Heraklion International Airport

Coordinates: 35°20′23″N 25°10′49″E / 35.33972°N 25.18028°E / 35.33972; 25.18028
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heraklion International Airport
"Nikos Kazantzakis"

Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Ηρακλείου
"Νίκος Καζαντζάκης"
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerGreek State
ServesHeraklion
LocationHeraklion, Greece
Opened1937 (1937)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL115 ft / 35 m
Coordinates35°20′23″N 25°10′49″E / 35.33972°N 25.18028°E / 35.33972; 25.18028
Website"heraklion-airport.gr"
Map
HER is located in Greece
HER
HER
Location of airport in Greece
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,714 8,800 Asphalt
12/30 1,566 5,138 Asphalt
Statistics (2022)
Passengers8,099,255
Passenger traffic changeIncrease 60.5%
Aircraft movements55,549
Aircraft movements changeIncrease 43.8%
Sources: Runways[1] Statistics: Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Heraklion International Airport "Nikos Kazantzakis" (IATA: HER, ICAO: LGIR) is the primary airport on the island of Crete, Greece, and the country's second busiest airport after Athens International Airport. It is located about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of the main city centre of Heraklion, near the municipality of Nea Alikarnassos. It is a shared civil/military facility. The airport is named after Heraklion native Nikos Kazantzakis, a Greek writer and philosopher. Nikos Kazantzakis Airport is Crete's main and busiest airport, serving Heraklion (Ηράκλειο), Aghios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος), Malia (Mάλλια), Hersonissos (Χερσόνησος), Stalida (Σταλίδα), Elounda (Ελούντα) and other resorts.

A new airport for Heraklion, located 39 kilometres (24 mi) to the south-east of the city at Kasteli, is under construction and due to open by 2027.[3] Once completed, the new Kasteli International Airport will replace the current Heraklion International Airport as the hub for central Crete, but also providing international links for all of Crete.

History[edit]

The airport first opened in March 1939. At that time, this was merely a piece of flat agricultural land. The first aeroplane (a Junkers Ju 52) carried the initial passengers to the site. During the Second World War, the airfield was the site of the Battle of Heraklion during the Battle of Crete, in 1941. Civilian operations ceased; but in the autumn of 1946, traffic resumed, introducing the DC-3 aircraft.[4]

At first, the airport only offered very basic service, with only primitive installations on the site in the form of three tents, smoke for wind determination, and storm lamps for runway lighting.[citation needed]

In 1947, the first (small) terminal was erected. Hellenic Airlines started commercial flights in 1948. At that time, a total of 4,000 people were served.[citation needed] The year 1953 saw the construction of a paved runway which was initially 1,850 meters long and oriented as 09/27. The next major event followed in 1954, when a four-engined DC-4 aircraft landed for the first time at the airport. In that year, the airport handled approximately 18,000 passengers. From 1957 onward, the new Olympic Airways used the airport, starting services with the DC-6 aircraft.

From 1968 until 1971, the runway was extended to 2,680 meters and a new terminal and other facilities were constructed, essentially making it a new airport. On March 18, 1971, the first charter flight from abroad operated to the airport. The new airport itself was officially inaugurated on May 5, 1972.[citation needed]

The airport is scheduled to cease operations in 2027 and to be replaced by the (expanded and renamed) Kasteli Airport.[5]

Terminal extension[edit]

The latest airport expansion projects began in October 2017.[6][7][8][9]

The latest extension began in October 2017 and was completed on 30 March 2018, in time for the airport's high season.[10][11][12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Heraklion Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki[13]
Seasonal: Alexandroupoli,[14] Bordeaux,[15] Brest,[15] Deauville, Frankfurt,[16] Kalamata (begins 1 June 2024),[17] Lille,[18] Lyon,[15] Marseille, Munich,[16] Nantes,[15] Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[15] Tel Aviv, Tirana,[19] Toulouse, Zürich[20]
Seasonal charter: Brașov,[21] Bremen,[22] Budapest, Craiova, Erfurt–Weimar (begins 20 June 2024),[23] Friedrichshafen,[24] Iași, Lisbon, Memmingen,[25] Münster/Osnabrück,[26] Oradea, Pristina (begins 1 June 2024),[27] Timișoara, Yerevan
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin (begins 2 May 2024)[28]
AeroItalia Seasonal: Bergamo[29]
Air Astana Seasonal: Almaty,[30] Astana[30]
Air France Seasonal: Marseille, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade[31]
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga,[32] Tallinn,[33] Vilnius[33]
Animawings Seasonal: Bucharest–Otopeni[34]
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
Avion Express Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Bluebird Airways Athens[35]
Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways Seasonal: London–Gatwick,[36] London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels[37]
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Sofia
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice, Wrocław
Chair Airlines Seasonal: Zürich
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Nuremberg (begins 1 May 2024),[38] Stuttgart, Zürich[39]
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse (begins 30 April 2024),[40] Berlin, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Erfurt/Weimar, Graz,[41] Hannover, Linz, Ljubljana (begins 7 June 2024),[42] London–Gatwick (resumes 28 April 2024),[40] Manchester (resumes 29 April 2024),[40] Munich (begins 27 April 2024),[40] Nuremberg, Rostock,[43] Stuttgart (begins 27 April 2024),[44] Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin (begins 29 May 2024)[40]
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Tel Aviv [45]
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Amsterdam, Brussels, Groningen, Maastricht/Aachen
Cyprus Airways Larnaca
Discover Airlines Seasonal: Frankfurt, Munich
easyJet Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse,[46] Berlin, Birmingham [47] Bordeaux, Bristol, Edinburgh, Geneva, Liverpool,[46] London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Nantes, Naples,[48] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Warsaw–Chopin[49]
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Graz, Linz,[50] Varna[51]
Eurowings Seasonal: Berlin, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund,[52] Dusseldorf, Hamburg, Nuremberg (resumes 30 April 2024),[53] Prague, Salzburg, Stuttgart
Seasonal charter: Innsbruck[54]
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
FlyOne Seasonal charter: Chișinău[55]
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Bern, Zürich[56]
HiSky Seasonal charter: Bucharest–Otopeni, Oradea, Timișoara,
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Iberojet Seasonal charter: Lisbon
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv[57]
ITA Airways Seasonal: Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino[58]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bournemouth (begins 6 May 2025),[59] Bristol, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool (begins 3 May 2024),[60] London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Leav Aviation Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn[61]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt,[62] Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Marabu Seasonal: Hamburg,[63] Leipzig/Halle,[64] Munich
Neos Seasonal: Bergamo,[65] Bologna, Catania, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Verona
Nordica Seasonal charter: Tallinn[66]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen,[67] Oslo
Olympic Air Seasonal: Rhodes
Ryanair Seasonal: Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Catania (begins 2 June 2024),[68] Charleroi, Milan–Malpensa, Thessaloniki, Vienna
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen,[69] Oslo
Seasonal charter: Gothenburg[70]
Sky Express Athens, Kos, Rhodes, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Brussels, Karpathos, Larnaca (begins 16 May 2024),[71] Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Volos, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Amsterdam,[72] Belgrade (begins 16 June 2024),[73] Bratislava (begins 10 June 2024),[74] Bucharest–Otopeni,[75] Cluj-Napoca,[75] Iași,[75] Lisbon,[76] Oradea (begins 6 June 2024),[77] Sibiu,[75] Suceava (begins 11 June 2024),[77] Târgu Mureș,[75] Weeze[78]
SmartLynx Airlines[79][80] Seasonal charter: Münster/Osnabrück,[81] Tallinn
Smartwings[82][83] Seasonal: Bratislava, Brno, Košice, Ostrava, Prague
Seasonal charter: České Budějovice,[84] Gdańsk, Karlovy Vary,[85][86] Pardubice, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin
Sunclass Airlines[87][88][89] Seasonal charter: Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Malmö, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Sundair[90] Seasonal: Berlin, Bremen, Dresden, Kassel, Lübeck
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Geneva
TAROM Seasonal: Bucharest-Otopeni (begins 5 June 2024)[91]
Trade Air[92][93] Seasonal charter: Ljubljana
Transavia Amsterdam
Seasonal: Brussels, Eindhoven, Lyon, Marseille (begins 7 July 2024),[94] Montpellier, Nantes, Paris–Orly, Rotterdam/The Hague
TUI Airways[95][96] Seasonal: Belfast–International,[97] Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Dublin,[98] East Midlands, Exeter, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich
TUI fly Belgium[99] Seasonal: Antwerp,[100] Brussels, Liège, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Deutschland[101] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Munich, Stuttgart
TUI fly Netherlands[102] Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam/The Hague
Tus Airways Larnaca[103]
Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Volotea[104] Athens
Seasonal: Bari, Bordeaux,[105] Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Naples, Toulouse, Verona
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona, Rome–Fiumicino
Wizz Air Seasonal: Belgrade, Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest, Gdańsk, Kraków, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Tel Aviv,[106] Warsaw–Chopin

Statistics[edit]

Traffic figures[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at HER airport. See Wikidata query.

Historical annual traffic statistics[107][108]

Year Flights Passengers Passengers Change (%)
2001 39,290 5,046,726 Decrease 2.0
2002 36,664 4,791,729 Decrease 5.1
2003 39,523 4,833,507 Increase 0.9
2004 38,170 4,712,508 Decrease 2.5
2005 38,266 4,932,911 Increase 4.7
2006 43,740 5,345,652 Increase 8.4
2007 46,012 5,438,369 Increase 1.7
2008 45,280 5,437,068 Decrease 0.02
2009 44,842 5,052,840 Decrease 7.1
2010 42,396 4,907,337 Decrease 2.9
2011 44,520 5,292,687 Increase 7.9
2012 40,856 5,076,329 Decrease 4.6
2013 43,544 5,792,429 Increase 14.7
2014 43,637 6,024,958 Increase 5.2
2015 43,970 6,057,355 Increase 0.5
2016 47,804 6,742,746 Increase 11.3
2017 51,114 7,336,783 Increase 8.8
2018 55,680 8,098,465 Increase 10.4
2019 52,294 7,933,558 Decrease 2.0
2020 20,876 2,398,264 Decrease 69.8
2021 38,628 5,046,236 Increase 112.2
2022 55,549 8,099,255 Increase 60.5
2023 Unknown 8,723,031 Increase 7.7

Other facilities[edit]

The airline Bluebird Airways has its head office at the airport.[109]

Sky express also maintains a lounge at the airport.[110]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Heraklion International Airport at Wikimedia Commons