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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Vietnam

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2020 coronavirus pandemic in Vietnam
COVID-19 Pandemic Cases in Vietnam.svg
Map of the pandemic in Vietnam:
(as of 1 April):
  Confirmed cases reported
  Suspected cases reported
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationVietnam
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseHo Chi Minh City
Arrival date23 January 2020
(2 months, 1 week and 2 days)
Confirmed cases218[1]
Recovered63[1]
Deaths
0[1]
Official website
ncov.moh.gov.vn

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Vietnam on 23 January 2020.[2] As of 1 April 2020, there were 218 confirmed cases, with 63 recoveries and 0 deaths.[1]

The country's response to the outbreak has received acclaim for its effectiveness and transparency, as well as its low-cost model, in contrast to China, the rest of Southeast Asia and even to Europe and North America and is compared to how South Korea has responded, despite economically more behind; though not without controversies.[3][4][5]

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Vietnam  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Jan Jan Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
2020-01-23
2(+2) (n.a.)
2(=) (=)
2020-01-28
2 (=)
2(=) (=)
2020-01-31
5(+3) (+150%)
2020-02-01
6(+1) (+20%)
2020-02-02
7(+1) (+17%)
2020-02-03
8(+1) (+14%)
2020-02-04
10(+2) (+25%)
2020-02-05
10 (=)
2020-02-06
12(+2) (+20%)
2020-02-07
13(+1) (+8%)
2020-02-08
13 (=)
2020-02-09
14(+1) (+8%)
2020-02-10
14 (=)
2020-02-11
15(+1) (+7%)
2020-02-12
15 (=)
2020-02-13
16(+1) (+7%)
16(=) (=)
2020-02-18
16(+1) (=)
2020-02-19
16(+1) (=)
2020-02-20
16(+1) (=)
16(=) (=)
2020-02-26
16 (=)
16(=) (=)
2020-03-06
17(+1) (+6%)
2020-03-07
20(+3) (+15%)
2020-03-08
30(+10) (+50%)
2020-03-09
31(+1) (+3%)
2020-03-10
34(+3) (+10%)
2020-03-11
38(+4) (+12%)
2020-03-12
44(+6) (+16%)
2020-03-13
47(+3) (+7%)
2020-03-14
53(+6) (+13%)
2020-03-15
57(+4) (+8%)
2020-03-16
61(+4) (+7%)
2020-03-17
66(+5) (+8%)
2020-03-18
76(+10) (+15%)
2020-03-19
85(+9) (+12%)
2020-03-20
91(+6) (+7%)
2020-03-21
94(+3) (+3%)
2020-03-22
113(+19) (+20%)
2020-03-23
123(+10) (+8%)
2020-03-24
134(+11) (+9%)
2020-03-25
141(+7) (+5%)
2020-03-26
153(+12) (+8%)
2020-03-27
163(+10) (+7%)
2020-03-28
174(+11) (+7%)
2020-03-29
188(+14) (+9%)
2020-03-30
203(+15) (+8%)
2020-03-31
207(+4) (+2%)
2020-04-01
218(+11) (+5%)
Sources:
Ministry of Health of Vietnam (Chart from Vietnam Ministry of Health)

January

On 23 January, Vietnam confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19, a Chinese man (#1) travelling from Wuhan to Hanoi to visit his son who lived in Vietnam, and his son (#2), who was believed to have contracted the disease from his father. They were hospitalised on 22 January at Chợ Rẫy Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City.[6] On 24 January, Acting Minister of Health Vũ Đức Đam ordered the activation of the Emergency Epidemic Prevention Centre.[7] On 29 January, the son fully recovered and was discharged.[8] His father was discharged on 12 February.[9]

A week later, three positive cases were confirmed by the Ministry of Health, involving Vietnamese nationals who had returned from Wuhan. Case No. 3 (25-yr-old female) was quarantined and cured in Thanh Hóa Province, while the other two cases (#4: 29-yr-old male; #5: 23-yr-old female) are hospitalised in Hanoi.[10][11] Case No. 5 was discharged on 3 February, fully recovered and tested negative with the virus.[12]

February

On 1 February, a 25-year-old woman (#6) was declared coronavirus-positive in Khánh Hòa Province. She has worked as a receptionist and had direct contact with the Chinese father and son (cases #1–2).[13] This case was discharged from the hospital on 4 February.[14] Noticeably, this case was the first domestic transmission in Vietnam, leading to an epidemic declaration signed by the Vietnamese Prime Minister and calls for border tightening, aviation permits revoked, and visa restriction.[15][16][17][18]

On 2 February, a Vietnamese American (#7) got infected with coronavirus, due to two-hour layover in Wuhan airport during his trip from the US.[19]

On 3–4 February, Vietnam announced their eighth and ninth case: a 29-year-old female (#8) and a 30-year-old male (#9). They belonged to the same training team with the previous confirmed cases of three (cases #3-through-5).[20][21]

Later on 4 February, the 10th case was identified. A 42-year-old female met and greeted with the case No. 5 during Lunar New Year holiday.[22] Mother (49-year-old, #11) and younger sister (16-year-old, #12) of the case No. 5 were also transmitted on 6 February.[23]

On 7 February, Vietnam confirmed their 13th case, a 29-year-old worker, who is a member of the same training crew with 5 previously confirmed cases (case #3,4,5,8,9).[24] Earlier of the same day, Vietnam declared to have successfully cultured and isolated the virus in the lab. This is one of the few countries able to do this, aside from Singapore, Australia, Japan and China.[25]

On 9 February, a 55-year-old woman, a neighbour of case No. 5, tested positive; the 14th case.[26]

On 10 February, three more cases: #4, #5 and #9 were declared to be recovered.[27]

The 15th case was identified on 11 February, a 3-month-old grandchild of case No. 10.[28]

On 13 February, father of case No. 5 was tested positive, making the number of cases in Vietnam 16.[29]

On 25 February, the 16th was released from the hospital after being tested negative from the COVID-19, temporarily made Vietnam cleared from COVID-19 outbreak.[30] However, quarantine measures continue to be imposed until further notice.[31]

March

On 6 March night, Hanoi urgently announced a new case of coronavirus, the first one found in the capital of Vietnam. The patient, a 26-year-old woman, had been traveling across Europe during the outbreak. She had been exhibiting several symptoms, but didn't notify the authorities about her travel history or health conditions.[32] The government has isolated roughly 200 people who had close contact, live on the same street, or were on the same flight as the patient.[33][34] The incident also sparked a wave of stockpiling purchases across the city.[35]

On 7 March afternoon, a 27-year-old Vietnamese was put into quarantine in Ninh Binh Province, after he was diagnosed with COVID-19, making this the 18th case. The patient had been in Daegu for several days.[36] Just 2 hours later, the Vietnamese Ministry of Health confirmed 2 more cases, both related to the 17th case.[37]

On 8 March, another case in Hanoi was announced, which was a 61-year-old man.[38] Later this day, 9 more cases was announced, with 4 cases in Quảng Ninh, 2 cases in Lào Cai, 2 cases in Đà Nẵng and 1 case in Thừa Thiên - Huế. All of them were on the same flight with case #17.[39]

On 9 March evening, a 49-year-old British man was put into quarantine in Quảng Nam Province, related to patient number 17.[40]

On 10 March, a 24-year-old Vietnamese woman was announced positive with the virus and had close contact with case #17 while in London. After she acknowledged that case #17 was infected, she flew back to Vietnam in a private jet with quarantined cabin to seek healthcare in her home country.[41] Later that day, another British man was found infected with the virus, who was on the same flight with case #17.[42] Before the end of the day, the 34th case was identified, a 51-year-old businesswoman who had visited the United States, with a brief transit in Korea and Qatar during the trip.[43]

On 11 March, Vietnam confirmed their 35th case of COVID-19, a 29-year-old woman who works in an electronics supermarket in Da Nang, and had physical contact with two infected British tourists.[44] Within the same day, 3 more case were discovered, all are related to patient number 34.[45]

On 12 March morning, Vietnamese Ministry of Health reported the 39th case of the country. This case is a 29-year-old tour guide in Hanoi, who had contact with patient number 24 during a trip to Ninh Binh.[46] Evening of the same day, five more cases were announced, all are related to patient number 34.[47]

On 13 March, 3 more cases were announced.[48][49]

On 14 March, 6 cases were announced. Aside from cases related to flight VN0054 and patient 34, there are 3 unrelated cases: A Vietnamese came back from Paris, a Vietnamese overseas student who has been travelling across Europe, and a Czech national.[50]

On 16 March, a new case was reported in Vietnam, known as the 61st patient. The patient, a Muslim from the Cham minority, had participated in the Tablighi Jamaat in Sri Petaling mosque, Malaysia, where he got infected before returning to Vietnam and attended the Jamiul Muslimin Mosque in Ho Chi Minh City before returning home in Ninh Thuận. Due to the wide range of people he contacted, it raised the fear of the patient being a super spread patient. Eventually, the Vietnamese authorities decided to isolate and quarantine the whole province, as well as shut the mosque.[51][52][53] Subsequently, a new-found case connected with the man were also discovered the following days.[54] On 22 March, another case also related to the Islamic activities is a fellow Muslim who returned from Malaysia also attended in the same Sri Petaling mosque, before went back to Vietnam and still did Islamic praying five times a day in Jamiul Anwar mosque, despite being asked to quarantine at home.[55]

On 22 March, Vietnam recorded over fourteen new patients, surpassing over 100 patients for the first time. Many returned from various countries, including Britain, Malaysia, and France; which are severely hit by the coronavirus.[56]

On 26 March, 12 more cases were confirmed.[57]

Cases

Confirmed cases by provinces
(as of 1 April 2020)[58]
City / Province Number of cases Discharged
Bac Lieu 2 0
Bac Ninh 1 0
Ben Tre 1 0
Binh Thuan 9 0
Can Tho 2 0
Da Nang 6 3
Dong Thap 4 0
Hai Duong 1 0
Hanoi 94 27
Ha Tinh 2 0
Ho Chi Minh City 49 15
Khanh Hoa 1 1
Lai Chau 1 0
Lao Cai 2 0
Ninh Binh 9 1
Ninh Thuan 2 2
Quang Nam 3 0
Quang Ninh 7 0
Tay Ninh 2 0
Thai Nguyen 1 0
Thanh Hoa 3 1
Thua Thien Hue 2 2
Tra Vinh 3 0
Vinh Phuc 11 11
24 cities and provinces 218 63

As of 1 April 2020, there were 11 new cases with 5 new recoveries, bringing the tally to 218 confirmed cases and 63 recovered cases with no confirmed deaths.[1]

Case details

Details of the confirmed cases in Vietnam (as of 1 April 2020)
Case Date Age Gender Nationality Place of detection Place of treatment Been to Wuhan, Hubei Been to Covid-19 countries (excluding China) Status Note Source
1 23 January 2020 66 Male  China Ho Chi Minh City Cho Ray Hospital Yes No Discharged [59][58]
2 28 Male  China Yes No Discharged Son of case 1 [59][58]
3 30 January 2020 25 Female  Vietnam Thanh Hoa Thanh Hoa General Hospital Yes No Discharged [59][58]
4 29 Male  Vietnam Vinh Phuc Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases Yes No Discharged [59][58]
5 23 Female  Vietnam Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) Yes No Discharged [59][58]
6 1 February 2020 25 Female  Vietnam Khanh Hoa Khanh Hoa Hospital of Tropical Diseases No No Discharged Related to cases 1 and 2 [59][58]
7 2 February 2020 73 Male  United States Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh City Hospital of Tropical Diseases Yes No Discharged Stayed at Wuhan Tianhe International Airport before flying to Vietnam [59][58]
8 3 February 2020 29 Female  Vietnam Vinh Phuc Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) Yes No Discharged [59][58]
9 4 February 2020 30 Male  Vietnam Yes No Discharged [59][58]
10 42 Female  Vietnam Binh Xuyen District Medical Centre No No Discharged Cousin of case 5 [59][58]
11 6 February 2020 49 Female  Vietnam No No Discharged Mother of case 5 [59][58]
12 16 Female  Vietnam No No Discharged Sister of case 5 [59][58]
13 7 February 2020 29 Female  Vietnam Tam Dao Health Centre Yes No Discharged [59][58]
14 9 February 2020 55 Female  Vietnam Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No Discharged Neighbor of case 5 [59][58]
15 11 February 2020 3 months Female  Vietnam Vietnam National Children's Hospital No No Discharged Grandchildren of case 10 [59][58]
16 13 February 2020 50 Male  Vietnam Binh Xuyen District Medical Centre No No Discharged Father of case 5 [59][58]
17 6 March 2020 26 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged Visited to United Kingdom, Italy and France. Related to flight VN54 cluster [60][61]
18 7 March 2020 27 Male  Vietnam Ninh Binh Ninh Binh General Hospital No Yes Discharged Worked in Daegu [62]
19 64 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No In-patient Aunt of case 17 [37]
20 27 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Driver of case 17
21 8 March 2020 61 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient Flight VN54 cluster [39][63]
22 60 Male  Great Britain Da Nang Da Nang Hospital No Yes Discharged
23 66 Male  Great Britain No Yes Discharged
24 67 Female  Ireland Quang Ninh Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
25 50 Male  Great Britain No Yes In-patient
26 58 Male  Great Britain No Yes In-patient
27 70 Female  Great Britain No Yes Discharged
28 69 Male  Great Britain Lao Cai No Yes In-patient
29 70 Female  Great Britain No Yes Discharged
30 66 Female  Great Britain Thua Thien Hue Hue Central Hospital (2nd Branch) No Yes In-patient
31 9 March 2020 49 Male  Great Britain Quang Nam No Yes In-patient [64][58]
32 10 March 2020 24 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh City Hospital of Tropical Diseases No Yes Discharged Friend and related to case 17 at London before flied to Vietnam [65]
33 58 Male  Great Britain Quang Nam Hue Central Hospital (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged Flight VN54 cluster [66]
34 51 Female  Vietnam Binh Thuan Binh Thuan General Hospital No Yes In-patient Visited United States and Qatar [58]
35 11 March 2020 29 Female  Vietnam Da Nang Da Nang Hospital No No Discharged Related to cases 22 and 23 in Da Nang [45][58]
36 64 Female  Vietnam Binh Thuan Binh Thuan General Hospital No No In-patient Helper of case 34
37 37 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Employee of case 34
38 28 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Daughter-in-law of case 34
39 25 Male  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No Discharged Tour guide for case 24 [67][58]
40 12 March 2020 59 Male  Vietnam Binh Thuan Binh Thuan General Hospital No No In-patient Husband of case 34 [47][58]
41 28 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Son of case 34
42 2 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Granddaughter of case 34
43 47 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Close contact with case 38
44 13 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Son of case 37
45 13 March 2020 25 Male  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No No Discharged Close contact with case 34 [50][58]
46 30 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged Flight attendant on flight VN54
47 43 Female  Vietnam No No Discharged Helper of case 17
48 14 March 2020 31 Male  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No No Discharged Close contact with case 34
49 71 Male  Great Britain Thua Thien Hue Hue Central Hospital (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged Husband of case 30, related to flight VN54 cluster
50 24 Female  Vietnam Quang Ninh 2nd Field Hospital No Yes In-patient
51 50 Male  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
52 22 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
53 53 Male  Czech Republic Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes Discharged
54 15 March 2020 33 Male  Latvia Can Gio District Medical Centre No Yes Discharged [68][69][58]
55 35 Male  Germany Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
56 30 Male  Great Britain No Yes Discharged
57 66 Male  Great Britain Quang Nam Quang Nam General Hospital No Yes In-patient Same flight as case 46
58 16 March 2020 26 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
59 30 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged Flight attendant on flight VN54
60 29 Male  France No Yes Discharged
61 42 Male  Vietnam Ninh Thuan Ninh Thuan General Hospital No Yes Discharged
62 17 March 2020 18 Male  Vietnam Quang Ninh Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
63 20 Female  Vietnam Hanoi No Yes In-patient
64 36 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes Discharged
65 28 Female  Vietnam No No Discharged Colleague of case 45 and 48
66 21 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
67 18 March 2020 36 Male  Vietnam Ninh Thuan Ninh Thuan General Hospital No Yes Discharged Same flight as case 61
68 41 Male  United States Da Nang 199 Hospital No Yes In-patient
69 30 Male  Germany Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
70 19 Male  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
71 19 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
72 25 Female  France No Yes In-patient Girlfriend of case 60
73 11 Male  Vietnam Hai Duong Thanh Mien District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient Same flight as case 46 and 59
74 23 Male  Vietnam Bac Ninh Bac Ninh General Hospital No Yes In-patient
75 40 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes Discharged
76 52 Male  France Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes In-patient
77 19 March 2020 25 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
78 22 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
79 48 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes Discharged
80 18 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient Son of case 79
81 20 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
82 16 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
83 50 Female  United States No Yes In-patient
84 21 Male  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes In-patient
85 20 Male  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
86 20 March 2020 54 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Bach Mai Hospital nurses
87 34 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient
88 25 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
89 22 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes Discharged
90 21 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
91 43 Male  Great Britain Ho Chi Minh City Hospital of Tropical Diseases No Yes In-patient Pilot of Vietnam Airlines, related to Bar Buddha cluster
92 21 March 2020 21 Male  Vietnam Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes In-patient
93 20 Male  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes Discharged
94 64 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
95 22 March 2020 20 Male  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes In-patient
96 21 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Hospital of Tropical Diseases No Yes In-patient
97 34 Male  Great Britain No Yes In-patient Related to Bar Buddha cluster
98 34 Male  Great Britain No Yes In-patient
99 29 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
100 55 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
101 26 Female  Vietnam Dong Thap Sa Dec General Hospital No Yes In-patient Passengers on flight VN50
102 9 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
103 22 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
104 33 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
105 35 Female  Vietnam Tra Vinh Tra Vinh Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Hospital No Yes In-patient
106 20 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
107 25 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No In-patient Daughter of case 86
108 19 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
109 42 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
110 19 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
111 25 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
112 30 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
113 18 Female  Vietnam No Yes Discharged
114 23 March 2020 19 Male  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
115 44 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient Daughter of case 94
116 29 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Doctor who infected from his patients
117 30 Male  Vietnam Tay Ninh Tay Ninh General Hospital No Yes In-patient Visited Cambodia
118 23 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
119 29 Male  United States Ho Chi Minh City FV Hospital No Yes In-patient
120 27 Male  Canada Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes In-patient Close contact with case 91
121 58 Male  Vietnam Can Gio District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient
122 24 Female  Vietnam Da Nang Da Nang Hospital No Yes In-patient Worked as a bartender in Bangkok, Thailand
123 17 Female  Vietnam Ben Tre Binh Dai District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient
124 24 March 2020 52 Male  Brazil Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No No In-patient Related to Bar Buddha cluster [70][58]
125-126 22-28 1 male, 1 female  South Africa Can Gio District Medical Centre No No 2 In-patient
127 23 Male  Vietnam Cu Chi Field Hospital No No In-patient
128-132 20-30 4 males, 1 female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes 4 In-patient, 1 Discharged
133 66 Female  Vietnam Lai Chau Lai Chau General Hospital No No In-patient Infected from Bach Mai Hospital
134 10 Male  Vietnam Thanh Hoa Bim Son General Hospital No Yes In-patient
135 25 March 2020 27 Female  Vietnam Da Nang Da Nang Hospital No Yes In-patient
136-140 21-36 3 males, 2 females  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes 4 In-patient, 1 Discharged
141 29 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Doctor infected by his patients
142 26 March 2020 26 Male  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Can Gio District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient
143 58 Female  South Africa Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes In-patient
144 22 Male  Vietnam Tra Vinh Tra Vinh Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Hospital No Yes In-patient
145 34 Male  Vietnam Can Tho Can Tho Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Hospital No Yes In-patient
146 17 Female  Vietnam Ha Tinh Cau Treo General Hospital No Yes In-patient
147 19 Male  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes In-patient
148 58  France No Yes In-patient
149 40 Male  Vietnam Quang Ninh 2nd Field Hospital No Yes In-patient
150 55 Male  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Can Gio District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient
151 45 Female  Brazil Cu Chi Field Hospital No No In-patient Close contact with case 124
152 27 Female  Vietnam Can Gio District Medical Centre No No In-patient Sister of case 127
153 60 Female  Vietnam Cu Chi Field Hospital No Yes In-patient
154 27 March 2020 23 Female  Vietnam Can Tho Can Tho Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Hospital No Yes In-patient
155-156 21 1 male, 1 female  Vietnam Bac Lieu Bac Lieu General Hospital No Yes 2 In-patient
157 31 Female  Great Britain Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No No In-patient Related to Bar Buddha cluster
158-159 33-45 2 males  Brazil Ho Chi Minh City Hospital of Tropical Diseases No No 2 In-patient
160 30 Female  Vietnam Can Gio District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient
161 88 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No In-patient Infected from Bach Mai Hospital
162 63 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Daughter-in-law of case 161
163 43 Female  Vietnam Duc Giang Hospital No No In-patient Grand daughter of case 161
164-166 28 March 2020 23-58 2 males, 1 female  Vietnam Ninh Binh Ninh Binh General Hospital No Yes 3 In-patient
167 20 Female  Denmark Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes In-patient
168-169 49 2 females  Vietnam No No 2 In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
170 27 Male  Vietnam Ninh Binh Kim Son District General Hospital No No In-patient Related to Bach Mai Hospital cluster
171 19 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City No Yes In-patient
172 Female  Vietnam Hanoi No No In-patient Daughter-in-law of case 133
173 Female  Vietnam No Yes In-patient
174 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
175-177 29 March 2020 38-57 1 male, 2 females  Vietnam Hanoi No No 3 In-patient
178 44 Female  Vietnam Thai Nguyen Dai Tu District General Hospital No No In-patient
179 62  Vietnam Thanh Hoa Thanh Hoa General Hospital No Yes In-patient
180-182 19-33 1 male, 2 females  Vietnam Ninh Binh Ninh Binh General Hospital No Yes 3 In-patient
183 43 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No In-patient Close contact with case 148
184 42 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
185 38 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Infected from Bach Mai Hospital
186 52 Female  France No Yes In-patient Wife of case 76
187 30 Male  United States No Yes Discharged
188 44 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
189-196 30 March 2020 21-49 8 females  Vietnam No No 8 In-patient
197 41 Male  Vietnam No No In-patient Infected from Bach Mai Hospital
198-202 23-61 5 females  Vietnam No No 5 In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
203 35 Female  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City No Yes In-patient
204 31 March 2020 10 Male  Vietnam Can Gio District Medical Centre No Yes In-patient
205 41 Male  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
206 48 Male  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Cu Chi Field Hospital No No In-patient Driver of cases 124 and 151
207 49 Male  Brazil No No In-patient Husband of case 151 and colleague of case 124
208 1 April 2020 38 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No No In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
209 55 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Related to case 163
210 26 Female  Vietnam Ha Tinh Cau Treo General Hospital No Yes In-patient
211 23 Female  Vietnam Ninh Binh Ninh Binh General Hospital No Yes In-patient
212 35 Female  Vietnam Hanoi Hanoi National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (2nd Branch) No Yes In-patient
213 40 Female  Vietnam No No In-patient Related to Bach Mai Hospital cluster
214-215 31-45 1 male, 1 female  Vietnam No No 2 In-patient Working at Bach Mai Hospital
216-218 25-48 3 females  Vietnam No Yes 3 In-patient

Preventive measures

On 16 March 2020, the Vietnamese government requested that everyone wear face masks when going to public areas to protect themselves and others.[71]

The rising number of patients had caused serious concerns. Vietnam's Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc ordered measures to prevent and counter the spread of the disease into Vietnam,[72] as well as to warn Vietnamese citizens to avoid visiting areas with outbreaks.[73] Deputy minister Đỗ Xuân Tuyên said that Vietnam is considering closing the border with China as a necessary countermeasure.[74] Saigon Tourist announced that it cancelled all tours to or with transit in Wuhan.[75] On 24 January, the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam ordered the cancellation of all flights from and to Wuhan.[76][77]

In February 2020, Vietnamese Ministry of Education and Training suspended all school activities across the country until the end of March as part of quarantine measures against the spreading of the virus, and later extended this till the middle of April until further notice.[78] Aggressive measures were also taken to combat possible outbreaks, from 14 days quarantine to restriction of outdoor activities (some sources believe it was more than 20 to 40 days under quarantine),[79] the Vietnam People's Armed Forces also takes part on patrolling and controlling measures.[80]

Rumours also spread that Chinese nationals fled to Vietnam from Guangxi from a video, which triggered public reactions that Chinese nationals might be escaping from the coronavirus outbreak. It was later denied by the Vietnamese and Chinese governments as misleading. The Agence France-Presse also condemned the footage as fake.[81]

South Korean nationals are also reportedly screened due to the rampant outbreak of COVID-19 in South Korea, which has extensive trade relationship with Vietnam.[82][83]

Impact and response

Stockpiling

Stores across Vietnam were quickly sold out of surgical masks and hand sanitisers after the initial cases of coronavirus were reported. This followed a similar trend in many other Asian countries due to the outbreak.[84] Interim Health Minister Vũ Đức Đam urged the public to remain calm during the outbreak, and to avoid excessive emergency shopping.[85] Vietnamese authorities also arrested people using the outbreak to profiteer.[86]

Economy

Like most of the world's economy, Vietnam was hit hard by the outbreak, due to the slowdown of private and national industries, the downturn of stock exchanges and the lower number of incoming tourists, though Vietnam is expected to be harmed less than China.[87]

Sport

The outbreak also forced 2020 V.League 1 to be delayed to 7 March until further announcement, which affected the preparation of Vietnam national football team for the upcoming 2022 World Cup qualification.[88][89] It also caused the Vietnamese Grand Prix of the 2020 Formula One World Championship to be postponed until further notice. [90] [91]

Response

Vietnam has prepared for the epidemic as early as the very first case in China emerged, around mid-December 2019. Vietnam's Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Đức Đam stated that the Government Office, Army forces and Minister of Health have worked out various plans in case the number of affected cases burst out.[92] The Deputy Prime Minister added that the country "has won the first round" in the fight against the virus with 16 confirmed cases, 16 recoveries, and 0 death.[93]

Vietnamese response has gathered praises from several figures, comparing it to the fast Vietnamese response back in 2003 when the SARS outbreak occurred when Vietnam became the first country to be cleared of SARS. United States Ambassador to Vietnam, Daniel Kritenbrink, had praised Vietnam for its fast measures against the outbreak.[94] US delegation also praised Vietnam for its quarantine efforts, and have cooperated with the Vietnamese Embassy in the United States.[95]

However, Vietnam also received criticism for its response. President of Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee, Nguyễn Thành Phong, admitted the lack of facilities and said that if the city has to take over 1.000 patients, it will go past its 'red limit'.[96] Overseas Vietnamese accused the government of its passive reactions and censorship.[97]

Racism and xenophobia

Asia Times reported that "A number of Vietnamese hotels and guesthouses have reportedly hung signs on their doors saying that Chinese guests are not welcome, while many Vietnamese have gone online to demand the closure of all border crossings with China."[98] Signs suggesting that Chinese customers are not accepted were seen in front of a shop in Phu Quoc and a restaurant in Da Nang.[99]

Islamophobia was also reported due to the increasing number of the infects coming from the Vietnamese Muslim community returning from Malaysia following their attendance to the Tablighi Jamaat festival in Sri Petaling mosque, and two to three patients did not obey the self-quarantine law in Vietnam but still attend Islamic events in Ho Chi Minh City, leading to fury and demand to imprison the Muslim population, even among Vietnamese celebrities.[100]

In popular culture

Vietnam's National Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health commissioned artists to release the song "Ghen Cô Vy" ("Jealous Coronavirus") which recommended correct handwashing technique[101] and was a remake of 2017 song "Ghen" (Jealous), has gone viral amidst the coronavirus outbreak, first earned praises from John Oliver in his talk show Last Week Tonight with John Oliver and became increasingly popular among public and frequently duplicated by netizens, with UNICEF recommended the video to fight back the fear of coronavirus.[102][103]

References

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