150]
 El Salvador Visa not required[153][154] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa not required[155] 90 days
 Eritrea Visa required[157]
  • Airport departure tax applies.[158]
 Estonia Visa not required[159][160] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa not required[162] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 60 days[163]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[164]
 Fiji Visa not required[166] 4 months[167]
 Finland Visa not required[168][169] 90 days
 France Visa not required[171][172] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[174]
 Gambia Visa required[177][178]
 Georgia Visa not required[180] 1 year
  • Visitors must hold proof of health insurance.
 Germany Visa not required[181] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[183][184]
 Greece Visa not required[186][187] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[189][190] 3 months
  • Extensions possible
 Guatemala Visa not required[191] 90 days
  • An exit tax must be paid when departing by air.[192]
 Guinea Visa required[193]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[195] 90 days[196]
  • Visitors must apply for a visa on arrival in advance or online.[197]
 Guyana Visa not required[198] 3 months[199]
 Haiti Visa not required[200][201] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[202] 3 months
  • Departing airport tax applies.
 Hungary Visa not required[203][204] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[206][207] 90 days
 India eVisa[209] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 2] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 3][210]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  • $75 fee along with bank surcharge of 2.5%[211]
  • Confirmation has to be shown at the border where a visa on arrival is issued.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted.
  • American citizens are eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa.[212]
 Indonesia Visa not required[213][214] 30 days
 Iran Visa required[215]
  • Iranian visas must be obtained from the Special Interests section of the Embassy of Pakistan, Washington, D.C.[216]
  • US visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.[217]
  • Independent travelers must be accompanied by an authorized guide at all times.
 Iraq Visa required[218]
  • Some U.S. citizens must obtain an exit stamp at a Residency Office before departing the country.
  • Some visitors who plan to stay for more than 10 days must also obtain a residency stamp.[219]
  • Visitors who come as part of a government-sponsored tour, upon presentation of proper paperwork from the government, may receive a visa on arrival at Baghdad International Airport for $80 + 1250 Iraqi dinar. Visitors are not required to obtain any other permits, including for Iraqi Kurdistan, or submit blood tests.[220]
 Ireland Visa not required[221][222] 3 months
  • Strict application of immigration rules regarding providing proof of the trip purpose, sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation.[223]
 Israel Visa not required[224] 3 months
  • Dual nationals of Israel and the United States who don't have an Israeli passport, including infants, may be required to obtain an Israeli passport in order to leave Israel.[225]
  • Entry prohibited for any person “who knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel".[226]
 Italy Visa not required[227][228] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa not required[230] 6 months
  • There is a departure tax for travelers, which is regularly included in airfare.[231]
 Japan Visa not required[232] 90 days
  • All visitors are fingerprinted[233]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[234] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).[235]
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival and departure[236]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[237][238] 30 days
  • As part of the no-visa pilot program in period 15 July 2014 – 15 July 2015. In June 2015 this program was extended until December 31, 2017.[239][240]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[241] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[243] 30 days
  • Airport Embarkation Tax applies.[244]
 North Korea Travel restricted[245][246][247]
  • U.S. passports holders must obtain a special passport validation from the U.S. federal government before travel.
 South Korea Visa not required[248] 90 days
  • All visitors are fingerprinted.[249]
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[250] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[251] 60 days[252]
 Laos Visa on arrival[253] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 4] and at 13 border crossings[Note 5] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[254]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[255][256] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[258] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months.
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket
 Lesotho Visa not required[259] 14 days
  • Extendable up to 180 days.[260]
 Liberia Visa required[261]
 Libya Visa required[263]
  • Visitors travelling to Libya for touristic purposes are required to convert USD 1,000 or equivalent on arrival.
  • Holders of passports bearing an Israeli visa or entry/exit stamps from Israel are not allowed to enter Libya.[264]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[265] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[267][268] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[270][271] 90 days
 Macedonia Visa not required[273] 90 days
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory[274]
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[275] 30 days
  • Available at all airports servicing international flights.[276]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge. Visas for 60 or 90 days available for a fee.
 Malawi Visa on arrival[277]
  • From 1 October 2015 visitors are generally advised to obtain a visa in advance.[278]
 Malaysia Visa not required[279] 3 months
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure.[280]
  • Immigration offenses, such as visa overstaying, are punishable by caning.
 Maldives Visa on arrival[281] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 90 days.
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.[282]
 Mali Visa required[283][284]
 Malta Visa not required[286][287] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[289] unlimited
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[291]
 Mauritius Visa not required[293] 90 days[294]
 Mexico Visa not required[295][296] 180 days
  • Visitors entering by land and traveling farther than 20 kilometers into Mexico or staying longer than 72 hours must obtain a document Forma Migratoria Multiple.[297][298]
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
 Micronesia Visa not required[299] unlimited[300]
  • All states except Yap have a departure fee.[301]
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in Micronesia under the Compact of Free Association.
  • There is no limit to the length of time U.S. citizens can remain in the FSM.[302]
 Moldova Visa not required[303] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • Registration upon arrival is mandatory.[304]
 Monaco Visa not required[305] 90 days
 Mongolia Visa not required[308] 90 days
  • Registration required after 30 days.[309]
 Montenegro Visa not required[310] 90 days
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[311]
 Morocco Visa not required[312] 3 months[313]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[314] 30 days[315]
 Myanmar eVisa[316] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[317] 3 months[318]
 Nauru Visa required[319]
  • Visas are issued with validity of 30 days.[320]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[321] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[323][324] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa not required[326] 90 days[327]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[328] 90 days
  • A tourist card must be purchased upon arrival.[329]
 Niger Visa required[330][331]
 Nigeria Visa required[333][334]
  • Visa can be obtained online.
 Norway Visa not required[335][336] 90 days
 Oman eVisa[338] 30 days
  • Extendable for 30 days[339]
  • Holders of a visa or entrance stamp of the Emirate of Dubai that is valid for at least 21 days are visa exempt.
  • Holders of a visa for Qatar that is valid for travel to Oman and valid for at least one month are visa exempt when arriving directly from Qatar.
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival[236]
 Pakistan Visa required[340][341]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[342]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling as part of a group through a designated tour operator.[343]
 Palau Visa not required[344] 1 year[345]
 Panama Visa not required[346] 180 days
  • Denial of entry or transit to any person who has a criminal conviction.[347]
 Papua New Guinea Visa on arrival[348] 60 days
  • Extendable for 30 days[349]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
 Paraguay Visa on arrival[350] 90 days
  • U.S. citizens arriving by air may obtain a visa on arrival at Silvio Pettirossi International Airport in Asuncion. This is a multiple entry visa with a validity of up to 10 (ten) years. If entering elsewhere, a visa must be obtained in advance from the embassy or consulate.[351]
 Peru Visa not required[352] 183 days
  • Determined on arrival[353]
 Philippines Visa not required[354][355] 30 days
  • Naturalized US citizens of former Philippine nationality (balikbayan) allowed to stay for one year.
 Poland Visa not required[356] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[358][359][360] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[362] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[363][364] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[365]
 Russia Visa required[366]
  • 72-hour visa-free for international cruise ship/ferry passengers only if travelling with an organized tour and accompanied at all times by a tour operator.
  • Registration required after 7 business days.[367][368]
  • American citizens may receive multiple entry visas valid for three years.[369]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[370][371] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[373][374] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[375][376] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[377] 1 month[378]
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[379] 60 days
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
  • Departure tax applies.[380]
 San Marino Visa not required[381][382]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[383] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[385][386]
  • Holders of passports that contain visas or entry/exit stamps for Israel will likely be refused entry.
  • Advance visa is required.
  • No tourist visas available.[387]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted[388]
 Senegal Visa not required[389] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[391] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[392]
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[393] 3 months
  • Extendable up to a year[394]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
 Sierra Leone Visa required[395]
 Singapore Visa not required[397] 90 days[398]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure[399]
 Slovakia Visa not required[400][401] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area
  • Medical insurance required.
  • Sufficient funds of $50 per person per day required.
  • Registration within 3 working days required.[402]
 Slovenia Visa not required[403][404] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area
  • Registration with the local police within 72 hours of arrival is mandatory.[405]
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[406] 3 months
  • 3 months within 12 months[407]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
 Somalia Visa on arrival[408]
 South Africa Visa not required[409] 90 days
  • Holders of passports without 2 blank pages may be refused entry.[410]
 South Sudan Visa required[411][412]
  • Two blank passport pages required.[413]
 Spain Visa not required[414][415] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[417] 30 days[418]
 Sudan Visa required[419][420]
  • Holders of passports that contain visas or entry/exit stamps for Israel will likely be refused entry.
  • Exit visa required.
  • Registration within 3 days mandatory.[421]
 Suriname Tourist Card on arrival[422] 90 days
 Sweden Visa not required[424][425] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[427][428] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[430][431]
  • Registration required within 15 days.
  • Departure tax applies at all borders.
  • Persons with passports bearing Israeli visas or entry/exit stamps are not allowed to enter.[432]
 Tajikistan eVisa[433][434] 45 days
  • If arriving from a country that has a Tajik diplomatic mission a visa should be obtained in advance.
  • eVisa holders can enter through all border points.[435]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[436][437] 3 months
  • Ordinary visa available on arrival for $100[438]
 Thailand Visa not required[439] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[440] 30 days
  • For arrivals by air only[441]
 Togo Visa on arrival[442] 7 days[443]
 Tonga Visa on arrival[444] 31 days[445]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[446] 90 days[447]
 Tunisia Visa not required[448] 90 days[449]
 Turkey eVisa[450][451] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[452]
  • Departure fee applies.[453]
  • 10-day visa on arrival if holding letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan with a prior approval from the Foreign Ministry.[454]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[455] 1 month
  • Extendable up to 3 months[456]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[457]
  • Determined at the port of entry.
  • Must apply online at least 2 business days or more prior to travel.[458] As of March 2017, airlines were refusing passengers permission to board flights to Uganda if they did not have a print-out of the document showing that they had successfully applied for an eVisa. Ugandan immigration authorities also may require additional documentation, including proof of a return plane ticket and detailed tour itinerary in Uganda.
  • International Certificate of Vaccination required.[459]
 Ukraine Visa not required[460] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[461]
 United Arab Emirates Visa on arrival[462] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.[463]
  • Iris scan taken on arrival
 United Kingdom Visa not required[464][465] 6 months[466]
 Uruguay Visa not required[467] 3 months[468]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[469][470] 30 days
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[471]
  • Registration within 3 days is mandatory.[472]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[473] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 120 days[474]
  Vatican City Visa not required[475]
 Venezuela Visa required[476]
 Vietnam eVisa[476] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[480][481]
  • Registration mandatory.
  • Exit visa required for stays over 30 days.[482]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[483] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[486] 3 months
  • Tourism purposes only.[487]
  • Electronic visa also available.[488]

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Visa requirements for United States citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries not mentioned in the list above, and restricted zones:

Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[489]
 Ascension Island eVisa 3 months
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass required Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[492]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[493]
 Mayotte Visa not required[494] 90 days
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[495][496]
 Reunion Visa not required[497] 90 days
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[413]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[498]
China Hainan Visa required Visa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (2 or more people)[499][500]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 3 months[501]
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[502][503][504][505][506][507]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrival Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[218]
Kazakhstan Baikonur & Priozersk Special permission required Special permission required for the city of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Priozersk near Almaty.[508]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[217]
 Macau Visa not required 30 days[509]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[510]
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required Tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of the Maldives.[511]
Saudi Arabia Mecca and Medina Special access required Non-Muslims and those following the Ahmadiyya religious movement are strictly prohibited from entry.
India North Sentinel Island Restricted zone
 Palestine Visa not required Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[512]
Taiwan Taiwan Visa not required 90 days[513] Visitors fingerprinted
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[514][515][516]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[517][518][519]
Turkmenistan Closed cities of Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[520]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
Vietnam Phú Quốc Visa not required 30 days[478]
 Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[482]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[521]
 Aruba Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any year period[522][523]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
 Bermuda Visa not required 6 months Decided on arrival.[524]
Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any year period[525][526]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days Extensions possible[527]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[528]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[529]
 Curacao Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any year period[530]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
France French West Indies Visa not required 3 months French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy[531]
 Greenland Visa not required[532]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required[533] All visitors are fingerprinted.[534]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Visa not required Unlimited
  • U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in Puerto Rico[535][536]
  • No Passport is required, but a driver's permit/license is required for entry if flying.
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 90 days 90 days in 1 year[537][538]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[539]
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Visa not required Unlimited
  • U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in the U.S. Virgin Islands[540]
  • No Passport is required, but it may be necessary when departing and re-entering.
Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[541]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[542][543]
Ukraine ATO zone Special permission required[544]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required 10 days[545]
 Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[546]
 Donetsk People's Republic Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[547][548]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[549][550]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[551] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[532]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[552]
 Guernsey Visa not required[553]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[554]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[552] 24 hours Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[555] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[556]
 Jersey Visa not required[557]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[558]
 Lugansk People's Republic Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[547][548]
 Artsakh Visa required[559][560] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[561]
Russia Closed cities of Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[368]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[562][563]
 Svalbard Visa not required[564] Unlimited Svalbard Treaty
 Transnistria Visa not required 24 hours Registration required after 24h.[565][566]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
American Samoa American Samoa Visa not required Unlimited
  • Must have a valid six month passport, a return ticket, or an onward ticket, for entry
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in American Samoa.[567]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[568]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[569]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[570]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[167]
 French Polynesia Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any 180-day period[571]
Guam Guam Visa not required Unlimited U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in Guam. Proof of citizenship is required for entry.[572][573]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[574]
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required Unlimited U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in the Northern Mariana Islands. Proof of citizenship is required for entry.[575]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days Visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[576][577][578]
 Tokelau Entry permit required[579]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[580][581][582][583][584][585][586]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[587]
France French Guiana Visa not required 3 months[588]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[589]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[590][591]
 Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[592][593][594][595][596][597][598][599][600][601][602][603]

Passport card[edit]

The United States Passport Card can be used as an alternative to the passport booklet when travelling to and from Canada, Mexico, Bermuda and many Caribbean islands at maritime ports-of-entry or land border crossings.[604]

APEC Travel Business Card[edit]

The APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) is meant to facilitate travel for U.S. citizens engaged in verified business in the APEC region.[605]

The U.S. ABTC should enable access to a dedicated fast-track lane for expedited immigration processing at some participating foreign APEC member airports.[606] U.S. APEC Business Travel Card holders may also use the Global Entry kiosks at participating airports upon their U.S. return.[607] However, the U.S. APEC Business Travel Card cannot be used in lieu of a visa to enter an APEC member country in the way that some other countries’ APEC cards can be used in lieu of visas. This is because the U.S. has decided not to participate in the visa reciprocity part of the program because the US government is unwilling to waive visa interviews.[608] Legislation authorizes the Department of Homeland Security to issue U.S. APEC Business Travel Cards only until 30 September 2018, unless the law is amended to extend that date.

Consular protection of U.S. citizens abroad[edit]

American diplomatic missions (in the year 2007), including embassies (blue), interests sections, and other representations (light blue)

The United States has the most diplomatic missions of any country in the world.
See also List of diplomatic missions of the United States.

The Department of State regularly publishes travel warnings or travel alerts.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[609] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[610] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela and Vietnam.[611]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months beyond the period of intended stay include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals), Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, New Zealand and 3 months validity on arrival in Albania, Honduras, Macedonia, Panama, Qatar and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the period of intended stay include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[612][613] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[614]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[615] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[616]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[617] Lebanon,[618] Libya,[619] Saudi Arabia,[620] Sudan,[621] Syria[622] and Yemen[623] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [624] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[625][626] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[627] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[628] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[629] As of April 2018 the list contains 710 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example: Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States [630]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[631]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[632]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[633][634] Argentina,[635] Brunei, Cambodia,[636] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[637] Ethiopia,[638] Ghana, India, Japan,[639][640] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[641] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[642] Singapore, South Korea,[643] and Taiwan.[644]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[645][646]


Foreign travel statistics[edit]

These are the numbers of visits by U.S. nationals to various countries in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Data for 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Dats for 2014
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  5. ^ a b c d e Data for 2013
  6. ^ a b c d Data for arrivals by air only.
  7. ^ a b Data for 2012
  8. ^ Excluding an one-day visits
  9. ^ a b c d Data for 2010
  10. ^ Data for 2007
  11. ^ a b Data for 2009
  12. ^ Data for 2005
  13. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  14. ^ Data for 2015

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ "Afghanistan".
  4. ^ "Afghanistan Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  5. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  6. ^ "Ministria e Punëve të Jashtme" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Albania Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  8. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  9. ^ "Algeria Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  10. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  11. ^ "Andorra Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  12. ^ "Turisme d'Andorra. Useful information on the Principality".
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  16. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  17. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  18. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  19. ^ "Visa Entry Requirements for Antigua and Barbuda". Archived from the original on 2013-05-12.
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  21. ^ "Antigua and Barbuda Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2014-01-30. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
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  27. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
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  34. ^ "Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan - Embassy of Azerbaijan".
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  37. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  38. ^ "Bahrain Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  39. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service".
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ "Instruction and Requirement for Visa". Embassy of Bangladesh in Washington, D.C. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
  42. ^ "Bangladesh Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  43. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  44. ^ Visa Information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados
  45. ^ "Barbados Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  46. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  47. ^ "Regulations on visiting Belovezhskaya Pushcha by foreign tourists approved in Belarus". 20 May 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
  48. ^ "Belarus allows visiting Augustow Canal without visas".
  49. ^ "Belarus Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  50. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  51. ^ "Belgium Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  52. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  53. ^ "Belize Visa Requirements" (PDF).
  54. ^ "Belize Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  55. ^ "Information for Travelers | Belmopan, Belize - Embassy of the United States".
  56. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  57. ^ "Accueil e-visa". evisa.gouv.bj.
  58. ^ "Benin Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  59. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  60. ^ "Bhutan Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  61. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  62. ^ "Countries that obtain a visa on arrival to Bolivia". Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
  63. ^ "Bolivia Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  64. ^ "Bolivia".
  65. ^ "Visas". www.boliviawdc.org.
  66. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  67. ^ "Visas for Bosnia and Herzegovina". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06.
  68. ^ "Bosnia-Herzegovina Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  69. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  70. ^ "COUNTRIES THAT DO NOT REQUIRE VISA TO ENTER BOTSWANA". Archived from the original on 2014-03-27.
  71. ^ "Botswana Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  72. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  73. ^ "Brazil Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  74. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  75. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade of Brunei Visa Information". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27.
  76. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  77. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Visa for Bulgaria".
  78. ^ "Bulgaria Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  79. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  80. ^ "Burkina Faso Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  83. ^ "Kingdom of Cambodia - Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation".
  84. ^ "Cambodia Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  85. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  86. ^ "Cameroon Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  87. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  88. ^ Branch, Government of Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Communications. "Entry requirements by country".
  89. ^ "Canada Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  90. ^ "Overcome criminal convictions". Government of Canada. 1 August 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  91. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  92. ^ "Cabo Verde Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  93. ^ "PDF Document CAR Visa.pdf".
  94. ^ "Central African Republic International Travel Information". travel.state.gov.
  95. ^ "PDF Document CAR Visa.pdf".
  96. ^ "Central African Republic Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  97. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  98. ^ "Chad Travel Warning".
  99. ^ "Chad Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  100. ^ "The Police Station in N'Djamena: Chad, Republic of Chad, Places in N'Djamena, Chad Location, Travel Guide". Chad Now. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
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  102. ^ "Chile Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  103. ^ "US Citizens No Longer Required to Pay Chilean Reciprocity for Travel to Chile".
  104. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
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  106. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  107. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
  108. ^ "144小时过境免签政策"
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  111. ^ "MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES COORDINACION DE VISAS E INMIGRACION Visas entre Colombia y los demás países" (PDF).
  112. ^ "Colombia Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
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  115. ^ "Comoros Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo Travel Warning".
  118. ^ "Congo, Democratic Republic of the Country Specific Information – Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
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