Reformist Centre

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Reformist Centre, or Reformist centre, is a political term used in various countries around the world to define various kinds of political thought, but always connected with the centre, moderation and social reformism.

Use of Reformist Centre by the Spanish People's Party[edit]

The Spanish People's Party is the main political force to use the term Reformist centre. Reformist Centre is used by the People's Party for defining itself ideologically since the second half of the 1990s, with the intention of including all the ideologies that it affirms to have in its middle: right, conservatism, Christian democracy, and liberalism.

According to the article 2 (Ideology), of the status of the People's Party:

The People's Party defines itself as a political formation of the reformist centre to the service of the general interests of Spain, which has the person as the axis of its political action and social progress as one of its objectives. With clear European vocation and inspiration in the values of freedom, democracy, tolerance and Christian humanism of western tradition, [it] defends the rights of the human being and its inherent rights and liberties; it secures democracy and the rule of law as the basis of social living and coexistence in freedom; it promotes, inside a market economy, territorial solidarity, modernisation and social cohesion as well as equal opportunity and the lead role of society through the participation of the citizens in political life; it advocates for an international community founded in peace and universal respect of the human rights.[1]

This move on Aznar to use this term is frequently accused of simple marketing of ideas,[2] use of an ambiguous term or of being just a right-wing/centre-right answer to social democrat/social liberal Third Way, trying to give a new moderate and centrist image to the rightist PP, without actually moving it to the centre (Javier Arenas described their claim to being centre as '(...) nor equidistance between right and left, nor the intermediate zone between liberalism and extreme socialism. It is an attitude of openness contrary to sectarianism'),[3] instead of an actual re-ideologisation, adopting some Christian democratic concepts (even inspiring its 1989 program on the EPP's program) without actually adopting the ideology,[4] not losing votes from other ideologies in the party.

Similar steps taken by the party include the adoption by the party, since 1996, of socialist II Republic politician Manuel Azaña's legacy.[5][6]

Use elsewhere[edit]

The term is also used elsewhere, not always in a way synonym to the PP's:

Retroactive use[edit]

The term has been retroactively been used to refer to radicals and such centrist elements of the reform movement .[16]


  1. ^ Estatutos del XVI Congreso (Statutes of the 16th Congress) (Spanish), page 5
  2. ^ Charlemagne, Jose Maria Aznar, Spain’s blinkered prime minister, Sep 13th 2001
  3. ^ The politics of contemporary Spain, Sebastián Balfour, p. 152
  4. ^ Christian democratic parties in Europe since the end of the Cold War, Steven Van Hecke, Emmanuel Gerard, p. 52
  5. ^ España e los Hispanistas
  6. ^ Batiburrillo: Manuel Azaña, enemigo número uno del liberalismo en la II República, Octubre 26, 2005
  7. ^ Coalición Reformista - wikipédia, la enciclopédia libre
  8. ^ Peace, justice and politics, The Sydney Morning Herald (3 de Novembre de 2003)
  9. ^ Tony Blair's 10 years at 10 Downing
  10. ^ Europe and the Impasse of Centre-Left Politics in Turkey: Lesson from the Greek Experience, Politics of Secularism in Turkey, p. 15 Mediterranean Programme, jointly organised with the CES-METU
  11. ^ FE Editorial : State it like it is, The Financial Express, Saturday, 18 April 03:10 in the morning
  13. ^ Israel's political map is redrawn, Eric Silver, 25 - 11 - 2005, openDemocracy
  14. ^ Tradição e Revolução - Uma biografia do Portugal Político do século XIX ao XXI, Volume II (1910-2005), José Adelino Maltez, March 2005, Tribuna, p. 569
  15. ^ Copei cumple 61 años con logo, nombre y colores nuevos, Venezuela Real, 13 de Enero, 2007, 10:19
  16. ^ Social inequality and class radicalism in France and Britain, Duncan Gallie, Part three Elements of Historical Reconstruction, 12 War and the crisis of legitimacy