List of female composers by birth year

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Nineteenth-century composer and pianist Clara Schumann.

The following is a list of female composers, ordered by their year of birth.[1] Almost all of the composers who are described in music textbooks on classical music and whose works are widely performed as part of the standard concert repertoire are male composers, even though there has been a large number of women composers throughout the classical music period.

Scholar Marcia Citron has asked "[w]hy is music composed by women so marginal to the standard 'classical' repertoire?" [2] Citron "examines the practices and attitudes that have led to the exclusion of women composers from the received 'canon' of performed musical works." She argues that in the 1800s, women composers typically wrote art songs for performance in small recitals rather than symphonies intended for performance with an orchestra in a large hall, with the latter works being seen as the most important genre for composers; since women composers did not write many symphonies, they were deemed to be not notable as composers.[3] In the "...Concise Oxford History of Music, Clara Schumann is one of the only female composers mentioned." [4] Abbey Philips states that "[d]uring the 20th century the women who were composing/playing gained far less attention than their male counterparts." [5]

Some notable composers include: Hildegard von Bingen (1098–1179), a German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath. Fanny Mendelssohn (1805–1847); Clara Schumann (1819–1896); Amy Beach (1867–1944); Nadia Boulanger (1887–1979); Lili Boulanger (1893–1918); Imogen Holst (1907–1984); Violet Archer (1913–2000); and Thea Musgrave (born 1928).

Female composers are also listed alphabetically at List of female composers by name.

Until 1500[edit]

1500[edit]

1600[edit]

1650[edit]

1700[edit]

Princess Anna Amalia of Prussia

1750[edit]

1800[edit]

1850[edit]

1900[edit]

1910[edit]

1920[edit]

1930[edit]

1940[edit]

1950[edit]

1960[edit]

1970[edit]

1980[edit]

1990[edit]

°Gemma Longhurst (born 1997)

2000[edit]

Unknown[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • List partially created using Grove's "Explore" function, Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed 23 September 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  • "Women Composers: A Database by the Kapralova Society." (accessed 23 July 2013), [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Print sources include the Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers, ed. by Julie Anne Sadie & Rhian Samuel (New York ; London : W.W. Norton, c1995), and Aaron I. Cohen, International Encyclopedia of Women Composers (NY: Books & Music, 1987).
  2. ^ Citron, Marcia J. Gender and the Musical Canon. CUP Archive, 1993.
  3. ^ Citron, Marcia J. Gender and the Musical Canon. CUP Archive, 1993.
  4. ^ http://rvanews.com/features/spacebomb-truth-lies-somewhere-in-between/49992
  5. ^ http://rvanews.com/features/spacebomb-truth-lies-somewhere-in-between/49992

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]