From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Clinical data
Trade namesAbavit, Ascurit, Dibavit, Mirage, Octave, Omega, Prelude, Rival, Sporgon, Sportak, Sprint, Tenor[1][2]
  • N-propyl-N-[2-(2,4,6-trichlorophenoxy)ethyl]imidazole-1-carboxamide
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.060.885 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass376.66 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CCCN(CCOC1=C(C=C(C=C1Cl)Cl)Cl)C(=O)N2C=CN=C2
  • InChI=1S/C15H16Cl3N3O2/c1-10(2)21(15(22)20-4-3-19-9-20)5-6-23-14-12(17)7-11(16)8-13(14)18/h3-4,7-10H,5-6H2,1-2H3

Prochloraz, brand name Sportak, is an imidazole fungicide that was introduced in 1978[3] and is widely used in Europe, Australia, Asia, and South America within gardening and agriculture to control the growth of fungi.[4][5] It is not registered for use in the United States.[5] Similarly to other azole fungicides, prochloraz is an inhibitor of the enzyme lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51A1), which is necessary for the production of ergosterol – an essential component of the fungal cell membrane – from lanosterol.[6] The agent is a broad-spectrum, protective and curative fungicide, effective against Alternaria spp., Botrytis spp., Erysiphe spp., Helminthosporium spp., Fusarium spp., Pseudocerosporella spp., Pyrenophora spp., Rhynchosporium spp., and Septoria spp.[5][2]

Like many imidazole and triazole fungicides and antifungal medications, prochloraz is not particularly selective in its actions.[4][6] In addition to inhibition of lanosterol 14α-demethylase, prochloraz has also been found to act as an antagonist of the androgen and estrogen receptors, as an agonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, and as an inhibitor of enzymes in the steroidogenesis pathway such as CYP17A1 and aromatase.[4][6] In accordance, it has been shown to produce reproductive malformations in mice.[4][6] As such, prochloraz is considered to be an endocrine disruptor.[4][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [Anonymous AC05372279] (1997). Consolidated list of products whose consumption and/or sale have been banned, withdrawn, severely restricted or not approved by governments / Pharmaceuticals. United Nations Publications. pp. 576–. ISBN 978-92-1-130219-6.
  2. ^ a b G. W. A. Milne (2 September 2005). Gardner's Commercially Important Chemicals: Synonyms, Trade Names, and Properties. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 517–. ISBN 978-0-471-73661-5.
  3. ^ Bill Carlile (28 September 2006). Pesticide Selectivity, Health and the Environment. Cambridge University Press. pp. 81–. ISBN 978-1-139-45756-9.
  4. ^ a b c d e Vinggaard AM, Hass U, Dalgaard M, Andersen HR, Bonefeld-Jørgensen E, Christiansen S, Laier P, Poulsen ME (2006). "Prochloraz: an imidazole fungicide with multiple mechanisms of action". Int. J. Androl. 29 (1): 186–92. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2005.00604.x. PMID 16466539.
  5. ^ a b c Kalyani Paranjape; Vasant Gowariker; V N Krishnamurthy; Sugha Gowariker (22 December 2014). The Pesticide Encyclopedia. CABI. pp. 406–. ISBN 978-1-78064-014-3.
  6. ^ a b c d e Philippa D. Darbre (21 March 2015). Endocrine Disruption and Human Health. Elsevier Science. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-0-12-801120-1.

External links[edit]

  • Prochloraz in the Pesticide Properties DataBase (PPDB)