Humban-haltash III

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Humban Haltash III
("Ummanaldash")
ruler of Elam
King Ummanaldash captured by the Assyrians.jpg
Ummanaldash, King of Elam, being arrested by Assyrian troops, circa 645-640 BCE.[1]
Reign650 BC – 647 BC[2]
PredecessorTammaritu II
SuccessorAshurbanipal
Died647 BC
Shush, Iran
HouseElamite

Humban-haltash III or Umanaldash was the last major ruler of Elam. He belonged to the Humban-Tahrid, "Neo-Elamite", dynasty (c.830–521 BC). He became king 650 BC.[3] During his kingdom, the Assyrian people attacked Elam and occupied Madektu. This facilitated their way to the Karkheh river. In 647 BC, Susa fell in the Battle of Susa and Ashurbanipal captured Humban Haltash.[4][5] Ashurbanipal wrote:

Susa, the great holy city, abode of their gods, seat of their mysteries, I conquered. I entered its palaces, I opened their treasuries where silver and gold, goods and wealth were amassed... I destroyed the ziggurat of Susa. I smashed its shining copper horns. I reduced the temples of Elam to naught; their gods and goddesses I scattered to the winds. The tombs of their ancient and recent kings I devastated, I exposed to the sun, and I carried away their bones toward the land of Ashur. I devastated the provinces of Elam and on their lands I sowed salt.

— Ashurbanipal[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wall panel; relief British Museum". The British Museum.
  2. ^ کاظمی, انی. "سلسله و پادشاهان ایلام باستان - تاریخ ما". تاریخ ما (in Persian). Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  3. ^ Hamid Sedghinejad, حمید صدقی نژاد. "زیگورات -چغازنبیل". اطلس تاریخ ایران (in Persian). Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  4. ^ "هومبان هالتاش". Abadis dictionary (in Persian). Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  5. ^ Matufi, Assadollah (1940). 4000 years history of Iran's military. (in Persian).
  6. ^ Persians: Masters of Empire" ISBN 0-8094-9104-4 p. 7-8
  7. ^ "Wall panel; relief British Museum". The British Museum.
  8. ^ "Wall panel; relief British Museum". The British Museum.
  9. ^ "Wall panel; relief British Museum". The British Museum.