Lugalshaengur

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Lugalshaengur
𒈗𒊮𒇉
Governor of Lagash
Mace head of Mesilim Louvre AO2349.jpgMesilim macehead inscription.jpg
Head of a votive mace with a lion-headed eagle (emblem of god Ningirsu) and six lions, dedicated at a shrine in Girsu by King Mesilim of Kish. Inscription in archaic script: “Mesilim, king of Kish, builder of the temple of Ningirsu, brought [this mace head] for Ningirsu, Lugalshaengur [being] prince of Lagash”.[1] Louvre Museum.[2]
Reignc. 2600  BC
PredecessorEn-hegal
SuccessorUr-Nanshe
Dynasty1st dynasty of Lagash
Lugalshaengur was governor of Lagash, circa 2600 BCE.

Lugalshaengur (Sumerian: 𒈗𒊮𒇉, Lugal-sha-engur), (c. 2600 BCE), was ensi (governor) of the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.[3]

The First dynasty of Lagash is dated to the 25th century BCE. En-hegal is recorded as the first known ruler of Lagash, being tributary to Uruk. His successor Lugalshaengur was similarly tributary to Mesilim. Following the hegemony of Mesannepada of Ur, Ur-Nanshe succeeded Lugalshaengur as the new high priest of Lagash and achieved independence, making himself king. He defeated Ur and captured the king of Umma, Pabilgaltuk.[4][5]

Lugalshaengur is known by an inscription on the head of a mace dedicated by King Mesilim of Kish, who was therefore contemporary with him.[3][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu.
  2. ^ "Masse d'armes du roi Mesilim". Louvre Museum. 2020.
  3. ^ a b Katz, Dina (1993). Gilgamesh and Akka. BRILL. p. 13. ISBN 978-90-72371-67-6.
  4. ^ Sayce, Archibald Henry; King, Leonard William; Jastrow, Morris (1911). "Babylonia and Assyria" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 99–112.
  5. ^ Katz, Dina (1993). Gilgamesh and Akka. BRILL. p. 13. ISBN 978-90-72371-67-6.
  6. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu.
  7. ^ "Louvre Museum Official Website". cartelen.louvre.fr.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Vojtech Zamarovský, Na počiatku bol Sumer, Mladé letá, 1968 Bratislava
  • Plamen Rusev, Mesalim, Lugal Na Kish: Politicheska Istoriia Na Ranen Shumer (XXVIII-XXVI V. Pr. N. E.), Faber, 2001 (LanguageBulgarian) [(Mesalim, Lugal of Kish. Political History of Early Sumer (XXVIII–XXVI century BC.)]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
En-hegal
King of Lagash
ca. 25th century BCE
Succeeded by
Ur-Nanshe